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such is not the case, and tauntingly asks, Does this accord with the language of the modern heretics?
From Mr. Irving the Record turns to this Journal, and repeats again the oft-refuted lie of our having perverted and garbled the writings of the Fathers. To this slander the shortest answer is the best—it is false; and we have already proved it to be so, to the satisfaction of every competent judge. Our belief respecting the person of our Lord is precisely similar to that expressed by Flavel in the preceding extract; and to prove this in the clearest manner we have only to quote the words which stand at the head of those extracts from the Fathers which we are falsely accused of having garbled; the
very first sentence we put forth on this subject, and which we have endeavoured to bear in mind through the whole controversy, to regulate all our succeeding arguments in correspondence therewith. Our words were : “We have always held 'that our Lord Jesus Christ, the Son of God, is God and man: God of the substance of the Father, begotten before the worlds; and man of the substance of his mother, born in the world. Or, to express it in our own words, We believe that the Eternal Son of God, in becoming Son of man, took our very nature into union with himself, with all the infirmities brought upon it by the Fall; but upheld it from sinning, and sanctified it wholly, and constrained it (in his person) to do the entire will of God.” (see Morn. Watch, No. I. p.75.) If, by inaccuracy of expression (which we are not, however, conscious of), any. thing should be found in our writings which may appear inconsistent with this, we ask of our readers the mere justice of interpreting the unguarded expressions in accordance with this our first statement, which we now repeat as our present belief, accompanied by the solemn asservation, that in the four years of controversy which we have had to maintain we have never swerved from this doctrine; never harboured a thought, never knowingly penned a sentence, inconsistent with the perfect holiness of our Lord, though he took upon him the very nature of fallen man. The error of our opponents is particularly guarded against by the Athanasian and all subsequent creeds. The orthodox have always carefully avoided confusing the two natures in the one Person, or dividing the Person while distinguishing the natures; not deifying the human nature, not materializing the Divine nature ; asserting the Holy Thing born of the Virgin to be not merely God, not merely man, but God and man in one Christ.
The Record helps out its own abuse by an extract from the Edinburgh Christian Instructor, in which it vilifies us, and charges Mr. Irving with having failed to fulfil a promise for an interview with the Rev. J. Lockhart. Of Mr. Lockhart we know, nothing; but have been informed that he called upon Mr. Irving once, the summer before last, and pressed for an interview with the gentleman who made the extracts from the Fathers. Mr. Irving told him, that, as that gentleman was then in a distant part of the kingdom, an interview was impossible; and at the same time indignantly repelled the charge of garbling and perversion. For our own parts we think it well that a meeting should thus have been impracticable; for these Northern divines seldom fail to turn
theological disputes into personal quarrels, as if conscious that their forte is not in argument, but in abuse. And the question at issue really is, not whether we have honestly reported Tertullian's words, but what Tertullian meant to say ; and this meaning, as deduced from our versions, or from their version, or from any version extant, is diametrically opposite to the doctrines they hold. This is a question, not of theology, but simply of construing Latin. We found they could not construe it, and therefore referred to the authority of the Bishop of Lincoln, whose single name carries more weight with the learned than the whole Church of Scotland put together.
We close with two extracts, sent us by Correspondents : one from Barker's Bible, of which the extractor says no less than thirty editions were printed between 1560 and 1616;" the other from “ Christ's famous Titles," by Dyer, whose tract of “ Christ's Voice to London " has been so often advertised in the Record.
Barker, 1607.—“Rom. viii. 3. Christ did take flesh," which of nature was subject to sinne, which notwithstanding hee sanctified even in the very instant of conception, and so did appropriate it unto him, that hee might destroy sinne in it. 2 Cor. v. 21."
William Dyer, 1665.—” Jesus Christ took upon him our nature. Heb. ii. 16. God could stoop no lower than to become man, and man could be advanced no higher than to be united to God. He that before made man a soul after the image of God, now made himself a body after the image of man : for to be like to God is a wonder, but for God to be like man is a greater wonder. But when was it that Jesus Christ took upon him our nature ?
