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communicate, as well as receive, was always welcome, and that few men came into company, better qualified to please, or to inftrudt.- Buc

“ Great men use a wit as a rake does a whore,
When their end is obtain'd, they see him no more.

and Ruffel, with all his talents, endearing qualities, and correctness of taste, was jofled out of his friend's memory, by horsejockies, valets, and gamblers, before my lord reached Dover, on his way to the continent.

• But the memories of Oxford tradesmen, the cellar-man, and the attendants of the junior common room, were more retentive, and my reader will hear with concern, that after much anxiety, and much trouble, this amiable man died of a broken heart. The writer of this article cannot but drop a tear to the memory of one, with whom he has pafled many a useful, and many an agreeable hour, (hours, alas ! to return no more,) in the mutual, but unluc. cessful effort, of alleviating anguish, which can cease only with life, palliating evils and softening prospects, over which the strong hand of death alone is able to throw a veil.

• I cannot mention the university, without suggesting a wish, that parents would not be so eager to educate their sons in those se. minaries, without a perfect knowledge of the necessary expence, and the dangerous situation of a young man on his first entering a col. lege. And it were well if heads of houses, unless they wish to see their walls deserted, it were well, if they would not leave the newcomers, who have been long, and ardently panting for liberty, a prey to rapacious tradesmen, or to what is still worse, the licen. rious excesses of their own passions : surely it becomes them to enforce compliance, or reform abuse, and to guard the rising generation, for whose fate they are answerable, against the bewitching spares of vice and dislipation, which every where surround, and invite them. We may then venture to send our sons, without a certainty of their morals, health, and fortune, being irretrievably destroyed.

• In a declamatory, but not ill.written pamphlet, which a dis. appointed candidate for a fellowship once shewed me in manuscript, called, “ Oxford diffected, or that university displayed in iis proper colours," I remember his saying, that to a certain college, every member was a benefactor, for that he brought with him money, good sense, learning, morals, and a confticution; but was sure to bring nothing away with him. As I could not with propriety subscribe to the assertion, I advised him from friend thip for che man, or from reverence to Alma Mater, to suppress the work, which, a few months after, with its author, was swallowed up by a storm in crossing the Atlantic.

• This article cannot conclude more properly, than with the emphatic words of Dr. Johnson, which I wish were written in lecters of adamant on the heart of every man of genius in the world:

“ Those, who in confidence of superior capacities, or attainments, affect to despise the common svies of life, Mould remember, that nothing can atone for the want of prudence; that negligence,


and irregularity long continued, render wit absurd, genius useless, and talents contemptible.”

• I am aware, says a declaimer at my elbow, who defends well-regulated stews; “I am aware of the prudent regulations, and cautious police established by proctors and vice-chancellors, but while they will not suffer iniquity, or carnal indulgence, to appear in any decent shape, they forget that Oxford is surrounded by the lowest and vileft fties of illicit passion, where filthy vulgarity robs sensuality of refinement, its only bad excuse, and where a Joachsome disease poisons the springs of life.”

• My satirical friend, with whom, (however I may value his abilities) I do not always feel disposed to agree in opinion, concluded his harangue, by observing, that he divided the young men of the present day into two clases; first, your pleasant, accomplished, fensible, undone bon vivants, without morals, health, or fortune, admired, pitied, and neglected by every body :--The second, are your ftrange, eccentric, out-of-the-way mortals, who are dull and unfashionable enough to preserve their estates, characters, and conftitutions unimpaired, but think themselves perfectly at liberty to indulge in odd whims, unaccountable fancies, and strange fingularities; “ to conclude,” continued my friend, “I prefer the late ter, with all his imperfections on his head :"-a sentence from which perhaps many of my readers will dissent. He might have added, that the rare, the desirable character in the present age, is the man of plain good sense and education, of oncorrupted manners, whose fenfibility is not too delicate, or feelings too refined for the common, the useful, and the necessary duties of a son, a. husband, a father, or a friend, who does not from affectation, or cowardice, quit the post alloited to bim by Providence, nor wander from the bearen curnpike-road of life, through dread of the bustle of competition, the inares of ill-design, or the arrow of him who Thootech in the dark : dangers from which no man has a righe to claim exemption, as every one has sufficient resolution to oppose these chimeras of human life, if he will but call it forth, From the scarcity of such characters in the common transactions of mankind, the first and most sacred duties of society too often fall into the hands of coxcombs, rascals, and fools.

