Barbarian Migrations and the Roman West, 376–568
This is a major survey of the barbarian migrations and their role in the fall of the Roman Empire and the creation of early medieval Europe, one of the key events in European history. Unlike previous studies it integrates historical and archaeological evidence and discusses Britain, Ireland, mainland Europe and North Africa, demonstrating that the Roman Empire and its neighbours were inextricably linked. A narrative account of the turbulent fifth and early sixth centuries is followed by a description of society and politics during the migration period and an analysis of the mechanisms of settlement and the changes of identity. Guy Halsall reveals that the creation and maintenance of kingdoms and empires was impossible without the active involvement of people in the communities of Europe and North Africa. He concludes that, contrary to most opinions, the fall of the Roman Empire produced the barbarian migrations, not vice versa.
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Aeštius Africa Alamannic Alaric Alaric’s Ammianus Anthemius appears archaeological areas argued aristocrats army Athaulf Avitus barbarian barbaricum Britain Burgundians burials campaign Cassiodorus cemeteries Chron claim Clovis Constantius Danube defeat deﬁned difﬁcult discussion eŽlite emperor Empire’s ethnic identity evidence ﬁeld ﬁfth century ﬁnd ﬁrst fourth century Frankish Franks frontier Gallic Gaul Germanic Getica Goffart Gothic Goths Gregory of Tours groups Gundobad Halsall Heather Hunnic Hydatius imperial important inﬂuence Italy Jordanes Jovinus king kingdom Kulikowski land late antique late Roman Loire Majorian material culture Merovingian migration military Nevertheless non-Roman northern Gaul ofﬁcers ofﬁces ofﬁcial Olympiodorus Ostrogothic period political post-imperial Priscus probably Procopius provinces quoit brooch reference reﬂect region Rhine Ricimer Roman Empire Rome rulers Saxon seems settlement signiﬁcant simply situation sixth century social society sources Spain speciﬁc Stilicho Sueves suggests territory Theoderic Theoderic’s Theodosius Thuringian traditional troops Valentinian Vandal villas Visigothic western Empire Wolfram