Page images

that centering here, expands over the world, sapente, was suudainly crowded with humane, like the , and crowded with tombs of an ancient and massive wherever there is want to be relieved, or in- Olde, riche and poore, together; and the inhabitants do now

scemeterie of some anciente citic, faire and foule, younge and character. Just by, stands the parsonage, w bere jury to be redressed, or sorrow to be comfort-soberly averre, that, on drearie blusterous dayes, the bui iale carte Thomas Seward the poet, and his still more celi. ed; now depopulating the pirate's dungeon; grstlie companie gathering about those mountaine tombus—and since enlarged, where the ever-memorable William

will be seen wearilie trailinge up the dede man's liill, a sheeted brated daughter Anna, once resided; and though now upfettering the distant African. Con- sometimes on summer evenings, a. sounds of solemne psalmes Mompesson and his devoted and Ca. quering, with Victory, herself a captive;

tbarine offered life and all in the service of their a willing captive in the triumph of Hu

Crossing these high moors about three miles, we afflicted flock. These and other interesting charac. manity. This is her eulogium, far brighter saw Eyam before us, placed in a situation similar to ters, who have acted here a little part of their drena than ambition's crown, far more lasting that of Longstone, at the foot of another lofty range of human life, call up a spirit from the dead to than conquest's acquisitions; these are the of moor-land. As we approached, its situation be- sbroud the pilgrim of nature in the solemo infgenee deeds of genuine, permanent, indisputable

cane every moment more interesting. It appeared of their metnories. Some manuscripts of different

to stretch along a level about a mile in leugth. characters of genius or worth, which it has been ibe glory. This is the pillar of her imperish- Bebind, rose that wild, high mountain, whence iwo fate of this secluded spot to possess, are still in the able fame, which shall rise to heaven from valleys broke and ran down towards the town; the hands of different individuals in the neighbourhood; its island base, triumphant and eternal, when one on the right, wide, deep, and gloomy with wood. and many a traditionary story, I doubt not, might be empire's monuments are in dust around it. On the slope behind the town was scattered here learnt from the oldest inhabitants, which, if we had Go on then, first of nations, in the van of and there a pleasant house and plantation : before bad time, I should have liked to seek after

. Here charity. The flowers of earth and splen- of trees, appearing most beautiful amidst the naked victim to conjugal affection during the plague which

it, and immediately around it, rose a rich profusion is the tomb of Catherine Mompesson, who fell a dors of eternity shall bloom and beam

ness of the surrounding country. Descending still raged here in 1666, the year after that in London, around you in your progress; and for you, from our lofty situation, Middleton Dale, like a whence it was brought. On the best paenel are her champions in this trophied enterprize, deep abyss, with its awful perpendicular rocks ruu- the emblems of time, the wings and the boar-glass, your country will honour you; your hearts wing parallel with the town, burst suddenly upon and the motto, “Cave, nescitis horum.” On the will thank you; when you approach your

our view, and seemed to cut off all access to it. slab this inscription :- Catherina Uror Guil; homes, you will be welcomed there by the

The lower we descended, the more the grandeur and Mompesson kujus Ecclesiæ rect. Filia Padulphi

sublimity of that romantic dell augmented; the more Carr nuper de Cockin in Comitatu Deerelmeres spirits of the homeless, to whom you have the fields on the tops of the rocks, between the dell Armogeri Sepulta Vicissimo quinto Die Augrdi, given shelter ; when you embrace your lit. and the town, seemed to rise like beautiful islands Ann. Dom. 1666. This tomb was found by Horani tle ones, the orphan's blessing will make from their shadowy depths. From Middletou Tale the philanthropist, throwo down, and in the most their eye its throne, and smile upon you two other dells about two bundred yards from each completely conoticed state, and by him restored. the light of its retribution; and if hereafter other run at right angles towards the town; one of Such an object, the fallen and dilapidated tomb of " the hour of adverse vicissitude should them beautifully enriched with trees; and up theother, such a woinan; a woman, who, in the bloom of

immediately before iis, passed the road. Standing youth and of unusual beauty, is said to have taken arise,” if that home should be desolate, and to survey our situation here, the mountains between her smiling children in ber arins and to bave fallen those dear ones parentless, many a spirit which we had descended, rose behind majestically, at the feet of her husband at the breaking out of the will put up its prayer, that the universal a clear little stream rushed sparkling down by us, plague, imploring him for their dear sakes to fly Father may look upon their orphanage, and and before us piles of lofty and gigantic rocks-some, from the contagious spot; but on fioding him insooth and shield it with the grace of his like ranges of towers with a naked and desolate movable, rose with a calm and resigned diguits

, protection."

grandeur-others, stupendous precipices, crowned conveyed her infants to a safe retreat, and equally

with overhanging trees and mantled with ivy and unyielding to her husband's entreaties for ber to Mr. Phillips was heard throughout with tufts of mountain flowers, stood in an awful array leave him to his duties and provide for her or the most profound silence; and when he of savage and inimitable sublimity. Passing be- safety, became his coustant and most animus had concluded, the cheering continued for a tween these mighty barriers of nature up to the helpmate in all his most arduous and perilous acts considerable time.

town, we were agreeably surprised by the tones Lions; could not fail to make a deep impressiva e

of a piano from a villa hid by trees at its entrance. a mind like Howard's. Near the tomb staods : The Traveler.

