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Yes, thou wilt greet her with a half-forc'd smile,
Quirting thy virtuous company a while,

To say, Dear Madam, welcome!-how d'ye do ?"
And then the Dame will answer with a dip,
Scorn in her eye, contempt upon her lip,

" Not much the better, Mister Burke, for you."
“ Poor Burke, I read thy soul, and feel thy pain-

Go, join the sycophants that I disdain." Our attention is next directed to an Ode to Irony.' This delicate species of rhetoric is pleasantly personified, as'a Quakerlooking wight, who, with mouth demure, and folemn eye, without laughing makes others laugh.' Peter considers Irony as, at present, in a dangerous situation in this country,-ex. posed to the criticism of the law :--but better times are prognofricated, from the approach of

Fair Liberty ! divinely strong!
A patriot phalanx leads the Dame along.

Thou*, Wit, and HUMOUR, Thail adorn her train
And let me proudly join the noble few;
While to the cause of Glory true,

The Muse fhall Mout her boldeft ftrain.'
• E'en I, 'midft such a patriot band,
Will gain importance through the land;

Rise, from a poor extinguisher, a steeple.-
And, O AMBITIon, hear thy suppliant's pray'r,
A sprig of thy unfading laurel (pare,

And crown me, crown me Poet of the People.' The Aower next presented to us, is an Ode to Lord Lonfa dale,' who, fome time ago, commenced, as we have heard, a prosecution against

our poet, for the satire contained in his - Commiserating Epistle' to that nobleman: see Rev. for February last, p. 227:

The bard now offers, in a pleasant strain of mock fubmiffion, which we think might eafily be turned into real accommodation,) to make it up with his Lordthip. Even the K- is introduced, as pleading in Peter's behalf-but in Peter's language ;--and the Ode concludes with hinting the manner of ending all animosity between them :

• Thus f, LONSDALE, thou behold't a fair example
Of greatness in a King-a noble sample!

Thou cry'ft, “ What must I do? On thee I call."
Catch up your pen, my Lord, at once, and say,
• Dear Peter, all my rage

is blown

away ;
So come and eat thy beef at LowrHer Hall."

• Irony:

+ Alloding to the supposed Royal interposition in the poet's favour, which, had it been realized, would have been generous indeed!


We come, now, to an Ode to the Academic Chair,' on the election of Mr. West to the presidency of the Royal Academy, in the room of the late justly lamented Sir Joshua Reynolds. On this occasion, the satirift's old enmity toward Mr. West breaks out afresh. Again the honoured artist is bela- . boured by the poet ; who, in furiously dealing about his blows, lets a stroke or two (unwarily, no doubt,) light on the thoulders of the — patron :-Peter“ must have kings," as he, whilom, declared; he employs them, too, on most occasions ; and as kings are said to be the servants of the public, he seems to consider them as servants of all work.

« Old Simon, a Tale,' is one of the nettles in this bouquet; and it might have been thought intended to give a little sting to the ladies : but we too well know Peter's regard for the dear creatures, to suppose that he had any such intention. Old Simon, however, might serve, in some respects, as a companion to the celebrated Ephesian Matron, were not the modern tale conceived and told in a much merrier vein.

Our attention is next called to an • Ode to the King :'-a satire on court flattery; bearing some allufion to the quondam rumour, that the dogs of the law were to be let loose on the author.- What foundation there was for that rumour, we know not, with any degree of certainty. Be that matter as it may, Who's afraid ?might have been the motto to this Ode.

• Ode to a Margate Hoy :'--a droll representation of the scenes which, no doubt, frequently occur among the gentlefolks from Wapping, &c.

• Who, fond of travel, unto Margate roam !"The Wolf and the Lion, a Tale, dedicated to Lord Hawkesbury.' This piece alludes, also, to the matter of profecution ; and here again the K. is made to take part (as in the Ode to Lord Lonsdale,) with the poet :

• Now this was noble,- like a king, in footh,

Who scorn'd to choak * a subject for the truth.' The collection closes with · The Wolves, the Bear, and other Deafts, a Fable.'-An admirable satire on a late reference to the Judges, concerning the Libel Bill.

Thanks to you, friend Peter, for this month's entertainment; we have had a nice regale, indeed!


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Art. XXIII. A Defence of Dr. Price and the Reformers of Eng

land. By the Rev. Christopher Wyvill, Chairman of the late
Committee of Association of the County of York. 8vo. Pp. 100.
25. Johnson. 1792.
“Hou bearest record of thyself; thy record is not true :"

is an objection not less familiar in the mouth of a modern pharisee, than it was in that of the pharisees of old. The Reformers are Dissenters, and the Dissenters are factious republicans, is the common cry of interested calumny; and when the parties accused deny the charge, and profefs themselves “ good men and true," the reply is, “ thou bearest record of thyself; thy record is not true.” Here, however, cometh another who beareth testimony of them-a clergyman of the church of England, of a character very generally known, and not more known than respected. He proves, in his own person, the falsehood of one part of the accusation at least; he proves that all the Reformers are not Diflenters *; and he declares his firm persuasion that the other part is false; also maintaining that it is unjust to consider the Dissenters, or their late leader Dr. Price, as factious republicans. He appeals to indisputable facts, and produces satisfactory arguments, to sew that they are not only an innocent, but a meritorious body of men.

