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of the irreligious and trained him by various sufferings for the prize of his high calling in Jesus Christ.20

(157) Barnabas also believed, and, because he believed, he obeyed. And so, being chosen by the authority of the Holy Spirit, which redounded for him unto every mark of honor, he was not unworthy of so great an association. For one grace shone on those whom one Spirit had chosen.

(158) Neither was Paul inferior to Peter, although the latter was the foundation of the Church, and the former, a wise builder, knowing how to establish firm the footsteps of nations who believed; nor was Paul, I say, unworthy of the association of the Apostles, since he is also easily to be compared to the first, and is second to none. For he who does not know that he is inferior makes himself equal.

20 Cf. Acts 9.20ff.

THE HOLY SPIRIT

BOOK THREE

Chapter 1

N THE PREVIOUS BOOK? we have shown by the clear proofs of the Scriptures that the Apostles and the

Prophets, the latter to prophesy, the former to preach the Gospel, were appointed by the Holy Spirit, just as by the Father and by the Son; now we add what all will rightly marvel at and cannot doubt, that the Spirit was upon Christ, and that, just as He sent the Spirit, the Spirit also sent the Son of God. For the Son of God said: “The Spirit of the Lord is upon me, because the Lord hath anointed me; He hath sent me to preach to the poor, to preach a release to the captives, and sight to the blind.”? When He read this from the Book of Isaias, He says in the Gospel: “This day is fulfilled this scripture in your ears,' that he might point out that it was said of Himself.

1 Book II.12.
2 Cf. Isa. 61.1.
3 Luke 4.21.

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(2) Therefore, can we wonder if the Spirit sent both the Prophets and the Apostles, when Christ said: “The Spirit of the Lord is upon me'?' And well did He say ‘upon me,' because He was speaking as the Son of Man. For as the Son of Man He was both anointed and sent to preach the Gospel.

(3) But if no credence is given the Son, let them hear the Father also saying that the Spirit of the Lord is upon Christ. For He says to John: 'He upon whom thou shalt see the Spirit descending, and remaining on him, he it is that baptizeth with the Holy Ghost.' God the Father said this to John; and John heard and saw and believed. He heard from God; he saw in the Lord; he believed that it was the Spirit who was descending from heaven. For not a dove, but like a dove He descended, for thus it is written: 'I saw the Spirit coming down as a dove from heaven.'

(4) Just as John said that he had seen, so too did Mark write. Luke, however, added that the Holy Spirit descended in a bodily appearance like a dove. You should not think that this was an incarnation, but an appearance. But He put forth the appearance on this account, that through the appearance he might believe, who did not see the Spirit, and through the appearance He might declare that He had a share with the Father and the Son of the one honor in the authority, of the one operation in the mystery, of the one gift in the bath, unless, perchance, we believe Him, in whom the Lord was baptized, weak for the servant to be baptized in Him.

(5) Well did he say: 'Remaining on him,' because with reference to the Prophets the Spirit, as often as He wished, inspired a word or acted, but always remained in Christ.

4 Luke 4.18. 5 John 1.33,32.

8

(6) Let it not again disturb you that he said 'upon Him,' for he was speaking of the Son of Man, because He was baptized as the Son of Man. For according to Godhead the Spirit is not upon Christ but in Christ, because, just as the Father is in the Son, and the Son in the Father, so the Spirit of God and the Spirit of Christ is both in the Father and in the Son, for He is the Spirit of His mouth. For He who is of God abides in God, as it is written: 'Now we have received not the spirit of this world, but the spirit that is of God.? And He abides in Christ, who has received from Christ; and He is in Christ, for again it is written: 'He shall receive of mine'; and elsewhere: 'For the law of the spirit of life, in Christ Jesus, hath delivered me from the law of sin and of death.' He is not, then, over Christ according to the Godhead of Christ, because the Trinity is not over Itself, but over all things; It is not over Itself, but in Itself.

(7) Who, then, will doubt that the Spirit sent the Prophets and the Apostles, when the Son of God says: “The Spirit of the Lord is upon me’?' And elsewhere: 'I am the first, and I am forever; and my hand hath founded the earth, and my right hand hath established the heavens; I shall call them, and they shall stand together, and they shall all assemble themselves, and shall hear. Who hath declared these things to them? Loving you, I have done your pleasure against Babylon, that the seed of the Chaldaean may be taken away. I have spoken, I have called, I have brought him, and I have made his way prosperous. Come ye near unto me, and hear this: I have not spoken in secret from the beginning; when those things were done, I was there; and now the Lord God hath sent me, and His Spirit.'10 Who is He who says: 'The Lord God hath sent me', but He who came from the Father, to make sinners safe? And as you hear: 'And the Spirit sent Him,' lest, when you read that the Son sends the Spirit, you might believe that the Spirit is of inferior power.

71 Cor. 2.12. 8 John 16.14; Rom. 8.2.

(8) So both the Father and the Spirit sent the Son; also, the Father and the Son sent the Spirit. The Father sent Him because it is written: 'But the Paraclete, the Holy Ghost, whom the Father will send in my name.'11 The Son sent Him, because He said: “But when the Paraclete shall come, whom I will send you from the Father, the Spirit of truth.' then, the Son and the Spirit send each other, as the Father sends, there is no affront of subjection, but a community of power.

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Chapter 2

(9) Not only did the Father send the Son, but He also gave Him, just as the Son Himself gave Himself. For we read: ‘Grace be to you from God the Father and from our Lord Jesus Christ, who gave himself for our sins.” If they think that He was subject in this, that He was sent, they cannot deny that it was of grace that He was given. Moreover, He was given by the Father, as Isaias said: “A child is born to us; and a son is given to us';. moreover, He was given, I dare say, also by the Spirit, who was sent by the Spirit. For, since the Prophet has not defined by whom He was given, he shows that He was

10 Cf. Isa. 48.12-16. 11 John 14.26. 12 John 15.26.

1 Cf. Gal. 1.3,4. 2 Isa. 9.6.

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