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ADVERTISEMENT TO THE THIRD EDITION.

A very few words will suffice for the purpose of explaining in what respects the Third Edition of this Volume differs from those which preceded it.

Its text has been relieved of some portion of the literary imperfections necessarily incident to a historical sketch, its author's first work, and written against time.

Also, some additions have been made to the foot. notes. These are enclosed in brackets, many of them being merely references (under the abbreviation “Ath. Tr.”) to his annotations on those theological Treatises of Athanasius, which he translated for the Oxford Library of the Fathers.

A few longer Notes, for the most part extracted from other publications of his, form an Appendix.

The Table of Contents, and the Chronological Table have both been enlarged.

No change has been made any where affecting the opinions, sentiments, or speculations contained in the original edition,—though they are sometimes expressed with a boldness or decision which now displeases him ; -except that two sentences, which needlessly reflected on the modern Catholic Church, have, without hurting the context, been relegated to a place by themselves at the end of the Appendix.

April, 1871.

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Section II.—The Schools of the Sophists . . . .
1. Disputative skill of Arians :-

As of Parlus of Samosata . . . . . . .

And of the disciples of Aristotle.
2. Disputation cultivated in the Christian Schools :-

Axioms taken from logic and mathematics . . .

School of Artemas . . . . . . .
3. Tradition losing force :-

Contempt of predecessors . . . . . .
Symbol of faith indispensable . . . . .

Unwillingness of the Church to impose it. .
SECTION III.-The Church of Alexandria . . .
1. Its missionary and political character :-

Its local position . . . . . .
Its exoteric teaching . . . . . . .
Catechetical system . . . . . . .
Public preaching . . . .
Relative influence of separate Gospel truths .

Example of Scripture to guide us . . .
2. The Disciplina Arcani, or secret teaching :-

Scripture the storehouse, not the organ of teaching ..
Nor Apologists an organ, as not authoritative . .
The secret teaching consistent with the rudimental.
Not arbitrary, but an apostolical tradition . .
Not derogatory to the authority of Scripture

Terminating with the rise of the Councils . . .
3. The Allegorical method :-

National with the Egyptians . . . .
Adopted by Greek philosophy . .
Natural to the human mind . .
Familiar to inspired writers
Scripture uses of it . . .
Safeguards necessary, canons for its use
Caution of Scripture as to it . . ..
Traditionary keys for it . . . .

Alexandrian use of it . . . .
4. The Economy :-

Used by Alexandrians in Scripture difficulties , .

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