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Literary and Scientific Mirror.


This familiar Miscellany, from which religious and political matters are excluded, contains a variety of original and selected Articles; comprehending Literature,

Criticism, Men and Manners, Amusement, Elegant Extracts, Poetry, Anecdotes, Biography, Meteorology, the Drama, Arts and Sciences, Wit and Satire, Natural
History, Monthly Diary, Fashions, &c. &c.; forming a handsome Annual Volume, with an Index and Title-page.-Regular supplies are forwarded to the following
Bury J. Kay;

Hanley—T. Allbut; Manchester - Miss Richardsons; Prescot- A. Ducker;

St. Helen's Edw. Glover;
Chester-R. Taylor;
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Preston-P, Whittle; Stockport--). Dawson;
Chorley-T. Parker;

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The Philanthropist.

'DR. COLQUHOUN." In the present state of somay glory in the wisdom of the English Law, we ciety it becomes indispensibly pecessary, tbat of. CAPITAL PUNISHMENTS.

sball find it more difficult to justify the frequency fences, which iu their nature are highly injurious to

of capital punishment to be found therein : inficted the public, and where no mode of prevention can be The reprisal of our penal code is likely to engage the perbaps inattentively) by a multitude of successive established, should be punished by the forfeiture of Ec perly consideration of the legislature; and some consi- independent statutes, upon crimes very different in life; but these dreadful examples should be exhi

derable amelioration of its provisions will, in all proba- their natures. It is a melancholy truth, that among the bited as seldom as possible; for while, on the one Bility, be introduced into Parliament, with the concur- variety of actions which men are daily liable to com band, such punishments often defeat the ends of Ince of the ministers. At such a crisis, it will not be wit, no less than an hundred and sixty have been justice, by their not being carried into execution ; incompatible with the nature of our work, to lay be declared by Act of Parliament to be felouies without so ou the other, by being often repeated, they love free our readers the opinions of some of the wisest phi- benefit of clergy; or in other words, to be worthy their effect upon the minds of the people." Jatkuwepists and legislators upon a subject of such intense of instant death. So dreadful a list, instead of

SIR SAMUEL ROMILLY.-" In the Criminal Lar intaw. Edits. Kalo

diminishing, increases the number of offenders. The of this country, he had always considered it is a very

injured, through compassion, will often forbear to SIR THOMAS MORE.—" I think patting thieves prosecute; juries, through compassion, will come and were appointed, he could not say inflicted, par

great defect, that capital punishments were frequent Is death is not lawful; and it is plain and obvious times forget their oaths, and either acquit the guilty, Wat it is absurd, and of ill consequence to the com

80 many crimes. No principle could be more clear or mitigate the nature of the offeuce; and the than that it is the cerlainty much more than the musvealit, that a thief and a murderer should be judges, through compassion, will respite one balf qanlly puaished : for if a robber sees that his dan of the convicts, and recommend them to the Royal

severity of punishments wbicb renders them etiam

cious." far is the same if he is convicted of theft, as if be Mercy. Among so many chances of escaping, the were guilty of murder, this will naturally incite him needy and hardened offender overlooks the multitude

The Right HoNOURABLE WILLIAN PITT. to kill tbe person whom otherwise he would only have that suffer; he boldly engages in some desperate

Mr. Wilherforce says :-“ So deeply was Mr. Pitt robbed ; since, if the punishment is the same, attempt to relieve bit wants or supply his vices; convinced of the improper severity of our laws, thal, bere is more security, and less danger of discovery, and, if unexpectedly the hand of justice overtake to my knowledge, that distinguished person had it rhea be that can best make it is put out of the way; him, he deems himself peculiarly unfortunate in fal- in contemplation to submit the whole of our Penal is that terrifying thieves too much provokes them ting at last a sacrifice to those lawa, which long im. Code to the revision of some able Lawyers, fur libee punity bas taught him to contemo."

purpose of digesting a plan to diininish the sanguin DR. JOHXSON.- Death is, as one of the ancients observes, of dreadful things the most dreadful; an that an amendment of our penal code was necessary,

lo support of tbe opinion of this great Lawyer, nary nature of its punisbments, so inconsistent with

the justice of humanity for wbicb this country is “s ivil, beyond which nothing can be threatened by Sir W. Blackstone shrewdly observes, “ That had a

peculiarly distinguished." blagary power, or feared from human eomity or committee been appointed but once in one hundred vengeance. This terror should, therefore, be reserved years, to revise the criminal law, it could not have is te last resort of authority, as the strongest and continned to this hour, a felony without benefit of

Biographical Notices. Haust operative of prohibitory sanctions, and placed clergy, to be seen for one month in company with before the treasure of life, to guard from invasion Gypsies !"