When it was in innocency, free from all misery and calamity? No; but when it was at the lowest, after the Fall; when it was most beggarly, most wretched, most bloody, most accursed, most sinful, most feeble. When we were without strength, Christ died for the ungodly. Rom. v. 6. Now, my brethren, that Jesus Christ should take upon him our condition, our frailty, our curse, our nature, when it was thus low, thus poor, thus wretched : oh! this is a wonder of wonders : and yet thus you see did Jesus Christ. Oh, wonderful abasement! Must God take upon him our frailty ! Had we so far run upon the score of vengeance, that none could satisfy but God himself? Could he not send his angels or saints, but must he come Himself in person! No, no : angels or saints could not do it; but if Christ will save us, he himself must come and die for us.”
TO CORRESPONDENTS. The commencement of the REV. JOSEPH WOLFF'S JOURNAL for
1832, dated from Bokhara, March 15, we must reserve for our next Number. The Journal for 1831 may now be had separately, at a small price, from our publisher and the booksellers generally. We have received for thej Rev. Joseph Wolff :Of Right Hon. J. H. Frere........
£100 0 0 The Hon. and Rev. H. E. Bridgeman, Plym Hill Rectory 3 0 0 Two Christian Friends, Edinburgh
1 0 0
JOURNAL OF REV. JOSEPH WOLFF.
“ Alexandria, January 11, 1831. “I am now again at Alexandria, and was well received from the authorities, and preach again openly; but next week I am leaving this place for Alexandretta, perhaps with a ship of war of the Viceroy of Egypt: and from thence I am going to Aleppo, Bagdad, Bokhara, Cape of Good Hope, Timboktoo, Morocco, and Malta. You will have learnt by Lady Georgiana how kind the Governor and Frere were towards me.”
“ Alexandria, January 13, 1831. “I now send you my Journal, which I kept from Malta to Alexandria.
“ Dec. 29, 1830.—I left Malta, and was accompanied on board the ship by the Right Hon. J. H. Frere, Dr. Naudi, Mr. Wilson, and Mr. Weiss. I embarked on board the French ship Le Triomphante, capitaine Janieu ; we had fine weather and a favourable wind. The captain with whom I travel asserts that Prince Polignac ought to be put to death.
“Dec. 30.-I preached to the captain and crew, and told them that France will never be happy until they become faithful believers in the Gospel. I distributed to-day, gratis, six French Bibles among them, which they are now reading.
“ Dec. 31.—The captain, reading Genesis i., asked, whence the water came before the world was created? I confessed my ignorance. The captain observed, that many mathematicians assert that the Deluge was not universal. I replied, that the business of the mathematicians was to know that 2 x 2 = 4, not to dispense the truth of the revealed word of God. I observed to-day a great contrast: as it is Friday, the captain abstained from eating meat, though he disbelieves the word of God. His native place is Agde, in Languedoc, the principal saint of which city is Augustin, of whom the captain spoke with much enthusiasm.
“ Jan. 1, 1831.— I was delighted to-day to see the sailors reading the Bibles I gave them. I asked them whether they believe in and love the Lord Jesus Christ: they all said heartily, “Yes.' I observed the mate make the sign of the cross. It is delightful to observe some religious feeling, in whatever form it may be expressed: it is more consoling than to hear the blasphemies of a well-educated, polished infidel. The infidel power in France, which is now the prevailing one, would find a hard task to overturn Popery o true religion in France altogether; and we shall witness horrible scenes there before I return from Bokhâra. The captain exclaimed to-day, in a rapture, 'Our famous Champollion, by force of his researches," arrived to the knowledge of the hieroglyphics, and there is no
man in Arabia who knows the language better than him; and with all this he is no Arab, but a Parisian. He observed, also, that Charles X. and Polignac deserved to be put to death. Jan. 2.—The captain sang,
“ Peuple Français, Peuple des braves,
La liberté ouvre ses bras.
O jour, &c.
O jour, &c.
O jour, &c.
