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1 never meddled with. The Lord knows what shall | And where it most sparkled no glance could discover, think of a lady who expresses satisfaction at almost beconie of me: I wish I were transported safe to your In lip, cheek, or eyes, for she brighten'd all over; Lordship , for I cannot live in securitie here. Neither Like any fair lake that the breeze is upon,

all I do or say, and yet will laugh at my person, and have I got sixpence to mentain myself and people,

speak of me to otbers with a smile of ridicule, as haveing 8 horses and six servaunts, wbich I brought When it bursts into dimples and laughs in the sun.”*

a pretty little man ??fron London. I was entertained by the gentlemen of Lancr. for 3 months onlie; now the last of March my With such a being, Mr. Editor, could I help fall. Now, dear Mr. Editor, tell me what I shall do! tyme is expired, and then I wil stay no longer, but if I ing most deeply in love? But it appears most --Shall I write a few verses ? This I once atyour Lordship wheresoever you be. The Lord be strange to me, that, in my intercourse with Sophia, tempted, and with my usual timidity showed her with you, and ayd you in all your Christian desseins ; she acts as she were unconscious of the mischief them, as the production of a friend. She did so 3s for me, I think myself much your servant, and at she is hourly doing in my poor heart; and I have quiz and criticise the poor effusion, that I tore it all occasions shall be reddie, and express it as he who sball ever remaine,

been tempted to believe, that the poet of other and up in a rage, and have not dared to compose a “My Lord,

more classical days was mistaken, when he said, stanza since. But if you think it would have any '« Your Ldships. “ In vain the lover tries to veil

effect, I will agaio woo the muse. Should you give “ Most humble and faithfull servant, “ JOHN SETON. The flame that in his bosom lies ;

me any hope, I will leave off smoking and snuffing; “ Manchester, the 35th

His cheek's confusion tells the tale,


shall manufacture my of March, 1642 (1642-3.)

We read it in his languid eyes;

boots; Messrs.

my coats and "If I had bin with the troops when they went from

And though no words the heart betray, Lancr. I had assaulted Preston again, or died in the

inexpressibles; the inimitable Mr. * shall place, but our men retired to Ribchester."

His silence speaks c'en more than they.”+ dress my hair; my hats shall be from the fashionable

Sophia does not, or will not understand me; and stock of Mr. * ; my collars shall be double Correspondence.

though I have been told by many that she pays to starched ; a new ribbon shall decorate my watch, a

me more attention than she does to others, yet 1 smart embossed ring, my little finger; and I would TO THE EDITOR.

fear they are mistaken in the cause of those seeming not hesitate to add a diamond to the neck establish

attentions. For example:-1 dance quadrilles with ment of, dear Mr. Editor, MR. EDITOR,I write to you under very singular mucb grace, and certainly with precision; and she

Your most obt. servant,

JESSAMY. circumstances I believe, and I presume on the liberty once said, “ she would rather dance with me than many others have taken, of imploring your assist with any one she knew!"-Yet, what can I think of ance. On affairs of the heart you have been fre- this, but that she prefers dancing with one, who nei

TO THE EDITOR. quently addressed; but I do not remember seeing ther makes mistakes, por figures away like some

SIR,-In your Kaleidoscope of the 1st instant, i noany case in your amusing paper, which bears an

bright youths I have seen, whose eyes are more fixed ticed, with great astonishment, two letters, written exact affinity to my own. After this preamble, I on their own sboe strings, than on their partner or by a person residing in this place; but more particu

larly the one under the title of “ Caution to Females," their opposite neighbour? need scarcely say I am in love ; nor do I think I am

and'I consider myself (as a friend to that sex) called guilty of much vanity when I add, I deserve a return;

I have read much; and, when with her, I ain con- upon to say, that there has not been one single instance which, whether I am happy enough to possess or inually repeating passages from Shakspeare, Moore, to bear him out in his statement, as the young ladies

here are very circumspect in their behaviour and acnur, I must beg of you, or some of your correspond-Byron, &c. and she certainly has given me the pre quaintance; and as for their respectability, prudence, ents, more intelligent than myself, to inform me.ference in many of our evening strolls in the coun- and moral and religious principles, Ormskirk' will bear

a comparison with any town in the kingdom. "Strange !" you may say, “ that a man is not him- try; but pray, is it for the sake of the poets or my

Yours, &c. VERITAS. self capable of judging whether or not his affection self, that I enjoy her society?

