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Confessedly beautiful as the original is, it fuffers little in the hands of Mr. Cowper; and though Pope has been happy enough in his version of this paffage, yet the present translator has nothing to dread from comparison.

us on the thore
She found him seated ; tears succeeding tears
Delug'd his eyes, while, hopeless of return,
Life's precious hours to eating cares he gave
Continual, with the nymph now charm'd no more.
Yet, cold as she was am'rous, fill he pass'd
His nights beside her in the hollow grot,
Constrain'd, and day by day the rocks among
Which lined the shore heart-broken sar, and oft
While wistfully he eyed the barren deep,
Wept, groan'd, desponded, figh’d, and wept again.'

Pope's Version.
“ Him penfive on the lonely beach the found,
With streaming eyes in briny torrents drown'd,
And inly pining for his native shore;
For now the soft Enchantress pleas'd no more:
For now, reluctant, and constrain’d by charms,
Absent he lay in her desiring arms,
In Number wore the heavy night away,
On rocks and shores consum'd the tedious day;
There fat all de folate, and ligh'd alone,
With echoing sorrows made the mountains groan,
And roll'd his eyes o'er all the reitless main,
Till dimm'd with rising grief, they stream'd again."




A U G U S T, 1792.


Art. 15. Representation and Petition from his Highness the Nabob of

the Carnatic, presented to the House of Commons, March 5,
8vo. PP. 75:

There is perhaps, no class of men that more requires hints of

recollection that they are but men, and subject to human vici fitudes, than sovereign princes; and perhaps there never was an age that furnished more pointed lesions of this kind than the present. Among the humiliating examples, is that of the Nabob of the Carnatic, standing at the bar of a popular assembly some thousands of miles from his own dominions, suing for protection against a long series of oppressions and usurpations of a company of merchants, who have, at length, taken the administration of his government out of his hands, in violation of a recent treaty, on the plea of that treaty being insufficient for securing the expected advantages! This Hh 2


treaty of perpetual friendship and alliance was concluded with the Nabob in February 1787, by Sir Archibald Campbell, under the orders of the Board of Controul; from which board, it is ftated, the treaty received the fullest approbation.

• Sir Archibald Campbell, when he sent home the treaty, speaks in the following terms of the Nabob.

“ I have narrowly watched all the Nabob's conduct and fentiments fince my arrival in this country, and I am ready to declare that I do not think it possible that any Prince, or Power on earth, can be more fincerely attached to the prosperity of the Honourable Company than his Highness, or that any one has a higher claim to their favour and liberality."

It is neither practicable nor necessary for us to enter into the de. tail of the Nabob's complaints, but he concludes with the following representation:

That the Nabob has now been the most faithful and stedfast ally of the English nation, during a period of pear fifty years: that he has gone hand in hand with them at all times of adversity as well as prosperity, and has devoted his whole life and fortune to their welfare: that, after all, instead of enjoying repose and tranquillity which he had expected would have been the reward of his long and faithful attachment to the English nation, his latter days are embittered with aggravated misfortune and affliction, and his grey hairs treated with derision and contempt: that there are many other grievances under which the Nabob labours, but which the esta. blishing a general line, that must not be transgressed, will remove: that, in setting forth the grievances he has explained, he has avoided to accuse or blame individuals : that redress is his object, and not revenge; and that, content with rece:ving justice for the future, he wants do retribution for past injuries: that he is willing to ascribe some public encroachments opon his rights to the Company's being ignorant of the limits of their own; and far be it from his heart to lay to the charge of a great nation, whom he esteems, admires, and loves, those enormities, encroachments, and oppreffons, which passions of various kinds have suggested to individuals : that the Nabob of The Carnatic sends this his Petition to the Honourable the Commons of Great Britain in Parliament assembled, as the Company of Merchants of England trading to the East Indies, and their concerns, are peculiarly under their inspection and controul; and therefore praying the House to take the premises into their confideration, and to do in them as to the House shall seem fit.'