BRIEF MEMOIR OF THE REV. wust cannot be restored. To equal robbery will DR. FRANKLIN." Is there then no difference in

WILLIAM SHEPHERD. Burder, is to reduce murder to robbery ; to cou- value between property and life if I think it right found in common minds the gradations of iniquity, that the crime of murder be punished with death, nad incite the commission of a greater crime, and not only as an equal punishment of the crime, but what might be termed a biographical outline of “Low

of We have often had it in contemplation to attempt prevent the detection of a less. If only murder to prevent other murders, does it follow that I must cashire worthies;” amongst whom, of course, the subwere puuished with death, few robbers would stain

approve of inflicting she same punishment for a little ject of the present sketch would have been entitled to beir bands in blood; but when, by the last act invasion of iny property by theft? If I am not a conspicuous place. We are fully aware that the ineof crotiry, no new danger is incurred, and greater myself so barbarous, and bloody-minded, and re-moirs of living characters have not often much claim to ecurity may be obtained, upon what principle shall vengeful as to kill a fellow.creature for stealing from public confidence. On the one hand, the partiality of ne bid them forbear? They who would rejoice

me fourteen shillings and three-pence, how can I friendship, and on the other, the entity of party preat the correction of a thief, are yet shocked at the

approve of a law that does it? It is said, by those judice, where the individual has taken any conspicuous hought of destroying him. His crime sbrinks to who knew Europe generally, thut there are more share in the politics of the day, render a faithful porRolling compared with his unisery; and severity de thefts committed and

punished annuully in England trait of his character a desideratum not very likely to be cats itself by exciting pity." thun in all other nations put together!?".

attained. The estimable individual who in the abje

ja ergelty."

of the annexed brief sketch, has mixed so much with herd removed to the New College at Hack- tion " An seni sit uror ducenda ?" This the political world, that we should have despaired of being able to give any kinů of outline of his history ney, where he had the advantage of the curious composition never had been made without deviating from our invariable rule, to avoid po- instruction of those eminent and learned public till the year 1805, when a tew com litics in every shape. An article in the last number of men Dr. Kippis and Dr. Rees, and also of pies were printed by Mr. Shepherd, for the Imperial Magazine, which we proceed to lay before Mr. Belsham, who was appointed divinity distribution among his friends, from the

, culties, by treating the subject in a way perfectly com tutor to the New College during Mr. Shep- MS. in the Poyal Library at Paris. patible with our plan ; and, although so limited a view herd's residence there.

In 1814, Mr Shepherd published the redoes not possess the interest which would attach to wider and more general range, we are of opinion,

On the completion of his studies, Mr. sult of two excursions to France, under the that the memoir, in its present form, will prove in. Shepherd left the college ; and, no situa. title of " Paris, in 1802 and 1814." The teresting to our readers, particularly in Liverpool and tion immediately presenting itself, he ac- work, which is generally commended for its in Lancashire. - Edit. Kal.

cepted an invitation from the Rev. John impartiality, has gone through three edis

Yates, of Toxteth Park, near Liverpool, tions. “Mr. Shepherd was born at Liverpool, No. to undertake the office of private tutor to In 1815, Mr. Shepherd, conjointly with vember 11, 1768 ; his father was a respec. his children. During his residence in Mr. the Rev. Mr. Joyce, and the Rev. Dr. Car. table tradesman, whose talents and good Yates's family, Mr. Shepherd occasionally penter, published, in two octavo volumes, conduct procured him an introduction to performed divine service at the Unitarian a general compendium of the various obsociety above his own rank in life. His chapel at Knowsley. His congregation was jects of liberal study, under the title of mother was a daughter of the Reverend at first very small; but, during his ministry, Systematie Education ; or, Elementary Benjamin Mather, a dissenting minister at its numbers and respectability were very Instruction in the various departments of Over-Darwin, a popular preacher, and pos- considerably increased. Mr. Shepherd had Literature and Science, with practical rales sessed of an independent fortune.

resided in Mr. Yates's family about two for studying each branch of useful knowOn the death of his father, Mr. Shep years, when he received a call to the pasto- ledge.” The first edition of this work was herd was received into the family of his ma-ral superintendence over the Unitarian con- very speedily disposed of; a second has ternal uncle, the Reverend Tatlock Mather, gregation at Gateacre, where he then went since been printed; and, as the work obpastor of a dissenting congregation at Rain- to reside, having entered into the matri- tains very general approbation, it wil, in ford, near Prescot, who, being a bachelor, monial connection with Miss Nicholson, all probability, reach several more. adopted him as his son, and instructed him daughter of the late Mr. Robert Nicholson,

