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what they themselves censure, chey, for the most part, To Correspondents.

your impartiality, I must request an early insertion woid notice and seek the shade.

this note. I remain, Sir, yours obediendly, Thus mankind is little benefited. An attentive ob- The following notice, which appeared in the last

March 2nd.

CORNELIUS." server seldom opeas his lips, and still seldomer is seen Mercury, is transferred to the Kaleidoscope, for rea


Y. Z. ia priat.

sons which will be obvious after a perusal of the latter “ The perfection of the "The perfection of tored paragraph:

touch as well as that of the is likewise essentially call. I, Sir, would gladly form an exception to this too “ PLAGIARISTS, OR LITERARY HOAXERS.— The lines other senses, is essentially nected with the uniforming general rule of conduct; and since, like others of my transcribed by M. F. are not original, as our corres- connected with uniformity of action of the two sya. fraternity, I cannot be accused of loquacity, beg I may

pondent would have us believe; and if he dreams that of action in the two symme- metric balves of the body now and then occupy a corner of your Kaleidoscope.

they are actually his own composition, we will name trical halves of the body, and particularly of the te the work in which they have previously appeared. and particularly in the hands

. Let us suppose, My fears are great, chat even there I may be unno- There is something so mean, disingenuous, and dis- hands. Let us suppose, for instance, a blind person ticed by your readers, and that the ladies, especially,

honest in this species of hoax to which editors are pe instance, a man, born blind, born with one hand en will little care for one whom they do not know. It is

culiarly liable, that no terms ought to be kept with to have one hand well or- pletely organized, and

any correspondent who shall attempt to palm off the ganized, the other defective other deprived of the partie to satisfy their curiosity, if they condescend to be cu- compositions of another as his own, whenever an edi- in the power of moving the er of flexion and exterest rious about me, that I devote, though with some reluc- tor may chance to detect the fraud, which cannot al. thumb & fingers, and form- of the fingers, so as to taace, the remainder of this paper to a description of

ways be the case, as he has no claim to infallibility; ing only a stiff and im. form a round and s.

nor can he be expected to see every composition in movable surface; such per- movable surface: this pe. myself. prose or verse which teems from the prolific press of son would find it a very dif- son would acquire

, with Though I have confessed my youth, permit me to the day; a previous perusal of which could alone put ficult thing to acquire a just great difficulty

, the ideas say that I have always dreaded to be thought older him effectually on his guard against such quackery and notion of the size and figure of size, shape

, and dires literary imposition. We shall resume this subject of bodies, because the same tion, because a unique than wise, and if wisdom is to be gained by looking in the next Kalcidoscope, when we shall have occasion sensation would not arise sensation will be arise about one, I must possess a little ; as I have, from my to expose a plagiarist in another department." from the successive appli- from the secesive updio birth, had an extraordinary inclination to make che in pursuance of our intention, we now proceed to lay cation of cach hand to the cation of the two bands wa most of my eyes. before our readers a letter from a correspondent, con- same substance."

the same objørt." taining charges of gross plagiarism, against one of a If we had not enlarged upon this subject already In person I am tall, uf a pale and bad complexion,

our correspondents; which charges are but too well long legged, and somewhat awkward. The grass never substantiated on a comparison of the Essay alluded to,

beyond any reasonable bounds, we should have gira

the letter of FAIR PLAY ON BOTH SIDES "We grows under my feet. You, and most of your acquaint

with its literary prototype. CORNELIUS is not very
nice in selection of the epithets with which he has

pledge ourselves to the writer to insert it in our best tace, Mr. Editor, must have seen me. Sometimes I

loaded our quondam correspondent; and we are sorry

and if we do not entirely clear ourselves eren from the me discovered viewing a fire, at others a fight. The to be obliged to add, that the occasion affords but too

suspicion of the wilful plagiarism which he roads perusal of placards, great and small, red and black, much justification for a deviation from that courtesy

tach to us, in consequence of our mode of adparcie

the Narrative of the Siege of Lathom Hall, we stad forms a part of my daily amusement. In short, little

so desirable in a literary controversy: candour, how-
ever, compels us to say, that a careful comparison of

deserve that contempt which we ourselves feel for every cecapes my observation; and if you want to know any

the Essay in the Kaleidoscope, with the original work

thing in the shape of wilful falsehood and double

fully justifies the assertion of CORNELIUS, that the pa- The DiscoNSOLATE BACHELOR may be asured.exe one's equipage or shop, or office, nay, how many steps be bas to his doors, or how many windows to his

per of Y. 2. does not contain a dozen original lines.
It would be trifling with the time and patience of our

we shall render him every service in our power, harang bouse, from me you can obtain correct information.

readers, to give all the corresponding passages alluded

ourselves (as the writer

pretty broadly hints) espera Thus prying about I have not unfrequently been to by CORNELIUS, we have accordingly taken at ran

enced the miseries of the single state ; an experience deemed no better than I should be: some have taken

about a score of lines, by which our readers may form

which inclines us to side with Dr. Johnson, in the a very correct estimate of the alledged originality of

opinion, that " Marriage may have its pains

, by me for an assessor, others for a custom-house officer,

Y. Z. The coincidences observable throughout the

celibacy has no pleasures."

