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fion; with an Address to Mr. Wilberforce. By Homo. 8vo. pp. 33

Printed ai Newark; and sold by Gardner, &c. in London. 1792. These are confeffedly the hasty undigested thoughts of an old man of nearly four score; who pleads, in extenuation of their baving

no accuracy, no correctness,' the expediency of their appearing before the day when Mr. Wilberforce was to introduce his bill into the House of Commons! Alas, he might have husbanded his refiections to amuse himself and a few of his neighbours over their pipes, without the least public injury. His favings, in paper and print, would have supplied ale and tobacco for two or three months.

N. Art. 24. Reasons for not hgning the Petition; or, The Abolition

Scheme taken into cool and candid Consideration. By a privare disinterested Person, independent and uncoonected with any Sect or Party. 8vo. pp.48. 15. 60. Printed at Leominster; and sold by Evans, in London.

reasons, it seems, were at first separately published in three parts, at 6d. each, and classed under Natural, Moral, and Political Reasons, for not signing the petition. In the preface to the third of these parts, the writer says, “If I could have had a little more time, (my thoughts croud in fo fast,) I could have soon swell. ed this liccle treatise to four times the size: but perhaps I have said 100 much already. In this conclusion, we cordially join. This odd kind of a writer, who nevertheless really appears to mean well, and, in his way, starts now and then some home truths, gives up the whole Negroe race to slavery, as the just doom of the worthless descendants of the accursed Ham! We wish he would take a ride over to Newark, and smoke a pipe with the preceding old gentleman; they would, between them, settle this question admirably!N. Art. 25. An Appeal to the Candour and Juffice of the People of Eng

land, in Behalf of the West India Merchants and Planters, founded on plain Facts and incontrovertible Arguments. 8vo.

25. 60. Debrett. 1792. This appeal is a republication of the petition of the West India merchants and planters, with an abftract of the speeches of Meff. Bailey, Vaughan, Tarleton, Jenkinson, and Dundas, against the motion for the abolition; concerning which nothing need be added.N. Art. 26. Remarks on the New Sugar Bill, and on the National

Compacts respecting the Sugar-Trade and Slave-Trade. 8vo. pp. 99

Is. 62. Johnson. 1792. The cause of the planters is here pleaded against the refiners, in these points where they really do, or are thought to, interfere: but as we are neither planters nor refiners, we will not attempe to ascertain the merits of professional mysteries. The author remonftrates against the versatility of parliament in colonial regulations, and especially in the sudden alarm raised against the use of Negroe flaves; and as one novelty introduces another, and as, whatever may be the fate of the abolition-bill, he suppofes the prejudice will not wear out, he recommends the inviting over Chinese servants to

supply

pp. 118.

supply their place, the Chinese national character being considered as favourable to the scheme of substitution. • Men, (he truly observes,) love to be righteous at the expence of other people, and acting upon each other is held equivalent to acting for themselves."

• Something, however, has been faved from Thipwreck in the contest; calumnies on the colonists have been somewhat discredited; the possibility of obtaining white men to labour in tropical countries is given up; the Navery actually subgiting in the islands seems allowed to remain untouched; and the Negroes are agreed to be unfit for present emancipation. In Nort, the abolition of lavery joself in the islands is left to its own fate; and, as the children of the West Indians, wherever sent out of the islands for education, will be made alhamed, if not averse, with respect to the possession of llaves, one of two things will happen ; either flavery will be. come so mild, as only to be such in name; or it will be formally abolished, as heretofore in Europe, by the decision of those who are interested in it; and thus suffer what Mr. Hume would call an Euthanasia.'

On this difficult subject, it might tend greatly to compose difturbed minds, if we could, according to a hint started by another writer, abolish the term Negroe Slaves, and call them by some more social appellation : as we doat so much on all new fashions *, even so flight an alteration, could it be made current, might, reItore our relish for sugar and tobacco.

N.
IRELAND,
Art. 27. A Letter to the Societies of United Irishmen, of the Town of

Belfast, upon the Subject of certain Apprehenfions which bave
arilen from a proposed Restoration of Catholic Rights. By Wil-
liam Todd Jones, Esq. Wich the Declaration of the Catholic
Society of Dublin, and some Thoughts on the present Politics of
Ireland. By Theobald M.Kenna, M. D. 8vo. pp. 189.
35. 6d. sewed. Robinsons. 1792.

