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in the World, then were ever seen. Nay, if we Part 2. Thould interpret these changes which ought to happen, onely by those which fell out in the last age; surely we may say , that never were greater and more surprizing alterations. In less then twen- The Earthty or thirty years, a great part of the Christian quake lig. World was Reformed. And at the same time there great were dreadfull wars , troubles, and sheddings of change of blood, in Germany, in Flanders, in Holland, in Eng- by the Re
törmation. band, and in France, as every body knows.
V. 19. And the great City was divided into three parts. Behold, something which doesfurnish us with a plain Character of this last period, and of this Last viol. These words have not hitherto been understood, but I perswade my self, that it will be judged, that they can be understood. We have already faid, and shall hereafter prove it, that the great City is not Rome strictly taken, but Rome made
up and joyn’d with its whole Empire. In a word, this City is the Antichristian Kingdom, other- A remarkwise called the Latin Church. This City upon the able predipouring out of the seventh viol, was to be divided division of into three parts. This is exactly come to pass at the the Latin preaching of the Reformers, the Antichristian King. three prin. dom was divided into three : one part remaind cipal parts, with Antichrist, one part did separate from him, therans,and underthe name of the Ausburg Confeffion. A third Reformed. part did separate underthe Confession of those who are barely styled the Reformed; Sweden, Denmark, and a great part of Germany make the second part. England, the United Provinces, the reformed part of France, a part of Germany, make the third part. These are the three grand parts, that divide the Wefern Church, which is the great City. Let this be attentively minded; for I affirm, that this paffage does as it were speak with a tongue
and is able
Part 2. alone to convince , that our System of the seven
plagues is a most undoubted truth. This division of the great City into three parts, so clearly points out the three Communions of the Latin Church, that to deny it can proceed onely from unreasonable passion, and opiniatrety. And if we have hit upon the truth in thispoint, we have done so in all; förifthis Character of the
seventh plague is true, and is already accomplisht, all the other plagues are also accomplisht; and if they are accomplisht, I do boldly affirm, they cannot be apply'd to any other events, then those to which we have apply'd them.
And it must not be hoped, that to obscure this evidence, a fourth part may be made , viz. the Church of England, because of the controversies about Church government ; for the Church of England never refused to receive other Reformed ones into her Communion, nor have these again ever refused to receive her into theirs. We have alway professed the fame Religion with the Church of England -, on the account of the perfect agreement of our Doctrine notwithstanding the difference of discipline and government. When as the Lutherans have conitantly refufed to receive the Reformed into their Communion. There is among the Lutherans themselves a difference in point of government. Sweden hath Bishops, Denmark hath none, at least not such Bishops as those of Sweden and England; and nevertheless, this makes not a different Sect. There is also the same difference among the Reformed on this Gide the Sea, for the Superintendants, whoare in many Reformed Churches of Germany, are real Bishops ; and notwithstanding the Reformed are not divided one from another. -. Thus in truth, there are but three
grand parts, into which the Latin Church is divi- Part 2. ded, i.e. Papifts, Lutherans and Reformed; as they are called by one another; or Catholiks, Reformed, Evangelici, as they style themselves. And the cities of the Nations fell; i.e. they fell with respect to Popery, they departed out of the Antichristian Kingdom , in the same sense that in the eleventh
Chapter 'tis said, that the tenth part of the City 6. fell.
great Babylon came in remembrance before God, to give unto her the cup of the wine of the fierceness of his wrath. These words let us fee, that the expression, It is done, did not signify the very point of the final ruin of the Antichristian Kingdom. For behold, after’twas said, It is done, Babylon comes in remembrance before God, to give her the cup. Now these expressions fignify both the future, and the present time. And indeed 'tis within the duration of this period, that God will remember Babylon, to give her the last cup of his wrath. And observe it that the great Babylon comes not in remembrance before God, to give her the cup, i.e. the last cup of berruin, till after her dividing into three parts. This division is not her total ruin; but after that she shall be thus divided, into Papists, Lutherans and Calvinists, then God will prepare to give her the last cup of his wrath. Which lignifies, that the division of the Latin Church into three parts must continue, untill the compleat ruin, of popery:
V.20. And every Island fled away, and the mountains were not found. This is nothing but a Paraphrase, and a description of the Earthquake, which he had spoken of a little before; for these are the effects of Earthquakes, where mountains once food, they are not to be seen: new Ilands are pro
Part 2. duced, and the old ones are often swallowed up.
But yet if any will interpret Islands to fignity lesser States, and Mountains great ones; I dono contradict it; for’tis really true, that the Reforma tion hath already taken away from the Popedom, and shall yet take away all States both small and great.
V.21. And there fell upon men a great bail om of Heaven, i.e. upon the Subječts of Antichrift: this signifies the judgements of God, which fall upon this Kingdom; and these judgements are well known, for it hath suffered of all kinds , wars, famines,peftilences, mortalities.
And men blasphemed God, because of the plague of the hail
. The Subječts of the Popedom havenot hitherto been converted by all these chattisements, but have always stuck firm to the Kingdom and Seat of the Beast, whose head is cover'd with names of blasphemies.
This is the seventh and last viol., or hour-glass, kour-glasfes being
which, thanks be to God, will in a little time be run out,che run out; now we have that which we seek, nameKingdom fly, an evidence that the Antichristian Kingdom is malt be át near its end. We need not longer wait for the ac
complishment , either of all the seven plagues (as some of our Interpreters say, ) or of some of the feven plagues ( as others say,) It is done, all is accomplisht, we are in the last period of the seven; yea, we are at the end of the seventh period. I am informed, that since the first Edition of this work, fome persons, that they might be taken notice of
, will yet affirm, that not so much as one of these Jeven plagues is hitherto come to pafs; This singularity is neither too edifying nor too comfortable. I earnestly entreat them to lay aside the desire of contradicting, and to consider without prejudice
these two things. First, that in the whole expli- Part 2
observed, that there
it cannot last much longer. 'Tis true, thepapal authority, whose beams lo scorched men under the fourth viol, lasted above 200 years; but this was, because it was inlayd or jointed in those that preceded, and those that followed. And its particular strict period, must be reckond to be onely ic8 years, which begun at the year 1270, when the Croisades ended, and continued untill the grand Schisme, which happen'd in the year 1378. for then began the diminishing of the papal authority, and the darkning of the Kingdom of the Beast. The seventh viol hath already lasted longer then any of the rest, and 'tis probable, that it must last about 200 years, which none of the others hath done; but we shall see the reason of this in the next Chapter, where we shallthew that this seventh period is it self divided into three other periods, the harvest, the vintage, and the time that is betwixt the harvest and the vintage. The barveft is already past; the time betwixt the harvest and the vintage