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A. M. 2081. A. C. 1023; OR, ACCORDING TO HALES, A. M. 4375. A. C. 1036. 2 SAM. xix I KINGS viii, The court of Israel was an hundred cubits square, and with this, he profaned this holy place by setting up there was encompassed all round with magnificent galleries an altar like one he had seen at Damascus, and taking supported by two or three rows of pillars. It had four away the brazen altar that Solomon had made ; 2 Kings gates of entrance, one to the east, another to the west, xvi. 10, 11, 12, &c. He also took away the brazen sea a third to the north, and the fourth to the south. They from off the brazen oxen that supported it, and the were all of the same form and largeness, and each had brazen basins from their pedestals, and the king's throne an ascent of seven steps. The court was paved with or oratory, which was of brass.
These he took away marble of divers colours, and had no covering ; but the to prevent their being carried away by the king of people, in case of need, could retire under the galleries Assyria. Nor did he stop here, but carried his wickedthat were all round about. These apartments were to ness so far as to sacrifice to strange gods, and to crect lodge the priests in, and to lay up such things as were profane altars in all the corners of the streets of Jerunecessary for the use of the temple. There were but salem; 2 Chron. xxviii. 24, 25. He pillaged the temple three ways to come in, to the east, to the north, and to of the Lord, broke the sacred vessels, and, lastly, shut the south, and they went to it by an ascent of eight up the house of God. This bappened A. M. 3264, B. C. steps. Before, and over against the gate of the court 736, before the vulgar era 740, to his death, which of the priests, in the court of Israel, was erected a happened in 3278, B. C. 722, before the vulgar era 726. throne for the king, being a magnificent alcove, where “ Hezekiah, the son and successor of Ahaz, opened the king seated himself when he came into the temple. again and repaired the gates of the temple which his Within the court of the priests, and over against the father had shut up and robbed of their ornaments ; same eastern gate, was the altar of burnt-offerings, of 2 Chron. xxix. 3, 4, &c. A. M. 3278, B. C. 722, before twelve cubits square, according to Ezek. xliii. 16, or of the vulgar era 726. He restored the worship of the ten cubits high and twenty broad, according to 2 Chron. Lord and the sacrifices, and made new sacred vessels iv. I. They went up to it by stairs on the eastern side. in the place of those that Ahaz had destroyed. But in
“Beyond this, and to the west of the altar of burnt- the fourteenth year of his reign, (2 Kings xviii. 15, 16,) offerings, was the temple properly so called, that is to A. M. 3291, B. C. 709, before the vulgar era 713, say, the sanctuary, the sanctum, and the porch of Sennacherib, king of Assyria, coming with an army into entrance. The porch was twenty cubits wide, and six the land of Judah, Hezekiah was forced to take all the cubits deep. Its gate was fourteen cubits wide. The riches of the temple, and even the plates of gold that he sanctum was forty cubits wide, and twenty deep. There himself had put upon the gates of the temple, and give stood the golden candlestick, the table of shewbread, them to the king of Assyria. But when Sennacherib was and the golden altar, upon which the incense was offered. gone back into his own country, there is no doubt that The sanctuary was a square of twenty cubits. There Hezekiah restored all these things to their first condition, was nothing in the sanctuary but the ark of the covenant, “ Manasseh, son and successor of Hezekiah, profaned which included the tables of the law. The high priest the temple of the Lord, by setting up altars to all the entered here but once a year, and none but himself was host of heaven, even in the courts of the house of the allowed to enter. Solomon had embellished the inside Lord; 2 Kings xxi. 4, 5, 6, 7; 2 Chron. xxxiii. 5,6,7; of this holy place with palm trees in relief, and cherubim A. M. 3306, and the following years. He set up idols of wood covered with plates of gold, and in general the there, and worshipped them. God delivered him into whole sanctuary was adorned, and as it were, overlaid the hands of the king of Babylon, who loaded him with with plates of gold.