-Music, amid this region of wild and inspiring cross, of a most ancient and singular sculpture.

scenes, so welcome to the soul, afloat on the stream Here are some curious examples of rustic epilapsi (Never before published. )

of novel excitement, and so unexpected, needed only “ Here lith the Body of Ann Sellars a little imagination in the hearer to make him dream

Buried By This Stone,
of beauty and youthful grace, and enthusiastic

Who Died On Jan. 18, 1731 ;
genius directing its tones : it seemed more than to

Likewise Here Lise Dean Isaac
THRO' SOME OF THE MOST ROMANTIC PARTS OF realize an arrival before the magical abode of Circe. Sellars, My Husband and My

Right. Who was Buried on That
“ A palace in a woody valley found,

Same Day Come Seven Years 1738.
7th Month, 1820.
Brown with dark forests and with shades around;

In Seven Years Time There Comes
A voice celestial echoing from the dome,

A Change
Of nymph or goddess chaunting to the loom."

Obsarve, And Here You'll See, (Continued from page 355.)

It scemed to speak of gifted and cultivated souls On That Same Day Come Seven
drawing the charms and elegancies of polished life

into the lone and rocky wilderness, and raising the

My Husband's Dead By Me." paradise of literary ease and domestic bliss, and the It was fortunate the old woman died first, a one “ The wilde heathe which heretofore had only received into purest enjoyments of artificial existence, in the very might suspect from the last line that she batt its bosome the carcases of the salvage beastes, or the patiente bosom of nature's most romantic glens. Our first murdered “ Dear Isaac" by an ungodly toogue u sheepe, that dumbly suffering dies, and bleaching awaye in the visit was, as usua', to the church-yard. It bas a some other fatal weapon. windes leaves a greene spotte as a memorial of its deathe; or the birde which the shepherde noteth by its bones, talons, and pleasing and venerable aspect, planted round, like On the tower is fixed the following, remarkab leathers, to have bene rente by the cruelle hawke or charning many in the peak villages, with flourishing limes, I for the skilful division of its lines :

" Eliz. Laugher Ob. Feb. 4th 1741. Ætat 24. ing height, covered with a rich garment of green , undaunted Amidst the overpowering pestilence, " Fear no more the

bushes, and wild roses with huge towers like crags though it had torn from his heart the glory of his Heat o'th Sun,

springing from it, balf concealed in boughs, and youth, the calmer of his troubles, and the sweetest Nor the furious

moss, and luxuriant iry. You follow the winding hope of his declining years, next to the supporting Winter's rages; Thou thy worldly

course of the grassy valley beneath the shade of spirit of his God. A more illustrious proof of the Task has done,

trees, by a little gurgling stream, while your eye efficacy of the Christian faith, and of the wisdom and Home art gone, and

is perpetually drawn from one noble object to an- consolatory advantages arising from his religion, Taen thy wager,

other. About half way up, on the left, a high mass were perhaps never given, than by this admirable

of rock stanis on an eminence, which would be character on this solemn and terrible occasion : I weep thee now,

nearly concealed in the trees, did you not see the What else could arm a man with courage sufficient, But I too must

light through two natural arches: these are the when he saw the deadly pestilence approaching, aud Here end with

arches wbere the pastor used to address the people. calculated all its tremendous effects, so lately seen Thee, and turn to dust :

Ascending to them you find another noble arch in the metropolis? what else could arm him with In Christ may end

passing from one to the other, and forming a fine courage, aud endue him with philanthropy enough. -Less union prove

uatural temple. Beyond these the vale expands to await the storm, not merely calm and unruffled, The consummation

on all sides, forming a sort of amphitheatre, sur but engaged in deep conceivings how to shelter his of our love."

rounded by high fertile hills, thinly shaded by tall Aock from its devastations, and scorning to balance Neither of these, however, is equal to one now

trees. To the left a gloomy corner, shrouded with life, affection, every thing but heaven, against the standing in Longnor Churchyard, four miles from wood, attracts your attention. You enter it, and protection of bis fellow men? ! put out of the Hartington :

behold two lofty precipices gradually approaching question those instances of Greek and Roman pa. " Here lies my three children dear,

each other towards the farther end, and covered triotism which are recorded with so much applause, Two at Hartington, and one here;

with trees that unite their bouglis far above you because they were displayed on the theatre of mighty They are gone to rest I hope in heaven ;

and form a sort of savage grotto. A chasm above, nations, and it is easy to conceive in the fame they One thousand eight hundred and seven.