_We regret that Hexarı to which conjectures my neglect of dress may have remainder are to the full as striking as those in the

note did not arrive in time for to-day's publicatie contributed. He who bestows his time on the inspec- passages we have quoted.

as a week's delay in such a case must appear an a cion of others, firds little leisure for the inspection of “SIR-I believe you will agree with me, in thinking

There is one advantage, however, which may we

from the delay, which is, that if the impression Date himself.

that plagiarism is mean and despicable, and must
ever betray the person guilty of it to be a man desti-

by the present Dulcinea should be eclipsed by scene It has been already observed that my passion for obtute of genius, and devoid of original ideas. This

new face, peeping from another leghorn bonnes

, ou servation (circumspection I am too modest to call it, as remark will apply indiscriminately to all those in the

correspondent may apprise us of the new co-free time enough to suppress his present letter

, and this that term is now synonymous with wisdom) is as old habit of appropriating the produce of another writer's

spare the first fair one a disappointment, which light

brain. u myself. When first admitted to the dinner-table,

But there are different degrees of infamy : be attended with the most fatal consequences

and surely nothing can equal the paltry imposition they were obliged to place my chair with its back which has been pleyed upon yourself by a person Letter VI. on the Study of Coins will be fire towards the window, lest I should feast only on the of this class. Enclosed I send you Kaleidoscope, No,

week. After having prepared it for present in TORO, prospect before me. Then came school : there I was

24, in which the first article is entitled, Original
Paper on the Harmony of Action in the Organs of

we ventured to withdraw it, to make mon ke te happy. My companions being too few to enjoy the

Man; written expressly for the Kaleidoscope. In

article on Capital Punishments; and we dont not the

the ANTIQUARY will readily yield the precedence. usual games of boys, were always ready for the inspec- this very original paper, written expressly for your one week, to The PhiLANTHROPIST. Our compacte tion and discussion of the daily occurrences, casualties Kaleidoscope, I beg to assure you that there are not a pondent would oblige us if he would intimiste aad changes of the village. A bear-bait or a funeral,

dozen lines really belonging to the author. A few days how many letters his series will contain; as it is de

ago, I happened to meet with • Physiological Researches sirable to comprehend them in our present rodzie, 2 sack race, or a wild beast show was equally delighat.

which will terminate with the expiration of June. ful; and when we read the Greek Testament, we

the French, by F. Gold; and being rather attracted METEOROLOGICAL TABLES.–No. T. of the claberts compared ourselves to the Athenians, who “spent

with the work, read carefully through. An idea
struck me that I had somewhere met with similar

Meteorological Table is received from our Manchester their time in nothing else but either to cell or to hear

correspondent, and shall be published the very ex some new thing."

the article alluded to, i found that five-sixths of it The POUNG'OBSERVER's second and third Easy Since my abode in town I have not found this prowere pillaged from this work. The worthy plagiarist,

be attended to. pensity decrease; on the contrary, it has seemed to of transcribing exactly

from Mr. Gold's translation, We expect to be enabled to find a place next week ecpand in proportion as its sphere of action has been

the letter of W. S. H. ealarged, so that an occasional evaporation cannot fail pose, was done in order to make the deception pass | The account of RALPH

HEATON (not Eator) bei co be of service if you perinit me to make use of your language very little different from that in Gold's | We shall say a word or two, next week, to Tort! paper as a safety-valve. Having expatiated so much on

The passages are marked, for your accommodation, this subject as expose myself to the charge of egotism, I

; I

TURTON, of Gooseberry-hall. tball conclude with the hope, that as my plan is capable of variety, and no topic foreign to the province of an

from Shakspeare, Cicero, and Somerville fill up nearly

serted the note of GEORGE MEANWELL, and shall

probably notice the subject further in our next Observer, I may be fortunate enough to please some of and the meagreness of the rest perhaps is the best The acceptable communications of M. and of the your friends; the old, perhaps one week, and the assurance of its having been the genuine production shall have a place in our next, together with chox

of the ostensible author. I do not descend to youag the next; now the trifling, and now the serious

sonalities: they are beneath me; and moreover, I do

WISHER-Betsey, and the verses to a young L'

L. COLLUMELLUS-A SUBSCRIBER AND W. reader. la which bope, I remain, Mr. Editor,

not know this sweet stealer of other men's fancies ;' on leaving England. Your obedient servant,

but from the subject he has chosen, and the initials

not be inappropriately addressed to him.
of his signature, (Y. Z.) I fancy “You Zany' might Printed, published, and sold by E. SUTH as a


54, Lord-ntral, Liverpool


Literary and Scientific Stirror.


