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A. M. 1536. A. C. 2468; OR, ACCORDING TO HALES, A. M. 2136. A. C. 3275. GEN. CH. 5. AND 6. TO VER. 13. to fleshly appetites, and by that means sunk down into preacher of righteousness,'' as the apostle styles him, to the lowest condition of brutality.
exhort that wicked race to forsake their sins, and return By what gradations man arrived at his height of cor- unto him; to warn them of their impending doom, if ruption, is not so evident from Scripture: but there are they persisted in their provocations; to give them notice, two passages, the earth was corrupt before God, and that 120 years was the stated time of their reprieve, and the earth was filled with violence;' which seem to point that, at the end of that period, his fixed determination out some particular vices: for by violence' is plainly was to destroy them utterly, unless their amendment meant cruelty, and outrage, and injustice of every kind ; averted the judgment. Since these and many more and by corruption, the Jews always understand, either methods of mercy were all along employed by God (and idolatry, or unlawful mixtures and pollutions; the latter especially in the days that his long-suffering waited, while of which seems to be denoted here because of the subse- the ark was preparing) for the recovery of mankind, quent explication of the words, 'for all flesh had cor- before the deluge came upon them, they are sufficient to rupted his way upon the earth.'
vindicate the ways of God with man, and to justify his Now, if we look into the history, we shall find, that severity in bringing in the flood upon the world of the the first act of violence was committed by Cain upon his ungodly, which neither his restraints nor rewards, nor brother Abel; the first act of incontinence by Lamech, all the monitions and exhortations of his prophets, added in the matter of his polygamy; and that as one of his to his own declarations, institutions, inflictions, and sons invented the instruments of luxury, so the other in- denunciations of vengeance, could reclaim, in the course vented the instruments of violence and war. As luxury of so many centuries." therefore naturally begets a disposition to injure others Other living creatures, it is true, were not culpable in in their property, and such a disposition, armed with this manner : they all answered the ends of their producoffensive weapons, in the hands of men of a gigantic tion, and man was the only rebel against his Maker. stature and strength, (as many of the antediluvians very But as, in an universal deluge, it was impossible to preprobably were,) tends to beget all manner of insolence serve them alive without a miracle ; so, having, in some and outrage to our fellow-creatures; so these two car- measure, been made instrumental to man's wickedness
, dinal vices might naturally enough introduce that train innocent though they were, they were all to be destroyed, of corruption which drew God's judgments upon the in order to evince the malignity of sin, and God's inhabitants of the earth.
abhorrence of it. For the great end of his providence, in Had God indeed given them no intimations of this his sending the deluge was not so much to ease himself of design, no calls to repentance, no means and opportun- his adversaries, as to leave a perpetual monument of his ities of becoming better, before he determined their unrelenting severity, that thereby he might deter future destruction, something might then be said in opposition ages from the like provocations. And this is the inferto the righteousness of this procedure ; but ? since, from ence which the apostle draws from all his judgments of the very beginning, he was pleased, in the sentence he old : 6- If God spared not the angels,' says he, that passed upon the serpent, to give them a remarkable pro- sinned, but cast them down to hell; if he spared not the mise, that the seed of the woman should destroy the old world, but brought in a flood upon the ungodly; if power of that evil spirit which brought sin into the world, he turned the cities of Sodom and Gomorrha into ashes, and consequently, 3 that all parents were obliged to train and condemned them with an overthrow; these are an up their children in the ways of virtue and religion, with ensample unto those, that after shall live ungodly;' for out which it was impossible for any of them to be the (however they may escape in this life) ‘he hath reserved promised seed, which was to restore mankind to their the unjust unto the day of judgment to be punished.' original perfections; since he himself instituted sacrifi- The Scripture indeed seems to impute all this iniquity ces, as a means admirably well fitted to inspire mankind to the marriages between the sons of God and the daughiwith an horror of guilt, and be, at the same time, a per- ters of men ; but the misfortune is, that several interprepetual memorial of the divine mercy from generation to ters, being led away by the authority of the LXX, who generation ; since, in his expulsion of Cain from his (according to Philo) did anciently render what we style presence, and exaltation of Enoch into heaven, he made the sons of God, by dyyskor Toù Osow, have supposed, an open declaration to all future ages, that his vengeance that wicked and apostate angels assumed, at this time, should at all times pursue sin, but his bounty had always human bodies, and, having had carnal communication in store an ample reward for the righteous; since at this with women, begat of them a race of giants; and from time he exhibited himself to mankind in a more sensible this original, the notion of incubi, or devils conversing manner than he does now, causing them to hear voices, with women in the like manner, has ever since been deand to dream dreams, and, by sundry extraordinary rived. St Austin, a among many others, is very positive means, convincing them of their duty, and giving them directions for the conduct of their lives ; since, at this 2 Pet. ii. 5.