large enough to admit a man, runs far between the would purebase, an adequate excitement; but that Our next visit was to the glen where the people approximating sides of the rocks, down which a patriotism which devoted its possessor to death in used to assemble, during the plague, for divine stream comes rushing, and all below is a rude scene the eyes of a few hundreds of lowly and undistin. worship, and their pastor addressed them from a of scattered crags, damp and cold, and overrun with guished individuals, which thus rose and exerted rock. This excellent man by his influence pre- tall ramping plants,—the chervil, the sweet cicely, itself in the depth of those obscure glens, unsoothed vailed upon his parishioners not to flee at the break- and the red lychnis; while ibe long green fronds of by the hope of consequent renown, unwelcomed ing out of the plague, and thus to carry it into a the hart’s-tongue, and various ferns, hang with the by the anticipations of earthly recompense, must multitude of places, but to remain in their own beautiful blue tussocks of the waving harebell from draw its vigour from a deeper source, and that village, and by every wise endeavour, by prayer, the dank cliffs. This romantic valley, in short, source could be nothing less than the promises of and by, every prudent regulation, to remove the combines almost every attribute that a poetic fancy the Gospel. But when the fury of the tempest acdreadful calamity. This piety and wisdom well can bestow upon the most beautiful rural seclusion. tually descended; when he saw around him nothing merited the astonishing confidence of his flock. Though close to the town, its high surrounding but haggard terror and dissolution, in every appalHe was their pillar of earthly hope, and their direc-hills impress you with the idea of complete isola- ling shape; when every domestic hearth, where bis tor, and inspirer of a higher; their physician, and tion from the world ; a profound silence for ever holy inculcations had tightened the bonds of nature, pastor, and friend. To avoid the dangerous con. dwells there; and its verdure, and mingling shade and raised peace, affection, and happiness, were sequences of assembling in the church, they met in and sunny slopes sooth deliciously the musing scenes of the most dismal confusion; the dead, the ad adjoining glen where each could sit apart, and fancy, which the wilder features of the place had dying, and the terrified, all claiming his attention; their invaluable teacher could deliver his addresses startled and expanded. Here, on Sabbath evenings, and when, to close the melancholy climax, his befrom a rock opposite to them. This is the woody the inhabitants of the village resort to walk and loved wife, who had in vain been urged to retire dell we saw as we approached, to the left of the read in its shady recesses. Here you may well from the contagious spot who had assisted his road, as we entered the town. This is a delightful imagine in past ages some holy anchorite's abode, counsels and partaken of bis labours for his afflicted spot. like that described by Spencer:

people, perished in bis arms; what could enable “ Ecco ! non leingi un vel cespuglio vide

" A little lowly hermitage it was,

this widowed, lonely, isolated man to pour out of Di spín fioriti e di vermiglie róse

Down in a dale, hard by a forest's side,

a spirit which every earthly circumstance conspired Che de le líquid 'onde a specchio fiéde

Far from resort of people that did pass

to dash, to wither, and exhaust,-a nepevthe so poChiuso dal sol fia l'alte quércie ombróse

In travel to and fro; a little wide

tent, that it lulled the woes and alarmıs of the living, Cosé voto nel mezzo che concede

There was a little chapel edified,

and brightened the sudden deathbed with the visions Frisca stanza fia l'ombre pui nascose

Wherein the hermit duly went to say

of a blissful eternity? The dauntless fortitude with E la foglia coi rámi in módo e mesta,

The holy things, at morn and eventide:

which he sustained the weight of the cares and disChe'l sol non í entra non che mina vesta

Thereby a clırystal stream did gently play, tractions of his whole Aock, though pressed so Dentro lítto vi fan tinere erbitte

Which from a sacred fountain welled forth alway."closely with his own; the sagacity which marked Ch 'invitano a posaree chi s'appresenta.”

This spot, you feel sure, must have witnessed his plans when he was barrassed by numbers, and ARIOSTO.

the joyous metiogs, and heard the vows and bad no calm friend to consult; and the astonishing At the bottom of Middleton Dale, stupendous affectionate parlance of all the more passionate influence which his wisdom, piety, and affection rocks with trees, like those we just spoke of, sur and sentimental lovers of the neighbouring village gave him over his parishioners, empowering him to rounded the entrance. About a hundred yards is for ages: but most of all, the idea of that solemn make so noble an effort to save his country from open to the road, destitute of bushes, grassy, and assembly dwells upon the imagination, when terrors the propagation of that dreadful distemper, are so grazed by sheep. A wall there runs across it, and and desolation hovered over the place, and death was many proud and collective proofs of the magnania mass of trees seem to close the entrance. Passing busy amongst the panic-struck multitude: when mous and godlike eminence to which Christianity over the walls among the trees, a footpath leads you all communication was cut off with every other will elevate the human soul! And are we really up the middle of the dell, amidst an assemblage place, and every one expected bis fate the next, invited to partake the benefits of this same religion? of wild and beautiful scenes which it is impossible and hopeless of this world, came to listen to the Can we hesitate a moment? And are there any to describe. On the one hand are vast precipices, promises of a better, from the pious, affectionate, human beings destitute of its knowledge? Can on the other a steep bank runs up to an astonish- I and indefatigable pastor, who still stood calm and there want another argument to induce us to

cummunicate to them a secret thus capable of


Ye sons to comrades of my youth, emparadising prosperity, and of charming away, as

Forgive an auld man's spleen ; a mere gloomy vision, the most dreadful, aggra. SIR, I found the above verses a few days ago, in a

Wha 'midst your gayest scenes still mourns vated, and complicated calamities ? Alas! that any letter, written in 1809 : if they are not already in print The joys he ance has seen. brother mortal should want such an antidote to his and well known, the feeling that pervades them will, I

When time is past and seasons fled, miseries! I stood upon the spot occupied by this trust, make them deserving of a place in your agreeable

Your hearts may feel like mine; Veuerable man with a sensation of awe and admi- and useful miscellany.-) am, &c.