chains, and carried him away beyond the Euphrates; “Round the sanctumn and sanctuary were three stories 2 Chron. xxxiii. 11, 12, &c.; A. M. 3328, B. C. 672, of chambers, to the number of thirty-three. Ezekiel before the vulgar era, 676. There he acknowledged and makes them but four cubits wide ; but the first Book repented of his sins ; and being sent back to his own of Kings, vi. 6, allows five cubits to the first story, six dominions, he redressed the profanations he had made to the second, and seven to the third.
of the temple of the Lord, by taking away the idols, “ Since the consecration or dedication of the temple destroying the profane altars, and restoring the altar of by Solomon A. M. 3001, this edifice has suffered many burnt-offering, upon which he offered his sacrifices. revolutions, which it is proper to take notice of here. “ Josiah, king of Judah, laboured with all his might in
“ Shishak, king of Egypt, having declared war with repairing the edifices of the temple, 2 Kings xxii. 4, 5, Rehoboam, king of Judah, took Jerusalem, in A. M. 6, &c., 2 Chron. xxxiv. 8–10; A. M. 3380, B. C. 620, 3033, B. C. 967, before the vulgar era 971, and carried before the vulgar era 624, which had been either neaway the treasures of the temple; 1 Kings xiv. 2 glected or demolished by the kings of Judah, his Chron. xii.
predecessors. He also commanded the priests and “ In 3146, Jehoash, king of Judah, got silver together Levites to replace the ark of the Lord in the sancto go upon the repairs of the temple; they began to tuary, in its appointed place ; and ordered that it should work upon it in earnest, in 3148, B. C. 852, before the not any more be removed from place to place, as it had vulgar era 856 ; 2 Kings xii. 4, 5, and 2 Chron. xxiv. 7, been during the reign of the wicked kings, his pre8, 9, &c.
decessors, 2 Chron. xxxv. 3. “ Ahaz, king of Judah, having called to his assistance “Nebuchadnezzar took away a part of the sacred vesTilgath-Pilneser, king of Assyria, against the kings of sels of the temple of the Lord, and placed them in the Israel and Damascus, who were at war with him, robbed temple of his god, at Babylon, under the reign of Jehoithe temple of the Lord of its riches, to give away to this akim, king of Judah ; 2 Chron. xxxvi. 6,7; A. M. 3398, strange king; 2 Chron. xxviji. 21, 22, &c. A. M. 3264, B. C. 602, before the vulgar era 606. He also carried B. C. 736, before the vulgar era 740; and not contented laway others, under the reign of Jehoiachin, 2 Chron.
A. M. 2981. A. C. 1023; OR, ACCORDING TO HALES, A. M. 4375. A. C. 1036. 2 SAM. xix-1 KINGS viii. xxxvi. 10; A. M. 3405, B. C. 595, before the vulgar era / of Solomon, and from that which was rebuilt by Zerub. 599. Lastly, he took the city of Jerusalem, and entirely babel after the captivity. This is the description that destroyed the temple, in the eleventh year of Zedekiah, Josephus has left us of it, who himself had seen it:A. M. 3416, B. C. 584, before the vulgar era 588 ; 2 “The temple, properly so called, was built sixty cubits Kings xxv. 1, 2, 3, &c., 2 Chron. xxxvi. 18, 19. high, and as many broad; but there were two sides of
“ The temple continued buried in its ruins for the front, like two arms or shoulderings, which advanced space of fifty-two years, till the first year of Cyrus at twenty cubits on each side, which gave in the whole front Babylon, A. M. 3468, B. C. 532, before the vulgar era an hundred cubits, as well as in height. The stones 536. Then Cyrus gave permission to the Jews to re- made use of in this building were white and hard, twentyturn to Jerusalem, and there to rebuild the temple of the five cubits long, eight in height, and twelve in width." Lord, Ezra i. 1,2,3, &c. The following year they laid “ The front of this magnificent building resembled that the foundation of the second temple; but they had hardly of a royal palace. The two extremes of each face were been at work upon it one year, when either Cyrus or his lower than the middle, which middle was so exalted that officers, being gained over by the enemies of the Jews, those who were over against the temple, or that apforbade them to go on with their work; Ezra iv. 5; proached towards it at a distance, might see it though A. M. 3470, B, C. 530, before the vulgar era 534. After they were many furlongs from it. The gates were almost the death of Cyrus and Cambyses, they were again for- of the same height as the temple ; and on the top of the bidden by the Magian, who reigned after Cambyses, and gates were veils or tapestry of several colours, embelwhom the Scripture calls by the name of Artaxerxes ; lished with purple flowers. On the two sides of the doors Ezra iv. 7, 17, 18, &c.; A. M. 3483, B. C. 517, before were two pillars, the cornices of which were adorned the vulgar era 521. Lastly, these prohibitions being with the branches of a golden vine, which hung down superseded under the reign of Darius, son of Hystaspes, with their grapes and clusters, and were so well imitated, Ezra vi. 1, 14; Hag. i. 1, &c.; A. M. 3485, B. C. 515, that art did not at all yield to nature. Herod made very before the vulgar era 519 ; the temple was finished and large and very high galleries about the temple, which dedicated four years after, A. M. 3489, B. C. 511, be- were suitable to the magnificence of the rest of the buildfore the vulgar era 515, twenty years after the return ing, and exceeded in beauty and sumptuousness all of from the captivity.
