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is it not alone in the person justified, but is ever accompanied with all other saving graces, and is no dead faith, but worketh by love.e

III. Christ, by his obedience and death, did fully discharge the debt of all those that are thus justified, and did make a proper, real, and full satisfaction to his Father's justice in their behalf.f Yet, in as much as he was given by the Fa

justified by faith, we have peace with God, through our Lord, Jesus Christ.

e James ii. 17, 22, 26. Even so faith, if it hath not works, is dead, being alone. Seest thou how faith wrought with his works, and by works was faith made perfect? For as the body without the spirit is dead, so faith without works is dead also. Gal. v. 6. For in Jesus Christ, neither circumcision availeth any thing, nor uncircumcision, but faith which worketh by love.

III. f Rom. v. 8, 9, 10, 19. But God commendeth his love towards us, in that while we were yet sinners, Christ died for us. Much more then being now justified by his blood, we shall be saved from wrath through him. For if when we were enemies, we were reconciled to God by the death of his Son: much more being reconciled, we shall be saved by his life. For as by one man's disobedience many were made sinners: so, by the obedience of one, shall many be made righteous. 1 Tim. ii. 5, 6. For there is one God, and one Mediator between God and men, the man Christ Jesus. Who gave himself a ransom for all, to be testified in due time. Heb. x. 10, 14. By the which will we are sanctified, through the offering of the body of Jesus Christ once for all. For by one offering he hath perfected for ever them that are sanctified. Dan. ix. 24, 26. Seventy weeks are determined upon thy people, and upon thy holy city, to finish the transgression, and to make an end of sins, and to make reconciliation for iniquity, and to bring in everlasting righteousness, and to seal up the vision and prophecy, and to anoint the most holy. And after threescore and two weeks shall Messiah be cut off, but not for himself: and the people of the prince that shall come, shall destroy the city, and the sanctuary, and the end thereof shall be with a flood, and unto the end of the war desolations are determined. Isa. liii. 4, 5, 6, 10, 11, 12. Surely he hath borne our griefs, and carried our sorrows: yet we did esteem him stricken, smitten of God and afflicted. But he was wounded for our transgressions, he was bruised for our iniquities : the chastisement of our peace was upon him, and with his stripes we are healed. All we, like sheep, have gone astray: we have turned every one to his own way, and the Lord hath laid on him the iniquity of us all. Yet it pleased the Lord to bruise him, he hath put him to grief; when thou shalt make his soul an offering for sin, he shall see his seed, he shall prolong his days, and the pleasure of the Lord shall prosper in his hand. He shall see of the travel of his soul, and shall be satisfied: by his knowledge shall my righteous servant justify" many for he shall bear their iniquities. Therefore, will I divide him a portion with the great, and he shall divide the spoil with the strong : because he hath poured out his soul unto death: and he was numbered with the transgressors, and he bare the sin of many, and made intercession for the transgressors.

ther for them, and his obedience and satisfaction accepted in their stead, and both freely, not for any thing in them; their justification is only of free grace: that both the exact justice and rich grace of God might be glorified in the justification of sinners.k

IV. God did, from all eternity, decree to justify all the elect and Christ did, in the fulness of time, die for their sins, and rise again for their justification :m nevertheless they are not justified, until the Holy Spirit doth in due time actually apply Christ unto them."

V. God doth continue to forgive the sins of those that

g Rom. viii. 32. He that spared not his own Son, but delivered him up for us all, how shall he not with him also freely give us all things?

h2 Cor. v. 21. For he hath made him to be sin for us, who knew no sin; that we might be made the righteousness of God in him. Mat. iii, 17. And lo, a voice from heaven, saying, This is my beloved Son, in whom I am well pleased. Eph. v. 2. And walk in love, as Christ also hath loved us, and hath given himself for us an offering and a sacrifice to God for a sweet-smelling savour.

¿ Rom. iii. 24. Being justified freely by his grace, through the redemption that is in Jesus Christ. Eph. i. 7. In whom we have redemption through his blood, the forgiveness of sins according to the riches of his grace.

k Rom. iii. 26. To declare, I say, at this time his righteousness: that he might be just, and the justifier of him which believeth in Jesus. Eph. ii. 7. That in the ages to come, he might show the exceeding riches of his grace, in his kindness towards us, through Christ Jesus.