And then the sang will maist delight, ration, heightened by the cbaracter of the sur.

That minds you o' lang syne.

A SUBSCRIBER AND WELL-WISHER. rounding scenes, till I could almost persuade myself

isth May, 1821. I saw him beside me, and that I read the counte.

SONNET, nances of his audience on the opposite bill, and


TO MY OWN NOSE. saw dismay and terror gradually yielding to bis avimated arguments, till bis own glowing faith When silent time, with lightly foot,

(From the New Monthly Magazine and triumph of invincible boliness brighteged over Had trod on thirty years, every. face,

I sought again my native land,

Oh, Nose! thou rudder in my face's centre, We next went to the place on the high moor Wi' mony hopes and fears.

Since I must follow thee until I die; about a mile from the town, where those who died Wha kens if the dear friends I left

Since we are bound together by indenture, of the plague were buried : we found only the

May still continue mine;

The Master thou, and the Apprentice l; marks of the interment of one family of the name

Or if I e'er again may taste

Oh! be to thy Telemachus a Mentor ; of Hancock. A tomb is placed over the pareuls,

The joys I left lang syne.

Though oft invisible, for ever nigh; with an inscription and motto “ Orate et vigilate,

Guard him from all disgrace and misadventure, As I drew near my ancient pile,

From hostile tweak, or love's blind mastery. nescitis boram;" and six headstones of their children My heart beat all the way ; stand in a scattered manger about it : four yew

Ilk place I pass'd seem'd yet to speak

So shalt thou quit the city's stench and smoke,

For hawthorn lanes and copses of young oak, trees grew amongst them but they are now cut

Of some dear former day : down. It is recorded ibat between the 7th of Sept

Those days that followed me afar,

Scenting the gales of heaven, that have not yet

Lost their fresh fragrance since the morning broke, 1065, and Nov. 1666, there were 260 burials, and

Those happy days of mine,
That mak' me think the present days

And breath of flow'rs, “ with rosy May-dews Fet' 91 years afterwards, ibe ground being accidentally

Are naething to lang syne.

The primrose, cowslip, bluebell, violet. disturbed, the plague broke out again and carried vff great numbers. We were toll of a trough, on

The ivy'd tower now met my eye,
the top of the moor, wbere claritable contributions
Where minstrels used to blaw ;

Nae friend stepp'd furth wi' open hand,

TO MY BIG-TOE. were left in water, principally by the Duke of De

Nae weel-kenn'd face I saw ; voushire, during the plague, but we could not Till Donald totter'd to the door,

TORIGINAL.] find it.

Wham I kennd in his prime,
And grat to see the lad return,

Oh, my big toe! my trunk's remotest sprout!
He bare about lang syne.

In youth, I owed to thy elastic tip
I ran to ilka weel-kenn'd place,

The joyful race, the hop, the jumps the skip;

And thou hast ever urged me in my rout:
In hopes to find friends there ;

If, with rude bully, I have fallen out,
I saw where ilka ane had sat,

Thou ever in the breach wert good as whip.
And hung on mony a chair ;

Oh! may the frosts of winter niever nip,
Till saft remembrance threw a veil
Across these e'en o'mine,

Nor upstart stone oppose thy venturous shout,
I shut the door and sabb'd aloud,

And through thy leathern house a window break!
To think on auld lang syne.

But mayst thou ever bear me firm and true, concen

Whether, at morn, to hear the Jark awake;
Some puny chields, a new-sprung race,

Or list, at twilight, to the lone cuckoo;
Wad next their homage pay,

Or, when I would the noontide ray forsake, They shudder'd at my gothic walls,

For lovelier beams from Julia's eyes of blue ! Dearest Ellen, what can move thee

And wish'd my groves away.


LORENZO Still to barbour doubt and fear?

“Cut, cut," they cried, “ these aged elms, There's nought on earth I prize above thee,

Lay low yon ancient pine :"
There's nought on earth I love so dear,
“ Na, na, your fathers' names grow there,

Full many weary hours are past;
Memorial o' lang syne."

Full many a deep and heart-wrung sigh
To win me frae sic waefa' thoughts

I've breathed since I beheld thee last,
And gaz'd upon thy jet-black eye.
They took me to the town,

Body of the Room 35. Galiery 28.
Where soon in ilka weel kenn'd face
But rolling years may pass away, love ;

I miss'd the youthfu' bloom.

The Readings and Recitations of this Gentlemas, Mighty empires rise and fall;

At balls they pointed to a nymph,

which are considerably varied each evening, are, Still each slow-revolving day, love,

feel pleasure in saying, attended by the most respectable Whain all declar'd divine ; audiences. His evenings are Mondays, Wednesdays

, Thy remembrance must recal.

But sure her mother's blushing face

and Fridays; but we have to state, that the present Think not, dear maid, this constant heart

Was fairer far lang syne.

week will afford the only opportunities, to the liverpool

Public, of enjoying his instructive and amusing speri. Will ever change; for, oh! believe me,

In vain I tried in music's sound

mens of Elocution, as Mr. P. proceeds to London alter I'd scorn to act so base a part,

Friday evening.

To find that magic art, As first to win, and then deceive thee.

Which aft in Scotia's ancient lays "Then let not idle fears op; ress thee,

Had thrill'd thro' a' my heart.