Ormskirk, 11th May, 1821. meets with a proper return.” But so it is; and if

The other evening we met a poor woman, indeed you knew me, you would not wonder at what I tell a miserable object; distress, penury, and misfortune

TO THE EDITOR. you. I am very modest, diffident, and fearful of were her attendants. Naturally of a humane disbeing laughed at; yet this hardly proceeds from a position, I listened to her tale with compassion, and other day, I was not a little surprised to find the en

,~In to mean opinion of myself

, for some ladies tell me I gave her a slight pecuniary relief. Sophia pressed closed piece of lead completely enveloped in the marrow am very vain; but I really think I want a little of the arm she hung on, and glanced in my face such a' of the quill I was cutting; and, to the best of my recolwhat modest assurance which some are more fortu- look of satisfaction, that to meet it agaiu I would could have entered," i have puzzled my brain to find mately blessed with; and w beu others in my situation almost have exchanged situations with the unfortu- out the cause, but to no purpose; therefore, if you would be in ecstasies of delight at favours bestowed, nate we had just seen. But was this heavenly glance think the phenomenon curious, an elucidation, through

the medium of your philosophical gazette, will oblige, I am doubtful whether I can presume to call them a proof of her attachment, or merely expressive of

Yours truly, proofs of sincere regard, or merely matters of friend. approbation at conduct, which really, after all, de

A QUILL DRIVER. ship. Sophia, the object of my attachment, is a served no reward, it being but my duty?

The piece of quill is to be seen at our office.-Edit, Sweet blue-eyed, laughing, and playful damsel. Her

Thus you see what I have doubts about; and I Kal. figure is small, yet truly elegant; and, when in a would apply to the lady herself to dispel those bail-ruom, reminds you of some tiny and beautiful doubts, were it not that sometimes she laughs at my

QUEEN ANNE'S FARTHING. Erinket, which pleases more from its innocent and dress (which certainly does not border on Dandyism;)

TO THE EDITOR, chaste effect than the obtrusive and striking appear she is continually praising the figures of others who ance of grand and more majestic objects. The are entirely the reverse of myself in form and sta

SIR,-Some time ago I found a small copper Zores and graces seem ever sparkling around her, ture; she once told me, that no man she ever saw

coin of the reign of Queen Anne, which had appaand Moore must have had just such another crea- could persuade her to change her condition. There rently been silvered over; it had the figure of Bri. Zure in his imagination when he wrote the following are times when I approach her, that her look is tannia on the reverse, with the year of our Lord, Sines, the beauty of which will be a sufficient excuse grave and distant; she more than once has taken Now, Sir, I have frequently heard it said, that there for my transcribing them :

refreshment from the hand of some officious puppy, never was more than a certain small number (say

though I was at her side the same moment; and, three or four) of farthings coined in the reigo of " That loveliness, ever in motion, which plays

above all, she one day heard with indifference a plan Aune (I suppose the one in my possession to be a Like the light upon Autumn's soft shadowy days; formert, by which I should be absent from my native rarities.) If such be the case I may value myself

farthing, and, consequently, pow considered great Now here, and now there, giving warmth as it flies From the lips to the cheek, from the cheek to the eyes.

country four or five years.-To suin np my griev. on having a coin of very great scareity, as well as ances in one sentence, I would ask, What must I of value. If any of your readers, connoisseurs in

coius, can give me any information on this subject, While her laugh, full of life, without any control, * Lalla Rookh-the light of the Haram.

they will much oblige, Yours respectfully, But the sweet one of gracefulness, rung from her soul; + Moore's Anacreon, note to Ode 27.



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whom we addressed a short note in the Mercury, TO THE EDITOR. TO THE EDITOR.-On Saturday evening last, about

referring him at the same time to the next Kalcidida thirty ruffians (they do not deserve the name of men)

cope for a more detailed explanation, is informed, she! met at the pit on the east side of the Botanic Garden,

the advanced price, which we have so long been in the with a number of dogs ; after hunting a poor duck,

habit of charging for back numbers of our, SIR, If you thipk the following extraordinary they turned to dog-fighting, until the poor animals was adopted by us as a defensive measure, and has game at Quadrille sufficiently interesting, its in- could not stand : they then brought them to the been publicly and repeatedly announced. Our plan is sertion in the Kaleidoscope will gratify many of water to refresh them; and, when å little refreshed, to charge an additional halfpenny for each nun ber your card-playing readers. A asked leave to played, they were set upon each other, until they could no one week after the date of its regular publication; the game, having Basto five, and called a king in longer sprawl. On Sunday morning, duck-hunting and if the stock is so nearly exhausted as to render a the hands of B his left hand neighbour. When cand dog-fighting again commenced, and continued for reprint called for (as has been the case with eight and D beasted them off the board, and continuing

an hour; and on last evening, a greater number than numbers of our present volume) we charge, for such to play, without declaring for it, they won the vole, the poor dogs until they could neither stand nor see. ever again made their appearance, and actually fought

reprint number, sixpence, as indicated on the very

face of the publication. Nothing can be more fair ar and claimed the rewards accordingly. A and B I hope you will give this a place in the Mercury,

reasonable : we have as much right to speculate a refused to pay any other thau the rewards for sim where I trust it will meet the eye of our worthy chief Kaleidoscopes as a merchant or broker has in cotton ply winning ihe game, as the vole had not been magistrate, who, I am sure, will at once put a stop to or coffee, and to adapt our price to the demand and declared. Query, what is the law in this and simi- so much cruelty. I need not tell you how much these the stock on hand. If we did not act on this plan luir cases?

brutal scenes annoy the quiet inhabitants of Smitham- with regard to the Kaleidoscope, we should be very i While I have any pen in hand, I cannot refrain lane and Edge-yale.

