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It hach Idolatry should be

which alone is capable of making us acknowledge beca , fore the Antichristian Empire of the Papism. This can

not be understood in a general sense , neither of promoted

Antiochus, that gave himself over to all manner of by persons debauchery, and came to that height of impudence enemies to as to‘ly with his Mifles in publick; nor of the marriage. Popes and their Clergy, the persons of all in the

World most diffolutely given to women and Sodomy. But by the defire of women , marriage is meant ,

the lawful desire of women, 'Tis exactly the character by which St. Paul would have us know the Teachers of the Christian Apostacy, for. bidding men to marry. Now this is that which diftinguisheth new Rome from the old one. In old Rome celibacy was disğraced , marriage had

great priviledges, as appears by the Julian and Papian Laws, New Rome hath destroyed these Laws, and hath transferred to celibacy

. all the honours of marriage, According to the Roman Laws, a man 25 years Sozom. old that was not married, could not inherit , nor receive any Legacies by Will, no not of those that Vita Conf. were nearest of kin to him : Constantine abolisht 1,4 6. 26. this Law, and not only made unmarried persons ca

pable of receiving by will, but permitted those of the one and the other Sex that were unmarried, to make Wills, though they were not at age. So Rome began no longer to have regard to the defire of women. But quickly after, the began utterly to destroy the honour of marriage, which the Empire paned to and was devolt upon those perfons, that make it a matter of glory and religion to

live unmarried. The Popes

He shall not regard any God. That is to say, he Have lived fhall act like a man without any religion. Weneed

but study the lives of the Popes, to see with how much exactness this prophecy hath been accom




as without

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plisht. For they have been proud, u/urpers, cruel,
disturbers of the publick peace, whore-mongers,
sodomites, adulterers, and every thing the moft
horrible that can be imagin'd. This is to live as
without God, and not to care for God.

He shall worship Mabuzim besides the true God. Tyranny,
For he worships J. Christ; but besides this, makes
himself new protectors of the Saints and Angels, advanced
whom he calls his intercessors and his patrons with same feata
God. In exalting them together with him in bis
seat. Indeed proportionably as the Şee of Rome
exalted it felt above other Sees, the Idolatry of
Saints and Rcliques was establisht; they were born
the one and the other, i.e. tyranny and idolatry,
in the fourth Age. And together with this God,
whom his Fathers knew not, be shall honour them.
Together with 7. Chrift, the God unknown to
the ancient Romans, he shall worship second Gods.
and patrons. He shall honour them with geld, fila
ver, precious stones, and desirable things. We need
only see the places famous for the devotion of the
Papism. Those places I say, where some Saint,
or some one of our Ladies is famous for her mi-
yacles, there are seen treasures, where filver, gold,
and precious stonesare in abundance.

He shall make strong holds of the Mahuzim, Certainly, so we may call the Temples, the Cbar Reliques pels, and the places consecrated to the devotion of aretec forReliques and of the Saints. These are fartresses the Papirma for the people, look on them as their preservers. When a City would obtain a favour from Heaven, she sets up the shrines of her Şaints ; when she hath lost them, she believes the hath lost her

pror tectors; when in the war they have been taken away, peace being restored , the brings them again into the Churches in pomp, as tutelary Gods and pro


The Saints and the




tectors. One City hath a bit of the true Gross, and other the head or body of a Martyr; Lo, what is to her instead of a fortress and a citadel, under which she believes her self to be in safety. This is the idea, which fuperftitious persons have had of this criminal devotion, from the very time that it began to appear in the world. We must see what Saint Ambrose faith to his sister in the Epistle which we have cited abovë. He speaks of the bodies of Prorais and Gervais, as of two tutelar Angels,

under whose care they had been without knowing Hom. 32. it. St. Bazil in the Homily, on the 40 Martyrs faith in of them, These having taken poffeffion of this Country,

are to it like so many towers joined together against the invasions of our enemies. St. Chryfofome speaking of the Reliques of St. Paul and St. Peter, that áre at Rome , faith, that those bodies do fortify that City more than the towers, and ten thousand ramparts. Venantius Fortunatus a Christian Poet, who lived about an age after the birth of Idolatry, calls the bodies of St. Peter and St. Paul at Rome, ramparts'and towers."

