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grievously after bis model, Simkin, the Welch bard, (who himself
is apt to faulter, now and then, in his paces ;) and his shimes arc
sometimes intolerable : for example,

• I say,'--' Dominica.'
• Drawn,'- .- Warn.'

• Draw,'--"War.'
He does not, however, often offend so grofsly in this respect.

In politics, this writer is anti-minifterial. On that account, be may rest assured, we do not quarrel with him. Art. 46. A Poem on a Voyage of Discovery, undertaken by a Brother of the Author's, with Sonnets, &c. 4to. pp. 59. 35. Kearsley. 1792.

A voyage of discovery affords an ample field for poetical imagery and sentiment. The diversified scenes of nature; the variety of human characters in the different stages of civilization; the fatal effects of political ambition and commercial avarice; the advantages which may be expected from opening new communications with parts of the world hitherto little frequented, or from exploring regions still unknown; are fruitsul subjects of description ; -and ihe author of this poem has, in no inconsiderable degree, done justice to his copious theme. The ideas, which a liberal philosophy would suggest on the furvey of the world that such a voyage affords, he has exprefied in easy and, for the most part, elegant verse.

The following lines, in honour of the generous but unfortunate
Cook, will afford the reader a pleasing idea of this writer's talents :

• Where endless snows on cloud.cape mountains lie,
Rise white in air, and mark a colder sky,
Bold from the waves the Sandwich Iliands stand
In clusters circling that disastrous land,
Where ne'er will Europe's generous fons forget
To shed the tears of vain, tho’jult, regret,
While virtuous efforts claim the world's applause,
Or merit fuffering in the public cause :
Here fell th’ill-fated chief, who itrove to save
The savage race that sunk him to the grave.
Was it for this he scorn'd a life of ease,
Twice brav'd the horrors of Antarctic seas;
Heard the dire cralh of ice by tempeits cost,
And waves impatient of th’incumbens fioft ;
Where shiv'rirg famine holds her joyless reign,
And the doll blood scarce warms the frozen veini
Was it for this applauding Europe view'd
His daring course, thro' seas unknown, pursu'd;
And fondly hop'd, that when complete his toil,
With eager gaze he ey'd his native soil ?
That his great mind the paffage had reveala,
As yet by Nature's bounds from man conceal'd;
That wand'ring tribes, by his persuasion mov'd,
A milder line of social life had prov'd;
Had dropt th' epfanguin'd arms which late they wore,
Nor ftain'd thenvenom'd lance with captives' gore.



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All these fond hopes were vain! no friendly tear
Of sorrowing mourpers grac'd his honor'd bier ;
By savage hands his corse was rudely torn,
With savage yells his limbs in triumph borne;
Yet shall his fame a great example give,
Glow in his deeds, and in remembrance live ;
Then, ages hence, when Reason shall unfold
The sense that lurks obscur’d in savage mold,
Th' enlighten'd offspring of the present race,
Sad, and alham’d, shall hear their fire's disgrace ;
Shall Thun the fatal spot, or weeping tell

Where their great friend and common patron fell.'
The small pieces subjoined to this poem have considerable merit. E.
Art. 47. Chriftianity, a Poem. 4to. Pp. 17. 18. 6d.

15. 60. Ridge
way. 1791.
• When all things hasten to the final end,
Thus shall corruption on mankind attend :
RELIGIOUS crammels are no longer borne,
And ev'n the females all her precepts scorn.
LUST, RAPINE, MURDER, revel chro' the land,
And brother against brother lifts his hand.
The hoary father must resign his wealth,
Daggers, or poison gain his gold by stealth.
The sons of vice cheir witness's fuborn,
And plan by night the rogu'ry of the morn;
Upon the morrow they'll to court away,
(And have both judge and jury in their pay)
impatient watching for returning light,
They all exclaim, “ Sure 'tis the longest night;

The lamp of day shou'd now begin to buro,
We know our globe has tak’n its usual turn;
For 'tis by CHANCE that never errs we move,

Tho' priests once taught 'twas by a pow'r above."
What this and a great part of the pamphlet has to do with Chrif.
tianity, it will be difficult to discover: but be this at it may, the
ladies on Parnassus will be more angry with the author for calling
his production a poem, should they ever hear of it, than our court
is for affixing to it the title Christianity ; yet we with titles to be in
some measure descriptive of the contents of books ; nor do we ex-
ped to find, in a work with the above title, descriptions of a curile
feast with an hundred covers, nor of poor families living by luft,
and routing on the town.

