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The faults that in myself I tolerate,
Massæ fuliginelippus ;" who, in the case of Servetus, gave woe. ful proofs that with all his wisdom, he was not above the damning error of the age in which he lived; surely, such an one is not exactly the Oracle that is to guide the faith, and reguJate the opinions of Posterity. But supposing Calvin had given us, what he certainly has not, the best proof that he was indeed entitled to the highest veneration and authority a. mongst Posterity ; namely, that he himself was above the errors of his own day; yet even that, in the present case, would hardly justify us in pinning our faith upon his sleeve. Because the superadded experience of so many centuries, and the glorious light of the Reformation, of which he was only one of the Morning Stars, have enabled us to be much better judges in these matters now for ourselyes, than Calvin could at that time have possibly been for us. On this subject Lord Bacon has expressed himself with his usual pregnant brevity. “De antiquitate autem, opinio quam homines de ipsa fovent, pegligens omnino est, et vix verbo ipsi congrua. Mundi enim Senium, et Grandævitas pro antiquitate vere habenda sunt; quæ temporibus nostris tribui debent, non juniori ætati mundi, qualis apud antiquos fuit. Illa enim ætas respectu nostra antiqua et major; respectu mundi ipsius nova et minor fuit.” “But that opinion which men entertain concerning antiquity,is altogether vague, and hardly to be reconciled to the very term itself. For the old and advanced age of the world, mayindeed be considered to be true antiquity; and this antiquity belongs to modern times; not to that younger age of the World, such as it was amongst the Antients. For that
of the Antients, with respect to our age, is certainly the older of the two; but with respect to the world, it is as certainly the younger."
Taught by plain Truth alone, and Common Sense,
Wouldst ride, not walk ? a Panegyric write,
sessed, Worm next the fatal secrett from their breast ;
* An lodian Coin.
Dear is his wealth to Clive, + but dearer still
4 « Carus erit Verri, qui Verrem tempore, quo vult,
Accusare potest. Tanti tibi non sit opaci
Tristis, et a magno semper timearis amico." The epithet of an heaven-born General was invented by Lord Chatham, and by him applied to this extraordinary man. la the year 1773, a motion was made in the House of Commons, to resolve, that in the acquisition of his wealth, Lord Clive had abused the powers with which he had been entrusted. This motion was rejected, and it was voted that he who may be considered the Founder of the British Empire in India, had rendered great and meritorious services to his Country. He had been previously presented by the Court of Directors with a superb and costly Sword, set with Diamonds. But the horrid fears and remorseful agitations which overcame this Hero on his couch, and rendered solitude á scene more dread. ful than the ensanguined field, or the fire of artillery, together with the shocking circumstance of bis putting a period to his own existence, do not tend to weaken our doubts of the purity of the means by which bis vast wealth was accumulated. The avarice which clouded the character of another Hero, Marlborough, ended at last in the second childhood of dotage and debility. This Passion " grew with his growth,” but it does not appear, (as in the case of Elwes and most other misers) that it "strengthened with his weakness.” At a dinner, where many Ambassadors were present, Marlborough, when called upon for a toast, gave “ My Queen,” meaning Queen Anne. One of the guests, who sat next to prince Eugene, enquired of him what Queen the Duke alluded to ? "I have never heard of
But far more dear, to quench the Candle's spark,
any but one," said the Prince, “to her indeed he is a most dea voted Subject, “Regina Pecunia."
• When Pizarro took Atahualpa, the Emperor of Peru, prisoner, he offered, says Dr. Robertson, a ransom for his liberty which astonished the Spaniards, even after all they knew of the opulence of his kingdom, The apartment in which he was confined was twenty-two feet in length, and sixteen in breadth, and he undertook to fill it with vessels of gold as high as he could reach. The Inca actually perfomed his part of the agreement, but the Spaniards most perfidiously deceived him. They seized the treasure of the captive monarch, and still detained him in custody. But they soon proceeded to a much higher act of treachery and injustice; they pretended to bring to a trial, before a tribunal of Spanish Judges, the independent Emperor of Peru, on the ridiculous arraignment that he had rebelled against his lawful Sovereign, the king of Castile, to whom the Pope had granted a right to his dominions! Men who could thus prostitute the forms of law and justice, had resolved to commit murder, and were solicitous only to avoid the infamy of it. The trial accordingly terminated in condemnation, and the unfortunate Atahualpa soon after suffered the death of a criminal !
He dared not set that potent Inca free,
Think not that I all praise or censure scorn, Or that my callous heart is made of horn ; Yea some there are, whose calm approving voice Hath power to make despondency rejoice; Should these applaud, all's well, I shall not rate Their value by their number, but their weight.
Ah! Who that hath not felt them, who can tell The fears that sink, the rising hopes that swell His breast, who courts, as yet to fame unknown, The maiden Muse, unfriended * and alone;
* What has been said of giving, may be as truly said of ap. proving. “ Bis laudat, qui cito laudat." "He praised me," said Johnson, “when as yet I was in obscurity, without friends, and without money; and when praise was of service to me. general, we are afraid to commit ourselves, by praising any thing that is new; we wait for the Public; the Public for the Critics; the Critics for the watchword of their Party; or the nod of their Patron; or the fees of their Pay-masters. A fig for such commendations. Any skirler or babbler can follow the pack, or re-echo the cry; give me the reader, “ Acuti naris," who boldly challenges upon the scent, and first and singly announces the
To bestow praise in the proper place, and to come forward with it in the proper season, requires more taste and more courage than to censure. Any mob can pull down what an architect only could erect. But praise should be the incentive, not the principle; the spur, not the prize; the cordial that refreshes and revives, not the drain that intoxic.tes and overcomes. A man may be smother.