HUMANITAS. requited for time and labour. from statiog a most singular position aod mode of Tuesday noon, May 15, 1821.

JESSAMY will perceive that we have taken a liberty playing at Whist. A and C were partners against

with his letter, which propriety as well B and D, the score was aine all, and A had six

dence dictated. We allude to our omission in the tricks and the lead; spades being trumps, the cards


names of the sundry tradesmen who are whare Jay as follows:-A had a koave, and a small trump,

the high honour of Dandyfying or Adonising our and two diamonds; B, bis left hand adversary, had

SIR,—The anomalies of our language are notorious; friend JESSAMY, who will not quarrel with a queen, and ten of trumps, and two hearts; C had and the mutations of its pronunciation and orthogra. apology on the score of propriety and prudence, whea two small trumps, and two diamonds; and D, the pay almost innumerable. One instance of rather a he recollects that it is not, in the first place, proper e

delicate thus to administer the puff direct to wy ace, and a small trump, with a heart and a club. singular nature is recorded in the notes to Gifford's

edition of Ben Jonson. He says, “ Jonson makes Aled a diamond, which being passed by B, D won slaughter rhyme to laughter; it seenis, however, to

tradesman; nor, in the next place, would it be pri

dent, as we should, and properly too, subject ourselvas it with the ace, and returned the small one; thus have been considered as improper, and to have excited to the advertisement duty for such puffs. vinoing the game, which would infallibly, be lost some degree of disapprobation. In the Faune, which by trumping with ibe small one, or indeed by any appeared shortly after this comedy (the For) Marston NoTES TO THE SIEGE

OF LATHOM House-We other mode of play.

speaks of two critics, one of which had lost bis flesh are desirous to direct the attention of our readers to Before I conclude, I beg leave to mention an' with fishing at the measure of Plantus' verses ; and the series of notes on the subject, which are now occurrence which does not very frequently happen the other had vowed to get the consumption of the passing through the Kaleidoscope. The subject muj in whişt-playing. A few monihs since, 1 won a lungs, or to leave te posterity the true pronunciation appear so unpromising of amusement, as w deter er Pubber, in two hands. The first hand giving me spells the words loffe in Midsummer's Night's Dream, and orthography of laughing,” Act 4.-Shakspeare

disincline some persons from bestowing upon it to

tention, to which it is, notwithstanding, entitled, par fuur honours and seven cards; and the second, to accommodate ic to cough."

ticularly throughout the county of Lancashire

. The six cards and four booours.

The four letters, ough bave five distinct sounds, and frequent mention of Manchester, Bolton, Warring: Yours truly, I think I once made out six. If any of your readers

ton, and other towns, as well as of the names of E. can discover the sixth, I hope to see the word contain. the ancestors of some of the principal gentlemen of P.S. I see you have finished your series of it, stated through the Kaleidoscope. The five the county, conspire to give the narrative a very high

local interest. We need scarcely add, that certain rical situations at Chess : I beg leave to suggest the sounds are exhibited in the following words: though, 0;

obnoxious phrases interspersed throughout the notes

, commencement of a series of situations in Draughts, rough, uf; cough, off; through, oo ; plough, ow.

A. Q. W. relating to the Catholics, are as objectionable to us with which I can furnish you out of a book by

as they can be to any class of our readers; nor should Sturgess, which bas been some time out of print.

any consideration, except the necessity of following As an additional inducement, I think I can confi- To Correspondents.

the text literally, have prevailed upon us to fetala

them. dently assert, that there are a dozen draught-players to one chess-player.

DISAPPOINTED Authors, or Favours declined.- METEOROLOGICAL RESEARCHES. We have this

After having acknowledged any proffered communi-
cațion, which does not afterwards obtain a place in our

week displaced something, perhaps more generally columns, we wish it to be understood, generally speak

amusing, to make room for the very elaborate and 18 PRESERVATION OF EGGS. ing, that the favour is declined, for some reason or

the scientific reader) interesting meteorological tables other, which it would be extremely tiresome and un

and accompanying remarks of Mr. Hanson, which edifying to detail minutely. According to our notions

occupy a whole page of this day's


. I TO THE EDITOR. of delicacy, this tacit or negative mode of conveying

any of our readers think that the subject bas intruded the hint is better calculated than any other to avert

too much on our columns, we beg they will recolleet

that such statements will not often obstruct other niat. mortification and heart-burning. Some of our corSIR, -Observing, some time since, in the Kaleidoscope, respondents, particularly of the poetical tribe, seem,

ter, as the present table embraces the meteorological a request for a communication of the best mode of pre- however, to be of a different opinion; and, by their

results of no less than fourteen years. As for the 1: serving eggs, and none having since appeared, I am incessant importunities, seem bent upon compelling

portance of similar registers, we can only remind out

readers, that the editors of the best and ablest scien.