“ Take a knife with a common edge, and it will do your business better,” said Swift to his friend Lewis the under-secretary, who was attempting to divide paper in a very awkward manner, with a fine delicate edged expenlive pen-knife.'

• SACKVILLE, Viscount, originally Lord George Sackville, an appellation which he exchanged for the name and estate of his paternal aunt, a baronet's widow, of Drayton, in Northamptonshire, an acquaintance, and, as appears from several of her letters, published in his works, a sensible correspondent of Dr. Swift: he was created a peer by George III. an elevation, productive of no small surprize at the time, and the subject of much fevere altercation between certain distinguilhed characters.

· This favourite of the prefent king, but never of the people, is accused, by his enemies, of having facrificed, on the plains of


Minden, several thousand men, to a mistaken principle of national etiquette, or the misconception of orders, clearly and explicitly given, owing to the agitations of fear. After indulging himself on his defence, in vehement invectives against party malice, to which he imputed his disgrace, he stili in sisted on the orders not being intelligibly delivered, and as soon as he knew what he had to do, and a regiment which impeded his marching had moved, that he attacked in front wiih all possible speed: but a court mare tial, by which his lord Mhip was tried, differed from him in opinion, and he was declared incapable of serving in any military capacity whatever. His conduct very much exasperated the late good old king, who with his own hand struck his naine from the liit of privy counsellors; and was heard to declare with emotion, and his usual warmth of temper, (a generous, but quickly subsiding warmth) that if he had not been a king, and the offender his subject, be would certainly have pulled him by the nose. Colonel Sloper remarked on the field of battle, his lord thip's embarrassed and confused appearance; yet I can scarcely impule his conduct to coward. ice, which, though in a soldier an unpardonable failing, is not a crime, (for we have not all, the nerves and intrepidity of a hero) befides, in a duel with the late governor Johnson, he appears to have acted with sufficient calmness and composure.

• One path to fame being thus for ever closed against him, with a resolution, perhaps a magnanimity, which few men in similar circumstances would have possessed, he plur.ged into the stormy sea of government and politics; where, notwithstanding royal (miles, and the friendly, elaborate, but uníuccessful panegyric of Mr. Cumberland, he experienced defeat and disappointment: he was secretary for the colonies, during the American war, and is said to have prognosticated success, wich a lively emphasis, not common in his method of speaking ; his adversaries, of whom I think he had a greater portion than falls to the lot of most men, cried out with exultation, tha: Minden and Saratoga would be everlasting monuments of his courage as a general, and his abilities as a statel man.

. During the unfortunate interval of this nobleman's presiding over the American departmeus, certain nacional debates were conducted with a violence, heai, and perseverance, which a conviction of their high importance, and a sense of national calamity, could alone inspire: the same period was also remarkable for a war, which, from choice or necesiity, was conducted by men, who, as senators, had earnestly argued, and regularly voted against it : 1 could not help remarking the dramatic general, who a few years before, had conducted himself in a manner not firictly constitucional at Preston, haranguing the House of Commons at the moment he was a prisoner of the enemies of his country, and against whom he should not have accepted a command, if he disapproved coercive measures; this parliamentary phænomenon, did not bring to my mind Regulus, when he quitted the fenate of Rome, on his return to Carthage, the “ torvus humi pofuiffe vultum,” would have been wholly in applicable.'