O; thography:-(Inserted at the request of a cortes, Dear to me thou'lt always be ;

The sang had mony an artsu' turn,

pondent, who does not probably know

that it has alreado

graced our columns.)- The following note was received no perplexing doubts distress thee :

My ear confess'd 'twas fine;

lately by a Surgeon : _"Cer,-- Yole oblige me uf yede Thou'rt more than life, dear girl, to me.

Yet miss'd the simple melody,

kom ui ce me; I hev a Bad Kowd, am Hill in my Liverpool, May 14, 1821.

Bow Hills, and hev lost my lappy Tight.”

That touch'd my heart lang syne.

Scientific Records.

Mr. Hutchinson's, results are from an average of 25

years' observations at Liverpool; namely, from 1708 to (Comprehending Notices of new Discoveries or Improvements in Science or Art; including, occasionally, singular 1792, inclusive.

Medical Cases; Astronomical, Mechanical, Philosophical, Botanical, Meteorological, and Mineralogical Pheno. mena, or singular Facts in Natural History, Vegetation, &c.; Antiquities, &c; to be continued in a Series through the Volume.)






third ........ .29.827; | fourth ......29.717 ;


six summer months, 39.827 inches;

1 Jan. Feb. March April May June July Aug. Sept. Oct. Nov. | Dec. 29.88 29.65 30.01 29.64 29.63 29.81 29.67 29.65 29.62 29.65 29.46 29.71 29.61

29.89 99.98 29.66 29.68 29.76 22 73 29.64 29.63 29.49 | 29.67 29.64 29.34 29.53 29.89 29.69 29.73 29.55 29.72 29.50 29.52 29.95 29.77 29.56 29.00 29.59 29.45 29.56 29.67 29.93 29.50 29.64 29.87 29.70 29.11 29.39 29.66 29.13 30.00 29.45 29.43 29.64 29.81 29.69 29.82 29 39 29.86 29.52 29.77 29.33 29.68 29.91 29.86 29.88 29.92 30.01 30.07 29.26 29.86 30.04 30.10 29.53 30.19 29.90 29.64 30.06 29.79 30.11 30.08 29.61 29.76 29.89 29.51 30.16 29.79 29.88 30.14 30.12 29.99 30.00 30.15 '29.83 29.77 29.42 29.95 29.86 29.75 3000 30.00 29.96 30.14 30.00 30.00 29.94 80.04 29.84 29.69 29.89 29.83 29.82 29.92 30.02 29.72 30.02 29.95 29.90 29.82 29.75 29.83 29.95 29.87 30.39 29.84 29.92 29.85 29.74 30.04 30.10 29.98 29.63 29.68 29.53 29.35 29.57 29.44 29.88 29.95 29.92 29.64 29.71 29 66 29.90 29.52 29. 43 29.70 29.66 29.77 29.75 29.88 29.81 29.81 29.67 29.57 29.57 29.72 29.82 29.76 29.80 29.59 29.79 29.81 29.72 129.80 29.13 29.73 29.83

IS07 1ՏՈՏ I 809 1810 IS11 1812 IS13 1814 1815 JS16 IS17 1618 1819 1820

29.65.10 m.
29.61*.14 m.

.05 p.
29.70.05 m.

Difference of annual from general Mean

The whole of the results I will arrange as under:


29.77 Dec.


Jan. Feb. March April May June July Aug. Sept. Oct.
Mr. Hutchinson's Mcans...... 29.75 29.61 29.82 29.79 29.78 29.79 29.78 29.77 29.67 29.71 29.67 29.68

Ditto ...... 29.78 29.81 29.87 29.86 29.89 29.98 29.89 29.94 29.92 29.80 29.76

Ditto ....., 29.66 29.66 29.81 | 29.78 29.73 29.86 29.82 29.82 29.84 29.66 29.73 29.69 ||29.75
General Monthly Ditto ...... 29 73 29.69* 29.839 29.81 29.80 29.87* 29.83 29.84* 29.81 29.72" 29.72 29.71

.06p. .04p. .03p. .10p. .06p. .07 p. 04p. .05m. .05m. .06m.
Diff. from the Gen. An. Mean .04m. .08 m.
Mr. Dalton's

.101 p.

From the above general results, it appears, that March, April, May, Juno, July, August, and September are all above the
general annual mean ; but June, July, and August possess a marked superiority above the rest. January, February, October,
November, and December are all under the mean.


Tal Means

29.66° 29.66* 29.81* 29.78 29.73* 29.86" 29.82 29.82 29.84 29.66* 29.73° 29.69* | 29.75"

.091 m.

six winter months, 29.733 inches;

[blocks in formation]

General Mean of the first 3 months, 29.750; second ......29.827;

General Mean of the first three months, 29.704; second, 29.791 ; third, 29.830; fourth, 29.693 inches. General Mean of the first six months, 29.747; of the second, 29.761 inches; of the six winter months, 29.698 ;

and of the six summer months, 29,810 inches.

General Mean of the

The highest barometrical pressure, which took place reached 30.86, on the 1st of May, 1814; 30.84,on the 30th in the above fourteen years, was 30.88 inches: it occur. of November, 1816; 30.80, on the 29th of March, 1811, red on the 7th of December, 1812. The weather pre- In glancing upon the above table, it will be observed, sented nothing remarkable at the time; the wind blew that each column points out the monthly means of fourgently from the north-east; it was fine and cloudy, and teen years ; namely, from 1807 to 1820, both inclusive. the mean temperature for the day was 324.