s Le Clerc's Commentary.
6 2 Pet. ii. 4, &c. time, they had the principles of religion (which were but stanced in almost all the fathers of the four first centuries, who
a Dr Whitby, in his Writings of the Fathers, page 5, has invery few) conveyed to them by an easy tradition, which, were of this opinion; such as Justin Martyr, Irenæus, Athenaby Methuselah's living 248 years with Adam, and dying goras, Clemens Alexandrinus, Tertullian, si Cyprian, Lactanbut a little before the flood, in the compass of 1600 years tius, Eusebius, &c., and supposes that this notion took its rise and more, had but two hands to pass through : and, Philo reading the word äggsde, or angels, in the Septuagint lastly, since God appointed Noah in particular to be a version, but Josephus likewise asserting, " that the angels of God
mixing with women, begat an insolent race (not much unlike I Gen, vi, 11. * Shuckford's Connection, vol. 1. b. I that of the giants in the Greek fables) overbearing right with 3 Revelation Examined, vol. 1.
power.”—Antiquities, b. 1. c. 4.
A. M. 1536. A. C. 2468; OR, ACCORDING TO HALES, A, M. 2136. A. C. 3275. GEN. CH. 5. AND 6. TO VER. 13. in this opinion. 1“ Several people have had the trial,” | continued for some time, were so called, and that says he, “and several have heard it from those who daughters of men were the progeny of wicked Cain. And knew it to be true, that the silvani and fauni, commonly why the intermarriages of these two families (even though called incubi, have been often fatal to women, and have there was no express prohibition from God) came to be defiled their bed. It is likewise affirmed with so much so provoking to him, and in the end so destructive to confidence, that certain demons (called durii among the themselves, is the next point of our inquiry. Gauls) have not only attempted, but likewise perpetrated It has been a question among the learned, whether or these kinds of impure actions, that it would be foolish to no, in the ages before the flood, idolatry was practised ? make any question of it.” But besides the incompati- but there seems to be no great foundation for our doubtbleness of the notion of a spirit, and the nature of an ing it, though some have endeavoured to establish it upon incubus, the sons of God are here represented under incompetent texts. The only expression in Scripture circumstances quite different to what we may suppose of that bears a proper aspect this way is in Gen. vi. 5. any demons assuming human shape.