Besides the above works, Mr. Shepherd in the elements of useful knowledge: he merchant, of Liverpool. Soon after Mr. has been the author of several occasional afterwards went as a day-scholar to Hol- Shepherd had established his residence at den's academy, at Rainford, where he con-Gateacre, he opened a seminary for the pamphlets, and a variety of fugitive pieces


which have appeared in die tinued for upwards of six years, the princi- classical education of young gentlemen, ferent periodical publications. Of these

, si pal part of which time he was under the which he still continues.

though some are on subjects of importance, tuition of the Reverend John Braithwaite. From his intimacy with our worthy towns- we have no means of ascertaining either the From Rainford, Mr. Shepherd was removed man Mr. Roscoe; Mr. Shepherd imbibed a extent or the merit, many of them haring to Bolton, and placed under the tuition of partiality for Italian literature, and was in. been printed without any signature ; the Reverend Philip Holland, who is still duced, by a perusal of that gentleman's in- few, if any, bearing the author's nate." remembered as an excellent scholar, and a teresting history of Lorenzo de Medici, to most accurate teacher; and of whom, Mr. undertake the publication of a life of Poggio Shepherd has been frequently heard to de. Bracciolini, a very celebrated Italian scho.

The Gleaner. clare, with the most grateful emotions, lar of the fifteenth century, and of whom that, to the admirable precepts of this skil. no accurate account had hitherto been given. ful instructor, he is indebted for the more This work, which was published in 1802,

stuff." efficient portion of his education. stands in high and deserved estimation with

THE TRAVELER. When, Mr. Shepherd had attained his the literary world; and it has been tranfifteenth year, bis uncle died, bequeathing slated into the French, Italian, and Gerhim to the care of his intimate friend, the man languages. The style is manly, pure,

THE QUEEN'S RECEPTION AT TUNIS Rev. Richard Godwin, minister of Gateacre and elegant; the remarks on authors, evince chapel, who, on his determining to devote a sound discriminating judgment; and the

The following account of her Majesty's recep-20 himself to the ministry, sent him to the reflections on events, a discerning and cul- Tunis is taken from “ The Journal of her Majesty dissenting academy at Daventry, in North- tivated mind.

Louise Dumont: with other corresponding pages. amptonshire, where he was admitted on the About the year 1435, Poggio, who was collected in Switzerland, and translated by f** foundation. Here he continued three years, then fifty-five years old, and who had led a Garston.” She says,under the tuition of the Reverend Messrs. very dissipated life, married a lady " who

“On the 12th, her Royal Highness weti Belsham, Broadbent, and Cogan, who were had not seen eighteen summers." In order to pay a visit to the Bey, at his country respectively divinity, mathematical, and clas- to justify his conduct for this extraordinary residence. All the Turkish Officers accor sical tutors. From Daventry, Mr. Shep-step, he wrote a formal treatise on the ques- panied her

, and on the road went through


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I am but a gatherer and disposer of other men's


Queen, to Tunis, Greece, and Palestine, writiche


a very pretty maneuvre to entertain her. is now reigning) took her Royal High

Miscellanies. They galloped forward with their horses, ness by the hand, and conducted her into

CONTINENTAL FANCY BALL, which seemed rather to fy than to run; his own seraglio, whither also we followed when advanced to some distance, they her. That of the son is more extensive

CASTLE ROYAL, BERLIX. wheeled round, and returned with the ve. than that of the father, and contains more

The followiug (being the published extract of locity of lightning, discharging their mus- women; but they were not so richly dressed,

private letter recently received from the contineat) kets, and exhibiting a sham fight together. with the exception of his wife, who was

may not be altogether opinteresting to our readers. It is difficult to conceive how a man, mount. very beautiful, as was also that of the seed on a fiery horse, swift as the wind, can cond son. The ceremonies with which we « On the 27th, we had here a most splendid Court

festival. It took place in the state rooms of the load his piece and discharge it with so much were received in the first seraglio were re: Castle Royal, where the so called) white-hall and facility; but such is their manner of car-peated in this; the women crowded round the adjoining apartments had been fitted up for it.