Surely it does not become a generous government to suffer a friendly ally to be reduced to the circumstances so pathetically, yet so mildly, represented !

N. Art. 16. A Letter from a Gentleman in Lancashire to his Friend in the East Indies, on the Subject of the War with Tippoo Sulcan. is. Richardson.

1792. It is fufficiently clear that this was intended to be a very clever letter: but its parricular aim, if it has any, beyond being witty on


8vo. Pp. 27

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the Eastern war, baffles oor discovery. The occasion is also passed, and our operations are closed; whether to the author's satisfaction, we know not: but if he has any stock of humour on hand to send to market, he may now employ it on the treaty of peace. N. Art. 17. A general View of the Variations which have been made in

the Affairs of the Eaf India Company, from the Conclusion of the War in India in 1784, to the Commencement of the present Hostilities. By George Anderson, A. M. Accountant to the Right Honourable the Commissioners for the Affairs of India. Large Paper 8vo. pp. 116; with a Supplement, pp. 37. 6s.

Stockdale. 1792.
Art, 18. A Letter to the Right Hon. Henry Dundas, President of the

Board of Controul, on the Statement of the Affairs of the East
India Company, lately published by George Anderson, Esq.
Accountant to the Commissioners for the Affairs of India. By
George Tierney, Esq. Large Paper 8vo. Pp. 47.
Debrett. 1792.

We have classed these two publications together, because Mr. Anderson principally controverts the disadvantageous statements in A Letter to the Right Hon. Henry Dundas, publithed during the last year*, and which, by the letter above mentioned, appears to have been the work of Mr. Tierney; and the supplement to Mr. Anderfon's pamphlet is a reply to this second letter. These two gentlemen are both deeply involved in the mazes of East India accounts, whither we cannot pretend to follow them; and are warmly contesting matters on which we presume not to decide. We can however add, that Mr. Anderson's ftatements are introduced by a clear ex. planation of the several departments of the Company's accounts, both in their commercial and in their sovereign capacities :- but these blend with and interfere so intricately in general ftate. ments, that we can only in fer that their concerns are grown too mighty either for proper management, or for due comprehension. N.

Stri&tures and Occafional Observations upon the System of British Commerce with the East Indies : with Remarks, and proposed Regulations, for encouraging the Importation of Sugar from Bengal; and Hints for the Arrangement of the Trade, after it shall be separated from the Revenue of our Territorial Acqui. fitions. To which is added, A Succinct History of the Sugar Trade in general. By the Author of A Short Review of the Trade of the East India Company. 8vo. pp. 210. Debrett. 1792.

This pamphlet contains proposed regulations for the supply of this country with sugar from the East Indies; in his expectations of the success of which, che writer is very fanguine. He does not, however, advert to the circumstances of our West Indian islands, nor to our reciprocal engagements with the planters, who have cultivated thole islands in reliance on parliamentary faith :--but it must be ad.

Art. 19.

45. sewed.

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Is. 6d.

mitted, that when such strenuous efforts are made, and when mea, sores are pursuing, which may render the future supply of West la. dian sugar at least problematical, it may be high time to look out for a supply of so necessary an article ellewhere.

The writer urges many reasons for terminating the monopoly of our trade to the East, or at least for transferring it to a company purely mercantile.

Art. 20. Substance of a Speech intended to have been made on Mr.
Wilberforce's Motion for the Abclition of the Slave-Trade, April 3d,
1792: but the Unwillingness of the Committee to hear any
Thing farther on the subject, after Mr. Pitt had spoken, pre-
vented the Member from being heard. 8vo.

Pp. 76.
Owen, Piccadilly.

This intended speech may gain more attention in print, than in an affembly of men whose imaginations are heated by declamatory addriftes to the paffiors The writer combats ihe idea that the voice of the people demanded the abolition of the fave-trade, by giving Colonel Tarleton's representation of the difingenuous mode by which she sense of the people has been obeained: that is, from those who know no more of the subject iban they have been caught by the induftrious circulation of garbled and partial accounts of it.