where we are told, “That God saw, that the wickedness * An incubus (if any such there be) can desire com- of man was great in the earth, and that every imaginamerce with a woman, for no other reason, but only to tion of the thoughts of his heart was only evil continually.' draw her into the gulf of perdition. Any carnal gratifi- The words seem parallel to that passage of the apostle, cation of his own cannot be his motive, because pleasure, they became vain in their imaginations, and their foolin an assumed body, if it is pretended to, must be ficti- ish heart was darkened ;'—whereupon it follows, 'that tious: but here the sons of God are said to be enam- they changed the glory of the incorruptible God into an oured with the daughters of men, and (to satisfy their image, made like to corruptible man, and to birds, and lusts) to take to themselves wives of all that they chose,' four-footed beasts, and creeping things.' Since therewhich denoting a settled marriage and cohabitation with fore Moses makes use of the like expression concernthem, can hardly be imagined in the case before us. ing the age soon after the flood, men fell into idolatry, From those marriages we may farther observe, that a until the true worship of God was again established generation of living men, called in Scripture men of in Abraham's family, it seems very probable that he renown, did ensue ; but it is impious to think, that God intended us an intimation hereof in the manner of his would ever 'concur with the devil, violating the laws of expressing himself. Nor can we imagine but that, when generation which he had established, and prostituting the St Peter compares the false teachers of his age with the diguity of human nature, by stamping his own image people of the antediluvian world, in the nature of their upon, or infusing an human soul into whatever matter a punishment, he means to inform us, that they resembled fiend should think fit to ingenerate.
them likewise in the nature of their crime, in their In prejudice taken to this opinion, therefore, several 6 bringing in damnable heresies,' and abetting such docinterpreters have made choice of another, which, though trines, as 'even denied the Lord that bought them ;' or somewhat more reasonable, is nevertheless subject that, when St Jude ' expresses his indignation against to exceptions. It supposes, that, by the sons of God certain ungodly men in his days, 'who denied the only in this place, are meant the princes, great men, and Lord God, and our Lord Jesus Christ,' in such words as magistrates in those times, who, instead of using their these, 'Woe unto them, for they are gone in the way of authority to punish and discountenance vice, were them-Cain ;' he leaves us to infer, that Cain and his posterity selves the greatest examples and promoters of lewdness were the first that threw of the sense of a God, and, and debauchery; taking the daughters of men, or of the instead of the Creator, began to worship the creature. inferior and meaner sort of the people, and debauching
Now if the Cainites were, at this time, not only prothem by force. But ' besides the harshness of the con- fligate in their manners, but abettors of infidelity, and struction, which (contrary to Scripture-phrase) makes all promoters of idolatry; for the family of Seth, who progreat and powerful sons to be called the sons of God, fessed the true worship of God, to enter into communion, and all mean and plebeian women the daughters of men,
or any matrimonial compacts with them, could not but there is this error in the supposition, that the great men prove of fatal consequence. 'Tis a solemn injunction we are now speaking of, did not offer any force or vio- which God gives the Israelites, against all idolatrous lence to these inferior women; 'they saw that they were nations, “ Thou shalt not make marriages with them ; fair, and made choice of them for wives.' They did not thy daughter thou shalt not give unto his son, nor his take them merely to lie with them, and so dismiss them; daughter shalt thou take unto thy son.' And, that this bat voluntarily entered into a state of matrimony and is no special but a general prohibition, extensive to all cobabitation with them. And this being all the niatter, nations that profess the true worship of God, is evident wherein is the heinousness of the offence, if men of a
from the reason that is annexed to it; 'for they will turn superior rank marry with their inferiors, especially when away thy son from following me, that they may serve an excess of beauty apologizes for their choice? Or, other gods.' This was what Balaam knew full well, and why should a few unequal matches be reckoned among therefore, perceiving that he could injure the children of some of the chief causes which brought upon the world | Israel no other way, he advised the Moabites to coman universal destruction ?
mence a familiarity with them; whereupon it soon came The most common, therefore, and indeed the only to pass, that o' The people began to commit whoredom probable opinion is, that the sons of God were the with the daughters of Moab, and they called the people descendants of Seth, who, for the great piety wherein they unto the sacrifices of their gods, and the people did eat,
and bowed down to their gods.' "On the Monarchy of God, b. 15. c. 23.
* Romi. 21, 23.
Gen, viji. 21. • 2 Pet, ii, 1, 5. fleidegger's History of the Patriarch.
? Ver. 4, 11). Deut. vii, 3, 4. 9 Num. xxv. 1, 2.