the kind that had been seen before. “ This temple was profaned by order of Antiochus “ The temple was built upon a very irregular mounEpiphanes, A. M. 3837. The ordinary sacrifices were tain, and at first there was hardly place enough on the discontinued therein, and the idol of Jupiter Olympus top of it for the site of the temple and altar. The rest was set up upon the altar. It continued in this condi- of it was steep and sloping. 6 But when king Solomon tion for three years ; then Judas Maccabæus purified it, built it he raised a wall towards the east, to support the and restored the sacrifice and worship of the Lord; earth on that side ; and after this side was filled up, he 1 Mac. iv. 36; A. M. 3840, B. C. 160, before the vulgar then built one of the porticos or galleries. At that time era 164.
this face only was cased with stone, but in succeeding “ Herod the Great undertook to rebuild the whole times, the people endeavouring to enlarge this space, and temple of Jerusalem anew, in the eighteenth year of his the top of the mountain being much extended, they broke reign, A. M. 3986. He began to lay the foundation of down the wall which was on the north side, and enclosed it A. M. 3987, forty-six years before the first passover another space, as large as that which the whole circumof Jesus Christ, as the Jews observe to him, by saying, ference of the temple contained at first. So that, at last, ? " Forty and six years was this temple in building, and against all hope and expectation, this work was carried wilt thou rear it up in three days ?? This is not saying so far that the whole mountain was surrounded by a that Herod had employed six and forty years in building treble wall. But for the completing of this great work, it; for Josephus assures us, that he finished it in nine whole ages were no more than sufficient; and all the years and a half.” But after the time of this prince, sacred treasures were applied to this use, that the devothey all continued to make some new addition to it; and tion of the people had brought to the temple from all the same Josephus tells us that they went on working the provinces of the world. In some places these walls upon it even to the beginning of the Jewish war." were above 300 cubits high, and the stones used in these
“ This temple, built by Herod, did not subsist more walls were some forty cubits long. They were fastened than twenty-seven years, being destroyed A. M. 4073, together by iron cramps and lead, to be able to resist the A. D. 73, of the vulgar era 69. It was begun by Herod injuries of time. The platform on which the temple was in 3987, finished in 3996, burned and destroyed by the built was a furlong square, or 120 paces.” Thus far CalRomans in 4073.
met and Josephus.? " This temple of Herod's was very different from that
5 Joseph. de Bell. b. vi. p. 917. Joseph, Antiq. b. xv. c. 14.
Joseph. de Bell, b. vi. p. 915; Antiq. b. xv. c. 14. Joseph. Antiq. b. xv. c. 14. * Joseph. Antiq. b. xx. c. 8.
* John ii, 20.
OF THE BIBLE.
CONTAINING AN ACCOUNT OF THINGS, FROM THE BUILDING OF SOLOMON'S TEMPLE, TO THE BABYLONISH CAPTIVITY, IN ALL ABOUT 400 YEARS,-ACCORDING TO DR HALES, 422 YEARS FROM THE FOUNDATION OF THE TEMPLE, AND OF COURSE 414 YEARS AND SIX MONTHS FROM ITS BEING FINISHED.