The last column but one on the right gives the annual The lowest pressure was 27.77! and which occurred means, which are found by adding the monthly means on the 19th of October, in the same year ; just fifty days of each year together, and dividing their sums by twelve, before the highest state.-I made the following obser- the number of months. At the bottom of the annual vations at the close of that month:-" The present month means, is the general average of the fourteen years, is particularly notable, for bearing date to a most unpa, which I assume as a mean elevation for Manchester. ralleled atmospherical depression. It occurred on the The figures in the last perpendicular column are found, morning of the 19th; fifty hours previous to which, the from a difference, more or less, between the annual mercurial column was at a mean elevation ; but on the means, and the general one of 29.75 inches. above morning, the barometer showed 27.77 inches, In like manner are the general monthly means found; Liverpool and Manchester during the above periods, may

The mean of 29.77 inches, from attentive notations at having lost one inch and seven-tenths; it was now sta- the differences of which, from the general annual mean, be relied on as pretty near the truth. Perhaps, if we tionary for a few hours, and there were frequent gusts of are put down in the third line

from the bottom. The make allowances for the expansion of the mercury in the wind from the south, but no material change of tem- sums in the two last are found from the general monthly summer months, we may fix a mean elevation of the perature. From about noon of the 19th to noon of the means, as explained. 21st, the mercury had more than regained its loss, by The first five years' observations were made at the above the sea, at 29.75 inches.

barometrical surface in Lancashire at a mean height two-tenths ; when it oscillated with inferior but still Lying-in Hospital, during my residence there: the barolarge and quick movements to the end.

meter used was a common upright one ; but, from 1812 • The desultory movements of the barometer in the to 1817, it was changed for one of a wheel kind, which preceding month (September, 1812) were very trivial; cx- in part I conceive may account for the difference in the

Astronomy.-DrOlbers has calculated, that once only cept one, which was worthy of notice, viz. between the monthly and annual means being so much higher in in a period of 88,000 years, a Comet will come as near with and 28th. Much rain fell at the time; and the those years. For the last three years I have used the to the earth as the moon is. Once only in four millions river Irwell was so much swollen, as to do much damage common upright one again, made as accurate as possible. of years, a comet will approach the earth within 7,700 upon the low lands in its vicinity, by floating down My present residence in Bridge-street is not more than geographical miles ; and if it be equal in size to the slieaves of corn and other valuables. It has not been so 200 yards from the former one, and the situation of the earth, will raise the water to the height of 13,000 feet high these seven years. Its perpendicular rise at the present barometer is elevated not more than four yards (a second deluge.) And only in 200 millions of years, Lying-in Hospital, from its usual' height, measured 15 above the situation of the one formerly kept at the Hose will such a body come in contact with the earth !!! teet 9 inches. This must have been occasioned from a pital. larger fall of rain in a northerly direction, than what It has often been asked, if the barometer, or in other Diamond.-An extraordinary large diamond, belong. tell in the town.”—The mean temperature of the day, words the mercurial surface, be not higher in summer ing to the Honourable East India Company, has recently on which this very low pressure happened, was 50° ; the than in winter. This can only be answered from general been received from India. It is denominated the Nas. wind blew a hurricane from the south, and the moon was results of a long series of years. I think we shall now suck Diamond, and was taken with the baggage from the alınost at the fiul. Upwards of two inches of rain feli on be able to settle this point, from the joint observations Peishwa of the Marattas. It weighs 351 grains, or 89% the 18th and 19th. The difference of the two extremes of myself, Mr. Dalton, and Mr. Hutchinson. Sunie al- carats : its shape is triangular. Mr. Mawe (who visited is 3. 11 inches. With the exception of the depression in lowances ought, however, to be made, from the expansion the diamond district cf Brazil) has, through the favour October, 1912, the barometrical surface rarely ever de- of the mercury in the tube of the barometer in the sum of the chairman, modeled it. He thinks the forin when scends below 28 inches : it has been twice at 28; first, mer months. But when these allowances are made, we rough was an irregular octohedron, and has been cut on the 17th of December, 1809; and the second, on the still find the means higher in summer, than those in the into its present shape to preserve its size and weight. 204h of January, 181+. On the 27th of October, 1811, winter months. Mr. John Dalton's general monthly It is of the finest 'water, and the largest diamond ibat it was at 28.08 inches. Next to the great elevation of means are drawn froin 25 years' observations in Man- has appeared in Europe, except the Pitt diamond, and 30.88 inches, the surface of the mercury in the tube I chester; namely, from 1794 to 1818, both inclusive. I the one in the possession of the Emperor of Russia.

