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When it bursts into dimples and laughs in the sun."*

I never meddled with. The Lord knows what shall | And where it most sparkled no glance could discover,
become of me: I wish I were transported safe to your In lip, cheek, or eyes, for she brighten'd all over;
Lordship, for I cannot live in securitie here. Neither Like any fair lake that the breeze is upon,
have I got sixpence to mentain myself and people,
haveing 8 horses and six servaunts, which I brought
from London. I was entertained by the gentlemen of
Laner. for 3 months onlie; now the last of March my
tyme is expired, and then I wil stay no longer, but if I
can gett away with my lyfe, I intend to come and see
your Lordship wheresoever you be. The Lord be
with you, and ayd you in all your Christian desseins;
as for me, I think myself much your servant, and at
all occasions shall be reddie, and express it as he who

shall ever remaine,

"My Lord,

"Your Ldships. "Most humble and faithfull servant, "JOHN SETON.

"Manchester, the 35th

of March, 1642 (1642-3.)

"If I had bin with the troops when they went from Laner. I had assaulted Preston again, or died in the place, but our men retired to Ribchester."



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"That loveliness, ever in motion, which plays
Like the light upon Autumn's soft shadowy days;
Now here, and now there, giving warmth as it flies
From the lips to the cheek, from the cheek to the eyes.

MR. EDITOR,—I write to you under very singular circumstances I believe, and I presume on the liberty many others have taken, of imploring your assistauce. On affairs of the heart you have been frequently addressed; but I do not remember seeing any case in your amusing paper, which bears an exact affinity to my own. After this preamble, I need scarcely say I am in love; nor do I think I am I have read much; and, when with her, I am conguilty of much vanity when I add, I deserve a return; which, whether I am happy enough to possess or tinually repeating passages from Shakspeare, Moore, not, I must beg of you, or some of your correspond- Byron, &c. and she certainly has given me the ents, more intelligent than myself, to inform me.-ference in many of our evening strolls in the coun"Strange!" you may say, "that a man is not him- try; but pray, is it for the sake of the poets or myself capable of judging whether or not his affection self, that I enjoy her society? meets with a proper return." But so it is; and if you knew me, you would not wonder at what I tell you. I am very modest, diffident, and fearful of

The other evening we met a poor woman, indeed a miserable object; distress, penury, and misfortune were her attendants. Naturally of a humane dis

The flame that in his bosom lies;
His cheek's confusion tells the tale,
We read it in his languid eyes;
And though no words the heart betray,

His silence speaks e'en more than they."+
Sophia does not, or will not understand me; and
though I have been told by many that she pays to
me more attention than she does to others, yet I
fear they are mistaken in the cause of those seeming
attentions. For example:-I dance quadrilles with
much grace, and certainly with precision; and she
once said, "she would rather dance with me than
with any one she knew!"—Yet, what can I think of
this, but that she prefers dancing with one, who nei-
ther makes mistakes, nor figures away like some
bright youths I have seen, whose eyes are more fixed
on their own shoe strings, than on their partner or
their opposite neighbour?

Now, dear Mr. Editor, tell me what I shall do!
This I once at-

With such a being, Mr. Editor, could I help fall-
ing most deeply in love? But it appears most-Shall I write a few verses?
strange to me, that, in my intercourse with Sophia, tempted, and with my usual timidity showed her
she acts as if she were unconscious of the mischief them, as the production of a friend. She did so
she is hourly doing in my poor heart; and I have quiz and criticise the poor effusion, that I tore it
been tempted to believe, that the poet of other and up in a rage, and have not dared to compose a
more classical days was mistaken, when he said, stanza since. But if you think it would have any
effect, I will again woo the muse. Should you give
"In vain the lover tries to veil
me any hope, I will leave off smoking and suuffing;
shall manufacture my
boots; Messrs.
my coats and
inexpressibles; the inimitable Mr. * * shall
dress my hair; my hats shall be from the fashionable
stock of Mr. * *; my collars shall be double
starched; a new ribbon shall decorate my watch, a
smart embossed ring, my little finger; and I would
not hesitate to add a diamond to the neck establish-
ment of, dear Mr. Editor,


Your most obt. servant,

While her laugh, full of life, without any control,
But the sweet one of gracefulness, rung from her soul;

think of a lady who expresses satisfaction at almost all I do or say, and yet will laugh at my person, and speak of me to others with a smile of ridicule, as a pretty little man?"