We must add, that there are many articles of far inferior worth, compared with those above cited ; for the volume is loaded with many a heavy stale story, copied from well-known histories and monthly chronicles. Thus we have the long narra. tive of Gowry's conspiracy against James VI. of Scotland, without the author betraying the least consciousness that the truth of it had ever been questioned, and another turn given to the adventure. The long story of Elizabeth Canning is also retailed to as little purpose. In short, he sometimes see lects and copies, without judgment, or evident intention :-yet, whatever may be the defects of this publication, it would be injustice to its author, as well as to our readers, should we conceal from them this truth that the perusal of many of the anecdotes, characters, and sketches, with which the volume abounds, has yielded us considerable amusement, and some information,


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Art. VIII. A New Medical Diktionary, or General Repository of

Physic; containing an Explanation of the Terms, and a Descrip-
tion of the various Particulars relating to Anatomy, Phyfiology,
Physic, Surgery, Materia Medica, Chemistry, &c. &c. &c.;
each Article, according to its Importance, being confidered in
every Relation to which its Usefulness extends in the Healing
Art. By G. Motherby, M. D. C.M.S. The Third Edition,
revised and corrected, with confiderable Additions, by George
Wallis, M. D. S. M. S. Lecturer on the Theory and Practice of
Physic, London. Folio. pp. 738. Plates 30. 21. 1os. bound.

Johnson, Robinsons, &c. 1791.

E have already spoken our sentiments concerning the two

former editions of Dr. Motherby's dictionary* : of course, we shall at present confine ourselves to the additions made by Dr. Wallis.

The present editor laments that ill-health should have taken the superintendance of this book from the hands of his predeceffor; and he obseryes, with great modesty, that he stands in a delicate predicament, attempting to correct and improve the work of a living author, and that author his friend :-he adds,

To obliterate, therefore, any of ris fixed principles, upon which he has founded a number of bịs theories and reasoning, though perhaps not totally according with my own modes of thinking, might be thought repaying friendship with cruelly, and sacrificing confidence to vanity ; --I have therefore let luch doctrines as he has adopted fand unaltered; only, here and there, endeavouring, where it appeared necessary, to elucidate and place them in a clearer point of view; and pursued fuch plans throughout the whole, as

• See Review, vol, lviii. p. 318. and vol. lxxv. p. 76. Rev. AUG. 1792.



might co-operate with his wishes, centered in rendering himself age an unprofitable member to the community.'

Reasoning juftly, that the plan of a dictionary should be confined to points of practical knowlege, rather than extended to questions of controversy and speculation, Dr. W. has fought more Barneftly to render bis reader a good practitioner, than an able disputant.--For fimilar reasons, he has rejected such parts of the former editions, as were not closely connected with medical utility, substituting other remarks more intimately united with the subject. Hence he has rescinded many things, which belonged rather to arts, manufactories, and commerce, than to medicine ; as well as the biographical part, which, while it was too concise and vague to be of any service, occupied space which was wanting for matters of more importance.-Much information has been added respecting the powers and virtues of medicines, and many authors have been consulted on this head : the nature and composition of the several medicinal waters have received particular attention; the doses are ascer. tained; and the mode of adminiftering them is specified, as likewise is the season of the year when they are most efficacious.With regard to diseases, we meet with many valuable additions; and the principal authors, who have written on the several complaints, are enumerated: nor has the editor confined himself entirely to the authorities of others, but has occafionally presented us with opinions and reasoning of his own.

A very necessary part of this performance, and one attended with great convenience, is an index; in which every article may be found, by whatever appellation it is distinguished-On the whole, though we cannot say that there are no defects, still, with respect to the general intent of the work, they appear of too little consequence to particularize ; and we have no fear in pronouncing this publication well worthy of the attention of that class of medical practitioners for whose use it is principally designed.

To this edition are added four plates of the gravid uterus : these, and the improved state of the others, thew that the proprietors have not been sparing of expence.


il. is.

Art. IX. The Hipory of Political Transactions, and of Parties,
from the Restoration of King Charles the Second, to the Death of
King William. By Thomas Somerville, D.D. 410. PP. 595.

Boards. Cadell. 1792.
HISTORY is certainly the best school of instruction, both to

those who govern and to those who are governed ; teaching by the only sure test, experience, the value of the several po


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