This familiar Miscellany, from which religious and political matters are excluded, contains a variety of original and selected Articles; comprehending Literature,

Criticism, Men and Manners, Amusement, Elegant Extracts, Poetry, Anecdotes, Biography, Meteorology, the Drama, Arts and Sciences, Wit and Satire, Natural History, Monthly Diary, Fashions, &c. &c.; forming a handsome Annual Volume, with an Index and Title-page-Regular supplies are forwarded to the following Bury-_J. Kay;

Hanley-T. Allbut;

Marchester-Miss Richardsons; Prescol-- A. Ducker ; St. Helen's Edw. Glover; AGENTS. Chester-R. Taylor; Huddersfield-T. Smart; Dillo-). Fletcher;

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Stoke-R. C. Tomkinson; Diit.-J. Brown.

N. 41.-New SERIES.

TUESDAY, APRIL 10, 1821.

Price 3 d.

The Gleaner.

frigate, from Captain (now Admiral) Bathe difference of the current, I perceived

thurst, downwards, had any notion of a dif- none; it is favourable to the swimmer on

ference of the current on the Asiatic side, neither side, but may be stemmed by plung* I am but a gatherer and disposer of other men's stay."


of which Mr. Turner speaks. I never heard ing into the sea a considerable way above

of it till this moment, or I would have taken the opposite point of the coast which the ANECDOTES OF SWIMMING. the other course. Lieutenant Ebenhead's swimmer wishes to make, but still bearing Cuntinued from the early Numbers of our present sole motive, and mine also, for setting out up against it: it is strong; but if you calVolume, pages 9, 24, 32, 46, 64, 96.) from the European side, was, that the little culate well, you may reach land. My own

Cape above Sestos was a more prominent experience, and that of others, bids me proSWIMMING ACROSS THE starting place, and the frigate which lay be. nounce the passage of Leander perfectly HELLESPONT.

low, close under the Asiatic castle, formed practicable ; any young man in good health,

a better point of view for us to move to- and with tolerable skill in swimming, might [From Baldwin's London Magazine. ]

wards ; and, in fact, we landed immediately succeed in it from either side. I was three

below it. Mr. Turner says, “ whatever is hours in swimming across the Tagus, which LETTER FROM THE RIGHT HONOURABLE thrown into the stream of this part of the is much more hazardous, being two hours LORD BYRON TO MR. MURRAY.

European bank must arrive at the Asiatic longer than the passage of the Hellespont.

shore.” This is so far from being the case, Of what may be done in swimming, I shall " Ravenna, Feb. 11, 1821. that it must arrive in the Archipelago if left mention one more instance.-In 1818, the " Dear Sir,—In the 44th page, vol. 1st, to the current, although a strong wind from Chevalier Mingaldo, (a gentleman of Basof Turner's Travels (which you lately sent the Asiatic side might have such effect oc- sano) a good swimmer, wished to swim with me) it is stated that “ Lord Byron, when casionally.

my friend, Mr. Alexander Scott, and myne expressed such confidence of its practi- Mr. Turner attempted the passage from self: as he seemed particularly anxious on cability, seems to have forgotten that Le- the Asiatic side, and failed; “after five-and- the subject, we indulged him. We all three ander swam both ways, with and against the twenty minutes, in which he did not advance started from the island of the Lido, and tide; whereas he (Lord Byron) only per- a hundred yards, he gave it up from com- swam to Venice. At the entrance of the ormed the easiest part of the task by swim- plete exhaustion.” This is very possible, Grand Canal, Scatt and I were a good way ning with it from Europe to Asia.” I cer- and might have occurred to him just as a-head, and we saw no more of our foreign ainly could not have forgotten what is readily on the European side. I particu- friend; which, however was of no consesnown to every schoolboy, that Leander larly stated, and Mr. Hobhouse has done quence, as there was a gondola to hold his crossed in the night, and returned towards so also, that we were obliged to make the clothes, and pick him up. Scott swam on till the morning. My object was to ascertain real passage of one mile, extend to between past the Rialto, where he got out; less from that the Hellespont could be crossed, at all, three and four, owing to the force of the fatigue than chill, having been four hours in by swimming : and in this Mr. Ebenhead stream. I can assure Mr. Turner that his the water, without rest, or stay, except what and myself both succeeded; the one in an success would have given me great pleasure, is to be obtained by floating on one's back: bour and ten minutes; the other in one hour as it would have added one more instance this being the condition of our performance, and five minutes : the tide was not in our fa- to the proofs of its practicability. It is I continued my course on to Santa Chiara, vour; on the contrary, the great difficulty not quite fair in him to infer, that because he comprising the whole of the Grand Canal, was to bear up against the current; which, failed, Leander could not succeed. There (beside the distance from the Lido) and got so far from helping us to the Asiatic side, are still four instances on record; a Neapoli-out where the Laguna once opens to Fusina. set us down right towards the Archipelago. tan, a young Jew, Mr. Ebenhead, and myself: I had been in the water, by my watch, withNeither Mr. Ebenhead, myself, nor, I will the two last were in the presence of hun- out help or rest, and never touching ground venture to add, any person on board the dreds of English witnesses. With regard tol or boat, four hours and twenty minutes. To this match, and during the greater part of of crossing at the narrowest point, instead in Messina ; and more at home with the books el its performance, Mr. Hoppner, the Consul- of going up to the Cape above it, we should barked on Sunday, the 16th July 1813, on board the general, was witness, and it is well known have been swept down to Tenedos. The brig -, belonging principally to my father to many others.

