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thinkers, Deists, Infidels, and Atheists; the latter, as a body, possess talent, learning, ability, worth, and influence unequalled, and what is more than all, a righteous and holy cause. Let the Clergy, then, unite to them the Laity, and shew the people their real friends from their enemies, and tell them that they want them not to forward any ungodly designs and selfish ends of their's,—that they want them not to hire their pews, or subscribe their pence, to fill their own pockets and “serve their own belly;" and that in the Church “to the poor the Gospel is preached, without

money and without price." Let them unceasingly point out to the people the origin, nature, design and end of the Christian Church—the Scriptural and Apostolic form of her Government-obedience to their properly commissioned Teachers—the great danger of every description of heresy, schism, and Dissent—the “heady high-minded,” “self-willed," "presumptuous,” and blasphemous conduct of interested schismatics—the great blessings of unity, peace, and concord in the Church, with the numerous Scriptures exhorting thereto, and above all the difference between authorized and unauthorized Ministers. If these things, instead of being seldom touched upon, were continually enforced upon the minds and consciences of the people, as subjects of great importance, as they really are, matters would wear a very different aspect, and the Church occupy a far more elevated position. God works by means for the accomplishment of his own gracious purposes; and let the Clergy but unite themselves together as the heart of one man, and rise like a giant refreshed with new wine, and try all their strength, energetically bringing all their talents, learning, weight, and influence to bear upon the security, preservation, and welfare of the Church, and no power in the kingdom would be able to stand before them. Christianity-vital religion-real unaffected piety, might then occupy her proper station, and exert her benign and salutary influence over all classes of the people to the suppression of many of their vices, and through the grace and blessing of God, to the salvation of their souls. Let, then, the duly authorized and highly honoured servants of Christ, using all the means in their power, go forth in the strength of the Lord their God, and abundant success will attend their paths. For He whose words can never fail, has promised his Church“No weapon that is formed against thee shall prosper, and every tongue that shall rise against thee in judgment thou shalt condemn." “ The sons also of them that afflicted thee shall come bending unto thee, and all they that despised thee shall bow themselves down at the soles of thy feet,” and “ I will make thee an eternal excellency, a joy of many generations.” May the Lord in mercy fulfil these gracious promises to our National Zion, and ever “ be unto her a wall of fire round about, and the glory in the midst of her.”

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Sheffield, April 29, 1834.

PREFACE

TO THE SECOND EDITION.

That the Author of the following Letters would be called upon for a Second Edition of them within one month of the publication of the First was certainly what he did not in the remotest degree anticipate. Such, however, was the fact: and the gratitude which he feels to the public for such a favourable reception of his Work, may more easily be conceived than expressed. Heartily attached, from thorough conviction, to the Established Church of his country, as the only true branch of the Catholic Church in the land, his sole object in writing in her defence was, to render her some little service in the present crisis. And he rejoices to know that he has succeeded; for he has received the gratifying information that, in exposing the errors of Dissent, and shewing the scriptural foundation of the Church, his Work has, in numerous instances, been rendered essentially useful. The ends of his writing having been, therefore, in some degree answered, he is, consequently, himself comparatively satisfied. And his only hope and desire is, that his Work may be still further instrumental in serving the interests and promoting the welfare of our excellent Scriptural and Apostolic Church.

The Author conceives that an apology is due to the Public for the typographical errors, which he regrets to say, the First Edition contained. To his distance from the press, and the desire of getting the Work out as speedily as possible, they are properly to be attributed. But of such inaccuracies, he flatters himself the present Edition will be found almost, if not entirely free. This, together with the few alterations and additions which have been made, will, it is hoped, render the work still more worthy of the kind reception of the Christian Public.

The Writer also wishes, in again committing his fragile bark to the troubled and stormy ocean of human opinion, to express his most sincere thanks to the able Editors of the British Magazine and the Christian Remembrancer, and to the Conductors of other Periodicals, for the kind and flattering manner in which they have noticed his Work. He also wishes to record his sense of obligation to those Dissenters—both Writers and others, who, instead of attempting either to disprove his facts, or to overturn his arguments, have only honoured him with personal abuse and slander. For all this he was fully prepared ; and is only disappointed in their not having favoured him with a greater degree of reproach, calumny, and falsehood—their staple commodities. Such treatinent from such persons will ever he to him no mean proof of the rectitude of his principles and practices; and it will ever be his utmost endeavour to escape the misfortune of being degraded by their praise. As to their threats of prosecution, they are quite in character, and come with excellent grace from those who are everlastingly bawling about liberty of conscience and liberal principles. Let them prosecute if they dare, and as soon as they please. The facts contained in the Work would thus receive even a stronger confirmation than they have already received, from the circumstance that many have not only "put the cap on,” but have, very judiciously, walked abroad with it in the greatest rage, telling others (who would otherwise never have known) how well it fitted them. All that they have to do is, to answer the arguments and to disprove the facts stated in the Work; for till that is done, nothing is done that will satisfy the minds of sensible and thinking men.

If in perusing the following sheets any reader shall think that the Author has written with too great a degree of pungency, let him remember that it is often impossible to describe truly either the errors and wickedness of a system, or the falsehoods and iniquitous proceedings of its interested advocates, without some appearance of this. When such pernicious principles as those of Dissent, and such abominable practices as those of bigoted Dissenters are to be exposed and reprobated, it is absolutely necessary to speak either severely or falsely. The writer has, therefore, chosen to speak truly, and to call things by their right names, believing, as he does, that there is just as much real Christianity in hating and honestly reproving evil, as there is in loving and praising good. At other times, and under other circumstances, Dissenters would have received far different treatment; but when all the various and heterogeneous sects in the kingdom, under the vague and undefined term—Dissenters, and actuated by the Devil, are so insanely clamouring for the destruction of the venerable and beautiful fabric of the Church of England, it becomes, as a matter of necessity, the bounden duty of her true sons courageously to oppose them with a firm and unflinching hand. And whether on the head of severity Dissenters have any cause to complain or not, let the following specimens of their own sentiments and language towards the Church testify. One of them, in the plenitude of his liberality

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