us to explain the grounds of our rejection of their induced to state as follows:

tific journals of the day, very eagerly avail themselves offerings, and publicly to justify the award we have In Marcb, 1819, in a brig I was on board of, at Ha.

of the patient labours of the very gentleman to whom given in our capacity of editorial arbitrators. Such

we are indebted for this identical meteorological table

. vanna, we had a large quantity of eggs put up for sea- an alternative is always embarrassing to us, as it forces

us, in self-defence, to exhibit specimens of these re- PREDICTIONS.—The mysterious event (as we presume store. The mode we followed was to immerse them,

jected offerings, which, should they excite the laughter one by one, in sallad oil, and then stow them away

of the public, and the writer become known, is the

it is) which forms the subject of the communication among salt. They were put up about ten days before

certain means of entailing upon us the mortal enmity

of JULIUS, is conveyed in so mysterious a character, we sailed from Havanna : our passage from thence to of the enraged author, who would have remained

that we have not yet been able to decypher the whole unknown had not his vanity betrayed him, by a pro

of it. We will take another spell, however

, before Barcelona occupied seventy-six days : and, the morn

pensity too common to the class ; a propensity some

we conclude that it is beyond human skill to unraves ing we entered the latter harbour, we had the last of

what akin to that of the hen, who, when she has laid our eggs for breakfast, as fresh and delicate as the hour an egg, goes about cackling, to inform all the neigh. The letters of CocciENSIS, AN ANTIQUAIY, and

bours of the wonderful feat she has performed.they were put up.

Toi, in our next.
What we would, therefore, recommend to our poetical
To the best of my recollection we found only two

friends in general, is, that they should not make a | The correspondent from whom we have received some bad eggs during the whole voyage; and I have no doubt disclosure of their compositions previously to deposit. lines addressed to " Any Pretty Girl" is requested that they were faulty when purchased.

ing them in our letter-box; and thus, should we to say whether they are original, and if not, tram I have since tried the same mode on shorter voyages,

ditter with them as to their literary merits, some un. what work they have been copied.

easiness on the part of the writer, and much trouble with an equally satisfactory result. to ourselves will be spared.

Letters or parcels not received, unless free of charge. Yours, &c.

SNUFF TAKING.-W.'s paper on this subject shall

NAUTICUS. have a place, although we fancy many of our readers Printed, published, and sold by E. Smith and ca Little Bolton, 51h May, 1821. will be apt to tarn up their noses at it.

54, Lord-street, Liverpool.

the mystery.

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Literary and Scientific Atirror.


This familiar Miscellany, from which religious and political matters are excluded, contains a variety of original and selected Articles ; comprehending Literature,

Criticism, Men and Manners, Amusement, Elegant Extracts, Poetry, Anecdotes, Biography, Meteorology, the Drama, Arts and Sciences, Wit and Satire, Natural
History, Monthly Diary, Fashions, &c. &c.; forming a handsome Annual Volume, with an Index and Title-page.-Regular supplies are forwarded to the following
Chester-R. Taylor;

Hanley-T. Allbut;

Manchester-Miss Richardsons; Preston-P. Whittle; St. Helen's-Edw. Glover ; Chorley-T. Parker;

Huddersfield-T. Smart; J. Fletcher; and T. Sowler; Rochdale-J. Hartley; Stockport-). Dawson; Blackburn-T. Rogerson ; Congleton-). Parsons;

Hull-). Perkins ;

Neftcastle-U.-L.-C. Chester; Runcorn-Mrs. Harrison ; Wakefield-R. Hurst; BD1-J. Kell, or J. Brandwood; Dublin-W. Baker; J. P. Power Lancaster-G. Bentham; Northwich-). Kent;

Sheffield-T. Orton;

Warrington-J. Harrison ; Braáfurd-. Stanfield; and Mrs. Broadhurst; Leeds-B. Dewhirst; Ormskirk W. Garside;

Shrewsbury-C. Hulbert; Wigan-w.and Lyon; Burg–J. Kay; Halifax-R, Simpson; Macclesfield-P. Hall; Prescot-A. Ducker;

Stoke-R. C. Tomkinson; Dillo--J. Brown,

No. 48.-New Series.

TUESDAY, MAY 29, 1821. .




The Traveler.

The ride from hence is grand in the extreme. of the vast plain beneath. The whole

Nothing can be conceived more romantic, atmosphere instantly assumed a crimson (ORIGINAL.]

than the bold and lofty cliffs of the Jura, hue; and the clouds, like ethereal bodies THE PASS OF THE JURA MOUNTAINS,

abruptly rising, in stupendous peaks, as far of vivid fire, were rolling in continual as the eye can reach. This immense chain agitation, opposing and receding from each

of mountains, which separates the two other in fearful and rapid confusion : it The following is a copy of a letter written by a countries of France and Switzerland, com- had all the effect of an universal conflagra-. young gentleman of this town, who some time

mences west of Geneva, extending north- tion. The clouds having by this time ago traveled over the Jura mountaios,

ward to the French department of the gathered round us, we sought shelter amidst « Geneva.