PRELIMINARY OBSERVATIONS. records the principal transactions of Solomon's long
and peaceful reign ; which, however, was covered with The division of the history of God's chosen people, on a dark cloud toward the close; and under his succeswhich we are now entering, extends nearly from the sor, the nation was divided into two distinct kingdonis close of David's reign to the Babylonish captivity, a of Judah and Israel. The descendants of Solomon period of about four hundred and twenty-seven years. reigned over that of Judah till the captivity, for about The sacred books in which this history is contained, are three hundred and eighty-seven years : so that from the usually called “the first and second books of the accession of David, during a course of four hundred and Kings;" and in some versions, “ the third and fourth sixty-seven years, the throne was filled by his descendbooks of the Kings.” It is evident, as Mr Scott remarks, ants, in lineal descent, except as the sons of Josiah that they contain an abstract of the history, compiled succeeded one another. During this long term of years from much more copious records, which seem to have there was not a single revolution, or civil war; and but been collected and preserved by contemporary prophets, one short interruption, by Athaliah's usurpation. Perand indeed, a considerable part of the transactions of haps it would be difficult to find, in universal history, their own times, is recorded in connexion with the pro- any thing equal to this permanent internal order and phecies of Isaiah, Jeremiah, and Ezekiel
. It is, how- tranquillity. Above half the kings of Judah supported ever, uncertain by whom this compilation was made : but true religion, and many of them were eminently pious if Ezra, as it is generally and probably supposed, com- men; and it is remarkable that their reigns were much piled the books of Chronicles ; it is not likely that he longer than those of the wicked princes.' compiled these also; as they form a distinct history of The kingdom of Israel continued about two hundred the same times. If, therefore, they were arranged in and fifty-four years, till the Assyrian captivity. The the present manner, principally by one sacred writer, nineteen kings, of seven families, who, during this period, they who ascribe them to Jeremiah, seem to have adopted reigned in succession, were all idolaters, and most of the more probable opinion. Indeed, the second book them monsters of iniquity : yet the Lord by his prophets, of the Kings and his prophecy end with the narrative of especially by Elijah and Elisha, preserved a considerthe same events ; though perhaps both were added after able degree of true religion in the land, till the measure his death by another hand; and it is not unlikely that of their national wickedness was full ; and then they some other trivial alterations were made in the days of were finally dispersed among the Gentiles, except as a Ezra, to render the narrative more perspicuous to the remnant of them was incorporated among the Jews. Jews after the captivity.
Connected with the peace and prosperity of Solomon's They bave, however, been constantly received, both reign, and the fame of his wisdom, a full account is by Jews and Christians, as a part of the Sacred Canon, given of the temple having been built by him. God had the holy Scriptures; and the events recorded are fre- commanded Israel to offer all their sacrifices at one quently referred to in the New Testament. They con- place; Shiloh had for some time been that place; and tain many prophecies; especially that of Josiah, who the ark had been removed to Zion, by David, in order was foretold by name, three hundred years before his that a temple might there be built, which Solomon his birth. After the death of David, the sacred historian son accomplished. Now a large portion of the subse
quent parts of the Old Testament relate to this temple ; '1 Kings xi. 41. xiv. 29. xv. 31. xxii. 39, 45. 2 Chron, ix. to the sins of the people in sacrificing elsewhere; to 29. xii, 15. xiii. 22. xx, 34.
Mat, i. 7-12. vi. 29, xii. 42. Luke iv. 25–27. Acts ii. 3 1 Kings xi. 42. xv. 10. xxii. 42. 2 Kings xv. 2, 33. xviii. 29. vii. 47-50. Jamos v. 17, 18.
2. xxii, 1.