O jour, &c.” “ The captain asked me why I submit to so many sufferings ? I replied: “You have shed your blood for temporal liberty: how much more have I to give my blood for the nations, in order that they may obtain liberty in Jesus Christ. The time will come when the tri-coloured flag of the Father, Son, and Holy Ghost shall be hoisted everywhere. The sailors complain that the late revolutions in France have done harm to commerce.
“ Jan. 5.—I observed with joy that the captain's brothers had read, during our voyage, the First and Second Books of Moses.
“ Jan. 6.—I was surprised to find that the French ascribe to themselves the victory of Trafalgar, and that the advantages of the victory had been lost by treachery. They say, that if the French government would employ captains of merchant ships they would beat the English fleet; for they would fight till the last. I doubt this very much to be the case; for I, though no sailor, experienced that the French captains do not know how to tack about with contrary winds as well as the English do. They assert that the French permitted the allies to come to Paris in 1814: thus the Persians say, after the Russians take a country from them, that the Shah permitted them to take it. Self-love and ambition expresseth itself among civilized nations in the same manner as in uncivilized.
Jan. 8.-We arrived in the harbour of Alexandria, and I was well received on board H. M. S. Blonde, by Captain Lyon, who told me that I may stay with him in his cabin as long as I pleased,
and until I knew whether the Pacha allowed me to go on shore; but in less than two hours I received the assurance, by the consulgeneral, that I may come on shore, and remain there with perfect safety. I slept, however, the first night on board the Blonde, and the next day went on shore, and took up my abode in the house of Mr. Gliddon, an English merchant; the most respectable family in the Levant. Next Sunday I preached in the English chapel here, established by the Rev. Mr. Bartholomew. I preached in the evening in the house of Gliddon. There are now respectable English gentlemen in the service of Muhammed Ali Pacha, the viceroy of Egypt, namely, Captain Briseck and Mr. Hume.
“Muhammed Ali, once a common janissary of Mr. Chasseaud, the late British vice-consul of Cabala, is still ruling in Egypt, and has learned to read his mother tongue in his old age.
He is the terror of the Sultan, and, through the fear and weakness of the Sultan, his power has been essentially increased by the addition of Candia; and people of discernment believe that Muhammed Ali makes preparations for the dethronement of the Sultan, by building and fitting out an immense navy, which he says he was preparing for keeping in order Abdallah, the Pacha of Acre, who often rebels against the Sultan. It has, however, been conjectured that the Sultan has given Candia to the Pacha Muhammed Ali, for obtaining the following objects : first, in order that he may be obliged to divide his army and navy, and that thus the Sultan's army may surprise him in Egypt: secondly, to embroil Muhammed Ali with the powers of Europe; for, in case that the mountaineers of Candia would not submit, he would bring a fire and sword to Candia, which would cause an outcry against Muhammed Ali for massacring the poor Greeks. It seems, however, that Muhammed Ali has penetrated into the designs of the Sultan, and has tried to frustrate them, by having his fleet always near him, and by granting great privileges to the inhabitants of Candia. Ibrahim Pacha, the son of Muhammed Ali, is now dangerously ill of a dropsy, and the physicians despair of his ever being cured. His death would produce great changes in Egypt. After the death of Muhammed Ali none would be fit to ascend the throne except the Daftardar Beythat is, Treasurer—who is the friend of the old order, and round whom the Osmandis—the orthodox Mussulmans—would rally; and the new regulations introduced by Muhammed Ali would be put down. In short, I see clouds covering the sky of Egypt. The Daftardar Bey is a cruel tyrant.
When he returned from the Sanaar, he brought with him a lion : his delight was to order flesh to be thrown before the lion, and when the lion had the flesh in his mouth one of the servants was obliged to draw it out again. He at another time killed one of his faithful servants in a most inhuman manner.”
“ Damiat, January 24, 1831. “I am now at Damiat, and leave this place for Lattachia and Aleppo, and thence to Bokhâra and Timboktoo, in five or six days, in a ship belonging to my kind host, Signor Michael Surrur, British vice-consul at Damiat, who can give more information than any