Mr. Turner can easily Strait is however not extraordinarily wide, Tropps of friends accompanied me as far as the verify the fact, if he thinks it worth while, even where it broadens above and below the sened at best a poor stock of that vulgar beverage by referring to Mr. Hoppner. The distance forts : as the frigate was stationed some time Barclay's Entire. Full of delightful anticipation,

bade adieu to the receding shore of Laucashire and we could not accurately ascertain; it was of in the Dardanelles, waiting for the Firman, the oft-frequented Bidston Light-house, and sur course considerable.

I bathed often in the Strait subsequently to felt myself in a state better to be conceived that - I crossed the Hellespont in one hour our traject, and generally on the Asiatic ries of sea sickness. Five days, I cannot call them

described by those who have experienced the me and ten minutes only. I am now ten years side, without perceiving the greater strength tedious, because books formed a part of my cea older in time, and twenty in constitution of the opposing stream, by which Mr. Turner in three more I found myself in the calm ví is then I was when I passed the Dardanelles, palliates his own failure. Our amusement mouth harbour, after experiencing several stor and yet two years ago I was capable of in the small bay which opens immediately rocks called Longships, the appearance of ulicy swimming four hours and twenty minutes ; below the Asiatic fort, was to dive for the during the gleams of a watery sun, surroutdel sa and I am sure that I could have continued land tortoises, which we fung in

at times almost covered with foam, or what in techer

purpose, nical language are called breukers, kas antelis two hours longer, though I bad on a pair of as they amphibiously crawled along the bot- graud. trowsers—an accountrement which by no tom: this does not argue any greater vio

I was at night much ioterested by the lamades means assists the performance. My two lence of current than on the European shore. or immediately a-stern of the vessel. I love it

appearance of the water in what is termed ta mble, companions were also four hours in the wa. With regard to the modest insinuation, that light suficiently strong to distinguish tal ezt ter. Mingaldo might be about thirty years we chose the European side as “easier," I however, I attempted to secure the particles, para a of age, Scott about six and twenty. With appeal to Mr. Hobhouse and Admiral Ba- played like globules of mercury in the wate, 3 this experience in swimming at different thurst, if it be true or no (poor Ebenhead be

occasionally washed upon the deck.

Satisfied without inquiry, it did not occur to periods of age, not only on the spot, but else- ing since dead.) Had we been aware of any to examine minutely a glass of the sea water, where, of various persons, what is there to such difference of current as is asserted, we lis voyage to Gibraliar, and who proved the de make me doubt that Leander's exploit was would at least have proved it, and were not light in question proceeded from a species oi nedre perfectly practicable? If three individuals likely to have given it up in the twenty-five

or insect.

Falmouth was at that time a bustling place, pro did more than passing the Hellespont, why minutes of Mr. Turner's own experiment.” only froin its being, as it now is

, the principal paint should he have done less? But Mr. Turner

station, but from the constant rendezvous of veica failed; and, naturally seeking a plausible ex

proceeding with convoy, upwards of two bunc u

sail of which were then assembled. We stilu

The Cravelcr. cuse for his failure, lays the blame on the

tained a fortnight before the men of war and mairAsiatic side of the Strait : to me the cause

chant vessels for our destinatiou arrived from TO THE EDITOR.

eastward, during which time I had an opportur. is evident. He tried to swim directly across,

of viewing the environs. I was disappointed and instead of going higher up to take the van

visiting the tin mines, not many miles distant; but

SIR, -After an interval of more than two years, I it was impossible without risking my passage, but tage. He might as well have tried to fly am at length induced to comply with your very flatter- the signal for sailing been made in my ab-cock over Mount Athos.

ing request, that I would contribute a narrative of Peudennis and St. Maw's castles projetsko “ That a young Greek of the heroictimes,

foreign travels to the pages of the Kaleidoscope, and 1 trance of the barbour. The forever is exteesex in love, and with his limbs in full vigour, which I shall devote to the subject. now hand you the first of a series of familiar letters strong; the latter little more than a smallit,

the town a fishing hamlet; although the car

Governor, and the otber sends its Members to might have succeeded in such an attempt, To amuse is my humble aim, although to be the liament. Whilst I remained at Falnizli is neither wonderful nor doubtful. Whether medium of instruction would afford me greater pleasure. were illuminations and other demonstrativo you

If then the facts or observations contained in the follow- for the Hero of Waterloo, who had just before become he attempted it or not is another question, ing letters contribute in the smallest degree to the art. the battle of Vittoria. Many oficers and metham because he might have had a small boat to vancement of literature, science, or the arts; to the embarking to recruit his ranks, full of enlazan save him the trouble.

removal of prejudice, and the consequent enlargement and contributed no little to enliven the secre. of the human mind, my ambition will be abundantly mouth of August so frequently affords

, when

It was one of those euchanting ereuings out the “ I am yours, very truly,

gratified. “ BYRON.

wishod-for signal bade us prepare, and the titel 2*

I have only to add, that important avocations so absorb | moored. The sun was setting in the western “P. S. Mr. Turner says that the swim- my time, that I am unable to pledge myself to any de- and cast a warın glow upon every object: the

was bright and serene; the breeze, aliheunt in ming from Europe to Asia was is the easiest srce of regularity in my communications.