A. M. 1536. A. C. 2468; OR, ACCORDING TO HALES, A. M. 2136. A. C. 3275. GEN. CH. 5. AND 6. TO VER. 13. 'Twas the danger of seduction into a state of idolatry | lences they committed rather than the height or largethat made Abraham, before the law, so very anxious and ness of their stature. But to hinder this from passing uneasy, lest his son Isaac should marry a Canaanitish for a truth, we have the histories of all ages, both sacred woman; and though we, under the gospel,"know,' very and profane, and several other remains and monuinents, well, that an idol is nothing in the world, and that there to evince the being of such prodigious creatures in is none other God but one,' yet we are admonished by almost every country. the same apostle, who teaches us this, "Not to be un- ? That there were multitudes of giants in the land of equally yoked together with unbelievers ; for what fel-promise, before the Israelites took possession of it, such lowship,' says he, 'has righteousness with unrighteous- as Og king of Basan, and the Anakims, whom the ness, what communion hath light with darkness, or what Moabites called Enims, that is, terrible men, and the part hath he that believeth with an infidel ??? From all Ammonites, Zamzummims. that is, the inventors of all which it seems to follow, that the sin was very heinous wickedness, whose posterity were in being in the days of in the family of Seth, to mix with the wicked seed of David, and whose bones were to be seen at Hebron, the Cain, when they could not but foresee, that the conse- chief place of their abode, is manifest from the sacred quence would be their seduction from the true worship of records. 10 All the people,' say the spies who were God; and that the heinousness of their sin seems still to sent to take a survey of the land, are men of stature ; be enhanced, if, what some oriental writers tell us be and there we saw the giants, the sons of Anak, which true, namely, that God gave them this prohibition by the came of the giants,' so unmeasurably large, that we mouth of their great forefather Adam, and that their were but like grasshoppers' in comparison of them. And custom was, at certain times, to swear by “the blood of therefore we need less wonder, that we find "l Josephus, Abel' (which was their solemn oath) that they would never upon the same occasion, telling us, “ That the race of leave the mountainous country where they inhabited, nor giants was not then extinct, who, on account of their have any communion with the descendants of Cain. largeness and shapes (not at all to be likened to those
How the commixture of the two different families came of other men) were amazing to see, and terrible to hear to produce a set of giants is not so easy a matter to of.” Homer 12 speaks of the giants Otus and Ephialtes, determine. Those who pretend to reduce it to natural who, at the age of nine years, were nine cubits about, causes, or the eager lust and impetus of their parents, and six and thirty in height; he likewise describes the are vastly mistaken, 3 because giants there were among bigness of the Cyclops Polyphemus,who was of such prothe Cainites, before this conjunction, and we read of digious strength, that he could, with the greatest facility, several in other nations many ages after the flood. The take up a stone which two and twenty four-wheeled more probable opinion therefore is, 4 that God permitted chariots would scarce be able to move. This we allow it in vengeance to their parents' crimes, and that the to be, in some measure, romantic, but still it confirms children begotten by such unlawful mixtures might, (some the tradition, that several persons of old were of a of them at least,) be accounted monstrous in their kind, gigantic stature. (for thus the word Nephilim a certainly signifies,) and so “ That the Cyclopes and Læstrigones,” l4 says Bochart, become the abhorrence of all future generations.
were once in Sicily, we have the account, not only in It must be acknowledged, indeed, that translators the poets, Homer, Hesiod, and Euripides, Virgil, Ovid, have not agreed in their notions of this word. Aquila, and Silius, but in the historians and geographers (I instead of gigantes, renders it ' men who attack, or fall mean Thucydides and Strabo) who were Grecians, and with impetuosity upon their enemies; and Symmachus in Trogus, Mela, Pliny and others, who were Romans; will have it mean violent and cruel men, the only rule and that there was something of truth in the fables conof whose actions is their strength and force of arms : and cerning them, we are assured by those bones of giants, from hence some have imagined, that the giants spoken which were dug out of the earth in the memory of our of in Scripture were famous for the crimes and vio- fathers." C
'1 Cor, viii, 4. * 2 Cor. vi. 14, &c. Gen, vi. 4. * Huetius's Inquiries. & Deut. ii. ll.
