Fake Prophecy and Polluted Sacraments: Ecclesiastical and Imperial Reactions to Montanism
During the four centuries of its existence (ca. 165-550), Montanism, an early-Christian prophetic movement, stirred up considerable controversy. Known to its adherents as the 'New Prophecy, ' its opponents viewed it as a '"fake" prophecy' with 'polluted sacraments.' Accused of introducing novelty and heresy into Christianity. Montanism, in the post-Constantinian era, was also persecuted by Christian emperors. This book identifies all known opponents of Montanism, analyzes and classifies the various charges leveled against Montanism, and describes the methods used to counteract and ultimately destroy the movement. Also described are the ways in which the Montanists reacted to the opposition against them, revealing that the picture painted of the New Prophecy by its opponents was grossly distorted. "Fake Prophecy and Polluted Sacraments" provides an insightful case-study of the treatment of a minority Christian movement by Church and State both before and after 'catholic' Christianity became the official religion of the Roman Empire.
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Ecclesiastical Opponents to Montanism ca 165199 CE
Ecclesiastical Opponents to Montanism ca 200324 CE
Ecclesiastical Charges against Montanism ca 165324 CE
Montanist Reaction to Ecclesiastical Opposition ca 165324 CE
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Ecclesiastical Opponents of Montanism ca 324550 CE
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accused adherents ┴ight alleged Anonymous anti-heretical anti-Montanist Anti-Phrygian Apol Apolinarius Apollonius apostles argued └rst Ascodrogitans Augustine Augustine’s baptism bishop Carthage Carthaginian Cataphrygians catholic charges Christ Christians church clergy condemned Constantine Constantinople contemporary Montanists Cyprian Didymus Donatists eccl ecclesiastical ecstasy edict emperors Epiphanius Eusebius evidence example extant Filaster fourth century Frend God’s Haer heresy heretics Hippolytus Hist Holy Spirit idem IMont imperial in┴uenced Irenaeus Jerome Jerusalem John of Ephesus Justinian Labriolle later legislation Lyons Mart Martyrdom and Persecution martyrs Maximilla Miltiades Monarchianism Montanism Montanismus Montanist Inscriptions Montanist practice Montanist prophets Montanists movement novelty of└cials opposition to Montanism oracles orthodox pagan Paraclete Pepouza Perpetua Phrygian post-Constantinian Praedestinatus pre-Constantinian presbyters Priscilla Priscillians Prophecy prophets and prophetesses Pseudo-Jerome Pseudo-Tertullian Quintillians reference revealed Roman Rome sacri└ce scripture second century sect Septimius Severus signi└cant Sozomen speci└cally synod Tabbernee Tertullian Themiso theod Theodoret third century treatise voluntary martyrdom