With best wishes for the prosperity of your useful scarcely sufficing to fill the sails. All was iras ** part of the task.” I doubt whether Lean- and entertaining publication, I am

save the cheering cry of sailors hearing the der found it so, as it was the return; how

Your most obedient servant,

from the deep, and at intervals the wasted str.

the bands át Pendennis and on board ibe mir ever, he had several hours between the in


playing the national anibeni of Rule Brito?

Liverpool, April 4, 1821. tervals. The argument of Mr. T. “ that

Our cunvoy consisted of the Venerable, 74, 11:

frigate, and Echo sloop, having under their prot**** higher up or lower down the Strait widens “ Nothing extenuate, nor set down aught in malice.” iu about ninety sail, ainougst which was the te so considerably, that he would have little

brig Francis Ernest, of this purt, then como las. The truth, the whole truth, and nothing but the truth. by the notorious Delano. labour by his starting," is only good for in

So help me, God!

A few days of rough weather brougliais into pie different swimmers. A man of any practice

famed “Bay of Biscay O!' and in a weck mure LETTER I.

inisty mountains vear Curunna were in sight. or skill will always consider the distance, less

I could not look upon the grave of the brave tu! than the strength of the stream. If Lieu- Sir,-Quarreling with my bread and butter for unfortunate Moore without a sigh.


We were highly favoured with fine wertheiser tenant Ebenhcad and myself had thought | au apparently eligible olier of a commercial nature' the west of Portugal, but altuvugh we stere.


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times pretty near the land, and left many vessels at we have sometimes very sharp frosts in this month feeds on insects, in search of which it is continually Oporto and Lisbon, the almosphere was too bazy to as well as in its successor, MÂY:

running up and down small branches of trees. The allow more than a faint glimmer of the rock near

house-wren destroys many pernicious insects. That the latter port.

The traveler deplores

most elegant little bird, the yellow-wren, is only The wild caprice of April's veering hours ; One evening, just before sunset, the commodore

noticed by the frequenters and lovers of the counNow, mid soft gales, throws back her wintry vest, made a signal for the ships to close, an enemy being

try; it is a more early harbinger of spring tban Now, in the rude storm, folds it o'er her breast. in sight. It proved a false alarm, the supposed hos

any other of the migratory tribes: it animates the tile vessels turning out to be Portuguese men of The arrival of the swallow, about the middle of woods by constant motion; and the frequent war. When the largest of them was descried, we the month foretels the approach of summer. The repetition of its simple note bas a cheerful and had no doubt of ber being an American frigate, and swallow was a favourite bird among the Greeks: his varied modulation, that renders it very pleasprobably one of a squadrou on a cruize, and I must first appearance made a holiday for the Greek boys, ing. Its arrival is coinmonly regulated by the sea copless I felt all anxiety to be eyewitness of an ac- and a song has been preserved in Athenæus, by son; but early in April, if the weather be at all ion. I observed the shark and the dolphin in these which the little mendicants used to levy contri- mild, the little groves resound with its harmony. jeas; the latter is a most beautiful fish, in shape butions on the good nature of their fellow.citizens. The stone-curlew or great plover arrives about this

time. like the salmon, but the brilliancy of its colours It is the general opinion of naturalists that the same exceeds description. I did not succeed in harpoon. pair of swallows annually return to the village where Most birds awake early, but yet are abroad at ing any, but the sailors informed me, that whilst the ihey built the preceding year, and attach themselves different times. The rook is the first that awakes fish is in the agonies of death, it changes its colours to the same nest, if it remain : should it be destroy- to salute the rising morn: roosting higher than repeatediy. The dolphin of the ancients, wbich we ed, they erect another in the same station, and this most other birds, the rays of light first reach bis 80 often see introduced in candelabra and tripods, as long as they escape the various contingencies of abode. The restless inquisitive robio immediately is a fabulous creature. Nature seems to have given their migratory life. That rooks feel an attachment follows: he is the last that retires to his dormitory, kreat facilities to the escape of small fish from the to their old nests is obvious, from their commencing and is often about when the night birds appear; its of that insatiable mouster, the shark; as he is the repair of them so long before they finally inhabit and, moving very early in the morning, he has less aliged, from the peculiar construction of his mouth, them, and the noisy warfare that resounds through rest than any other bird. The cheerful melody of turn upon his back before he can seize his prey. the rookery in contending for their ancient posses- the wren comes next, and we hear him caroling often amused myself with throwing cabbage leaves sions. There is perhaps wo bird more attached to when the songster is hardly visible in the twilight. Id other matters to entice them under the stern, particular sites thau ihe common Aycatcher; one The sparrow roosts in holes, and under caves, where od although they swallowed every thing so giveu, pair, or their descendants, building for many years the light of the morning does not so soon enter, could not get them withio harpoon length. In ove successively in the same hole in the wall, or on the and hence he is rather à tardy mover; we see him tempt of this kind, I had well nigh gone overboard, same branch of a fruit-tree: being perfectly barm- peeping from his shed, to note what is going forbich made me desist.