Upper Rhine, whence, dividing into two some broken rocks which overhung our * We arrived at Dole to a late breakfast, main arms, the one continues its course heads in huge and shapeless masses.where we exchanged our carriage for a

nearly due north, until it assumes the name Hence, we observed, on the opposite side of =pecies of vehicle, not by any means satis- of Vosges. The most elevated points are, the glen, amidst thick woods and rugged Gactory; the harness, if such I may be al- I believe, the Dole and the Montendre ; the rocks, a few white huts and an ancient conOwed to call it, would have disgraced the estimated heights of which are upwards of vent; it appeared a low range of building, zost miserable pedler England could pro- 5000 feet above the level of the sea. and contributed greatly to the romantic uce; and so unwieldy and inconvenient

“ It might be about six o'clock when we scene. By this time our vehicle had overas its construction, that we had little

commenced our tedious ascent. We en taken us, and the evening being far advancomfort in traveling. Dole is situated tered the mountains through a narrow glen, ced, we took possession of our seats. The - a most agreeable valley in Franche

by a steep road ingeniously cut out of the moon was just breaking forth from behind a ompté. It is mentioned, in ancient record, rocks, in a zig-zag direction, and twisting so distant mountain, as we were proceeding having once been the habitation of the frequently to and fro, that the surrounding through a

narrow strait of rude and omans, of whom there are several traces : objects were subject to continual variation. craggy rocks, which gave a gloominess to me scattered remains of the great Roman Our situation was, at this moment, most our situation not easily imagined. Soon ad from the south of France to the Rhine, solemn and romantic ; not a whisper was to afterwards we had intimation of having e still visible, in passing through the be heard, nor a leaf seen to move. We reached the summit, by our vehicle moving wn. The environs are extremely fine, soon alighted from our vehicle ; and, having on with a sudden velocity; a transition d possess additional interest as the tra. attained a considerable eminence, beheld, most cheerfully hailed by all our passengers. ler advances towards the Jura Mountains ; from the ridge of a tremendous precipice, The surrounding landscape now became nose amazing heights give to the surround the setting sun, just verging towards the wild and dreary, intermixed with thick 5 landscape a most romantic finish. The horizon, in all the brightness of his glory, woods and barren hills; but, from the exlley beneath is so beautifully fertile, and producing an inconceivably sublime effect; treme fatigue of a long journey, I was much e banks of the river which flows through a more vast and extensive prospect I never more disposed to indulge myself in the cor

so rich and luxuriant, that the inhabitants beheld: the whole empire of France seemed ner of the diligence, than to peep through ve named it Le val d'amour.

prostrate at our feet. At this critical mo- the windows. In these higher regions are “ We entered the interesting village of ment, as if some extraordinary phenomena various extensive forests of lofty firs and bligny about sun-set, being the last post- in nature had been designed for our con- pines, which are pleasing to the eye, and wn before reaching the mountains : here templation, a storm of wind and rain, ac- extremely picturesque. I understand they e tasted some most delicious light-coloured companied by thunder and lightning, passed are infested by a number of wild animals; ne, the best I have met with on the con- on our left, just over the surface of the particularly wolves, boars and bears, which ent; the French call it vin d'arbor ; and, opposite mountain ; and, pursuing its course occasionally commit great depredations ny opinion, it is equal to any Champaign. I westward, for a while intercepted our view' among the inhabitants.


“It was a most delightful morning, when, earthly globe. The sun was fast approaching curious and ingenious approach. Here we stretching from our uneasy slumbers, we towards the west, in all the bright effulgence entered a fertile and rich valley, adorned found ourselves in a fertile valley, approach of his glory, amidst a sky, unencumbered by with elegant seats, pleasure-grounds, and ing an extensive forest. The plantations of a single speck, or an atmosphere disturbed rich vines. On our right, we passed the noble trees, and the beautiful scenery we here by even the seniblance of a breath, when, quondam habitation of the renowned Volencountered, were romantic in the extreme, after a toilsome and anxious journey, we taire, about two leagues from Genera.equaling many of our most esteemed parks gained the extreme point. Turning sud- The grounds surrounding this chateau ary in England. The road now became the denly to the left, the magic view instanta- most bewitching, being tastefully planted most fascinating that can be conceived.-neously burst upon us; it operated on our with lofty vines, in the form of ornamental We alternately ascended and descended, in astonished senses like an electric shock: it festoons. At eight o'clock, we reached the irregular tracts, through ravines, glens, was indeed an awful and sublime sight. In gates of this city, and were heartily glad to vales, and forests ; sometimes attaining high an abyss of almost inconceivable depth, and find a comfortable inn for our wearied elevations, whence we beheld the still more amidst prospects equally unbounded in ex. limbs.” lofty pinnacles of the Jura, entrenched by tent, we beheld that beautiful expanse of

