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Chaldee, and Chaldee-Syriac languages, there is no term which expresses to mean, signify, denote, though both the Greek and Latin abound with them ; hence the Hebrews use a figure, and say, it is, for it signifies. So Gen, vii. 26, 27. The seven kine are (i. e. represent) seven years. This is (represents) the bread of affliction, which our fathers ate in the land of Egypt. The ten horns are (i. e. signify) ten kings. Dan. vii. 24. They drank of the spiritual Rock which followed them, and that Rock was represented) Christ. 1 Cor. x. iv. And following this Hebrew idiom, though the work is written in Greek, we find in Rev. i. 20. the seven stars are (represent) the angels of the seven churches : and the seven candlesticks are (represent) the seven churches. The same form of speech is used in a variety of places, in the new testament, where this sense must necessarily be given to the word, Matt. xiïi. 38, 39. The field is (represents) the world the good seed are (represent or signify) the children of the kingdom : the tares are (signify) the children of the wicked one : the enemy is (signifies) the devil : the harvest is (represents) the end of the world, the reapers are (i. e. signify) the angels.

had signification of Christ's bodie and his bloude, that now be offered daylye in Gode's churche. It was the same which we now offer, not bodily but ghostly. Moyses and Aaron saw that the heavenly meat was visible and corruptible, and they understood it spiritually, and received it spiritually. The Saviour saitb, He that eateth my flesh, and drinketh my blood, hath everlasting life; and he bad them eat, not that body which he was going about with, nor to drink that blood, which was to be shed for us, but he meant by that word the holy eucharist, which spiritually is his body and his blood.

Writing to Wulfstane, Archbishop of York, Ælfric says, “the Lord, which hallowed the eucharist before his sufferings, saith, that the bread was his own body, and that the wine was truly his blood, and yet that lively bread is not bodily so, not the self-same body that Christ suffered in, nor that holy wine is the Saviour's blood which was shed for us, in bodily thing or ineaning, but in spiritual understanding.” The preceding ex. tracts are taken from a very rare work, entitled, “a Testimonie of Antiqvitie shewing the auncient Fayth in the church of England, touching the Sacrament of the Body and Bloude of the Lorde here publickly preached, and also believed in the Saxon's Tyme, above 600 years agoe.” Imprinted at London, by John Day, 8vo. without date. At the conclusion of the sermon, is the

following attestation :-"The full and whole discourse of all the former part of the sermò is about the understanding of the sacramental bread and wine, by which is revealed and made known what hath been the common taught doctrine of the church of England on this behalf, many hundred years agoe, contrarye unto the unaduised writing of some now a dayes. For the more faithfully reporting of the same, and therefore for the better credite hereof, these here have subscribed their names.

Mathewe, Archbishop of Canterburye
Thomas, Archbishop of Yorke
Edmunde, Bishop of London
James, Bishop of Durham
Robert, Bishop of Winchester
William, Bishop of Chichester
John, Bishop of Hereford
Richard, Bishop of Elye
Edwine, Bishop of Worcester
Nicholas, Bishop of Lincolne
Richard, Bishop of S. Dauys
Thomas, Bishop of Couentry and Lichfield
John, Bishop of Norwiche
John, Bishop of Carlyll

Nicholas, Bishop of Bangor with divers other personages of honour and credite subscribing their names, the recorde whereof Remains in the handes of the moste Reverende Father, Mathewe, Archbishop of Canterburye.”

The above testimony is of considerable consequence, as it shews that the pure evangelical doctrine of the church of England, relative to the sacrament of the Lord's Supper, was so far from being only Protestant, that it was held by the British churches 600 years before the Reformation.

The truth is, there is scarcely a more common form of speech, in any language than this is, for this represents or signifies.* And as our Lord refers, in the whole of this transaction, to the ordinance of the Passover, we may consider him as saying, “ This bread is now my body in that sense in which the Paschal Lamb has been my body hitherto, and this



blood of the new testament, in the same sense as the blood of bulls and goats has been my blood under the old. (Ex. xxiv. Heb. ix.) and as the Paschal Lamb, and the sprinkling of blood represented my sacrifice to the present time, this bread and this wine shall represent my body and blood

* When a man enters into a museum, enriched with the remains of ancient sculpture, his eyes are attracted by a number of curious busts-on enquiring what they are, he learns, this is Socrates, that is Plato, a third is Demosthenes, Cicero, Herodotus, Liry, Cæsar, Nero, Vespasian. Is he deceived by this information ? Not at all he knows that the busts be sees are not the identical persons of those ancient philosophers, poets, orators, historians, and emperors, but only representations of their persons in sculpture, between which and the originals, there is an essential a difference, as between a human body, endowed with all the principles of rational vitality, and a block of marble,


through all future ages : therefore do this in remembrance of me. As to many of my readers, it may perhaps appear utterly improbable, that in the present enlightened age, (as it is called,) any people can be found who seriously and consistently credit the doctrine of transubstantiation ; lest I should fall under the charge of misrepresentation, I shall here transcribe the eighth lesson of the catechism, for the use of all the churches in the French empire, published in 1806, by the authority of Napoleon Bonaparte, with the Bull of the Pope, and the mandamus of the Archbishop of Paris ; which on this subject, is exactly a counterpart, of all that have been published, for a series of years, in the Popish churches.

Q. What is the sacrament of the eucharist? A. The eucharist is a sacrament which contains really and substantially the body, blood, soul, and divinity of our Lord Jesus Christ, under the forms or appearance of bread and wine. Q. What is at first put on the altar, and in the chalice? is it not bread and wine ? A. Yes; and it continues to be bread and wine, till the priest pronounces

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