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A. M. 2949. A. C. 1055; OR, ACCORDING TO HALES, A. M. 4341. A. C. 1070. 2 SAM. i–xix. compass round by a wood of mulberry trees, which would this occasion; and, with the rest of the company that cover and conceal his march, and when he heard a sound, attended this solemnity, feasted and rejoiced. or rushing in the trees, which would affrighten the Phil- d His wife Michal, who was Saul's daughter, and istines, then to fall upon them; which he accordingly proud perhaps on account of her pedigree, e upbraided did, and gave them so total a defeat, that for many years him upon this occasion with his humility, as a diminuafter, they never pretended to give Israel any more dis- tion of his regal dignity; but he, in reply to the sarcastic turbance.

manner wherein she spake it, only told her, “ That what This time of rest, and public security, David thought he had done was in honour of that God, who had chosen a proper season, wherein to bring home the ark of God, him to govern Israel rather than any of her family; and which for almost fifty years had continued in the house that such condescensions as these would never bring of Abinadab, into a place which he had prepared for it him under any just contempt.” in his own city. To this purpose, attended with the a principal men of the nation, and the chief officers of his that bare the ark of the Lord had gone six paces, he sacrificed court, together with a strong guard for the convoy of would infer, that David, having measured the ground between

oxen and fatlings,' (2 Sam, vi. 13.) From which words some the ark, in case any enemy should attempt to surprise Obed-Edom's house, and the place he had built for the reception them, he came to Kirjath-jearim: but, either through of the ark, had altars raised at the distance of every six paces, inadvertency, or neglect of the divine law, which ob- whereon he caused sacrifices to be offered, as the ark passed by. liged them to carry it upon men's shoulders, they in But it is easy to imagine, what a world of confusion this would

create in the procession; and therefore the more rational conimitation of the Philistines, put it in a cart, and when struction is, that after those who carried the ark had advanced the cart bad like to have been overturned, Uzzah, who six paces, without any such token of divine wrath as Uzza had was one of its drivers, taking hold of the ark to prevent undergone, then did they offer a sacrifice of thanksgiving tô its falling, was immediately struck dead upon the spot; ficed and offered up at once.

God, which might consist of several living creatures, all sacri.

But, even supposing, that, at set so that David, terrified at this judgment, durst not at distances, there were sacrifices all along the way that they went; that time carry it into Jerusalem, but left it near the yet we are to know, that it was no unusual thing for heathens to city, in the house of Obed-Edom, a Levite, whom God confer on their gods, nay, even upon their emperors, the same blessed with a large increase of all his substance, for God of Israel. For in this manner, as Suetonius tells us, was

honours that we find David here bestowing upon the ark of the the little time that it continued with him. In the space Otho received, " when during all the journey on his right and of three months, the king, recollecting that none were to left, victims were slain by the inhabitants of towns.” And the carry the ark but the Levites, though they themselves like he relates of Caligula: “When he left Misenum, he prowere expressly forbidden 2 to touch it, he adventured to ceeded through a dense body of persons meeting him, and sur

rounded by altars, and victims, and burning torches.”—Calme's remove it from Obed-Edom's, which he did in great Commentary. form and solemnity. The Levites, who were to bear d After that David was by Saul banished from court, atd the ark on their shoulders, he caused to be sanctified; forced to seek for shelter in foreign countries, Saul, to cast the himself, clothed in a linen ephod, and 6 dancing before more contempt upon him, gave his wife away to one Pbalti, er

Phaltiel, son of Laish of Gallim; but David, when he came to it, brought it into a convenient place which he had pre- the crown of Judah, had her restored to him again; for which pared for it; offered a great quantity of e sacrifices upon purposes he sent messengers to Ishbosheth, who then reigned

over the eleven tribes at Mahanaim, to demand her, and when Num. iv. 15. Num. iv. 15; xviii. 3.

according to that demand, took her from Phaltiel, and sent her a It is supposed by some, that this bringing back of the ark back to David. The Hebrews pretend that Phaltiel never came was appointed to be one of the great festivals; and the reason near Michal, who, in strictness, could not be his wife, because why David might summon so many of his principal ministers she had never been divorced by David; but others believe, that and officers to accompany him in the expedition, might be, to she had five sons by Phaltiel, which were given up to the Gibepossess the young people, who perhaps had heard little or nothing onites to be executed, (2 Sam. xxi. 8, 9.) But, in this place of the ark, by reason of its having been absent so long, with a there seems to be an error crept into the text, which should be mighty veneration for it when they saw the king, and so many read Merob instead of Michal.-Calmet's Dictionary, under the of the chief nobility waiting on it, with such a variety of music, word Michal. and such public declarations of joy.-Miller's History of the e The words of Michal, wherein she upbraids David, are these: Church.