9 Ver. 21. See Heidegger's Lives of the Patriarchs, and Patrick's Com- 10 Num, xiii, 33. Antiquities, b. 5. c. 2.
Odyss, b. 11. mentary.
13 Ibid, b. 9. 14 Cannan i. 30.
b Mr Whiston, in his Original Records, has a supplement cona There were giants in the earth, or nephilim, from naphal, cerning the old giants, wherein, according to the apocryphal " he fell.” Those who had apostatized, or fallen from the true book of Enoch, he divides the giants into three kinds, and in this religion. The Septuagint translated the original word by popartis, division thinks himself countenanced by the works of Moses, which literally signifies earth-born, and which we, following them, Gen. vi. 2, &c.; the first and lowest kind of which are called term giants, without having any reference to the meaning of the cliudim, and are of stature from 4 cubits to 15; the second are word, which we generally conceive to signify persons of enor-nephilim, from 15 to 40 cubits; and the third, or great giants, mous stature. But the word when properly understood makes 40 cubits at least, and many times above. a very just distinction between the sons of men and the sons of c Fazellus relates, and out of him Cluverius, that, A. D. God; those were the nephilim, the fallen, earth-born men, with 1547, near Panormum in Sicily, the body of a giant was dug up, the animal and devilish mind. These were the sons of God, who about 18 cubits or 27 feet tall. The same authors relate, that, were born from above; children of the kingdom, because children A. D. 1516, was dug up, near Mazarene in Sicily, the body of of God. It may be necessary to remark here, that our transla- a giant, 20 cubits or 30 feet tall. The same authors relate, that, tors have rendered seven different Hebrew words by the one A. 1). 1548, near Syracuse, was dug up another body of the term giants, namely, nephilim, gibborim, enachim, rephaim, same dimension. They inform us, that, A. D. 1550, near Enemim and zamzummim; by which appellatives are probably tella in Sicily, was dug up a body of about 22 cubits or 33 feet meant in general, persons of great knowledge, piety, courage, high, whose skull was about 10 feet in circumference; and they wickedness, &c., and not of men of enormous stature as is gen- describe the corpse of a giant of portentous magnitude, found erally conjectured.-Dr A. Clarke, on Gen, vi. 4.
standing in a vast cave, near Drepanum in Sicily, A, D, 1342,
A. M. 1536. A. C. 2468; OR, ACCORDING TO HALES, A. M. 2136. A. Ç. 3275. GEN. CH. 5. AND 6 TO VER. 13. But I forbear more instances of this kind, and, a refer- | traordinary person. "St Jude distinguishes him as a ring the reader, for his farther conviction, to such authors prophet : * the Arabians represent him as a great scholar; as have professedly handled this subject, shall only the Babylonians look upon him as the author of their crare leave to make this remark- that, in all proba- astrology; the Greeks call him their Atlas, and affirm, bility, no small part of the eldest cities, towers, temples, that he was the first who taught men the knowledge of obelisks, pyramids, and pillars, some of which are still the stars; but it was not for these rare qualities, so much remaining, and deservedly esteemed the wonders of the as for his singular piety and virtue, that God exempted world, were the structure of these ancient giants; and, him from the common fate of mankind. as they surpass the abilities of all later ages, so they The Jewish doctors indeed will have the words of seem to me to be the visible and undeniable remains, Moses concerning him to import no more, than his sudmonuments, and demonstrations, not only of their exis- den and untimely death, because he lived not near so tence, but of their prodigious stature and strength like-long as the other patriarchs. But the paraphrase which sise ; since in an age, ignorant of mechanical powers St Paul gives us of them, " By faith Enoch was transand engines, such vast piles of building could no other lated, that he should not see death, and was not found, wise have been erected.