Yours, &c. tremendous abysses, and surrounded by water, the Lake of Geneva, with the city

G. dark clouds; at others, abruptly opening rising from its banks, embosomed in an into verdant and richly-cultivated meadows, amphitheatre of magnificence and splenenriched with huts, villages and smiling farms, dour, far beyond the power of my humble

Antiquities. the former principally constructed of forest and imperfect pen to describe. The stutrees; and which, from their white and clean pendous pyramids of the endless and distant

LOCAL ETYMOLOGIES. appearance, conveyed a neat, cheerful, and Alps, towering, in proud majesty,' one pretty effect. There is an air of primitive above another, displaying the several seasons

TO THE EDITOR. simplicity and good nature about the pea- of the changing year; the terrific and colossal santry, which I very much admired; they appearance of Mont Blanc, partly encircled Sir,-I was greatly diverted, on a journey fra

a healthy, and industrious race of by clouds, and partly crowned with everlast- Inverness to London, at finding, by reflection on the beings; their complexions are good, par- ing snows; added to an appalling precipice were all of a Gælic origin.

name of every ancient place as I went along, that they ticularly those of the children, whose of some thousand feet immediately before

1.- Inverness; the Frith of the Cascade round and rosy cheeks give them a most us, were, indeed, objects so affecting and 2.–Riven, of Badenock; the King's Standing per interesting appearance. We breakfasted powerfully impressive, that the lapse of

3.---Blair, in Athol; the Place of Battle

4.-Dunkeld ; the Nunnery, or Girt's Inclowi. in the early part of the morning, on fruit, some minutes is requisite, before the eye 5.- Perth ; thc Part, or Portion.

6.-Stirling; the Strife of Heroes. honey, and wine; a truly novel breakfast, can contemplate the whole with cool and 7.-Glasgow; the dark Grore, or Valley. compared with tea, eggs, and toast ; we all, dispassionate reflection. My fellow passen

8.-Kilmarnock; the Woman's sequestereà Pistt


9.-Sanchquair; an ancient City. however, enjoyed the repast, and made a gers, after gazing for a few minutes in 10.-Dumfries; the sheltered Cloister.

11.-Carlisle ; the City of Law. hearty meal. silent contemplation, gave voluntary vent

12.- Penrith ; the King's Mount. “ It was not without the greatest pos. to their feelings, by expressions of the most 13.-Kendale; the Head of the Dale.


14.-Lancaster; full of Contention. sible sensation of alarm we descended the ungovernable rapture and delight. 15.--Chester; real Strise. mountains towards St. Moritz, a small town, now made the best of our way down the steep

16.-Shrewsbury; the Stream of Bows, or Batu

17.-London; the brown Marsh. most romantically situated in a deep valley. tract towards the diligence, which had taken 'The road on which we moved was indeed so the regular route, through a circuitous part kingdoms which still retain their first names, lesen

Were I to go over all the ancient places in te terrific, that the least fright given to the of the mountains. It was not without great trace them also to the same source. Again

, as ? * horses must have consigned us to the bottom fear and trembling that I reached the foot origin of surnames, I can trace that also to the brez of an awful and tremendous gulf, the sight of the Jura, the road being so steepand alarm- tongue: say, for instance, of which made me quite dizzy. e here ing, that my nerves were in continual agita- 1.- Mackintosh ; the Son of the first.

2.-M.Donald; the Son of brozen Eyck. witnessed a grand and magnificent spectacle: tion. In many instances it was not more than

-M.Dugal; the Son of black Eyes. from the higher mountains an impetuous five or six yards wide, unprotected on either

4.—M'Onnechy, or Duncan; the Son of brake die

5.--M‘Gregor; the Son of the Greek Men. rushing torrent descended in a roaring cata- side by even a single stone; thus the least slip 6.-M.Cuithburt; the Son of the Arch-gmuth

7.-M.Kay; the Son of the Prophet. ract, and, bursting across the road with must inevitably have precipitated us to a

8.-M.Taggart; the Son of the Prist. inconceivable fury and rapidity, emptied depth of at least two or three thousand feet. 9.-MLeod; the Son of the Wourdet.

-M'Lean ; the Son of Lion. itself into the valley beneath, where it pur- Our descent was extremely curious and 11.-M*Kinzie; the Son of the friendly (). sued its turbulent course over roads and surprising ; at one time we were winding

12.--M'Intyre; the Son of the Carpenter.

12.-Campbell; Crooked-mouth. stones, towards the village. We were not along in a cork-screw direction ; at ano- 14.-Camron ; Crooked-nose.

15.-Stewart; the high Stay, or Support. detained long at St. Aloritz, before we re- ther, zig-zag, all the while commanding

16.-Fingal ; the Gal, worthy One: commenced a long and tedious ascent to- a quick transition of enchanting and mag

17.-Ossian; the Top. wards the peak of the Dole, being the nificent scenery.