The idea of this splendid exhibition of royal pomp rying on war. In other respects they are us, and appeared delighted to see us. was taken from Moore's beautiful poem, Lalla very cowardly, and a Christian need not fortunate creatures! we were undoubtedly Rookh. It was supposed that the royal couple, fear an encounter with thirty Turks. Their the first strangers whom they had seen Aurengzeb and Abdallah, attended by their Queen uniform nearly made us expire with laugh- since they were first immured like encaged and ibie people forining their courts, were present er; they looked like so many old women; birds in these cloisters. When once the at the representation of the principal episodes by

tableaux vivans formed by the people, whose atti. ome had white head dresses ; (à papillons,) doors of the mansion are closed upon them codes, remaiuing unchauged for a certain time, conthers had grey handkerchiefs fastened on they come forth no more, and meet the vey the idea of a living picture. For this purpose a he head, and cloaks, made like mantillas, eye of no one save the Princes, by whom these pictures were exhibited. They consisted of

theatre had been constructed in the hall, in which o their shoulders, with large wooden boots they are treated like slaves. When the scenes taken from the four poetical narratives interin their legs. During a journey of three Princes enter they all hasten to kiss their of Khorassau, that of Peri and the Paradise, that of

woven in the poem, viz. that of the veiled Prophet siles we were much diverted with this hands; it is the only favour enjoyed by the Ghebers, and lastly, that of the Feast of Roses. nasquerade. We then arrived at the Pa-them. They are enormously fat, and those call them so) was preluded by a suug, containing : ace of the Bey, who received her Royal who are most bulky are esteemed the most poetical narrative of the scenes which the spectators Highness. ller Royal Highness had the beautiful ; those who are slender are lightly Spiker, the Royal Librariau," were admirably set to kindness to present us to him : after a short valued, and even scarcely looked at. They music by the Chevalier Spontini, the leader of the Bonversation (they conversed in Italian) are constantly guarded and watched by march and the music for the ballet, with which the le took the Princess by the band, and con- eunuchs; thus I look upon

them as buried whole finished. facted her into his seraglio. She com. alive. It is said that there are five hundred While this march was performing by the band

royal, the Courts of Aurengzeb and Abdallah, as well aanded us to follow her; the gentlemen in the palace at Tunis. At Athens her

as the Princess Lalla Rookli, and the Prince Abiris emained in the hall, it being forbidden for Royal Highness gave two balls to the Gre-entered, all of them io their lodian and Bucharian

dresses. Lalla Rookh was represented by her Royal iny man to enter the seraglio under pain cian ladies. Their manner of dancing is Highuess the Grand Duchess of Prussia, daughter of death. We were introduced into a mag. ) insipid to the last degree, (pour mourir d'en- of bis Majesty, and the Prince Abiris, by his Royal tificent room : the women were dressed nui.) They are not permitted to dance Highness the Grand Duke Nicholas of Russia.

Aurengzeb was Prince William, brother to his Ma. tith incredible splendour, being loaded with the gentlemen, but merely by them- jesty, and Abdallah bis Royal Highness the Duke ith gold, diamonds, and precious stones; selves; and the dance consists of nothing of Cumberlaud. The dresses of these illustrious

persons were unconmonly magnificent, as was also seir legs were uncovered, and their ankles more than taking each other's hand and that of her Royal Higbuens the Grand Duchess of Acircled with diamond chains; their fingers turning. The first, or the one who dances Russia. The rest of the Royal Family appeared as

Jodian or Bucbariao Princes, sons, daughters, aud ere covered with rich rings, and the tips best, holds a handkerchief in her hand, Nobles of Aurengzeb and Abdullali, and in dresses I them painted black. The Princess which she constantly waves; the accompa- of the people they were to represent. The last tab

zated herself with the Bey and his first nying music is simply la, la, la, la, la, and lear, where the parts of Murmahal and Dishehanger 'ife upon rich cushions; five wives of the la, la, la, without variety. Added to this, Royal Highness the Duke Charles of Meclenburgh

was followed by a ballet executed by the ladies and auk of slaves, presented napkins wrought their want of grace makes one fancy them gentlemen of the Court, as also in the national rith gold; and afterwards the richest col- puppets moved by wires. The lower rank dresses, and wearing wreaths of roses. The enteration that can be pictured was served to of women wear a head-dress, composed of raiument was most splendid, and the number of peohem; there were full two hundred different a silver coin, called barras, which is equi- ihe performance) is estimated 10 have amounted to fishes all served upon gold. After the valent to a raps of Switzerland; they have upwards of 4000. e past, the slaves brought their finest per- also necklaces of the same materials; the Such are the vicissitudes of human life, that a person, umes, and sprinkled us from head to foot; coins dre pierced in the centre, and placed and beliexe late Member for Wallingford, "educated a our dresses have not even yet lost the on an iron wire. The women who are Westminster School, of no common attainments, and in cent. The Bey ordered music to be more wealthy, wear gold coin in the same the opinion of the late DT: Horsley, as well as Dr. Vin. brought. Six old women commenced play style, and in great profusion. Both the University of Oxford, and a Barrister at Law, is now a ng a sort of charivari, which deafened our poor and the wealthy unstring them, when pauper upon the parish of Camberwell

, and was lately

begging his bread in Wales' Morning paper. Tearing, but it was most excellent melody of they have no other money, or in preference lie Turkish court; and the old women were to borrowing, and distribute to the many visited New York, in hopes of carrying on his profession,

Taste. A bruiser, of Hibernian merit, having lately he most perfect of its songstresses. After-poor who offer themselves every where, and received so little encouragement, that he returned in

disgust, declaring that the Yankees had no taste for the ards, the eldest son of the Bey (he who invariably limit their petition to a barras." fine aris.

