Observations on the Law and Constitution of India: On the Nature of Landed Tenures, and on the System of Revenue and Finance, as Established by the Moohummudum Law and Moghul Government; with an Inquiry Into the Revenue and Judicial Administration, and Regulations of Police at Present Existing in Bengal

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Kingsbury, Parbury, and Allen, 1825 - Finance - 404 pages

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Page 174 - Department, and to bear interest at the rate of three and a half per cent, per annum.
Page 99 - And all the tithe of the land, whether of the seed of the land,, or of the fruit of the tree, is the LORD'S: it is holy unto the LORD.
Page 139 - Government, I am also convinced that, failing the claim of right of the zemindars, it would be necessary for the public good to grant a right of property in the soil to them, or to persons of other descriptions.
Page 155 - By reserving the collection of the internal duties on commerce, Government may at all times appropriate to itself a share of the accumulating wealth of its subjects without their being sensible of it.
Page 267 - which few Europeans will ever learn, because neither of " them leads to any advantage in worldly pursuits ; and if " we give judgment only from the opinions of the native " lawyers and scholars, we can never be sure that we have
Page 34 - There shall be left for every man who cultivates his lands as much as he requires for his own support till the next crop be reaped, and that of his family and for seed. This much shall be left to him, what remains is the land-tax and shall go to the public treasury.
Page 223 - If Mr. Shore means, that, after having declared the zemindar proprietor of the soil, in order to be consistent, we have no right to prevent his imposing new abwabs, or taxes, on the lands in cultivation, I must differ with him in opinion, unless we suppose the ryots to be absolute slaves of the zemindars ; every...
Page 95 - ... established rent To permit him to dispossess one cultivator for the sole purpose of giving the land to another, would be vesting him with a power to commit a wanton act of oppression, from which he could derive no benefit.
Page 267 - ... body of men ; but my experience justifies me in declaring, that I could not with an easy conscience concur in a decision, merely on the written opinion of native lawyers, in any cause in which they could have the remotest interest in misleading the court : nor, how vigilant soever we might be, would it be very difficult for them to mislead us; for a single obscure text, explained by themselves, might be quoted as express authority, though perhaps in the very book, from which it was selected,...
Page 223 - ... of produce, and no more. Every abwab or tax imposed by the zemindar over and above that sum is not only a breach of that agreement, but a direct violation of the established laws of the country.

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