because God had translated him; for, before his translaWithout concerning ourselves then with the fictions tion, he had this testimony, that he pleased God;' this and fables of the poets, or 2 whether the giants of old paraphrase, I say, will not suffer us to doubt of the rebelling against heaven, were able to heap mountains truth of the Christian interpretation. And indeed, upon mountains, in order to scale it, or to hurl rocks, unless the Christian interpretation be true, the whole and islands, and huge flaming trees against it, in order emphasis of Moses' words is lost, and they become a to shake, or set it on fire; all that we pretend to say is, crude tautology. For, if we say, that Enoch was not, that in ancient days, there were giants, in great num- that is, was no longer living, because God took him, bers, who (excepting the largeness of their stature) were that is, God caused him to die; it is the same, as if we formed and fashioned like other men, and waged no should say, God caused him to die, because he took him other war with heaven, than what all wicked persons are away by death, which is flat and insipid, a proof of the known to do, when they provoke the Divine Majesty by same thing by the same thing, and hardly consistent with their crimes and enormous impieties. This is the whole common sense : whereas, if we interpret the words in of what the Scriptures assert, and I know no occasion this manner-Enoch was not, that is, was nowhere to we have to defend the wild hyperboles of the poets. be found, was seen neither among the living nor the dead
Amidst the antediluvian corruption, and even while here on earth, for God took him, that is, because God these abominable and gigantic men were in being, Moses translated to another place, soul and body together, makes particular mention of one person of eminent without undergoing the pains of death ; here is a grace sanctity, and who found a favour extraordinary, for hav- and energy in the expression, not unbecoming the style ing preserved his innocence, and persisted in his duty, of an inspired penman. notwithstanding the wickedness of the age wherein he The reason which Moses assigns for God's taking lived. Enoch was certainly, in other respects, an ex- him, in this wise, is, that he walked with God :' but if
God's taking him means no more than his hasty death, it 1 Whiston's Supplement, part 2.
was far from being a divine attestation of his piety, (be"Calmet's Dissertation on the Giants, vol. 2. whose staff was like the mast of a ship, and the forepart of whose and therefore we may be allowed to infer, that his walk
cause length of days are the promised reward of that ;) skull would contain some Sicilian bushels, which are about a third part of our English bushel.--See Whiston's Supplement ing with God was not the cause of his ablation by death, concerning the old giants, in his Authentic Records, part 2. but of his assumption into glory. The truth is, ' about
a That there have been giants in the world admits of no doubt, fifty-seven years before this event, Adam, the father of buit probably no nations of such giants as these. Indeed, the enormous bones of most supposed giants have, by subsequent and all living, had submitted to the sentence denounced more accurate observation, been found to be bones of animals, of against him, and resigned his breath; and whatever species which nowhere exist.—Bishop Gleig.
notions his posterity might have of a life immortal in They that desire to see more instances of this kind may find reversion, yet it seemed expedient to the divine wisdom, them cited by Huetius in his Inquiries, &c., b. 2.; Augustine at this time, in the person of Enoch, to give them, as it on the Government of God, b. 15.; Josephus' Antiquities, b. 1. 6,5, 18.; Pliny, b. 1.; Heidegger's History of the Patriarchs, were, anticipation of it, and to support and comfort Essay 11. ; Grotius on Truth, b. 1.; Hackwell's Apology, b. 3. them under the sense of their mortality, with the prosFhiston's Original Records, part 2.; and our Philosophical pect, and assured hope, that after the dark entry of Transactions, Nos. 234, 272, 274, 316, and 370.