A facie hofili duo propugnacula presunt

Quos fidei turres urbs caput orbis habet.
Thole that followed, spoke after the same rate.

He shall multiply the honour, and make them rule over many, and shall divide the Land for a recom. pence : Is not this exactly what the papism doth to its Saints? It makes them rule over States, it divides the Earth among them; St. Iames rules over Spain, St. Denis and the Virgin over France; every Country hath its Protectors and its Patrons. So you have in a few words, the exposition of this famous and important Text. That which follows to the very end of the Chapt: seems to belong more · to Antiochus thaito Antichrift, However it may


have a liveral fenle

agree both to the one and the other. But I find
no great necessity to find Antichrist there, because
we find him enough elsewhere.
may be asked, whether the

Text touching the The Pro: Mabuzim, and the worship of a strange God can ine Mahaagree to Antiochus in the literal sense ? To speak zim may the truth, this

paftofthe prophecy seems to be one of those that do not agree to the type, but only to the with reperson rôprefented by the type. For we do not find 'Antiochus. that Antiochus made himselfnew Gods, nor that he rejected the God of his Fathers nor that he worshipt an unknown God, nor that he had Mabuzim, that is to say, protectors besides his old false Gods. But see what I believe. All this with respect to Antiochus is a prophecy that referrs to the Temporal, not the Spiritual, the Empire, not the Religion. And on the contrary, with respect to Antichrift, it principally respects Religion.

So that with respect to Antiochus , these are his They are adventures with respect to the Romans; This Ty- tuies with rant was the most infolent and the proudest of all the Roma men ; he exalted himself above all the Gods, i.e. are here above all the neighbouring Countries, and all the declared. Rings his allies. The Countries are often meant by the Gods that ruled there. Bel boweth down, 11.46.1. Nebo Hoopeth. That is to say, the Chaldeans and the Babylonians aré perisht, This use of the word is usual enough with the Prophets. So Antiochus is said to have exalted himself above all the Gods, i.e. above allthe Countries, the protection of which is committed to divers Gods. He regarded not the defire of women, i.e. being a debauched person, he despised marriage, but he worshipt Mahuzim in his seat. If one would-translate this word into Greek word for word, it'must be rendred by Romaious the Romans. · For the word Romans in


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Greek fignifies strong or puissant, being derived from the word Rome, that fignifies strength; and this is also what the Hebrew word Mabuzim signis fies. So that having respect to the signification of the word Romaioi, it cannot

otherwise be rendred in Hebrew than by Mabuzim, Now this is what did exa&ly come to pass. This fo fierce a Prince was obliged to render homage to the Romans pay them tribute of gold, of silver, and precious Itones. The second Book of Maccbabces faith, that Nicanor appointed a tribute to Keing Antiochus Epiphanus, that was to come to the Romans, to wit, two thousand Talents. He shall build frong holds for Mahuzim; that is to say, the Romans. This also came to pass : Antiochus was obliged to leave to the Romans the Provinces of Asia, which are on the other side mount Taurus. And so he put that great list of mountains in Cilicia, as a rampart and à fortress between the Romans and him." These

Romans were Gods, whom his Ancestors knew not. Antiochus For the first founders of the Empire of the Greeks,

Alexander and his Succeffors, had not heard the Rom mans so much as spoken of. It was Antiochus the

Grand-father of Antiochus Epiphanes, that first of whom his all felt the effort of their might, that left Asia to knew not. them, and obliged himself to pay them goo. Talents. Appian, in for the charges of the war, 2500. Talents when the Titus Li Senate should ratify the Treaty, & ten thousand five vius. 1. 38. hundred Talents at several payments within twelve

years. Hereupon this difficulty may arise , that it was then the father of Antiochus that rendred homage to the Romans, and not he himself. It must be answers, that Antiochus Epiphanes must not here be distinguisht from his father. First, because it was in his time that this servitude begang and he himself was given as an Hostage to the


rendred homage to the Romans , new


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