The question of reformation, however, does not turn on the character of the Diflenters. Were they as black as the poor abused Africans, it would not justify us in depriving them of the rights of human nature, and of the common privileges of citizens. Before we can be authorized to do this, we must prove, which the African merchants have already so clearly demonstrated of the Negroes, that they are no part of the human {pecies ;—and even then, we ought not to forget that “the devil himself should have his due.” The inquiry concerning neceßlity of reformation is to be taken up on a much broader ground. It is a question which concerns not one, but every, class of the community.

In our government, with all its excellences, which are undoubtedly many and great, are there not likewise some gross abuses which (to use the words of our author,) promote the interest of a few, and injure or destroy the happiness of mil

As zealous churchmen, we do not like to hear it said or inli. nuaret, as is often is, that all the reformers are Disfenters. Can no body do good and improve but a Disfenter? are the non-cons the only people that can sing the song of reformacion? As Whitefield said on another occasion, “ Why must the devil have all the good tunes?"

lions ?

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lions?' are there not multiplied and grievous corruptions, both in church and state, highly detrimental to the moral and civil interests of the community at large? Does not our duty to God, and to our brethren of mankind, call on us to advance the cause of piety and virtue, peace and happiness, by the removal of these evils ? Mr. Wyvill, with many other able and excellent men among us, answers these questions in the affirmative; and accordingly, as an honest and upright citizen should do, he labours to correct what he deems amiss, by pointing out a plan of ecclesiastical and political reform, so judicious and moderate, that, we should think, no reasonable objection could be urged against it.

So it is however, that there is always something found to urge against every attempt at reformation. There is always something wrong, either in the matter, or in the manner, of every reformer.

Is he warm and zealous in his cause, and high in his demands ? the constitution is in danger : “ He that turneth the world upside down is come hither also.” Is he cool and temperate in his language, and moderate in his views ? He has chosen an improper hour for his purpose : “ Go thy way for this time; when I have a convenient season I will call for thee.”

The danger of such policy, and its necessary tendency to create the very disturbance and tumult which governments affect so much to dread, are well asserted, and maintained, toward the close of Mr. Wyvill's defence. We recommend what is there said, and indeed the whole of this excellent pamphlet, to the serious attention of all who truly love their country.



For JUNE, 1792.

TRIAL of MR. HASTINGS. Art. 24. An Account of the Expences incurred by the Solicitors em

ployed by the House of Commons, in the Impeachment against Warren Hastings, Ela with Observations. 8vo.

pp. 155. 2 s. 6d. Debrett. 1792. By this account, we learn that, to the several other extraordinary

circumstances attending the impeachment of Mr. Hastings, mult be added nearly 37,000l. of the public money already expended ; beside the obstruction which it occasions to the progress of the national business! To those, who are fond of litigation, it may prove agreeable paltime when others are to pay the bills: but, as no enjoyment is without its correctives in this world, the side of popularity in this prosecution has been on the turn for some time, and the impeachers are themselves boldly impeached in every step which they have


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Art. 25.

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taken. They cannot be in better hands than they are at present,
antil the public, ashamed of looking on any longer, undercake to
drive out the mouse with which the mountain has been groaning so
piceously during the last five years. This is a curious and valuable
publication :- the more valuable, on account of the editor's expla-
natory notes, &c. &c.

The Case of the Sugar Colonies, 8vo.

pp. 97. 26
Johnson. 1792.
A short expreflive title is good evidence of the merit of a literary
work. The makers and sellers of books never think that they can
fufficiently blazon the contents, nor promise enough, in the front,
to invite purchasers; while a man, who is seriously intent on his subo
ject, disdains clumsy amplification, and contents himself with giving
co his production a neat fententious form without as well as within.
We have received much information and satisfaction in the perusal
of this dispafonate, cool, and argumentative performance ; whicha
ftates the circumstances of our West Indian islands, our treatment
of them, and the tendency of that treatment, in a clear, compre-
henfive, and convincing manner. To all, therefore, who are in-
terested, or who wish to form juft ideas, on a very important sub-
ject, we can recommend this tract as containing the sentiments of a
well-informed and judicious writer.

N. Art. 26. Historical Sketches of the Slave-trade, and of its Effects

in Africa. . Addressed to the People of Great Britain. By the Right Hon. Lord Muncaster. 8vo. Pp. 100.

Stockdale, 1792.

The principal object of Lord Muncaster, in these sketches, is to prove that the trade in Negroe Naves owed its origin to American West Indian colonization ;- and that the West Indian plantations might be the first occasion of a naval resort to Africa for slaves, may be very true. It is no part of our province to engage in a controversy on the subject, or it might not be difficult to thew that a regular Nave-irade is carried on by the Moors of Barbary and their oriental neighbours, by an inland current intercourse, to a far greater extent than ever was attempted by the Europeans on the coast. As chis crade, however, does not come under general obfervation, the antiquity of it may not be eafily traced : but it is probably coeval with eastern maxims and modes of government, which are old enough to exculpate Europeans from being the erigizal contrivers of this odious article of commerce. Odious it cerfainly is : but we do not perceive that our noble author has thrown any new light on the subject; and his work is written in too confident and petulant a style to be read with pleasure. His Lordship may plead an honest indignation at the hard fate of Negroes, yet surely he is not to be informed, that saves are to be found in our own country, who, on his principle of fiat juftitia, claim emancipation at ous hands, before we become eager champions for African liberty. It is the cruel fate of every Briton, who engages in seafaring employment, or is known ever to have been so engaged, to be marked out


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