A. M.3001. A. C. 1003 ; OR, ACCORDING TO HALES, A. M. 4391. A. C. 1020. 1 KINGS viii. TO THE END OF 2 CHRON. their profanation of the temple ; to the judgments of , revivals of religion, by remarkable outpourings of his God upon them for their crimes; especially to the Holy Spirit, particularly in Hezekiah and Josiah's time. destruction of the temple by the Chaldeans; and to the The preservation of the book of law in the time of the rebuilding of it by Zerubbabel. These things so run great apostasy, during a considerable part of the long through all the subsequent history and prophecies, that reign of Manasseh, which lasted fifty-five yerrs, and if Solomon did not build the temple by the express com- also in the reign of Amon his son, is a remarkable mand of God, it must follow, that God punished the instance of the care which God exercised over the innation with tremendous judgments for violating merely terests of true religion. human appointinents. When the Samaritans preferred The intelligent reader will also observe, that amid Mount Gerizim, our Lord told the woman of Samaria, the apostasies and calamities by which this period was that they “ knew not what they worshipped, for salvation characterized, the tribe of Judah, from which the Rewas of the Jews :" and this declaration, with his own deemer was to come, was preserved from ruin by the constant attendance at the ordinances there administered, special interposition of God. As instances of deliversufficiently attest the divine inspiration of those re- ance by the arm of God, we need only mention their cords, in which alone it is expressly declared that preservation when Shishak king of Egypt came against Solomon built the temple by the direction and appoint-Judah with a great force ; when Jeroboam brought ment of God.
army of eight hundred thousand men against the memThe temple was a type of Christ,-of his church,--and bers of this tribe ; and when, again, in Asa's time, of heaven. The tabernacle seemed rather to represent | Zerah the Ethiopian came against him with a yet larger the church in its moveable, changeable state, in this army of a thousand thousand and three hundred chariots. world: but the temple, fixed to one place, appears to " And Asa cried unto the Lord his God, and said, Lord, have been intended to represent the church in heaven.- it is nothing with thee to help, whether with many, or This was the house in which Christ dwelt, till he assumed with them that have no power.' His prayer was heard ; human nature. Here was the place that God chose, and God himself gave him the victory over this mighty where his people offered up their sacrifices, till he came, host. When the children of Moab, and the children of who by the sacrifice of himself finished transgression, Amon, and the inhabitants of mount Seir, combined to. made an end of sin offering, made reconciliation for gether against Judah with a mighty army, a force greatly iniquity, and brought in everlasting righteousness. superior to any that Jehoshaphat could raise, God asHere the messenger of the covenant often delivered his sured Jehoshapbat and his people by one of the prophets, heavenly doctrine ; and here his church was gathered by that they need not be afraid, for that he himself
, without the pouring out of his Spirit after his ascension : the their instrumentality, would destroy their armies. But sound of the gospel went forth from hence over the it is unnecessary to allude to more examples of this world.
kind. It was the purpose of God, a purpose often reIt may also be observed, that the Jewish church was, ferred to by the prophets, that the Messiah should spring in the reign of Solomon, in a state of great external from the tribe of Judah, and the family of David, and prosperity. Israel was exceedingly multiplied, so that that therefore this tribe and family should be preserved they seemed to have become like the sand on the sea till that illustrious descendant appeared, to whom should shore. They were now in the peaceful possession of be given the throne of his father David, and of whose the promised land, and of all the abundance, which, kingdom there shall be no end. through the divine blessing, it yielded to them. Their Nor should we fail to notice the goodness of God to king was a typical representation of Christ, glorious in his church and people, in raising up eminent prophets, his apparel, exalted, triumphing, and reigning, in his who committed their prophecies to writing, for the inkingdom of peace. The happy state of the Jewish struction and edification of the church in all ages. From church at that time, shadowed forth the condition of the the time of Samuel there had been a constant succession church in the latter day, when nation shall not lift up sword of prophets in Israel, who had added to the canon of against nation, nor learn war any more ;-at that blissful Scripture by their historical writings. But now in the period, when they shall not hurt nor destroy in all God's days of Uzziah, God raised up great prophets, who added holy mountain, because the earth shall be full of the to the canon not only by their historical compositions, knowledge of the Lord, as the waters cover the sea. but by books of their prophecies. Of these, we need There were considerable additions made to the canon only mention Isaiah, Amos, Jonah, Micah, and Nahum, of Scripture by Solomon, who wrote the books of They were divinely qualified to exercise the prophetical Proverbs and Ecclesiastes, probably near the close of office for the purpose of bearing testimony to the great his reign. The Song of Songs, which was also written Redeemer : for the testimony of Jesus and the spirit of by him, has always been considered as representing the prophecy are the same. Accordingly, we find, that high and glorious relation which subsists between Christ the main things insisted on by the prophets are Christ, and his redeemed church.