less, and hence never molested, instinct may teach ward: should any food be about, the sparrow in an Passing pretty close to the promontory which them, that where they found safety for their young instant descends and makes himself welcome; and, Tes title to the veteran Earl St. Vincent, Cape at one time, they may find it at another. A pair with a boldness that no other bird possesses, filches rafalgar presented itself, and I sailed tranquilly of these birds has been koown in one season to bis grain from the trough of the pig, or shares with fer the spot rendered famous by the deeds of the bring off two broods from the same nest without the gigantic turkey: scared away, he returns, and eroic Nelson. Several ships liere left us for the its undergoing any repair. .

pilfers a portion, undismayer. The constant atPetern Islands.

Young moles are now to be found in the nests; tendant on man, he follows him to the desert, assoWe had only just arrived at the mouth of the this is a good time, therefore, for destroying them ciates with him in a distant isle, and partakes the štraits of Gibraltar, when a violent gale from the There are commonly four or five in a nest, and profit of his industry; he is not known in a solitary astward, called by seamen a levanter, kept us toss-tbey are naked when first born. Weasels and stoats and independent state. The blackbird leaves his g and tumbling two days and nights; it having, are great enemies to moles, and frequently get into ivy mautled shed. The martin welcomes the first

werer, spent its fury on the third morning, we their holes, kill the inbabitants, and take up their solar ray, and from this time it is difficult to mark e force of the current more than of the wind, as far vermin help to keep up a kind of balance of power of awakening pleasure; if in winter, their voices stered the Straits on the African side, and coasting, own abode there. Thus do the several sorts of the priority of our wakers: if in summer, an uni

versal tuning and piping confounds the first notes Apes Hill in Barbary, one of the Pillars of Her.

among them. des , opposite Gibraltar, a light breeze carried us,

The next bird which appears after the swallow, is rarely detect them; a twit or a short chirp, when ber sixteen days”, ploughing, the main, into safe that sweet warbler the nightingale. From the time disturbed, alone is uttered. lehorage under the guns of this justly celebrated of Homer to the present day, the poets have ever The tenants of the air are, in this month, busily stress. The peculiar situation and great im- considered the nightingale as a melancholy bird. employed in forming their temporary habitations, istance of Gibraltar will be a sufficient excuse for y entering into rather a minute description of its That beautiful little bird the wryneck makes its and in rearing and maintaining their offspring.

About the middle of April, the bittern makes a rious interesting points, I shall therefore reserve appearance about the middle of the month, prech for the matice of another letter, and, in the ceeding the cuckoo by a few days. The well known hollow booming noise during the night in the breedlerin, bid you adieu.

cry of the cuckoo is heard soon after the wryneck, ing season, from its swampy retreats.
and ceases the latter end of June; its stay is short;
the old cuckoos being said to quit this country end of the month, and affords great delight to the

The song of the blackcap is heard towards the about the end of June. The Katuralist's Diary,

lovers of raral harmony. The time of the arrival Hail to thee, shouting Cuckoo! in my youth

of the male bird is often the most enchanting part For APRIL, 1821. Thou wert long time the Ariel of my hope,

of our spring; the groves resound with that graThe marvel of a summer! it did soothe

tulation and harmony which are so particularly exTo listen to thee on some sunny slope,

bilirating at this season, after the long silence and [To be continued throughout the year.]

Where the high oaks forbade an ampler scope deprivation of winter. The most eminent of the choir
Than of the blue sky upward--and to sit,

is the blackcap, and his fine clear melody is easily Canopied, in the gladdening horoscope low laughing Spring comes on, and birds, in pairs, Which thou, my planet flung--a pleasant fit,

distinguishable. Immediately npon his arrival be hip in the lively woods, while balmy airs Long time my hours endeared, my kindling fancy smit. begins to make a nest which he soon abandons, and

commences another; and thus often makes a third und warming beams, no more with frests at strife, And thus I love thee still-thy monotone

or a fourth essay before he is satisfied with his laVake from its trance the genial tide of life,

The self-same transport Aashes through my frame; bours or bis site: during the period of incubation hat, as it flows through Nature's swelling veins, And when thy voice, sweet Sybil, all is flown

he is timid and restless to a degree; when the sumTees every pulse from Winter's icy chains,

