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upon and overcome all the seven pretenders, so that they fled from the house, naked and wounded. But though we cannot define either the precise nature or extent of the curb laid upon the enemy by the

first advent of our Lord, it is certain that a great change took place shortly after in the manifestation of satanic influences, which assumed more of a spiritual and less of a physical character, so that cases of obvious possession and witchcraft became less frequent, gradually disappearing before the advancing light of the Gospel. In our day they have apparently ceased, and with them in a great measure, the belief in their having ever existed; while doubts that give the direct lie to the inspired Scriptures are started, listened to and canvassed, with a grievous insensibility of the gross insult thus put upon the divine Author of that Book. Satan knows better than we do the extent of our power over him: the weakest believer is more than a match for him and all his angels, and would be able to prove it if brought to the test in the sight of men: therefore Satan lurks in ambush, forbearing to shew himself openly as of old, lest he should draw forth the dormant energy of the Christian; inducing him to unsheath the sword that has slumbered in the scabbard until its master forgets that he holds such a weapon. The enemy indeed seems to be preparing for his last campaign against the church, by inducing such an oblivion of his history and features, that when he advances again she will not recognize him

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as the old serpent; while among the ungodly he prevails to have his existence so utterly disbelieved, and his name converted into a jest, that he may work in them to any extent. They will obey his worst impulses as the dictates of their own wisdom, and exhibit as honourable trophies of liberty and independence, the heaviest fetters than he can rivet on their enslaved minds.

We may then safely assert that a limit exists, beyond which the power of Satan and his crew cannot pass; and that it is known to us where that limit lies. Our blessed Lord disclosed it, when he said to Peter, "Simon, Simon, behold Satan hath desired to have you, that he may sift you as wheat: but I have prayed for thee, that thy faith fail not." Luke xxii. 31, 32. It is our faith that effectually baffles his strongest efforts, as St. Paul declares, “Above all, taking the shield of faith, wherewith ye shall be able to quench all the fiery darts of the wicked.” Eph. vi. 16. And in a case of possession, where Jesus cast out a Devil which his disciples had vainly tried to expel, when the latter asked the Lord, "Why could not we cast him out?" he answered, Because of your unbelief." Matt. xvii. 19, 20. It is evident that man, being himself the lawful captive of Satan, and naturally inclined to follow his suggestions and do his bidding, has nothing in himself calculated to oppose any effectual resistance to his power; and it is only as Christ, the conqueror of Satan dwells

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in him by faith, influencing his desires, and strengthening him with strength in his soul, that man may venture to face so terrible a foe. All other means of defence are utterly vain: Satan knows no fetter in his actings among men, but that which Christ has thrown upon him; and there is nothing so sure to drive the sinner to seek refuge in his Saviour, or to keep the believer close to him, as the clear comprehension of this momentous truth, that Satan, "going to and fro in the earth, and walking up and down in it," meets no restraint but where he meets Christ enthroned in the heart of a ransomed sinner.

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These hinderers of Satan's work of destruction, which he, a murderer from the beginning," John viii. 44, is ever seeking to carry on and to extend, are the people of God: they occupy through the reconciled blood of the cross, that position in the divine favour which man was originally created to enjoy, but which Satan persuaded him to forfeit. They are a little flock, gathered out from among the immense community of the adversary's willing bondslaves, and from a kingdom as yet scarcely visible, scattered up and down, and divided, by his craft, into many portions. Of course, the usurper's object is twofold: First, to strengthen his authority within his own domain, so as to place every obstacle in the way of the enlargement of the Redeemer's kingdom, by the accession of souls delivered from his thraldom; and next, to weaken the little

band of his successful opponents; to lure them back, if it may be, into his chains; if not, to harass, to persecute, to destroy them from off the face of the earth. To accomplish these ends, to break down the prescribed limits of his range, he wields every means within his reach; his personal power and subtlety, the legions of fallen angels who acknowledge him as their chief, and the people of this world, "the children of disobedience " in whom he works, and in whom his work shews itself in an envious hatred of all that is good. If to dishonour God be, as we know it is, the end of Satan's designs; and if to make man the instrument of so dishonouring his Creator, be, as we know it is, his delight; how great must be his triumph, when he can involve the redeemed people of the Lord in such guilt, and turn, as it were, his prison-bars into weapons of offence against his righteous Captor. True, he may not again enclose the souls of the ransomed in his deadly grasp; but knowing the words of the Lord Jesus to his disciples, "Herein is my Father glorified, that ye bear much fruit;" John xv. 8. he strives to nip the tender blossoms, and to soil, if he cannot shake off, the half-ripened clusters of the true living branches. He contrives to mingle other motives with those which the Holy Spirit dictates; and if he cannot cause them to predominate, so that they who have begun in the Spirit, and run well for a while, are gradually drawn aside to follow the flesh, still he often weakens their hands, by

presenting to them, in a strong and alarming light, their defiled and imperfect service, and persuading them that God has forsaken them. This he did of old, through his servants the false prophets, as the Lord speaks," With lies ye have made the heart of the righteous sad, whom I have not made sad." Ezek. xiii. 22. As he quoted Scripture to tempt the Lord Jesus, so he will do, to harass his disciples. Has not the servant of God often found himself assailed, in the act of teaching, exhorting, admonishing, whether with the lip or the pen, by some such passage as that, "What hast thou to do to declare my statutes, or that thou shouldest take my covenant in thy mouth ?" Psalm 1. 16, coupled with the recollection of past sins, which are washed away by the blood of the Lamb, or the sense of present infirmity, which he knows he may carry to the throne of grace, where grace is promised, and help for every time of need, by Him who hath made reconciliation for the sins of the people; and "for in that he himself hath suffered, being tempted, he is able to succour them that are tempted." Heb. ii. 18.

And he will, he does succour them. He has said, "Resist the Devil, and he will flee from you: and has

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thereto added, "Draw nigh to God, and he will draw nigh to you." James iv. 7, 8. Satan has great power, and he will stretch it to the uttermost in this branch of his work, tempting, harassing, discouraging, misleading the Lord's people: but there is a distinct promise given,

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