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teeld to make a werk upon: presentlie these furioas soldiers followed me, and sogt me in that hows, but

found me not; watched my lodging with a gard, al There is not a science or study that has been more

night to catch me if I should go bome, commanded the generally appreciated than Physiognomy, since the

gards at every avenu not to let me out of towne, so close of the life of Lavater, whose works have been

chat I was forced to ly out of my howse that night, and

the next morning was fane to loope hedges and ditches ! published in every European language; and there

to get to Lancaster, tor they had beset all passages to are few well-educated persons who do not pique

kill me. When I came Lancaster there was 8 corte themselves upon the knowledge of judging of the

panies of soldiers; the cannon was carrying up to

the Castle: Manchester, Bolton, Preston were stryk characters of men from their various countenances.

ing who should have the best peeces; but having intel. How pleasing then, it must be, to the lovers of the

ligence that Tilslie was to joyne with my Lord, and science, to know that they have, at present, an

to assault Lancaster, I removed from that place and opportunity of gratifying their curiosity, by viewing

returned to Preston, for then the soldiers were a little Madame Tussaud's collection of figures, now in this

apeased by the persuasion of Collonell Shuttleworth. town. There, they may, at leisure, view and study


I sent for all the troops I could have from Blackborne the countenances of some of the most celebrated

and Bolton, and had comanded Colonell Holland, with characters of the past and present times, which have TO THE “ BRIEF JOURNAL OF THE SIEGE his regiment from Manchester, to set upon Warrinccp. been faithfully copied, many of them from life, and


I got 12 companies of foot together; but, having to others from the finest busts and statues. The pleasure which appcared in three Numbers of our present from Lancaster, I could not stir out of my bed, and

ceived a great fall from my horse that night I came to be derived from this cannot be too fully appreciated: it enables the amateur to concentrate his ideas

Volume ; see pages 145, 153, and 169.

am not well as yet, but I sent Coll. Ashton with 9 code within their proper boundaries; and, by baving an op. [Continued from pages 341, 347, and 366 of our present volume.) him to march forward and assault the enemie is the

panies, and keept but 3 in towne: and so I comanded portunity of comparing various countenances collecsed within a small space, it affords bim a wide field

reare, the 8 companies in Lancaster, in the van, 50? for pleasing reflection. Here, are placed together, (8.) The difficulties of the Royalists were shared by be a means to relieve them of Lancaster, who were men of various calents; and, from almost every Eu- their opponents. The following very curious letter, besieged by these troopes. The Colonell being bali ropean nation, some, who, possessed of brilliant talents written by Sir John Seton, from Manchester, relates way at Gerstein (Garstang) had no corage to fa ca; and fortitude, have risen to the very pinacle of human co the precise time Halsall is describing; and, as it has showing that the enemie was strong, and if they should ambition, by their superior knowledge of the tactics never before been published, and the original is not in be beatien, the countrie were lost. I wrot có him to of war: others, who, by the strength of their genius, any public collection, I venture to give it without any stay there that wold amuse the enemie. He called have immortalised themselves by philosophical and abridgement. The envelope is lost; but I should have the councell of warre, which were all of his myad to useful writings, which have made their countries little hesitation in supplying the name, “ Fairfax.” return again the next day. They were not so sode proud of the honour of giving them birth; and whose “ My verie honble good Lord,

out of the place, but 2 scouts of the enemies rides names will be handed down to posterity, as bright ex- “I have received the honor of your kynd letter which back and advertised chem. Imediately they assault amples for imitation. The contemplation of others, was both seasonable and comfortable. I am now in Lancaster, and were beatten of again, had not a soldier who, through long and benevolent lives, have con. a worser condition with these people than ever; for cryed. We have no powder!' so they made a fresh stantly endeavoured, by every means in their power, Preston is lost again to us, and that by the cowardli- assault, and came and burnt the towne, for the mos! to make themselves useful to their fellow creatures, ness of the soldiers, and by the malignants within the pt. our soldiers retired to the church and castle. I, produces a pleasing emotion, at once proving the tri-towne, who declared themselves enemies so soon as hearing of this, koew, that in case I relieved them at umph of virtue and humanity over every other sensa- the enemies forces assaulted, and shot upon our gards presently, they must surrender men, armes, and cat.ons tion. Turning again to the violent and sanguinary re- within the towne, from the windows, which was a to the enemie. The next day I got upon my borse, volutionist, how different is the sensation on looking cheef cause they were beat from their postes. I in- sore as I was, with eleven companies of foot, soet at his countenance! We fancy that in every feature juced Preston and Lancaster a month peaceably; and few ill-mounted horse, who durst not look the enemie we can discover the self-malignant smile at the idea of so, after I had given order for making of some workes in the face, and with these I marched to Lancaster, thousands of victims immolated at the bloody shrine of for defence of the towne, I bad layd a plott for the having left in garrison, in Preston, 4 companies of ambition; and the mind sickens when the eye beholds the takeing of Warinton, and came to Manchester for foote, a troop of borse of Captn. Dukinfield, wild sco likenesses of lovely females who were butchered to ap- that purpose, to make preparation. The next morn-clubmen; Coll. Holland being in towne, and Sergeant pease the brutal passions of remorseless and sanguinary ing Serjeant Major Sparrow sends me a letter by a Major Chantrell. I marched in a closse way, baving Eyrants. Again, we behold the figures of noble and post, shewing me that there was a Spanish ship blowne nor horse nor canons yet in view of the enemie