6 The works of this kind which our author reckons up are, 1. death was passed, they were to be admitted into the The Giants’ Dance, upon Salisbury plain in England, now called mansions of bliss. Stonehenge. 2. The Giant's Causeway in the north of Ireland, Our Saviour, indeed, when he came upon earth, 3. The Circular Gigantic Stone at Ravenna. 4. The Tower of (though declared from heaven to be the Son of God,) Babel. 5. The Two Obelisks mentioned by Herodotus. 6. The
was not exempted from the common condition of Temple of Diana in Egypt. 7. 'The Labyrinth in Egypt. 8. The Lake Mæris, 480 miles long, and dug by human labour, all by our mortality. 8. Forasmuch as the children are parthe same Herodotus. 9. The Sphinx of Egypt. 10. The most takers of flesh and blood, he also himself likewise took ancient Temple in Egypt. 11. The Agrigentine Temple. 12. part of the same; that through death he might destroy The Pyramidal Obelisk, all mentioned by Diodorus Siculus, 13. The Temple of Solomon, 14. The Palace of Solomon at Jerusalem. 15. That at Balbeck. 16. That at Tadmor. 17. 3 Ver, 14, &c. • Calmet's Dictionary on the word Enoch The Palace and Buildings at Persepolis. 18. The Temple of
5 Heb, xi, 5. Belus at Babylon. 19, The Temple at Chillembrum. And 20. lleidegger's History of the Patriarchs, Essay 9. The first Temple of Diana at Ephesus.--W'histon's Supplement.
? Patrick's Commentary.
sileh, ii, 11.
A. M. 1536. A. C. 2468; OR, ACCORDING TO HALES, A. M. 2135. A. C. 3275. GEN. CH. 5. AND 6. TO VER. 13. him who had the power of death, that is, the devil.' His find Bacchus assuring Cadmus, that by the help of Mars, errand was to propitiate for our sins ; but since, "with- he should live for ever in the isles of the blessed ; that out shedding of blood there is no remission,' the decree we find Aganympha made immortal by the favour of was, that he should die, which when he had satisfied he Jupiter; and, after the death of her husband, Hercules, rose again ; and after forty days' converse with his dis- Alcmena, translated by Mercury, and married to Rhadaciples • even · while they beheld him,' we are told, he manthus ; with many more allusions of the like nature. 8 was taken up into heaven, and a cloud received him out And in like manner, it is far from being a bad arguof their sight.' And, in like manner, if the end of ment for the truth and reality of the flood, 9 that we find, Enoch's assumption was for the conviction of mankind almost every where in the Latin and Greek historians, in that great article of faith, the reality of another world, horrid descriptions of the lives of the giants, which occait seems reasonable to believe, that the thing was done sioned that heavy judgment: that we find Berosus the publicly and visibly; that either some bright and radiant Chaldean, as he is quoted by 10 Josephus, relating the cloud, guided by the ministry of angels, gently raised same things which Moses does, concerning the great him from the earth, and mounted with him up on high, deluge, the destruction of mankind by it, and the ark, in (which seems to be our Saviour's case,) or that a 36 strong which Nochus (the same with Noah) was preserved, and gust of wind,' governed by the same angelic powers, in which rested on the tops of the Armenian mountains : some vehicle or other, resembling a bright ‘chariot and that we find Abydenus, the Assyrian (as he is cited " by horses,' transported him into heaven, (which seems to be Eusebius) taking notice of the wood of the vessel, wherein the case of Elijah,) and that, in his passage thither, his Xisuthrus ( for so he calls Noah) was saved, and tellbody was transformed, his corruptible into incorruption, ing us, that the people of Armenia made use of it for his mortal into immortality in a moment, in the twink- amulets to drive away diseases, that we find Alexander ling of an eye,'' as we are told it will happen to those Polyhistor, in a passage produced 12 by Cyril, informing who are alive, when the ' last trumpet shall sound.' us of an Egyptian priest who related to Solon, out of
It is an idle conceit therefore of some of the Jewish, the sacred books of the Egyptians, (as he supposes,) that, as well as Christian doctors, that Enoch was not trans- before the particular deluges known and celebrated by lated into the celestial, but only into the old terrestrial the Grecians, there was of old an exceeding great inunparadise, wherein Adam, before his transgression lived. dation of waters, and devastation of the earth : and (to Whether the beauty of that place went to ruin, or no, as mention no more) that we find 13 Lucian giving us a long soon as our first parents were ejected, and no hand left account of an ancient tradition, which the people of to dress it, it is certain, it could never withstand the vio- Hierapolis had of the deluge, c varying very little from lence of the flood; and consequently Enoch must have perished in it, unless we can suppose, a that he was pre-Grotius on Truth, b. 2. sect. 16.