This is one of those publications that do honour to the present age, and which, as friends to the happiness of mankind, we announce with pleasure. Mr. Jones, a Protestant, here offers himself to the notice of the public, as an able and strenuous advocate for the long proscribed and persecuted Catholics of Ireland. He has evidently given the subject much thought, and the result is, that he considers the penal laws against the Catholics as a profligare, mistaken, passionate, and impolitic farrago of statutes of penalty and disqualificacion ;' and he argues with greac earnettness for their repeal, concending, that the entire abolition of these statutes against ihe Catholics is only wanting to convert Ireland into the moit opulent and most happy kingdom in Europe:- but it has been objected againt the proposed emancipation of the Irith Catholics, “ that, if

* That coarle vulgar word breeches has been abolished in favour of small cloaths; yet, as the correspondence may appear too close between small cloaths and petticoats, we anxiously wait the decision of the police on this intereiting subject !

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they are restored to the legislative faculty of the conftitution, they will revive the court of claims, and inftituie an inquiry into defedive titles, and an invitacion of re-assumption to ancient proprietors."

This position Mr. Jones ridicules as extravagant and impracticable. He gives us a very melancholy picture of the state of the poor Catholics in Ireland; recalls to our secoilection the horrid persecutions of the Catholics by the Proteit ants; and proves that Religion, or at least fomething which has hitherto assumed her facred name, has been a scourge and a sword to our litter Vieland. When will Chrií. tians learn the firit maxim of the gospel, to love one another! When will rulers profit by the hiitory of perfecution, and allow religion to be a cement io, inflead of striving to make it a prisciple of repulsion among, the particles composing the mass of civil society!

Dr. M·Kenna, who is a spirited and sensible writer, prophesies that an energy of character is now rising among the Catholics of Ireland, and ihat the period of their emancipation is not far diitant.

May he be a true prophe:!- and may peace, and love, and liberality of heart and mind, prove the everlalling cement of the filier kingdoms!

M00-y. MEDICAL. Art. 28. A Treatise on the Management of Female Breasts during

Childbed : and leveral new Oblervations on Cancerous Diseases, with Prescriptions : to which are added, Remarks on Pretenders to the Cure of the Cance:. By William Rowley, M. D. Member of the University of Oxford, the Royal Coilege of Physicians in London, &c. ad Edit. 8vo. pp. 113. 25. Wiograve. 1790..

This Treatise possesses little reasoning and no order ; while it abounds in unsatisfactory assertions.-Dr. Rowley's plan of removing cancerous complainis, is, by perfifting in a long course of minesal alteratives. Speaking of these medicines in cancers of the uterus, he delivers himself with more than usual modeliy:

« From this consideration I was induced to attempt a more ra. tional plan of cure, by uniting the fulphureous antimonials with the preparations of hydrargyrus. In all the cases where I have been consulied, I have never yet seen pacients cured by any other methods ; but by mineral alteratives, given in very small doses, and repeated now and then, an unfortunate viftim to this horrid disease has been snatched from death, and positively cured.

The remedies I have usej are,
Cinnabar antimonii.

-- faclitium, which are nearly the fame.
Æthiops mineralis.

-- antimonialis.
Hydrargyrus and antimonial fulphurs.
Sulphur antimonii præcipit. cum aquiia alba.
Kermes mineralis.
Nitrum puriffimum.

Merc. dulc. xij. cies Sub. & lotus cuir sulph, aurat. ant. long rubbed together,

Camphora.
Neutral lalis.

Antimonialia.

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15. 6d.

Antimonialia.

Tartarum emeticum cum merc. corros, sub. to the sixteenth part of a grain, diffolved.

Turp, mineral. cum Kerm. mineral.

The modes, in which such remedies have been applied are, to prescribe very small doses, and drink after each some solution of camphor and nitre, &c.'

0. Art. 29. Cautions to the Heads of Families, in Three Essays: 1. On

Cyder Wine, prepared in Copper Vesels; with Hints for the Improvement of Cyder, Perry, and other Fruit Liquors. 2. On the Poison of Lead – Method of detecting it in various Liquors, Foods, Medicines, Cosmetics, &c. With general Indications of Cure. 3. On the Poison of Copper-how it may be discovered, though in very minute Quantity – Method of Core. By A. Fothergill, M. D. F. R. S Member of the Royal College of Phyficians, London, and of the Medical Societies of London, Edin. burgh, and Paris. 8vo.

PP: 95:

Crutcwell, Bath ; Dilly, London.