My eager ear, I cannot chuse but blame. ind tints her mantling cheek with rosy hue,

O may the world these feelings never tame!

mer fruits become ripe, his timidity ceases, and, ind calls her vernal beauties all to view. If age o'er me her silver tresscs spread,

repairing to our gardens with all his progeny, comI still would call thee lry a lover's name,

mences his ravages : the antwerp raspberry is his At this time of general renovation among the And deem the spirit of delight unfied,

delight, and he clears away the crop in our very arious tribes of plants and trees, the swelling buds Nor bear, though gray without, a heart to nature dead! presence with a boldness he at no other time posspring from their coverts,'

Wiffen's Aonian Hours. sesses. The garden fruit becoming scarce, he reAnd push away the withered leaves that hung.

tires from the scene of his plunder, and leaves the Whispering through many a shivering, wintry blast,

The other summer birds of passage which arrive kiugdom very early. A gentleman once tried the To fall in the first breath of Spring at last.

this month, make their appearance in the following experiment of having a considerable number of the In April the weather is mild, with gentle showers, walls and ruinous edifices; the yellow wren; the with no success: the depredation on his fruit was

order: the ring-ousel, the redstart, frequenting old spring flight destroyed previously to the batch, but fording to vegetables an abundaạt supply of water, swift ; the whitethroat; the grasshopper lark, the not lesssened; he lost his harmony, and saved no which is so indispensibly necessary to their exist smallest of the lark kind; and, lastly, the willow-fruit: the experiment was not repeated. A ripe Eace. This is the general character of April; yet, wren, which frequents hedges and shrubberies, and jargonel pear is one of his prime delights.

Many compliments paid to each man or each maid, He held in his hand, not a magical wand,
Who in dressing had shown a good taste,

But the pedigree through which he traces,
From the mob flew about with a laugh or a shout, And readily brings his descent from the Kings
Who then to the doors let them haste.

Of Cyprus and other great places.
At the entrance-hall of this gay fancy ball,

We are happy to hear, there's no longer a fear
The attention of each was arrested;

That his claims will be set at defiance; Shrubs and plants in profusion caus'd such a delusion, 'Tis by Congress ad. nitted that Frank is well fitted

'Twas “Spring's breathing time" they protested. For a member of a holy alliance.

It is here we may mention what care and attention, Arnold Harrison now, with the antiquate box,
Indeed what exertions un wearied,

Which his ancient court dress suited best,
John Turner alone to collect tliese bad shown,

To a corner retiring, stood silent, admiring And dispose them ; so tastefully varied.

Frank's coat and magnificent vest. As the guests now on glided, a pavilion provided In friendship united, Frank and Arnold, delighted, Of the Bachelors' Ball (with the characters all)

With stars and with crescents resplendent,

With looks of regard viewed each other; That was held at the Wellington Rooms ;

In the grand Turkish style, which, on viewing awhile, Pylades, Orestes, by both well exprest is, Of this fanciful freak once more let us speak,

Show'd the same tasteful superintendent.

In heart and hand each a sworn brother. To describe the most curious costumes.

Here sofas all round, almost low as the ground, James Aspinall next, was a little perplexed, Al the world of haut ton, all the strangers, each one, With Ottomans circled so gay,

His armour had weighty objections; With others from many miles round;

Pure Grecian, no question, young Foster's suggestion, All the officers brave, all the gay and the grave,

Yet so polished was he that ourselves we could see,
The modern Palladio, they say.

Without making any reflections.
In this motly mixture were found.
Quitting now this retreat and its soft easy seat,

He had come from the wars covered over with scars, It was long buzz'd about that a mighty great rout

In passing the anti-rooms through,

As Sir Dugald Dalgetty of old ; Was the Bachelors' determination ;

Sweet concord of sounds through the ball-room re- With a lance of great length and Herculean strength, But when it was known, and the thing fairly blown,


A knight as complete, brave and bold. It caus'd a most inighty sensation.

E'er they enter'd its dazzling view. The cards of invite few by day and by night,

Sir Dugald, of course, lacked nought but his harx,
Tho' bewildered the sight, yet with fondest delight
At first—to each favourite fair ;

Once Menzies' Sir Ulic, far-famed;
The eye wandered quick, but confounding,

But Sir Dugald insists, since he entered the list
Next to country cousins, by sixes and dozens,
And friends who would wish to be there.
As on every side 'twas in vain to decide

That his horse great Gustavus be nanı'd.

On the costume and dresses surrounding. But reho would not wish to partake of a dish

What a glorious sight to see such a knight They might ne'er in their lives see again; Many females so fair had assum'd a new air,

On such a grand charger firm seated! What mind so invidious, what taste so fastidious,

And many, tho' oft styl'd the Graces,

When he next takes the field, let other knights field, What man so unlike other men ?

Had come to the Rooms in some ancient costumes, In despair, all disgraced, and defeated.