his redemption, the establishment of his kingdom among The reader should remark the care which God exer- men, and the glories of the latter day. In wbat esalted cised in the course of this period, in upholding the true strains do they allude to these heavenly themes. How religion. When the ten tribes had generally forsaken plainly and fully does Isaiah, the evangelical prophet
, the worship of God, he preserved the true religiou in describe the manner and circumstances, the nature and the kingdom of Judah ; and when that people corrupted end, of the sufferings and sacrifice of Christ!: In what themselves, as they often did, God still kept the lamp chapter of the New Testament are these more fully set forth of heavenly truth burning, and was often pleased, when things seemed to come to an extremity, to grant blessed 1 2 Chron, xiv. 9–11. * Rev. xix. 10.
* Is, biji.
A. M. 3001, A. C. 1003; OR, ACCORDING TO HALES, A. M. 4391, A. C. 1020. 1 KINGS viii. TO THE END OF 2 CHRON, This, then, forins an important era in the history of brought the c ark of the covenant, together with the the discovery of human redemption. The way of salva- a tabernacle of the congregation, into its new habitation tion for fallen man was more clear than at any former with great solemnity; the king and elders of the people period by the great increase of gospel light communi- walking before, while others of the priests offered an e cated by inspired prophets : ‘Of which salvation the infinite number of sacrifices, in all the places through prophets inquired and searched diligently, who pro- which the ark passed, phesied of the grace that should come unto you : searching what, or what manner of time the Spirit of Christ
c The sacred history tells us, that in this ark there was nowhich was in them did signify, when it testified before thing save the two tables of stone, which Moses put there at
Horeb,' (1 Kings viii. 9.) and yet the author to the Hebrews hand the sufferings of Christ, and the glory that should affirms, that in this ark was the golden pot that had manna, and follow, Unto whom it was revealed, that not unto Aaron's rod that budded, as well as the tables of the covenant,' themselves, but unto us they did minister the things which (Heb. ix. 4.) Now, to reconcile this, some imagine, that before are now reported unto you by them that have preached apostle refers to, all these things were included in it
, though it
the ark had any fixed and settled place, which is the time the the gospel unto you with the Holy Ghost sent down was chiefly intended for nothing but the tables of the covenant; from heaven.' ?
but that, when it was placed in the temple, nothing was left in it but these two tables; all the other things were deposited in the treasury of the temple, where the book of the law (as we read in
2 Chron. xxxiv. 14.) was found in the days of king Josias. SECT. I.
Others however pretend, that in the time of the apostle, that is, towards the end of the Jewish commonwealth, Aaron's rod, and
the pot of maana were really kept in the ark, though, in the days CHAP. I.-From the finishing of the temple, to the of Solomon, they were not. But this answer would be more reign of Jehoshaphat.
solid and satisfactory, if he knew for certain, that, in the time of the apostle, the ark of the covenant was really in the sanctuary of the temple which Herod built; whereas Josephus (On the
Jewish War, b. 6. c. 6.) tells us expressly, that, when the RoWHey Solomon had finished the temple, which was in of holies.- Calmet's Commentary.
mans destroyed the temple, there was nothing found in the holy the eleventh year of his reign, and in the eighth month d But the question is, what tabernacle, whether that which of that year, a even when all the solemn feasts were over,
Moses made, and was then at Gibeon, (2 Chron. i. 3.) or that he thought it advisable to defer the dedication of it this dispute, some have imagined, that both these tabernacles
which was made by David, and was then at Jerusalem? To end until the next year, which was a year of jubilee, and were at this time carried into the temple, and laid up there, determined to have it done some days before the feast that all danger of superstition and idolatry might thereby he of tabernacles. To this purpose, he sent all the elders avoided, and that no worship might be performed anywhere, of Israel, the princes of the tribes, and the heads of the but only at the house which was dedicated to God's service.