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aiok into obscurity and want, more dreadful because sade from without. Another cloud of Cossack con- was a frequent visitor, by refusing to eat any fruit boe he had tasted the sweets of plenty, we confess we servators of the peace of Europe may again darken Mango-steens, or to drink any wine bue Champagne know not: this, however, is too often the case, and over the vine-covered hills and gay valleys of The only instance in which it was ever seen angry wa then the temporary kindness of a patron is far more France.' "Last scene of all, that ends this strange commonly messed in peace with a dog, a cat, and a lort, painful than total neglect. That man, and more eventful history;' another Blucher may supplicate The dog was its favourite, and was suffered to worry particularly tbat poet, must possess a noble mind, to be the privileged conflagrator of Paris, without and tease it withoutoffence or reseptment. The strengh who, having been Hatlered and caressed by the great, being frustrated by any benign imperial interposis of the animal when full grown was, nevertbeless, were can returo to his oative indigence with an uncorrodedtion, commanding him to sheathe the sabres, and great ; and it could tear up by the roots from ebe ga: mind: and it is well for a man of genius, when it extinguish the torches of his military artificers of den a plantain tree of such size as to be almost two can be said of him, with regard to their patronage, havock.”

large for its embrace.
That delight he never knew,

This, to be sure, was rather strong language to
And therefore never miss'd.
use; but the French mode of taking it up, instead


of refuting it, would seem to show, that at least the
passage imputing folly had some foundation, For

The following instance of animal sagacity is fron the lecturer being called ou for a supplementary the same source:

discourse, received ou the evening preceding, the Moschus, (var.) called by the natives Kauchil. The Literary Notices. following letter :

little squirrel-like creature is so proverbially cuscing, “Some French officers bave learned, with equal that a Malay, speaking of a clever rogue, says

, “hri * In compliance with the request of a constant spoke of France, at your last sitting in the Rue kauchil, when caught in a trap, pretends to be dead; surprise and indignation, the manner of which you

as sly as a kaucbil." Examples are mentioned, which

show that the comparison is not unfounded. The READER we subjoin an article on the subject of Mr. Vivienne. Mulocu's public lectures, recently delivered in Paris, “ They do not here allude to your literary opinions leaps up and bounds out of sight in a ostatt !

buc should the springe be incautiously loosered, he which our correspondent conceives will be well timed, which can injure none but yourself, and wbich at bunted and sore pressed, he will jump ktorbe bilech as Mr. M. has is in contemplation to give a course of once prove your ignorance, your want of taste, and of a tree, and hang by his teeth, which betreu isto loetures in this towe. Without stopping to examine your bad faith: the owl which canuot endure the the wood, while his pursuers run beneath and bose the the justice of those sweeping strictures upon the French light

of the sun, denies its splendour.

scent. This cheating character authorizes the proverb. nation, in which the lecturer has here indulged, we have set forth against France as a nation, in despite

“The matter in question is the opinion which you cannot but express an opinion, that there is more than of decorum, the rights of hospitality, and of all an ordinary share of assurance, and lack of delicacy, in that mankind hold sacred.

At a meeting which recently took place to such an attempt to depreciate a whole people to their "You are, no doubt, fully aware of the infamy of Hull, to consider of the propriety of lighting the own faces ; nor do we believe that so rude an experiment such conduct, which but for the contempt it inspires, town with gas, considerable discussion occurret a upon national feeling and amour propre, would be tole would most assuredly have been punished by those to the comparative merits of gas from oil, zad rated even in our own country.

who despise you more than the Cossacks and the from coal. It was stated, that the oil gas threw a bei People are neither to be affronted, nor bullied out Bluchers. Frenchweo recognise enemies, but not

ter light than that from coal; that it required "maier

apparatus, that it was free from the offensive smell, sa poltroons. of their absurdities; and, if ever we should, in a foreign

injurious to breath and destructive of comfort, by

“Still, however, contempt will not long stifle the which coal gas was accompanied; that it did not file country, venture upon such a course of lectures, we voice of injured honour; any new insult will cause rode the pipes, nor tarnish nor discolour polished De should make it a point to take the chair with our you to be visited by signal vengeance. This lan-tals, silks, &c. as coal gas did; and that it was ex

noses ready soaped,” in anticipation of the conseguage bears no equivocal meaning :-French officers in Covent-garden Theatre, in the Argyle Rooms, 9 quences.-Edit. Kal.

