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But should my Pen (more than it hopes) attain The Vulgar Plaudit,---where's the mighty gain, If, while the Page be praised, the Author's hissed? Men Satire love, but hate the Satirist. Yet, when we think of what vile things are made The great and little Vulgar, strictly weighed, Say dull Mundanus, * shall I woo the nine, To please such claycold, cautious hearts, -as
but never boil, Whose life, insipid, smooth as Hayley's † song, With sleep-inviting current steals along;
* It will not be necessary to appropriate to any ind v'dual, the character of Mundanus. It happens to be, with some slight modifications, the character of the great majority. The old manly, rough, and independent Euglish Character, seems to be worn down in a servile attendance on those who command the patronage of rotten Boroughs, Ecclesiastical Prefermeats, and Close Corporations. Such Sycophants in one respect may be compared to old Guineas; -the more smooth they are, the less valuable ;-I wish they were as scarce.
t If I have mentioned Mr. Hayley more than once, it is be.
Who owns a spiritless, a tasteless mind,
Then who would write the multitude to please ? Formed, as in truth they are, of such as these !
O for a shop of shops, where all who need, Might purchase Sense! the books they buy-to
cause he is, with respect to the sale of his Works, one of our most successful Rhimers. Perhaps it is my misfortune that I can discover no beauties in his Poetry, notwithstanding I can see many in bis Prose. But he has qualities far more amiable. It is not my intention to pay (what no man will thank one for) a compliment to his heart at the expense of his head. For I repeat my coavictions that in his Prose Writings he has merited the tit'e of an Elegant Scholar, I shall not think one atom the worse of Mr. Hayley, if he should retort that neither my Verse nor Prose contain any thing worth reading. “Nos hæc novimus esse nibil."
* A Capability of being indissolubly united at a certain heat, called by Workmen the welding heat. This is a property peculiar to the finest Iron; the more pure, and free from Sulphur the metal is, the better. I have heard that Platina will weld; but its bigh price and obstinate infusibility, make this quality of little value in Platina.
Wigs have attained perfection, nought remains
A friend to all that's good, in Church, I or State, No foe to worth I cannot emulate;
* "Sic adscititios nasos,
de clune torosi Vectoris, doctâ secuit Talicotius arte.” # I have somewhere read a story of an unfortunate Christian who gained a livelihood in Constantinople, by making specta. cles, and artificial Eyes. He had the honour to make an Eye for the Grand Seignior, and was handsomely rewarded by him.
About a month after that, he was sent for, and was to his great astonishment severely bastinadoed for a Cheat. The Gentlemen who administer these punishments, are usually not very communicative of any thing but blows. But at last, he found out that the Grand Seignior had worn his Eye, with all Mahommedan patience for a whole month, and yet could see no better with it, than he could on the first day it was put in !
# I have referred my readers, for a note on the word Priest, to the Appendix; but as that will not be printed till the third Book is finished, at the end of which it will be annexed; I shall offer what few observations I had to make on that head, here.
Once for all, I attach no importance whatever to any of my remarks. If I am wrong, I shall be very much obliged to any one who will set me right, There may be a thousand reasons for differing in opinion ; seldon one good reason for quarrel. ling about them. Conformity in essentials is a real good, so far as it can be obtained by argument, not by force; by persuasion, not by penalties. "In necessariis sit unitas; in non
No faction's tool, but proud to plead the cause Of Freedom while she venerates the laws,
necessariis, liberalitas, in' omnibus, Charitas." Therefore I shall use the common privilege of every rational creature, to "conjecture with freedom, to propose with diffidence, to dissent with civility." I have in a former note attempted to clear the Presbyterians from a false as persion. Many will be ready to infer from this that I am an enemy to the Establishment.
No such thing. To say that the Members of the Establishment, or that those who compose Dissenting Congregations are perfect, would be to say that they are not men. A little of their zeal and artivity, would not hurt us; a little of our liberality would not hurt them. Were the power and patronage of the Establishment removed into other hands, I am far from thinking the new possessors would evince a greater degree of moderation in the enjoyment of them. While any Church is connected with a Government, that Church will always have something to give; and it will ever be matter of contention, who are the most fit to receive it. But in this struggle for temporalities the great advantages christianity is capable of bestowing even on the present state of Society, (for it is a social Religion,) are annihilated. "There hath not been discovered," says Lord Bacon, “in any age, any Philosophy, Opinion, Religion, Law, or Discipline, wbich so greatly exalts the common, and lessens the individual Interest, us the Christian Religion doth.”
My partiality for the Establishment, has not made me blind to its faults. Io many things, but most of all in its Are ticles, I humbly conceive there is room, and shortly may be opportunity, for improvement. When we reflect who and what those men are, who have seceded from us, because they could not, in their present state, conscientiously subscribe to the Articles; we must acknowledge, we can ill afford to lose
I look on earth for no Utopian plan
such talents, enhanced hy such integrity. Some years since a very large proportion of the Clergy gave manifest and public proof of their wishes, on this occasion. I am inclined to think that this proportion hath of late increased. When Paley was asked for his vote on this occasion, his reply was, “I sincerely wish well to the cause, but cannot at present afford to keep a conscience.” A foolish and thoughtless joke, which on such an occasion had been better spared. But some may say, “ Has the Church Power to revise, alter, or annul any of her Articles ? Read her own language in these very Articles ; General Councils are assemblies of men, all of whom may not be governed by the Spirit and Word of God: they may err, and sometimes have erred; and all things ordained by them as necessary to salvation, have neither strength, nor authority, unless it may be declared that they are taken out of the holy scriptures. Every particular, or national church, hath authority to ordain, change, or abolish ceremonies or rites of the church, ordained only by men's authority. Much learned labour hath of late been bestowed, to prove that these Articles are not Calviinistic; and that they are Apostolic. I must conceive it is of infinitely more consequence to make out the latter proposition, than the former. As far as Calvin, or any other Reformer, or Teacher, can be reconciled to the Gospel, so far he is entitled to our attention, and no farther. In defence of Calvin's persecuting Spirit it has been usual to say it was the error of the Times in which he lived; and the necessary fault of his Educatior.. But surely one, who after tearing himself from the pale of the Church of Rome, became, a kind of Protestant Pope at Geneva; who after escaping from the very laboratory of Persecution, was ever after blinded by the smoke, “Ardenris