SIR,-In attending to the functions of my office the being laughed at; yet this hardly proceeds from a position, I listened to her tale with compassion, and other day, I was not a little surprised to find the enmean opinion of myself, for some ladies tell me I closed piece of lead completely enveloped in the marrow am very vain; but I really think I want a little of of the quill I was cutting; and, to the best of my recolwhich it that modest assurance which some are more fortucould have entered, I have puzzled my brain to find nately blessed with; and when others in my situation out the cause, but to no purpose; therefore, if you would be in ecstasies of delight at favours bestowed, think the phenomenon curious, an elucidation, through the medium of your philosophical gazette, will oblige, Yours truly, I am doubtful whether I can presume to call them A QUILL DRIVER. proofs of sincere regard, or merely matters of friendship. Sophia, the object of my attachment, is a The piece of quill is to be seen at our office.-Edit. sweet blue-eyed, laughing, and playful damsel. Her figure is small, yet truly elegant; and, when in a ball-room, reminds you of some tiny and beautiful trinket, which pleases more from its innocent and chaste effect than the obtrusive and striking appear-she is continually praising the figures of others who

gave her a slight pecuniary relief. Sophia pressed
the arm she hung on, and glanced in my face such a
look of satisfaction, that to meet it again I would
almost have exchanged situations with the unfortu-
nate we had just seen. But was this heavenly glance
a proof of her attachment, or merely expressive of
approbation at conduct, which really, after all, de-
served no reward, it being but my duty?

Thus you see what I have doubts about;
and I Kal.
would apply to the lady herself to dispel those
doubts, were it not that sometimes she laughs at my
dress (which certainly does not border on Dandyism;)


ance of grand and more majestic objects. The
loves and graces seem ever sparkling around her,
and Moore must have had just such another crea-
ture in his imagination when he wrote the following
lines, the beauty of which will be a sufficient excuse
for my transcribing them :

are entirely the reverse of myself in form and sta-
ture; she once told me, that no man she ever saw
could persuade her to change her condition. There
are times when I approach her, that her look is
grave and distant; she more than once has taken

SIR,-Some time ago I found a small copper
coin of the reign of Queen Anne, which had appa-
rently been silvered over; it had the figure of Bri-
tannia on the reverse, with the year of our Lord,
1714. With the face are the words, "Anna Regina."
Now, Sir, I have frequently heard it said, that there
refreshment from the hand of some officious puppy, never was more than a certain small number (say
though I was at her side the same moment; and, three or four) of farthings coined in the reign of
above all, she one day heard with indifference a plan Anne (I suppose the one in my possession to be a
farthing, and, consequently, now considered great
formed, by which I should be absent from my native rarities.) If such be the case I may value myself
country four or five years. To suin up my griev-on having a coin of very great scarcity, as well as
ances in one sentence, I would ask, What must I of value. If any of your readers, connoisseurs in
coins, can give me any information on this subject,
they will much oblige,
Yours respectfully,

* Lalla Rookh-the light of the Haram.
+ Moore's Anacreon, note to Ode 27.


SIR,-In your Kaleidoscope of the 1st instant, I noticed, with great astonishment, two letters, written by a person residing in this place; but more particu larly the one under the title of "Caution to Females," and I consider myself (as a friend to that sex) called upon to say, that there has not been one single instance to bear him out in his statement, as the young ladies here are very circumspect in their behaviour and acprequaintance; and as for their respectability, prudence, and moral and religious principles, Ormskirk will bear a comparison with any town in the kingdom. Yours, &c. Ormskirk, 11th May, 1821.




SIR,-If you think the following extraordinary game at Quadrille sufficiently interesting, its insertion in the Kaleidoscope will gratify many of your card-playing readers. A asked leave to play the game, having Basto five, and called a king in the hands of B his left hand neighbour. When C and D beasted them off the board, and continuing to play, without declaring for it, they won the vole, and claimed the rewards accordingly. A and B refused to pay any other than the rewards for sim ply winning the game, as the vole had not been declared. Query, what is the law in this and similar cases?

While I have my pen in hand, I cannot refrain from stating a most singular position and mode of playing at Whist. A and C were partners against B and D, the score was nine all, and A had six tricks and the lead; spades being trumps, the cards lay as follows:-A had a knave, and a small trump, and two diamonds; B, his left hand adversary, had queen, and ten of trumps, and two hearts; C had two small trumps, and two diamonds; and D, the ace, and a small trump, with a heart and a club. A led a diamond, which being passed by B, D won it with the ace, and returned the small one; thus winging the game, which would infallibly be lost by trumping with the small one, or indeed by any other mode of play.

Before I conclude, I beg leave to mention an' occurrence which does not very frequently happen in whist-playing. A few months since, I won a rubber, in two hands. The first hand giving me four honours and seven cards; and the second, Yours truly,

six cards and four honours.

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SIR, Observing, some time since, in the Kaleidoscope, a request for a communication of the best mode of preserving eggs, and none having since appeared, I am induced to state as follows:

In March, 1819, in a brig I was on board of, at Havanna, we had a large quantity of eggs put up for seastore. The mode we followed was to immerse them, one by one, in sallad oil, and then stow them away among salt. They were put up about ten days before we sailed from Havanna: our passage from thence to Barcelona occupied seventy-six days: and, the morning we entered the latter harbour, we had the last of our eggs for breakfast, as fresh and delicate as the hour they were put up.

To the best of my recollection we found only two bad eggs during the whole voyage; and I have no doubt that they were faulty when purchased.

I have since tried the same mode on shorter voyages, with an equally satisfactory result.