repel calumny and insolence on the field of honour, Whitbread's brewery, and some other places.” Ons and with the sword in haod.

of the speakers alleged on the contrary, that be PUBLIC LECTURES IN PARIS. France which you have largely attacked, in the and the tar worth a penny more; so that he had a pete “We therefore command you, in the name of cured 417 gallons of gas from 11lbs. of coal, wach

cost a penny. The coke produced was worth a pecat [From the Literary Gazette.] name of truth wlich you have outraged, and of that fit of 200 per cent, and the

gas for

nothing! Best religion which you have renounced by slandering his gas had produced no offensive smell, and had

your fellow-creatures, not to give on Saturday the not perceived that his pipes (which were of lead to A characteristic story, as connected with public lecture you have announced.

been corroded. A letter was read, which ebeerved lectures in Paris, lately came under our cognizance. “ We are, with the contempt you deserve, that 1000 feet of oil gas would produce a light equal es Mr. Mulock, the gentlemau who is at present en

MILLIN, BARBEROUX, ST. DIDIER, 3333 feet of coal gas. It appears that the Emperor Alet gaged in giving an interesting exposition of English

* French officers,

ander is ligbting up his palace at St. Petersburgh literature, at the Argyle Rooms, (and whose lectures " Puris, Jan, 26, 1821.”

oil gas. The meeting unanimously agreed to resilien at Gegeva we noticed some time ago,) delivered

cions in favour of gas from oil. somewhat of a similar course in the capital of our the signatures are not those of unknown persons ;

We have only to add, by way of explanation, that neighbours. Upon oue occasion, in January last, Barberoox is the son of the deputy; and St. Didier, in taking a view of the political state of Europe as

Correspondence. connected with its literary improvement, he bap- nevertheless, prunounced his lecture, and treated the

a colonel, of dueliog notoriety. Our countryman, pened to speak nearly as follows of France :“ And first, with reference to the land in wbich threat with ridicule, as one of assassination.

TO THE EDITOR. I am a passing guest-a land which I must place, where she has placed herself by bér follies and ber crimes, least and lowest in the scale of Europeau

Sır,-I am sorry the letter upon orthographie Scientific Records.

innovations should have been the cause of so DOCA natious. Whithersoever I turu my eyes in France,

trouble you, and that its purport bas I behold degradation or destitution-a government

been so misunderstood. I certainly had no inter

: without strength, struggling to sway an insurgent (Comprehending Notices of new Discoveries or Improve- tion by what I wrote, in any way, to protest against people, and by the worst means-false loyalty leaving on the broken crutch of false religion-au

singular Medical Cases; Astronomical, Mechanical, such innovations; 1 merely wished to lead your atheistic land scourged by squadrons of antichristian

Philosophical, Botanical, Meteorological, and Mine admit they were so, and to plead in justificatio. wifesionaries, whose carnal cry is, ' up with the cross, History, Vegetation, &c.; Antiquities, &c.; to be removed any doubts, whether they were so inteneri and down with the bible'-a paper constitution continued in a Series through the Volume.) seized hold of by contending factions, to sanction

or not; and I hoped further, precisely, as A. BI.

does, that it would lead to the more general adoplius the practical suspension of rights, or to prompt

of them. I am totally at a loss to imagine bere the popular denial of duties. Do you require a

A. B. C. found the “ furor scribendi” in the letter more minute iuventory of a nation's nothings ? Sir T. S. Raffles has sent a paper to the Linnæaa So- upon this subject, with which he seems so much about Fields without industrycities

without commerce | ciety, describing the zoological collection nade for the pleased ; and I am sorry he found the error code -houses without homes-pamphleteeriug in lieu of of the Ursa Malayanus:

The letter escaped my hands hastily

, and could do literature, and sensuality substituted for the affec

was up I bupe have political prediction, when I proclaim that this guilty of the common bear, and bear of India. It was pers. I trust, to furnish you with the promised lasten tions. Nor do I overstep the limits of prudent nursery among the children. It appears to be a variety able myself to correct them. A.B.C. will por fax will ere long be visited with peoal vengeance. Fresh T. s. Rafles mentions, that it was also a brute of priety, be used. convulsions will call forth another conquering cru-caste, which it displayed at the dinaer cable, where it | March 29, 1821.



courts without justice—churches without piety task ndia Company. The following to his description ceeding from my wegligence, of which become on