And look'd like old friends with new faces. Q believe us 'tis true, what we say entre nous,

Now looking around, Sir Dugald soon found That many who sigh'd for admission,

But in spite of old gowns, and broad hats with low That the girls were all smiling and smirking; After labouring hard, sans procuring a card,


So he doff'd his cuirass and his helmet of brasi,
Were compelled to repress their ambition.
Or with rouge, which no cheek e'er enriches,

And danced in a cool leather jerkin.
Their beauty shone through, so clear to the view,
But a card once secured and admission ensured,

We could swear they were Lancashire witches. As Hudibras queer he now did appear,
The happy delighted possessor

And still a knight-errant his trade is; Now ransack'd old prints, of all countries, for hints,

Many others, dear creatures, preserved their sweet fea. But particular offers still waiving, he proffers Europe, Asia the greater and lesser.


His protection to all the fair ladies.

And came with their right honest looks,
Not a part of the globe but they eagerly probe,
Enchanted, enchanting, whatever was wanting,

Mr. Headlam, disguis’d, many friends much surprizi, America, Africa too; 'Twas clear they'd not studied from books.

And as Duke of Ripper do appear'd; Quick vers'd in these topics, from the Line to the Tropics,

With a fine Spanish gravity, mixed with suavity, Not a dress but they instantly knew. No Janus was there to make the folk stare

He wore his mustachios and beard.

At the face, or before or behind,
Portfeuilles of designs flew about and gave signs,
But profiles divided as if undecided,

Messrs. Lawrence, 'tis true, now came in our view, 'Twas a chance if they e'er were recover'd ;

As De Jodelet, and De Mascarille, For thus toss'd about many lost were no doubt,

Show'd youth and age strangely combined.

In magnificent dress, which was nevertheless As their luckless collectors discovered. 'Mongst the men there were seen both the air and the

Mistook for a French deshabille. All the tailors of note who had e'er cut a coat,

mien, Having hastily taken new measures, of many that might be styl'd gentle,

But we who can speak to these dresses antique,

Which others have thought rather antic, Were employ'd, as they say, both by night and by day, Who in foreign costume for once could assume To suit all their customers' pleasures.

The manners of men with a rental.

Can freely declare, if they read Moliere,
They will prove themselves foolish or frantie

. All the top mantua-makers both Christians and Quakers, Many others with cloaks, which excited the jokes It must be confessed they were not over dress'd; All milliners of a fine fancy,

Of the fair, of their friends, or their neighbours, And of this we are certain and sure, So busy were kept that for nights they ne'er slept, Tho' ill they became 'em, with caution we blame 'em That in trimmings and laces, in manners and graces, Mistress, maid, and poor 'prentice girl Nancy. For wanting some taste in their labours.

They correct were, not caricature. The Finneys, Macleans, Woodvilles, Hodgsons, and some men of condition and honest ambition

We now must give place to a curious Case, Cains, (Had such been their fortune or fate)

Which the greatest attention excited ; The Dansons, the Tétleys, the Rennies,

Stood fairly confessed, by their dresses express'd, How the Case was so blunder'd, the company wondela All naines dear to fashion, led by Graystock and Cash on, How they long'd to be Rulers of State.

To see a Ratcatcher invited! Intent were securing the pennies.

Some fine Turkish habits with crmine of rabbits; But Burroughs most shone, as yet little known,

At first, on our word, we had thought him a Lord Of red, green, or blue were here sported,

Of noble descent and degree; A young London tailor of merit,

With turhans of white, grac'd with jewels so bright, For those who have tried him have always employed him,

But his ribbon of blue, when it came to near Fier

And plumes of gay feathers assorted. And others will not long defer it.

Was stain'd with the Rats, we could see.
Before the gay throng to the Rooms dash'd along, Many Scotchmen with green or red tartans were seen, As we think it but right to throw every light
They call'd by the way at friends' houses,
To distinguish his several clan,

On this Case, it may fairly be stated,
Where crowds were collected, as might be expected, With his kilt, fillibeg, and hose half up the leg, Tho' he stood at A i the time by gone,
Boys and girls, married men and their spouses.
Show'd off the fine form of the man.

And now down at E he is rated
At length, about ten, all the maids and the men But the dresses alone which conspicuously shone, Yet his timbers are found so good and so sound,
Whom the Bachelors kindly invited,
Or to characters bore some resemblance,

That at Lloyd's they have once more insur'd him; All flew to their carriage, as if to their marriage, We'll not merely mention, but 'tis our intention

Being pretty well pay'd they are not much afraid

, And (scemingly) quite as delighted. To name those we have in remembrance.

As they think of dry rot they have cured him. As the Rooms they drew near there was somewhat of fear, First, Jordan so Frank, who aspired to the rank When again he sets sail he'll weather a gale, That the mob might become rather rude, Of Devon's great Earl, Courtenail,

Of average losscs steer clear ; For they forc'd down the glasses to look at the lasses, (Most correctly express'd and most splendidly dress'd) With another good coating again set a floating, As oft as the carriages stood. Bore a proud and pre-eminent sway.

And properly rigg'd he'll appear.

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