In about an hour we Many more might be added, but these ste highest point of the Jura; than whence, reached Gex, where we changed horses : it for the present purpose, which is to show the est

nature of the Gælic language, and the great st perhaps, a more imposing and sublime pros- is a small neat town, romantically situated at

once had in our triple state. pect cannot be viewed from any part of this the skirts of the mountains, having a most Now, Sir, should you think the abort ***




29.51 30.00


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of a place in your valuable paper, it will more than 14.-Lancaster; the real origin of this is most pro

Scientific Records. oblige, Your most humble servant,

bably caer, a camp, it having been a Roman station ;

but, if we wish a Gælic origin, it is from Lan, full; ca, TOI. wasting; stree, strife: the full wasting strife.

[Comprehending Notices of new Discoveries or Improve. Liverpool, September 18, 1820.

15.-Chester; a principal Roman station, from early times, by way of eminence; caer, or the camp; or, if

ments in Science or Art; including, occasionally, you would rather, from Che, hot; and stree, strife. singular Medical Cases; Astronomical, Mechanical, Hot strife.

Philosophical, Botanical, Meteorological, and Mine. * It will be perceived by the date of the foregoing 16.-Shrewsbury ; probably not of Celtic origin.

ralogical Phenomena, or singular Facts in Natural letter, that it has been a considerable time in our pos- 17.-London; from Lon, á plain or flat; and don,

History, Vegetation, &c.; Antiquities, &c. ; to be session ; and it is due to the writer to apprize him of brown: the brown plain.


continued in a Series through the Volume.) the reason, which is briefly this:- It struck us, on a

1.-M‘Intosh; from Mac, son; In, John; Tosh, the first perusal, that we had met with the same derivations first, or chief: the son of John the Chief.

METEOROLOGICAL REPORT which Tor seems to claim as originally suggested by 2.-M•Donald; from Don, brown; and ald, hair :

Of the Atmospherical Pressure and Temperature, Rain, himself. Under this impression we applied to a gentle. the son of brown hair. 3.-M.Dugal; from Du or Dhu, black; and Gael,

Wind, &c. deduced from diurnal Observations made man well read on such subjects, who has favoured us Celt, Som of the Gael. Or it may be from gal, white

at Manchester in the month of April, 1821, by with a letter, which we now give, together with that of son of the dark hair and fair complexion; correspond

Thos. Hanson, Surgeon.

ing to what is called Sünguineo-melancholic tempera-

BAROMETRICAL PRESSURE. Inches. 4.-M.Onnachy; perhaps may mean

son of the

brown head; but'it is not the same with Duncan, which, The monthly mean.........
if derived from Dun, fortified hill; and caen, head, Highest, which took place on the 30th,

28.96 means top of the Castle-hill: if a corruption of Dum, Lowest, which took place on the 3d,

Difference of the extremes ... SIR,-With the assistance of two fair Celts, I have ex- vale, it is head of the vale. 5.-M'Gregor; certainly son of the Greek.

Greatest variation in twenty-four hours, which amined your Celtic puzzle ; and the result of our lucu

6. M.Cuthbert; from Cuth, chiefest, or immortal; was on the 5th, brations you will find below. It is necessary to premise, and burt, bard : son of the immortal bard.

Spaces, taken from the daily mcans....... that true Celtic antiquaries will derive every word, even 7.-M.Kay (pronounced Kaai) is said to be derived

Number of changes...........8

TEMPERATURE. those most evidently borrowed from the Greek and Latin, from the ancient tribe of Catti, or clan Chattan, whose

Degrees. from their own most ancient and honoured tongue. It prophet : either son of the l'atti, or son of the prophet. Mean of the 3d decade, commencing on the 9th, 52.27

cognizance is a cat. It may, perhaps, be from phay, a Monthly mean.......... is not fair to derive names, in South Britain at least, 8.-M•Taggart ; froin Taggard, or rather Saggard,

4th ditto, ending on the 28th, 56.7 from the Scottish Gælic, which never appears to have a priest': son of the priest.

Highest, which took place on the 26th,

9.-M.Leod; from Leod, wounded man: son of the Lowest, which took place on the 6th, possessed any peculiar written character; and, therefore, wounded man.

Difference of the extreme, is less likely to be so pure a dialect of the Celtic as the

10.-M.Lean; from Lean, strong, or brawney (ap- Greatest variation in 24 hours, which occurred on Welsh. This, however, a genuine Highlander is bound plied also to a lion.) Son of the strong man is its most the 26th,

Lowest, which took place on the 23d.

29.0 nost strenuously to deny. A little practice, with Owen's probable Gælic meaning. 11.-M.Kenzie; son of Kenneth, or of the friendly Difference of the extreme.....

32.0 valuable Welsh dictionary in the hand, will enable a

Greatest variation in twenty-four hours, which person of any ingenuity to trace most British names of 12.- M‘Intyre; certainly son of the carpenter.

occurred on the 5th.......

36.0 places to that dialect of the Celtic. The difficulty of 13.-Campell ; said to be from an Italian family ; representing the Gælic language by our alphabet, and the lords of Campo bello: but a Celtic etymologist,


West .......