A few lines at the conclusion are all that feem properly to belong to the subject; yet even here, when the author means to be sublime, he becomes ludicrous. He reduces a false world to nothing, and then burns it 10 a cinder.

To its primæval nothing it returns

And the false world into a cioder burns.' Let not the anchor pronounce as severe : such criticisms are a most painful part of our duty :—but " We can't be filent, and we must not lie.". li 2


Moo.y. Art.

fon. 1792.

Art. 48. Zapphira: A Tragedy, in Three Ads. 8vo. Pp. 59.

13. 60. Ridgway. 1792. This tragedy is founded on the story of Rhynsault and Zapphira, related in The Spectator.- We advise the author, whole firti essay this is, before he again ventures to publish, to submic his performance to the correction of some judicious friend.

0. Art. 49. A Norfolk Tale; or a Journal from London to Norwich:

with a Prologue and Epilogue. 8vo. Pp. 67. 2s. 6d. Joha

As a private epistle from one friend to another, this journal might be accepted as the sportive effufion of a mind at ease :--but as a common journey in our own country will not be expected to afford any extraordinary objects and adventures, for poetical celebration, lo here is nothing made of it worthy the attention of a ftranger to the author ; who, nevertheless, appears to be a man of confiderable abi. lities; and who, as we collect, has a character to support, far more valuable than that of a dangler after any of the coquettish muses:After all, we can forgive him his triling for the sake of his humour, which is genuine.

N. NOVELS. Art. 50. Frederica, or the Memoirs of a Young Lady. By a Lady.

Dedicated to her Royal Highness the Duchess of York. 8vo. 3 Vols. gs. sewed. Ridgway. 1792: if these volumes be taken up with no higher expectation than that of occupying a few tedious hours with light amusement, the reader will not be disappointed; for they contain a sufficient variety of incidents and characters to afford an easy exercise of attention, without burthening the understanding with a superfluity of reflection, or overpowering the heart with a deep-wrought tale of distress, More than this we cannot promise. The story is neither so artfully constructed, as to hold the mind of the reader in a state of grateful suspence; nor is it told with such delicacy of language, richness of imagery, and refinement of sentiment, as might be necessary to gratify a highly-cultivated taste. In some parts the narrative is infipid ; in others, the incidents are improbable, particularly in the sudden change which takes place in the character of Mr. Weftrop, who, from a most un principled and un feeling libertine, becomes in an instant an affectionate relation, and a generous protector. We must add, that the language is often incorrect. Such expresions as the following are not here uncommon : • He behaved extraordinary particular to me;' the behaved remarkably attentive;'-'there was an immense large assembly ;'-' she had not been in fide a church six months ;'-' a person who I have so little reason to esteem.'-Such inaccuracies are proofs of negligence, or ignorance, of which it is our duty to take notice, even in a novel written by a lady. B. Art. 51. Memoirs of a Baroness. By the Author of the Conquests

of the Heart, and the Victim of Fancy. 12 mo. 2 Vols. 5$• fewed. Robinsons. 1792.

The scene of this novel is laid in the court of Henry IV. of France; and the principal incident, (that for which, indeed, the whole novel appears to have been written,) is the romantic attempt

made by Mademoiselle de St. Aubin to obtain a fight of Marshal Biron, whom he had long secretly loved, and who was now imprisoned for treason, and condemned to die. Beside this story, which is well related, the novel has little to fix the reader's atiention. The tale, instead of becoming more interesting, languishes toward the close, and is lengthened by an episodical narrative. The writer seems more capable of representing the external expressions of passion, than of clothing its sentiments in suitable language; and when the ought to be unfolding a character, we find her describing the person, attitude, or dress ;-a failing very common with some adventurers in novel-writing ;-for this obvious reason, that it is easier to observe the exterior form, than to read the language of the heart.

E. POLITICS and POLICE. Art. 52. Observations on the Politics of France, and their Progress

since the last Summer: made in a journey from Spa to Paris in 1791. By T. F. Hill. 8vo. pp. 110. 25. 6d. Hookham.