IV. 7 Gal. iii. 8. And the scripture foreseeing that God would justify the heathen through faith, preached before the gospel unto Abraham, saying, In thee shall all nations be blessed. 1 Pet. i. 2, 19, 20. Elect, according to the foreknowledge of God the Father, through sanctification of the Spirit unto obedience, and sprinkling of the blood of Jesus Christ. But with the precious blood of Christ, as of a Lamb without blemish and without spot. Who verily was fore-ordained before the foundation of the world, but was manifest in these last times for you. Rom. viii. 30. Moreover, whom he did predestinate, them he also called: and whom he called, them he also justified: and whom he justified, them he also glorified.

m Gal. iv. 4. But when the fulness of the time was come, God sent forth his Son, made of a woman, made under the law. 1 Tim. ii. 6. Who gave himself a ransom for all, to be testified in due time. Rom. iv. 25. Who was delivered for our offences, and was raised again for our justification.

n Col. i. 21, 22. And you that were sometime alienated, and enemies in your mind by wicked works, yet now hath he reconciled. In the body of his flesh through death, to present you holy and unblameable, and unreproveable in his sight. Gal. ii. 16. (See letter c immediately foregoing.) Tit. iii. 4, to 7. But after that the kindness and love of God, our Saviour, toward man appeared; not by works of righteousness which we have done, but according to his mercy he saved

are justified: and although they can never fall from the state of justification,P yet they may by their sins fall under God's fatherly displeasure, and not have the light of his countenance restored unto them, until they humble themselves, confess their sins, beg pardon, and renew their faith and repentance.9

VI. The justification of believers under the Old Testament was, in all these respects, one and the same with the justification of believers under the New Testament.

us by the washing of regeneration, and renewing of the Holy Ghost; which he shed on us abundantly, through Jesus Christ, our Saviour; that being justified by his grace, we should be made heirs according to the hope of eternal life.

V. o Mat. vi. 12. And forgive us our debts as we forgive our debtors. 1 John i. 7, 9. But if we walk in the light, as he is in the light, we have fellowship one with another, and the blood of Jesus Christ, his Son, cleanseth us from all sin. If we confess our sins, he is faithful and just to forgive us our sins, and to cleanse us from all unrighteousness. 1 John ii. 1, 2. My little children, these things write I unto you, that ye sin not. And if any man sin, we have an advocate with the Father, Jesus Christ the righteous. And he is the propitiation for our sins: and not for ours only, but also for the sins of the whole world.

p Luke xxii. 32. But I have prayed for thee, that thy faith fail not; and when thou art converted, strengthen thy brethren. John x. 28. And I give unto them eternal life, and they shall never perish, neither shall any pluck them out of my hand. Heb. x. 14. For by one offering he hath perfected for ever them that are sanctified.

q Psal. lxxxix. 31 to 33. If they break my statutes, and keep not my commandments; then will I visit their transgression with the rod, and their iniquity with stripes. Nevertheless, my loving-kindness will I not utterly take from him, nor suffer my faithfulness to fail. Psal. li. 7 to 12. Purge me with hysop, and I shall be clean: wash me, and I shall be whiter than snow. Make me to hear joy and gladness: that the bones which thou hast broken may rejoice. Hide thy face from my sins; and blot out all mine iniquities. Create in me a clean heart, O God; and renew a right spirit within me. Cast me not away from thy presence; and take not thy holy Spirit from me. Restore unto me the joy of thy salvation: and uphold me with thy free Spirit. Psal. xxxii. 5. I acknowledge my sin unto thee, and mine iniquity have I not hid: I said, I will confess my transgressions unto the Lord: and thou forgavest the iniquity of my sin. Mat. xxvi. 75. And Peter remembered the words of Jesus, which said unto him, Before the cock crow, thou shalt deny me thrice. And he went out, and wept bitterly. 1 Cor. xi. 30, 32. For this cause many are weak and sickly among you, and many sleep. But when we are judged, we are chastened of the Lord, that we should not be condemned with the world. Luke i. 20. And behold, thou shalt be dumb, and not able to speak, until the day that these things shall be performed, because thou believest not my words, which shall be fulfilled in their season.

VI. Gal. iii. 9, 13, 14. So then, they which be of faith are blessed with faithful Abraham. Christ hath redeemed us from the curse

Chapter XII.