He turns the evidence and arguments again it this trade entirely .: against the abolitionills; for example:

• A Right Hon. Gentleman*, whose weight with the House is deservedly great, and whose abilities and eloquerce are sufficient ta make the worse appear the better caujë, has exerted both in support of the motion. He has endeavoured to thew, that the abolition of this crade cannot be injurious to our West India colonies, “ because ic appears we are able now to keep up the present stock by the number of births, which, upon an average in all the islands, equal, if they do not exceed the deaths.” But permit me to observe to tbis Committee, that if there be already a fufficient number of Negroes in our colonies, this argument proves too much-chere would be no need to abolis a trade which would end of itself, because there would be no market for the slaves in the West Indies, and confequently no person would bring them over.'

He Thews, from the savage manners of the Africans, which are too well known to be doubted, that whatever may be the abstract fpeculative merits of such a trade, it is a positive act of humanity to carry any human beings out of the country; and that even the Jate interference in regulating flave ships, is likely to occasion violent outrages against humanity. The circumftances of the follow. • ing lory are too natural to be doubicd:

• A captain of a trading ihip had a young woman with a child at her breast brought to him so purchase, which he refused, as by the late regulation such child would be reckoned among the number he was permitted 10 carry. Some few days after, one of his officers

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purchased a young woman, who having a breast full of milk, and appearing melancholy, the captain endeavoured, by his linguilt, to learn the cause; he found that this poor woman was the same he had refused some little time before. Her owner had taken her awav, murdered the infant, and brought her back without the child. The gentle abolitionists may glory in their humanity.-The barbarons llave captain told the Itory with the most lively fentiments of regret.

• If this horrid transaction happened in consequence of regulation, and many others of the same sort will undoubtedly happen, which we lhall know nothing of, the consequences of abolition will be a thousand times worse; in proof of which we reser to the histories of Africa, the evidence on your table, and the affidavit annexed.'

We shall close this article by a transcript of the followiz ob. fervation:

The only rational mode of abolishing the flave trade, is to increase the population in the West Indies ; and the mode of doing fo, in the speedieit anú moft effectual manner, is by increaling the importation of young women. When by that means you have as many Negroes in the colonies as you have occasion for, ihe crade 10 Africa for them will end of courle. This will be a gradual abolition, and the only mode by which a gradual abolition can take place, confitent with justice or humanity. In time, this will also abolith servitude-for it is an abuse of the word, to call the condition of the Negroes in the West Indies, jlavery.'

N. A Letter to Bache Heathcote, Esq. on the facal Confe. quences of Abolishing the Slave Trade, both to England, and her American Colonies. By Henry Redhead, Esq. 8vo. Pp. 8u.

Stockdale. 1792. This is another senüb.e confideration of the Nave crade, lo far as at goes, but it does not enter into an abitract discussion of the leaaing question agitated by the abolitioners. How fatal the abolitio a of the trade may prove to England, to her American colonies, or even to the poor wretches in Africa who are the objects of this trade,-are natters surely nor beneath the noiice of these gentlemen, while they plead that the rights of man are invaded by it!

N. Art. 22. Thoughts in favour of the Abolition of the Slave Trade,

and the Emancipation of the Negroes, relpecifully inscribed to the Honourable House of Commons. By Francis Stone, M. A. F. S. A. Rector of Cold-Norton, Eflex. 8vo.

pp. 35: Stalker. Mr. Stone, most probably, means well: but when a parochial clergyman, who has inmediate duries enough on his hands, wanders into a subject embracing to inany circumitances and confideration's foreign to his knowlege and profefional studies, he muft neceffarily treat it fuperficially: especially when he is difpored to indulge in a little ludicrous innocent fun on a serious subject.' {P. 19.) Y. Art. 23. The Interim; or, Thoughts on the Trafic of West India Slaves; and un lume other Saves, nos leis worthy of Compal


Art. 21.



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