In politics, as in other sciences, that reasoning bids fair to be the best which has fact for its basis. This is the foundation which Mr. Hill has chosen for his observations. By going to the scene of action, he had an opportunity of viewing things as they are. conclusions

prove him to be a man of sense; and they are deduced with an impartiality which seems to have nothing but cruth for its object.

From what Mr. Hill saw of the emigrants, be judges that their cause is not likely to be crowned with success. In the country parts of France through which he travelled, the condition of the inhabitants seemed to be much improved by the Revolution.

Paris was distressed by a want of money and commerce, had lost all its gay vivaciiy, and was much divided by political factions :--but yer, amid every diversity of opinion, it was evident that the great body of the people, both in the capital, and in the provinces, was decidedly for lupporting the new conttitution in all its parts, regal, as well as popular. The King, by his prudent conduct, appeared to be rifing, and the Assembly to be ra:her finking, in the estimation of the people.

Though these remarks were made before the declaration of war againīt the King of Hungary, lome of them are not inapplicable to the present pofture of affairs. In particular, the emigrants seem as likely to be the victims of delay as ever. Whether the Auftrians continue to treat them with the fame marked contempt as they did when Mr. Hill was in the country, it is not easy to teil ac this distance: but there is no evidence of their cordially uniting with them. The King, too, it is poflible, from the late events, and from his judicious behaviour under them, wili derive additional ftrength to himself and his party, will defeat the republicans, and give itability to the constitution in its present form *.

If we differ from Mr. Hill in any thing, it is, when he supposes the several cumalis that have happened, to be the effect of regular

• Changes, however, seem to be indicated, lince this article was writien.


Ii 3

preconcerted plans to bring about the political designs of the vari. ous parties. In the reign of Charles the Second, no event of consequence occurred in this country, without a plot being in it. These are chimerical surmises. The disturbances, that arise in periods of political fermentation, are mostly the effect of accident. This is confirmed by the obscurity in which their origin is almost always involved. Time generally brings fettled schemes to light: but casualty is loft and smothered in the confusion that gives it birth.

As no part of the secret service money, issued either from the public or from the privy purse, takes its course through our hands, we cannot answer for the truth of the following circumstance. Should it be a fa&, it is not of that nature which is calculated to give any additional relish to the payment of one million per ann. for the civil lift, or of seventeen millions for taxes; nor any additional grace to our complaints of the onderhand interference of foreign emissaries in our domestic government. A French ambaffador, assured of the fact, would perhaps think himself justified in remonstrating against ondue interposition in the concerns of his own country'; instead of vindicating his nation from a charge of such officious meddling, infinuated in a royal proclamation:

· The King of England was reported with more probability, though with more secrecy, to have replenished the empty treasures of the emigration ; a fact esteemed highly likely, both from his site. ation and character: the same rumour was reported with added strength towards the end of last December; and a sum named to the enormous extent of half a million : it is certain that the course of the exchange was affected about that period, in a manner fufficiently singular to authorize the supposition ; such strange irregularities had not been experienced in it for the last half century. If the cha. rity of his Majesty has induced him to contribute thus largely to the fupport of the cause of Kings from his own private fortune; certainly his subjects have, in the present situation of the political system, no right to object to it: but if such sums have really been issued from the public treasury for this purpose, perhaps they may think it paying rather too dear, for the purchase of possible defolation, even in France; or of the advantages of despotism in England. Probably, however, the sums iffued from England, may have in great part come first from France; and been sent this way, to conceal their real fource: but I cannot help suspecting, that our country, ever senowned for giving pay to other nations, has bere followed her psual custom, at least in some degree.'

Mr. Hill is the editor of some ancient Erse poems reviewed in our 73d volume, page 70.

Pear.e. Art.

53. Two Letters to Lord Onslow, Lord Lieutenant of the County of Surry, and one to Mr. Henry Dundas, Secretary State, on the Subject of the late excellent Proclamation. By Thomas Paine, Author of Common Sense, Rights of Man, &c. 8vo. 6d. Ridgway. Another Edition is sold by Parsons.

In the letter to Mr. Dundas, which stands foremost in this collection, Mr. Paine repels some attacks made on himself and his books in the course of the debate in the House of Commons, on the



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