• How glorious was the king of Israel to-day, who uncovered 6 Strabo tells us, that it was customary among the Greeks, as himself to-day, in the eyes of the handmaids of his servants, ä well as other nations, to use music and dancing in the processions one of the rain fellows shamelessly uncovereth himself;' (2 Sam. before their gods, (b. 10.) Callimachus mentions the chori, and vi. 20.) At first reading, they seem to intimate, that David, in dancings of the youth at the altar of Apollo; Plato observes that his dancing, had exposed his naked body, and acted some way among the Egyptians, all kinds of music, songs and dances were or other immodestly. But these words, we are to consider, were consecrated to their gods ; (De legibus, b. 3.) And even Lucian spoken in a fit of passion, and when Michal was minded to as: (De Saltatione) expressly says that among the ancients, no cere- gravate matters; for it is not to be doubted, but that David kept monial of religion, no expiation, no atonement was accounted himself within the bounds of modesty, how joyous soever be rightly accomplished without dancing. So that David was far might be. It was a command which God gave the Israelites, from being singular in his behaviour upon this occasion; nor that they should rejoice in their feasts, (Deut. xii. 7.) but then, was his behaviour, in this particular, any disparagement to his their joy was not to be lascivious or petulant, but pious and moregal dignity. His dancing, that is, his moving in certain serious derate. In the case before us, David was in the more imme, and solemn measures, suited to music of the same character and diate presence of God, and about a very sacred business; and tendency, was an exercise highly conducive to the purposes of therefore it is incongruous to think, that he would commit any piety, and his mixing with the public festivities of his people, thing immodest. And, that he could not expose his nakeduess

, was a condescension, as Tacitus relates of Augustus the Roman as his wife would insinuate, is evident from his having not only emperor, not unbecoming the greatest monarch. Policy taught an ephod on, but being clothed with a robe of fine linen, besides Augustus to put himself upon a level with his subjects in the his usual under garments, (1 Chron, xv. 27.) and therefore, though public rejoicings; piety taught David, that all men are upon a his putting off his regal robes might give some occasion to Miilevel in the solemnities of religion. So that David was not sin chal's expression of his uncovering himself, yet it must be gular in his behaviour upon this occasion.- Patrick's Commen- owned, that this opprobrious term proceeded from nothing bu? tary, and The History of the Life of King David, vol. 2. the overflowing spleen of a proud passionate woman.- Calme's

c The words in the text are, * And it was so, that when they and Patrick's Commentaries.

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LLL. Inner Court surrounded

by double galleries 30 cubits
wide.

CCCC. Gates of the west side.

R.

Altar of burnt-offering.

DDDD, Outer Court, with gal

leries supported by pillars.

M M M M. Chambers adjoining

the Courts.

SS. Front of the Temple to the

east, 100 cubits wide.

EEEE. Screen, beyond which

strangers or Jews not purified did not advance.

T. Door to the porch of the Tem

ple, 70 cubits high and 25 wide.

FF FF. Passages in the screen

or balustrade, through which all Jews or Jewesses that were purified might enter.

NNN. Doors to the Inner Court.

That on the east, and the first
north and south, to court of
the women; the others to the
courts of the men.

V. The holy place, 40 cubits long

and 20 wide.

0 0. Court of the women.

X. The most holy place, 20 cubits

square,

HH H. Ascent of 14 steps to Inner

Court.

PPPP. Court of the men,

Y Y Y Y

Chambers

481

tix. tories, which borderins of Zobah, under

with a strong force, a routed them, and, soners, took a thoulorsemen that attendno more horses than jots, the rest he hamble for war. e The dadezer's ill success,

put them to the rout twenty thousand of untry; put garrisons them tributary, and jedition) in his return dy of Edomites sin usand of them, and ion. oils David returned ch materials that he ld, silver, and brass, em up for the future no small addition to , hearing of his viclate him thereupon, of gold, and vessels indness in breaking mies. engaged in foreign adıninistered to his imber of very great

cenus, which Josephus 1 Adad, which was the , according to the manitles from the celestial ignifies the sun. The

etfect.“ A long time itive of the place, had hænicia only excepted. same Adad and David unters between them; t Euphrates, behaving e and a great captain.' posterity, says, “That ither to son to the tenth eived the father's name long the Egyptians.”

syria of Damascus, was anus and Antilibanus, in a valley, called by by five rivers, the two iarphar, (mentioned in Hermon; whereof the

the cther ran through Patrick's Commentary. * many to be the place puntry of the Edomites, expedition into Syria, Calaan, we must look nfines of that country. e city of Palmyra, or

large plain abounding yrja is furnished with probable, that the battle tes was fought in this l'om Bozrah, the capital ople might march out in their returzı home.

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