Huetius' Inquiries, &c., b. 2. c. 10. served by some such miracle as the Israelites were, when
Against Appion, b. 1.
Evangelical Preparation, b, 9. Against Julian. they passed through the Red sea, and that the waves,
Concerning the Syrian Goddess. towering up on all sides, surrounded it like a wall, and
6 M. Le Clerc, in his notes upon Grotius on Truth, b. 1. sect. kept that particular spot dry; which is by too much bola 16, seems to intimate, that Xisuthrus, Ogyges, and Deucalion, a supposition, especially when it contradicts that author- are all names signifying the same thing in other languages, as ity, which tells us, that 5. the waters prevailed exceed-Noah does in Hebrew, wherein Moses wrote; and that the ingly upon the earth, and that all the high hills, which thought to be different, were in reality one and the same.
deluges which are said to have happened in their times, and are were under the whole heavens, were covered.'
c The account, though somewhat long, is not unpleasant, and Whatever therefore some may fancy to themselves, we deserves our observation. This race of men (says he) which now acknowledge now no other paradise, than what is repre- is, was not the first: these are of a second generation, and from sented in the Scriptures, as a place in which God gives multitude as we now see. Now of these former men they tell
their first progenitor Deucalion, who increased to so great a the brightest evidence of his presence, and communicates us this story. They were contentious, and did many unrighteous his glory with the utmost majesty: a place which St things; they neither kept their oaths, nor were hospitable to Paul calls 66 the third heaven,' whereunto Elijah was strangers; for which reason this great misfortune came upon translated, and wherein our blessed Saviour is now
them. All on a sudden the earth disembowelled itself of a great
quantity of water, great showers fell, the rivers overflowed, and * preparing mansions for us, that where he is, we may the sea swelled to a prodigious height; so that all things became be also.' Into this happy place we suppose Enoch to water, and all men perished. Only Deucalion was left unto the have been conveyed, and it is no mean confirmation of second generation, upon the account of his prudence and piety; the truth of the Mosaic account, that we find, among the and the manner in which he was saved was this:–He had a
great ark or chest, into which he came with his children and the heathen world, notions of the like translation : that we
women of his house, and then entered hogs, and horses, and lions,
and serpents, and all other animals which live upon the earth, 'Heb. ix. 22.
together with their mates. He received them all, and they did Acts xix., and Luke xxiv. 51. 3 2 Kings ii. U.
him no harm; for by the assistance of heaven there was a great 1 Cor. xv. 52.
5 Gen. vi. 19.
amity between them, so that all sailed in one chest as long as the 6 2 Cor. xii. 2. ? John xiv. 2, 3.
water did predominate. This is the account which all the Greek a Bonserius says, “that it was probable that paradise had historians give of Deucalion. But what happened afterwards been preserved free from rain, the waters having raised them- (as it is told by the people of Hierapolis) is worthy our observaselves completely around its borders, and become consolidated like tion, namely, That in their country there was a chasm, into a wall, similar to the waters of the Red Sea during the passage which all this water sunk, whereupon Deucalion built an altar, of the Israelites. But in this case, no probability is requisite, where and erected a temple over it, which he consecrated to Juno; and a certainty may be averred. When no trace of a miracle is ap- to verify this story, not only the priests, but the other inhabitants parent, we are not to support its having existed by any probable likewise of Syria and Arabia, twice every year, bring abundance assumption of our own." —Heidegger's Lives of the Patriarchs, of water wluch they pour into the temple, and though the chasm Essay on the Ablation of Enoch.
be but small, yet it receives a prodigious quantity of it; and when.