These useful efsays have already appeared in the 5th volume of Papers by the Bath Society. We recommend the perusal of them to the heads of families, to whom they are properly addressed, as enabling them to guard against pernicious impregnations of lead, copper, &c. in the common articles of diet,

0. Art. 30. The New Family Herbal; or, Domestic Physician; enu

merating with accurate Descriprions all the known Vegetables which are any way remarkable for Medical Efficacy; with an Account of their Virtues in the leveral Diseases incident to the Human Frame. Illustrated with Figures of the most remarkable Plants, accurately delineated and engraved. By William Meysick, Surgeon. 8vo. pp. 498. 14 Plares. 75. Boards. Coloured Copies at double Price. Pearson, Birmingham; Baldwin, London, 1790.

We can recommend this Herbal as an useful book; as it appears to be sufficiently accurate and comprehenfive for the purposes for which it is intended. Mr. Meyrick very wisely rejects those numerous and incredible accounts, given by most writers, of the virtues of different vegetables; accounts fo contradictory and absurd, that they never fail to remind us of one of honelt old Dr. Baynard's stories, which he whimsically introduces in his letter to Sir John Floyer, on cold baths. “I remember, (says the worthy Doctor,) when I was at Leyden in Holland, not much short of forty years fioce, walking in the physic garden, a Scotch gentleman, a fiudent there, asked the profeffor, Franciscus De la Boe Sylvius, What Abfanihium marinum was good for? The professor smilingly asked him, Wha: countryman he was? He answered, Scoto-Britannus. He aked bim, If, in their metropolis, Edinburgh, they had not such a punishment as the boot, to excort confession from the stubborn criminals? He answered, Yes. Why then, quoth Sylvius, take this plant in his luxuriant season, root and branch, and clap him into The boot, and squeeze it hard, for without it confesses, I doubt aeither thee por I Mall ever know what his virtues are."

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fon. 1791:

To prevent mistakes from the inaccuracy which prevails among the common English names of plants, the author has added the Latin generic and trivial names of Linné. He has been sparing in the use of scientific terms, and has explained such as he has been obliged to adopt. In an appendix, he has given useful directions for gathering and preserving all kinds of roots, herbs, Aowers, and feeds; with the methods of preparing distilled waters, conserves, fyrups, pills, tinctures, ointments, and other necessary forms of medicine. A table of diseases is added, with references to those remedies commonly employed in their cure.

0. Art. 31. The Use and Abuse of Sea Water, impartially considered

and exemplified in several Cases and Remarks: with many necessary Hints and Cautions to those who bathe in and drink it. Including the most approved Means for preventing the dreadful Ef. fects of the Bite of mad Animals. Third Edition, with Addis tions. By Robert White, M.D. 8vo. pp. 76. 15. 6d. Richard,

The peru sal of this pamphlet may perhaps be of some use to io. valids, who indiscriminately use sea water in all complaints. The work will, however, attain its greatest pitch of utility, if it should induce the reader, in cases of importance, to submit to the decision of some kilful physician.-For our account of the first edition, see Review, vol. liii. p. 247.

0. Art. 32. The Anatomical Infiru∨ or an Illustration of the mo.

dern and most approved Methods of preparing and preserving the different parts of the Human Body, and of Quadrupeds, by Inje&ion, Corrosion, Maceration, Diftention, Articolacion, Modelling, &c. With a Variety of Copper-plates. By Tbomas Pole, Member of the Corporation of Surgeons in London, Svo. pp. 304. nos, 6d. Boards. Darton and Co. 1790.

It is evident from the title of this work, that Mr. Pole aspires to no higher honour than that of instructing medical students in the art of making anatomical preparations. We have examined his directions on this subject, and, on the whole, can recommend them as being useful and plain.-In a long introductory differtation, consisting of 80 pages, Mr. Pole treats of the utility of anato. mical knowlege, and points out what he thinks the best methods of attaining it.

0. Art. :3. The Instruments of Medicine; or, the Philosophical Digest

and Practice of Phyfic. By George Hoggart Toulmin, M. D. Svo. Pp. 265. 58. Boards. Johnton.

In an introduction to this work, Dr. Toulmin laments that the practice of physic should be involved in obfcurity, from the devia. tion from fimplicity, and from the fondness for whatever is complex and unintelligible, so observable in the professors of the medical art. He profeffes, however, nor to enter into a consideration of the theoretical part of the science, referring his readers, for all that is requisire to be known on that subject, to the Elementa Medicine of the late Ds. Brown ; whose character our author holds in great veneration.

Dr.

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