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have preceded it, and still reluctant to part from the merely venturing to break that silence by a whispered mysterious deliyhts of legendary borrors.

remark, and listening eagerly for a repetition of the The value of this kind, or indeed of any kind of the mysterious sound; but we could hear nothing, save the TO THE EDITOR.

marvelous, as contrasted with moral tales, tales of dashing of the waves against the planks of the vessel, character, of humour, or any other description of tales, or now and then, as we passed an open port, a faine

it would be nugatory here to make any attempt to murmur borne from the distant shore over the waters, in Mr. Christie's accoant of the Indian Game of ascertain : it is certain that it has at least as many or the low bumming of some man on watch in the Se, a more close similitude will be traced be votaries, if not more than any other, by which the cops."

loyers of light reading are captivated; and if you think Then my kingman recounted and particularized, with reca cards and tbat game, than could have been

professional accuracy, the various parts of the vessel ipposed on a transient glance at the subject.


he bad searched; but I am not seaman enough to fol. This ludian game, called Chaturanga, or Chess, of an analagous nature, might gratify your readers, reached one end of a species of gallery formed by some

low him. At length he described himself as having I the Four Kings, represents four princes with every good quality of the heart, unites all that can

of the partitions in the lower part of the vessel, and meie troops, forming two attied armies on each side.” render him an agreeable companion. His conversa: proceeded as follows:-'We had scarcely reached the


entrance of this gallery, when my companion asked if Auz), is a note ou tinis passage, Mr. Christie says, have taken the following narrative. In the summer of I did not see a light; I looked forward, and did clearly * A game of coosiderable ingenuity, I am ipformed, 1818 (I was then residing in the country) be paid me a perceive one at the fore end of the gallery. We ad* practised in Germany, consisting of two chess- visit, for the first time since his childhaod, and after the vanced slowly and cautiously towards it, but it apnaads joined together laterally. It is played by lapse of many years, the greater part of which he had peared to recede as we advanced and at length as we

served as a midshipman in the navy. Towards the came close to the end of the passage, it sank gradually ** persons on each side, each of whoun is concerned conclusion of one of the most agreeable evenings I had to the ground and then disappeared altogether.

“At the spot where it had thus vanished, there was defend bis own game, and, at the same time that ever spent, the conversation happened to turn on apparitions.

a grated opening communicating with the water, and Co-operates with bis ally, to distress, by every

Winter evenings, I apprehend, have been always baving raised this we descended, but I leave you to ek ons in his power, the two armies opposed to held the scene most proper for summoning up these guess what were our sensations, when immediately eta "-Inyuiry into the ancient Greek Game, sup the howling tempest without, sweeping

awful guests; but if the crackling faggat within, and beneath we observed the body of a woman in a state

" the groaning

of putrefaction. She was dressed in white; had on a ked to hare been invented by Palumedes, p. 74.- forest on the shore," seem to augment their effect, per- which showed her to have been of a respectable con

rich necklace, bracelets, and other costly ornaments, his arrangement affords a most striking similarity baps it is no less assisted by the dim ewilight of the the fourfold game which the Indian Chess appears choly murmurs of the breeze,

sighing in the foliage and related our adventure, one of the midshipmen summer evening's apartment, and the soft and melan- dition in life.

“ When we returned to the cabin where we slept, have been, and whose form so nearly resembles of the shrubs that mount the halt-opened window, le game at cards, as readily to admit of the surmise, that my cousin having announced that he had some

li was at such a time, and under such circumstances, stated that he had seen the figure of a woman distinctly

cross the cabin at the time the light had appeared. at they are merely a variation of that game, and strange and unaccountable circumstances to disclose shore for interment, and the matter was duly investie

“ The next day the body was transmitted to the bok their rise from the same source. ---Yours, &c.


close circle around him, with murmurs of anxious exgated, when it appeared that the ur.fortunate woman pectation; and he began as follows:

was the mistress of the Danish First Lieutenant of the

ship; why, a little before its capture, had thrown him“I was out with the expedition which was sent to sell overboard, after having, from what motive it did

take the Danish feet, in 180-; and when the ships not appear, murdered her, and concealed the body GHOSTS AND APPARITIONS.

were in our possession, I was placed, with some other where we found it."
persons, in one of the prizes, to navigate her to Eng.