ALL those that are justified, God vouchsafeth, in and for his only Son Jesus Christ, to make partakers of the grace of adoption ; by which they are taken into the number, and enjoy the liberties and privileges of the children of God;b have his name put upon them, receive the Spirit of adoption;d have access to the throne of grace with boldness ;e

of the law, being made a curse for us: for it is written, Cursed is every one that hangeth on a tree. That the blessing of Abraham might come on the Gentiles through Jesus Christ; that we might receive the promise of the Spirit through faith. Rom. iv. 22 to 24. And therefore it was imputed to him for righteousness. Now it was not written for his sake alone, that it was imputed to him; but for us also, to whom it shall be imputed, if we believe on him that raised up Jesus our Lord from the dead. Heb. xiii. 8. Jesus Christ the same yesterday, and to-day, and for ever.

I. a Eph. i. 5. Having predestinated us unto the adoption of children by Jesus Christ to himself, according to the good pleasure of his will. Gal. iv. 4, 5. But when the lness of the time was come, God sent forth his Son made of a woman, made under the law; to redeem them that were under the law, that we might receive the adoption of


b Rom. viii. 17. And if children, then heirs; heirs of God, and joint heirs with Christ: if so be, that we suffer with him, that we may be also glorified together. John i. 12. But as many as received him, to them gave he power to become the sons of God, even to them that believe on his name.

c Jer. xiv. 9. Yet thou, O Lord, art in the midst of us, and we are called by thy name; leave us not. 2 Cor. vi. 18. And will be a Father unto you, and ye shall be my sons and daughters, saith the Lord Almighty. Rev. iii. 12. Him that overcometh will I make a pillar in the temple of my God, and he shall go no more out: and I will write upon him the name of my God, and the name of the city of my God, which is new Jerusalem, which cometh down out of heaven from my God and I will write upon him my new name.

d Rom. viii. 15. For ye have not received the spirit of bondage again to fear; but ye have received the Spirit of adoption, whereby we cry, Abba, Father.

e Eph. iii. 12. In whom we have boldness and access with confidence by the faith of him. Rom. v. ii. By whom also we have access by faith into this grace wherein we stand, and rejoice in hope of the glory of God.

are enabled to cry, Abba, Father ;f are pitied, protected,h provided for, and chastened by him as by a father ;k yet never cast off, but sealed to the day of redemption,m and inherit the promises," as heirs of everlasting salvation."


Chapter XIII.


THEY, who are effectually called and regenerated, having new heart and a new spirit created in them, are farther sanctified really and personally, through the virtue of Christ's death and resurrection,a by his word and Spirit

f Gal. iv. 6. And because ye are sons, God hath sent forth the Spirit of his Son into your hearts, crying, Abba, Father.

g Psal. ciii. 13. Like as a father pitieth his children, so the Lord pitieth them that fear him.

h Prov. xiv. 26. In the fear of the Lord is strong confidence: and his children shall have a place of refuge.

i Mat. vi. 30, 32. Wherefore if God so clothe the grass of the field, which to-day is, and to-morrow is cast into the oven, shall he not much more clothe you, O ye of little faith? For your heavenly Father knoweth that ye have need of all these things. 1 Pet. v. 7. Casting all your care upon him, for he careth for you.

Heb. xii. 6. For whom the Lord loveth, he chasteneth, and scourgeth every son whom he receiveth.

7 Lam. iii. 31. For the Lord will not cast off for ever.

m Eph. iv. 30. And grieve not the holy Spirit of God, whereby ye are sealed unto the day of redemption.

n Heb. vi. 12. That ye be not slothful, but followers of them who, through faith and patience, inherit the promises.

o 1 Pet. i. 3, 4. Blessed be the God and Father of our Lord Jesus Christ, which according to his abundant mercy, hath begotten us again unto a lively hope, by the resurrection of Jesus Christ from the dead, to an inheritance incorruptible, and undefiled, and that fadeth not away, reserved in heaven for you. Heb. i. 14. Are they not all ministering spirits, sent forth to minister for them who shall be heirs of salvation?

I. a 1 Cor. vi. 11. And such were some of you: but ye are washed, but ye are sanctified, but ye are justified in the name of the Lord Jesus, and by the Spirit of our God. Acts xx. 32. And now, brethren, I commend you to God, and to the word of his grace, which is able to build you up, and to give you an inheritance among all them which are sanctified. Phil. iii. 10. That I may know him, and the power of his resurrection, and the fellowship of his sufferings, being made conformable unto his death. Rom. vi. 5, 6. For if we have been planted together in the likeness of his death: we shall be also in the likeness of his resurrection: knowing this, that our old man is crucified with him, that the body of sin might be destroyed, that henceforth we should not serve sin.

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