.......................... 0 he very little which has been written in that dialect, tend for its derivation from Cam, crooked ; and bel, especially if one of the children of the Mist would con


North-west ...............

East lave favoured the corruptions of time and ignorance; mouth.


14.-Camron ; from Cam, crooked ; and ron, nose.

........................ 0 o that many names, probably truly Celtic, are now


Brisk raced with difficulty. In some instances, names ap- terwards royal, 'from the office of dapifer, or steward. South-west 15.-Stewart; most certainly given to the family, af

Boisterous.................. 1 car to have been compounded of Celtic and Anglo- The early members of that family were distinguished as aron or Danish words. This will account for the the hereditary Stewards of Scotland. One of them,

RAIN, &c.

3.320 Inches. oubts which harass the best Gælic scholars. I know called The Sleward of Scotland, transmitted royalty to his descendants through an intermarriage with a daugh

Number of wet days ...................19 o work which gives more etymologies of British names ter of the hero of Bannockburn. A Celtic scholar,

foggy days ............... 0 Lan Chalmers's Caledonia, or Lloyd's Archælogia. proud of tracing all words to his own tongue, might

snowy ..................... 0

haily ...................... 7 1.-Inverness my friends do not profess to know; but contend for the derivation of Stewart from Stew, a supbelieve that Inver, like the Welsh Aber, is an em- port; and ard, high : a high support. puchure, or lower part (a port) of a river ; and the

16.-Fingal ; is from F'in, or Fuin, people; and Gael,

REMARKS.-This has been decidedly, a warm, cloudy, wn stands on the embouchure of the ness. or Gal; therefore, would signify either the true Gael or

wet month: the wind during two-thirds of the period ay be in Gælic I cannot learn; but ness, in Norwe- Celt, or the white people.

has blown from the south-west. Lightning and thunder

17.-Ossian; uncertain in the opinion of niy friends : occurred on the 14th, 18th, 25th, and 26th: hail, a an, means low promontory, which suits the locality of perhaps from o, grandchild; and sian, some proper common attendant upon thunder, has been frequent. 2.- Probably right; Riven being King, or of a King. name not known to them.

However, we have had no severe night frosts: vegeta3.-Blair ; is a place of battle (dele the in Athol.) These remarks are much at your service; and I hope tion in consequence has made rapid advances, as ap4. Is quite wrong in your list. Dun invariably sig. will elucidate your questions.

pears from an abundant show of grass, fruit, and other fies a fortified hill; and keld, or kil, is a burial-place,

Yours truly,

productions of the earth.

T. grave: therefore, it signifies the grave on the Castle

Manchester, 14th of May, 1821. 5.-Perth ; a part, or portion.

THE FRENCH STOCK OF CASHMERE GOATS. 5.-- Stirling, or rather Strevlin (its ancient name) is

THEATRICAL BILL, Ece of strife, from strce, strife. 7.-Glasgow; the last syllable not known to my

“ The flock, consisting of 175, imported into France Its, unless it may be a corruption of can or caen- At a play, acted in 1511, on the feast of St. Margaret, been removed to a more congenial climate at St. Omers,

in 1819, and placed at the north-east of Toulon, has ad; and then it must signify gray-head, for glass is the following disbursements were made as the charges near Paris. The kids from this flock are abundantly -y, in Gælic. 5.-Kilmarnock; from kil, grave; mar, mother; of the exhibition :

covered with magnificent down, of which the Cashmere knock, hillock : the hillock of the mother's grave.

£ s. d. shawls are made ; and they are superior in strength and -Sanchquair, or Sanquar: "perhaps holy town, or To musicians, for which, however, they were

appearance to the indigenous kids of the same age; ient town.

bound to perform three nights...........

6 which leaves no doubt of success from the naturali0.–Dumfries ; vale of stunted bushes ; from Dum, For players, in bread and ale,

zation.”Tilloch's Magazinc. fries, low bushes. "It may, I think, be also friar's For decorations, dresses, and play-books....... i e, if not a very ancient name. To John Hobbard, priest, and author of the

A German of the name of Kastner has written two 1.-Carlisle ; a compound (as are many other Eng.


0 2 8 works that may justly be called a short cut to the names) of the Welsh caer, a camp. The camp of For the place in which the representation was learned languages. One of these is the art of learning


.................................. 0 0 Greek in two months !! the other, that of learning to 2.-Penrith; the king's mount. Pen, head, or For furniture, ............................................ 0 4 read and to understand Hebrew in four weeks!!! Per. 5, metaphorically ; rat or rath, fort or mount. For fish and bread,.......

4 haps, as a climax to this acquisition of knowledge, he 3: -Kendal; from ken or caen, head : head of the For painting three phantoms and devils....... 0 0 6 may communicate to the world the art of comprehending

And for four chickens for the hero........... 0 0 4 | Euclid in a fortnight.


.............. 1



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e town.

....... 05

.... 3

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