After the sensation, wbich such a tale as this was land. The first night we slept on board, several of calculared to excite, was a little subsided, I ventured Several months since, we were favoured with the sailors heard strange noises in various parts of the to surmise that the particulars which seemed supernathe following communication, which has since that vessel; these were repeated on the subsequent nigbts; tural in it, might be accounted for naturally; that the time remained in our portfolio, awaiting a proper

and as no inquiry could fathom the cause of them, the noises which alarmed the crew might have proceeded

men helieved that Davy Jones had got among them in from the rats wbich often infest ships in great numbers; occasion for its introduction; when a question pro- propria persona ; and after a little time no soul would and the light in the cabin might have been that of a pored for discussion ae the Debating Society brought it venture by binuself after dark, if he could possibly meteor, such as is not uncommon in our own climate, to our recollection. Our readers are acquainted with avoid it, to any of those solitary and murky recesses but is still more frequent in higher latitudes. The per opinion of ghosts and apparitions ; a belief in which a large and thiuly-manned ship of war con- light which had appeared to sink through the grating #bich we regard as alike repugnant to reason, and de

over the body, I suggested might be occasioned by the

“ You are, I dare say, sufficiently aware of the cha- sulphuracted gas, which is disengaged from bodies in a ngatory from the dignity and consistency of the great racter of us tars, and know that we would rather cope state of decay, and wbich most people must have obAuthor of nature. Under such convictions we should with a thousand material, than one immaterial foeman. served evolved from fish approximating to a state of save hesitated to give publicity to the following narra

The alarm had continued now for some time, when putrefaction: the weaker light of this tomb-fire would ive, bad not the writer attempted, in the sequel, to

one night, as we were turning in, one of the midship- have yielded to the stronger one of the lanthorn as it

men suddenly cried, • Do you bear that?' We all advanced, and thus have seemed to vanish gradually, account for the mystery upon natural principles. The listened, and could plainly distinguish, amidst the till wholly overcome by its inimediate presence. The story has likewise the merit of originality; and is re- hoarse murmurs of the Sound, which was dashing female form, seen by one individual, I thought might lated in much better language than thac in which such beneath the cabin windows, several noises which he attributed to fancy, particularly as it was seen by

either had, or seemed to have, in them something of a one only, and not mentioned till after the discovery of tales are usually conveyed.-Edit. Kal.

peculiar and unearthly nature; these paused, and were a female corpse.
repeated at intervals and in a period of intermission, My kinsman admitted the solution might be just,

during which we held our breath, and anxiously lis. but with a shake of the head significant of the credu. TO TIME EDITOR.

tened for their renewal, another midshipman suddenly lity of a believer, if I may be allowed the expression;

cried, 'Do you see that?' 'Clear enough' was the gene and perceiving that he was a little of the kidney of the SIR-In a critique in a late number of the Kaleidos. ral answer; for the bulk head formed by the projec. monarch adverted to by a French poet, 8. , it is assumed that a taste for stories of a supers for the space of a few seconds, in blue flame. This

is lion of the rudder into the cabin, seemed all wrapped,

" Charles le croyoit, car il aimait à le croire," times; how long, the writer has omitted to say, but I passing strange,' cried one; 'Strange indeed,' echoed I forbore to press the point. apprehend it has never marked the taste of any parti. another; · Most strange,"repeated the rest.

I am, Sir, yours, &c.

JULIUS. “There was one of my companions, named H cular time, but has been, at all times, naturally inter. woven in the constitution of our nature. There is, with whom I was particularly intimate, and who was indeed, a species of narrative, dealing in the sensations of rather an incredulous turn of mind. He had been all excited by ghost-expectant fancy, a love for which is along particularly active in his endeavours to develope

THE YOUNG OBSERVER. peculiar to our own times, and which the magic pen the cause of the noises; and he now, after musing tor of fiction has never been employed to gratify until our a little time, asked if any one would accompany him, awo days: I mean those tales which, after leading us and he would visit every part of the ship before he through a variety of scenes, calculated to niake us feel slept? I said, I would; though the words were scarcely

" Quicquid agunt homines, votum, timor, ira, voluptas, our hearts with grateful terror quelled" (to use the out of my mouth before I baif repented of my aoquiexpressive phrase of the poet) at length, in order to escence; however, it was too late to retract, when my Gaudia, discursas, nostri farrago libelli."-Jwv. efect a kind of compromise with the incredulus ori| honour was, as it were, pledged. of our reason, conclude with solving, by natural “Every midshipman on board a man of war is pro

TO THE EDITOR. means, all the phenomena wbieh bad at once appalled vided with a lanthorn; and each of us having trimmed and enchanted our imagination through its preceding his respective light, we sallied forth on our advenpages. This is, indeed, a species of gratification pe- curous quest, no third person being willing to bear us

SIR, -Those who spend their lives in remarking the cular to the present sceptical and inquiring age, at company.

follies of others, do not often trouble the world with once disdaining the easy faith of the rude times that “ We traversed every part of the ship in silence, I any of their own. Afraid, doubtless, of appearing


NO, I.

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