. Se eminent statesmen, whose chief ambition was, to con- in with a storme, to Weyre (Wyre) waters, and had a soon as I was past they knew I would relieve Lancaster. tribute to the glory and prosperity of their country; lake, their pylot being dead, desired help: The Ser- The enemie marched forward to attempt against Presa and we feel a sensation of reverential respect when we jeant Major takes three companies with him, and sent ton, which they carried maliceuslie. I was to march read their various and expressive countenances. him other 3, and thus marched towards the ship, from Lancaster about two of the clock again ; bu: 10 Though last, not least, we turn to lovely woman: how when the Captens were come a shoare, at Rosehall soldier would stir, in regard they were wearied, baring cold must be that beart that can contemplate their (Rossall.) The next day the Spanyards came a shoare marched 20 myles. The next morning, being reddie lovely features and not let fall the tear of pity at the to the number of 400. Upon the 3d day my Lord to march, none wold stay in Lancaster. Coll. Štankis recollection of the sufferings and the fate of many of comes over the ford at Hisksbank (Hesketásbank) 3 companies, who were into it, caused beat their dr: this fairer portion of creation; and, in the enthusiasm with 300 borse. Our foot would not advance to the in spyi of my teeth;

and when I cause d shut the front of our feelings, we regret that we could not start for-ship, fearing that my Lord had had foot as well as they swore they wold fire the canons and the card ward to their defence, while we curse the memory of horse; so they marched over to the other syde of the and began, so that I was fain to cause set open those brutal and ferocious monsters who could imbrue water, to preserve the ammunition which they had gates. None of Coll. Shuttleworths regiment Fold their hands in their innocent blood. We then gaze on gotton out of the ship. There were but 12 musqueteers stay, so that I was in a greater perplexity than ever. the features of her whose memory is delightful to every left in the ship; and these

filed away: so my Lord of At last 2 of Coll. Hollands regiment sayd, 'Sir, wie British heart: looking at her, we recollect the many Darbie

approaches the ship and puts

fire in her, and will stay if you will stay, but not els. ' 1 was forced virtues of one, whose chief delight (did she yet exise) burnt all; and so retired home again at the

ford of to stay in the Castle, and send the othes away to Presa would be to make her people happy under lier reign. Hisksbank. Then Colonel Doddin and Mr. Towlnson ton ; but about mid way news came to them that Surely an exhibition possessing such claims to the at- quære?) were taken prisoners; for they could not Preston was taken by my Lord. Sergeant Major word cencion of the lovers of taste and ingenuity, ought to believe but that the enemie were our people, they this to me by post, and desires me to retire me by the he duly appreciated. To the ladies it affords the

pleas- were so drunk with the joy of the ship, which, tho way of Clethro' (Clitheroe) and by night, otherwisel ing reflection that this truly-gratifying entertaiument it was burned, we recovered all the ordnance, to the could

not escape. Imaya ibis known the two lipa is the work of one of their own sex, who, by her own number of 22, whereof 8 were of brass, 2 demican. tens with me; they said this was no individual exertion, has been enabled to render this nons, 1 minion, 5 sacres, whereof 3 were broke and be in, neither wold they stay after me So I parted collection highly creditable to her talents, as an artist, made useless. It was in this interim that we got up the out of the castle, and wrot to the li ftienents bor and particularly edifying and instructive to the learned canons to the Castle of Lancaster: Sir John Girlinton things stood; desiring them, if the soldiers wold 10 as well as to others, by affording them the pleasure of and Mr. Teilsley (Tildsley) and others had sent for stay to defend the castle, to retire the same viewing the wonderful and astonishing difference of forces from some parts of Yorksheare, and got a quan- Clethro'. It seems the companies had got salt bei form witb whicb Nature has stamped the different city of armes, and so invited my Lord to come again, and porke for a month or 2, and there is water in the countenances of men. To young persons, in particu- they wold joyn

with bis Co., which my Lord did, castle, so that if we can relieve them agailist that time to lar, it demonstrates the absolute necessity of render- returned presentlie, with a companies of foot, 3 is well: but I dispare of that, seeing it is to farre tros ing themselves familiar with the lives of those who troops of horse, 3 peeces of

cannons; and, being in us, above

40 myles. This ship has bee as the case of have enjoyed the love, or writhed beneath the execra- the Fyld countrey, where all are Papists, they resorted all our sorrow, having our troops divyded only to get tion, of their fellow-men; and the necessity of choosing all to him, with the best armes they had, some mus- these canons. But it is Gods pleasure thus to deal wild that path, by pursuing which, they will ensure the quets, many horse, and infinit number of beilmen.- vain man, who puts their confidence is canons and esteem of good men bere, and a glorious name here. Just about this time, the soldiers of Preston rose up in men more than in God. And now I am at after.

a mutinie, about 100 madmen, with polaxes, and they scarcely dare I come into the streetes for feare of killing Since the arrival of the collection in Liverpool, it sought to have my heart blood, why, forsuth, I had of me. We are presently to go to the teelds and seek has met with the most flattering marks of approba- given a soldier a knok or 2, for shooting off his peece the enemie, and either fight with them or attempt tion; and we assure those who have not beheld ir, between 6 and 7 at night, after the watch was

set. By some towne. But yet I am in as bad a case as before i that, in omitting to view these beautiful figures, they Gods mercie I had past threw a howse neere to the the soldiers say

they will kill me, because I gave their lose a treat of no ordinary kind. gard; and so went throw barns and stables to see some I not the plundrage and

papists goods of Preston, which

place for me to


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