But it is observed by others, that the convenience which David families, notice to repair to Jerusalem at the time ap- made for the reception of the ark, was never called the “ tabernapointed ; when accordingly, all being met together, the cle of the covenant;' it was no more than a plain tent, set up in priests and Levites carried into the temple, first, all the some large room of the royal palace, until a more proper receptapresents that David had made to it: then set up, in their cle could be provided for it; but the tabernacle that was at Gibeon
was the same that sojourned so long in the wilderness. The tent several places, the vessels and ornaments appointed for
was the same, the curtains the same, and the altar the same that the service of the altar, and the sanctuary; and lastly, was made by Moses; or, at least, if there was any alteration in
it, as things of this nature could hardly subsist so very long with
out some repair, the reparation was always made according to the Il Peter i. 10-13,
original model, and with as little deviation as possible. It is not a Solomon deferred the dedication of the temple to the follow- to be doubted, then, but that the Mosaic tabernacle is the tabering year after it was finished, because that year, according to nacle here intended, which for the prevention of schism, and to Archbishop Usher, was a jubilee. “This," he observes, " was make the temple the centre of devotion, was now taken down, and the ninth jubilee, opening the fourth millenary of the world, or reposited in the treasury, or storehouse, where it continued unA. M. 3001, wherein Solomon, with great magnificence, cele til the time that Jerusalem was taken by the Chaldeans, when brated the dedication of the temple seven days, and the feast of Jeremiah, as Josephus informs us, (Jewish Antiq. b. 8. c. 2.) tabernacles other seven days; the celebration of the eighth day was admonished by God, to take it and the ark, and the altar of of tabernacles being finished, upon the twenty-third day of the incense, and hide them in some secret place, from whence it is seventh month, the people were dismissed, every man to his doubted, whether they have ever yet been removed, for fear of horne. The eighth day of the seventh month, namely, the profanation.- Patrick's and Calmet's Commentaries. thirtieth of our October, being Friday, was the first of the seven e The number of sacrifices which, upon this occasion, are said days of dedication; on the tenth day, Saturday November 1, was to be offered, was 'two and twenty thousand oxen, and an hundred the feast of expiation or atonement held; whereon, according to and twenty thousand sheep,' (1 Kings viji. 63.) But we must not the Levitical laws, the jubilee was proclaimed by sound of trum- suppose, that these were offered all on one day, much less on one pet. The fifteenth day, Friday November 6, was the commence- altar. The continuance of this meeting was for fourteen days, ment of the feast of tabernacles; the twenty-second, Novem- seven in the feast of tabernacles, and seven in that of the dedicaber 13, being also Friday, was the termination of the feast of tion; and because the brazen altar, before the door of the temple, tabernacles, which was always very solemnly kept, (2 Chron. was not sufficient to receive all these sacrifices, Solomon, by a vii. 9; Lev. xxiii. 36; John vii. 37:) and the day following, special license from God, ordered other altars to be erected in the November 14, being our Saturday, when the Sabbath was ended, court of the priests, and perhaps in other places, which were to the people returned home.- Usher's Annals.-Ed.
serve only during this present solemnity, when such a vast num6 This feast was appointed in commemoration of the children ber of sacrifices were to be offered: for at other times no other of Israel's dwelling in booths, whilst they were in the wilderness, altar was allowed but this brazen one, which Moses had made. and of the tabernacle, which at that time was built, where God It is no bad observation, however, of Josephus, (b. 8. c. 2.) that, promised to meet them, to dwell among them, and to sanctify during the oblation of so many sacrifices, the Levites took care the place with his glory; and might therefore be well reckoned to perfume the air with the fragrancy of incense, and sweet a very proper season for the dedication of the temple, which was odours, to such a degree, that the people were sensible of it at a to succeed in the tabernacle's place.—Bedford's Scripture Chro- distance;' otherwise the burning of so many heasts at one time, nology, b. 6. c. 2.
must have occasioned an offensive smell.- Patrick's Comment.