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Part 2. and Protetors of popery, whose turn shall come to
fuffer the deaths and torments, which they had caufed the faithful to suffer; which he says came to pass in England in the reign of Queen Elizabeth. 4. According to de Lannay, this is the Doctrine of popery, that shall become odious to all its fol. lowers. 5. Teftard follows the Interpretation of Mede. 6. Durrham does the like. 7. And fo
does Dr. More. Interpre- The fourth Plague is, The Sun, whose heat and the fourth scorching beams do burn men.
1. According to plaguçi Forbes, this is the Light of the Gospel, which is
renewed, and doubled by the Reformation, and which fills the Papists with despair. 2. Cocceius faith almost the same thing, that the Sun is Jesus Christ, the beams are his efficacy and light, which destroys the superstitions of popery by discovering them. 3. Mede thinks that the Sun in this fourth Plague is the Emperor, or some other great Potentate,who shallabandon popery and torment it. 4. De Launay judges, that the Sun is the Pope, (and this is the only thing in which he hath guessed right) aud that the burning caused by the Sun, lignifies that remorse of Conscience, which Papist's subjects of the Pope will feel.
5. Testard where follows Mede, does leave him here and fol. lows Forbes. 6. Durrham follows Mede. 7. AndDr, More is of the opinion of Forbes and Cog
ceins. Interpre- The fifth Plague falls upon the seat af the Beast,
which is darkned by it. 1. According to Forbes, plague. this is the diminution of credit and authority
which happened to popery by the Reformation. 2. According to Cocceins, the throne of the Beast: fignifies a multitude of Nations, upon whom the Pope did fit, and this throne was overturn'd by the
tations of the fifth
Council of Trent, which by its excommunicati- Part 2. ons hath seperated a multitude of Nations from the See of Rome. 3. According to Joseph Mede, this Ggnifies, that the City of Rome shall be utterly destroy'd a considerable time before popery be compleatly ruin'd.
This is also the opinion of de Launay. 5. Testard hath followed them both. 6. And Durrbam likewise. 7. D.r. More faith, that the plague which falls upon the seat of the Beast, and darkens it, is the discovery of the falfhood of the pretended infallibility of the Pope.
The sixth Plague falls upon Euphrates, whose Interpreta: waters are dryed up, that a way may be open'd to the the sixtha Kings of the East. 1. According to Forbes, Expbra- plague. tes signifies the Papal power and domination; the Kings of the East are Turks and fews : this Papal domination is an obstacle to the conversion ofthefe Kings of the East; when it shall be abolisht that which is signified by the drying up of the River Euphrates, the Turks and fews shall be converted. 2. According to Cocceius, Euphratesfignifies also the power of the new Babylon. This Euphrates (faith he) this Roman power , hath been much weakned in this present age by the wars, which have happened between the Spaniards, the French, the Germans, the Hollanders. The Kings of the East are the Turks, which must come; but he knows not how far they must come. 3. According to Joseph Mede, Euphrates dryed up, signifies the ruin of the Mahometans; and the Kings of the East who shall come, are the fews, who shallbe converted. 4.'De Launay, says almost the same thing; save that by the Kings of the East who shall come, he understands allthe Nations whichare on the other side of the Bosphorus, who shall be converted to the Faith. 5. Testard exactly follows the conjecture
Part 2. of Joseph Mede. 6. lames Durrham does not much
differ. 7. And Dr. More conjectures, that here is signified the conjunction of the Turks and Iews, as well as their conversion. They all agree in in terpreting, the shree unclear
pirits like unto Frogs, to be the Agents and Ambassadors of the Pope, or Monks.
The seventh viol falls upon the air , and the tions of plague consists in thundersylightnings earthquakes, os plague. the division of the City into three parts. 1. Forbes ex
plains this to be the total ruin of popery, but knows not what to make of the division of the City into three parts. 2. Çocceius applies this to the wars, which have happen'd in this Age in England, Scorland, to the mafacre in Ireland , to the death of King Charles I. to the War between the Hollano ders and Spaniards; He confesseth also, that he knows not what the division of the City into three parts means : by the City he understands the true, Church. 3. Mede also explains all this, to be the final deftruction
of popery : but faith nothing of the division of the City into three parts. 4. De Launay understands it after the fame mander; he says, that the three parts of the City have relation to the three great judgements, by which God will destroy the Antichristian Empire. 5. Teftard fol. lows Mede, and knows no more then he the mean. ing of the division of the City into three parts. 6. According to fames Durrham, this Plague com. prchends all the calamities which mutt happen from the fall of Antichrift, unto the end of the world: the division of the City into three parts in his judgement, means nothing else but the total subversion of popery. 7. Lastly, Dr.More agree. ing with the others, that this Plague comprizerh the total ruin of popery, adds that the division ofthe
City into three parts , alludes to the three grand Part 2! Parties that divide the world , viz. the Infidels, the Antichristians, and the Protestanis & this divi. Gion indeed, is not an effect of the seventh plagne; but is (faith he) ascribed to it, for the adorning of the Prophecy, but'tis a sign of no deep thinking to make such conjectures.
I will not spend time to lay open the weaknesses General of these Interpretations : they are so apparent; that deeds of che dimmeft eye may discern them. Onely you Interpretas may please to remarque these general faults or de- tions. fects in them, 1. They confound the viols with the plagues. 2. They do not divide the times of these plagues by periods; but for the most part heap one upon another.. }. They observe not any Chronology, or order of History. 4. They make not a SyAtem of events. 5. They observe not to set down the resemblance between the Propherick representations and Historical events: For example, what resemblance is there between a Sea and the popish worship; between Rivers and Doctors, or Bishops? If in some places they have laid down a resemblance between the Emblemes which the Prophet uses, and the things to which they have applyed them. This is by meer chance, this appears
be. Cause this resemblance is onely to be found in some places, not in all. 6. They have this common fault, that they pass over several things, without explaining, for instance, the division of the City into three parts. Let this be carefully observed, that we Thall give such an explication, in which not one of these faults can be found; but there will be a Sya stem of events well set together : there will be a distinction between the viol and the plague, and the plagues will follow one another, as well as the pee Tiods: there willbea perfect resemblance, between
Part 2. the Prophetick Emblems and the Events. Laftli
, there will not be so much as one article in the Prophecy, of which we have not found the complea: fulfilling in the Events recorded by history.
CH A P. VII.
the three first PLAGUE S.
the same thoughts, which I propofed in my prejudies against popery : nothing remains, but to confirm and illustrate them. The Text is thus :
Chap. 16. V.E. And I heard a great voyce out of the Temple, saying to the seven Angels, Go your. ways, and pour ort the viols of the wrath of God upon the earth.
V.2. And the first went, and pour’d out his viol upon the earth, and there fell a nörsom andgrievous fore upon the men which had the mark of the beast, and upon them which worshipt his Image.
It is clear enough, that God makes here an allubleins are lion to the plagues of Egypt: We have a little berowedfrom fore seen, that the Sea of glaß, i.e. of ice mingled the plagues with fire, upon which those stood who were esca
ped out of the spiritual Égypt, had its allusion unto the red fea, upon whose
ihore the Ifraelites being got out of Egypt were found. In like manner, here the Prophet alludes to that ponder, which Mofes cast into the air, and which falling down úpon the Egyptians became swelling boyls
. In the Greek there Itands not in the first verse the general èerm plague, but an evil and wicked boyl; and this