Yours, &c.

Little Bolton, 5th May, 1821.



TO THE EDITOR.-On Saturday evening last, about thirty ruffians (they do not deserve the name of men) met at the pit on the east side of the Botanic Garden, with a number of dogs; after hunting a poor duck, they turned to dog-fighting, until the poor animals could not stand: they then brought them to the water to refresh them; and, when a little refreshed, ed, they were set upon each other, until they could no longer sprawl. On Sunday morning, duck-hunting and dog-fighting again commenced, and continued for an hour; and on last evening, a greater number than the poor dogs until they could neither stand nor see. ever again made their appearance, and actually fought I hope you will give this a place in the Mercury, where I trust it will meet the eye of our worthy chief magistrate, who, I am sure, will at once put a stop to so much cruelty. I need not tell you how much these brutal scenes annoy the quiet inhabitants of Smithamlane and Edge-vale. HUMANITAS. Tuesday noon, May 15, 1821.


SIR,-The anomalies of our language are notorious;
and the mutations of its pronunciation and orthogra
Phy almost innumerable. One instance of rather a
singular nature is recorded in the notes to Gifford's
edition of Ben Jonson. He says, "Jonson makes
slaughter rhyme to laughter; it seems, however, to
have been considered as improper, and to have excited
some degree of disapprobation. In the Faune, which
appeared shortly after this comedy (the For) Marston
speaks of two critics, one of which "had lost his flesh
with fishing at the measure of Plantus' verses; and
the other had vowed to get the consumption of the
lungs, or to leave to posterity the true pronunciation
spells the words loffe in Midsummer's Night's Dream,
and orthography of laughing," Act 4.-Shakspeare
to accommodate it to cough."

The four letters, ough have five distinct sounds, and
I think I once made out six. If any of your readers
can discover the sixth, I hope to see the word contain-
ing it, stated through the Kaleidoscope. The five
sounds are exhibited in the following words: though, o;
rough, uf; cough, off; through, oo; plough, ow.
A. Q. W.

ADVANCED PRICE OF BACK-NUMBERS.-X. X. to whom we addressed a short note in the Mercury, referring him at the same time to the next Kaleides. cope for a more detailed explanation, is informed, that the advanced price, which we have so long been in the habit of charging for back numbers of our publication, was adopted by us as a defensive measure, and has been publicly and repeatedly announced. Our plan is to charge an additional halfpenny for each number one week after the date of its regular publication; and if the stock is so nearly exhausted as to render a reprint called for (as has been the case with eight numbers of our present volume) we charge, for such reprint number, sixpence, as indicated on the very face of the publication. Nothing can be more fair or reasonable: we have as much right to speculate in Kaleidoscopes as a merchant or broker has in cotton or coffee, and to adapt our price to the demand and the stock on hand. If we did not act on this plan with regard to the Kaleidoscope, we should be very ill requited for time and labour.

SNUFF TAKING.-W.'s paper on this subject shall
have a place, although we fancy many of our readers
will be apt to turn up their noses at it.

JESSAMY will perceive that we have taken a liberty with his letter, which propriety as well as pr dence dictated. We allude to our omission of the names of the sundry tradesmen who are to have the high honour of Dandyfying or Adonising our -friend JESSAMY, who will not quarrel with out apology on the score of propriety and prudence, when he recollects that it is not, in the first place, proper delicate thus to administer the puff direct to any tradesman; nor, in the next place, would it be p pru dent, as we should, and properly too, subject ourselves to the advertisement duty for such puffs.

NOTES TO THE SIEGE OF LATHOM HOUSE-We are desirous to direct the attention of our readers to the series of notes on the subject which are DOW passing through the Kaleidoscope. The subject may appear so unpromising of amusement, as to deter or disincline some persons from bestowing upon it at tention, to which it is, notwithstanding, entitled, par ticularly throughout the county of Lancashire. The frequent mention of Manchester, Bolton, Warring ton, and other towns, as well as of the names of the ancestors of some of the principal gentlemen of the county, conspire to give the narrative a very high local interest. We need scarcely add, that certain obnoxious phrases interspersed throughout the notes, relating to the Catholics, are as objectionable to us as they can be to any class of our readers; nor should any consideration, except the necessity of following the text literally, have prevailed upon us to retain them.

To Correspondents.

After having acknowledged any proffered communi-
cation, which does not afterwards obtain a place in our
columns, we wish it to be understood, generally speak-
ing, that the favour is declined, for some reason or
other, which it would be extremely tiresome and un-
edifying to detail minutely. According to our notions
of delicacy, this tacit or negative mode of conveying
the hint is better calculated than any other to avert
mortification and heart-burning. Some of our cor-
respondents, particularly of the poetical tribe, seem,
however, to be of a different opinion; and, by their
incessant importunities, seem bent upon compelling
us to explain the grounds of our rejection of their
offerings, and publicly to justify the award we have
given in our capacity of editorial arbitrators. Such
an alternative is always embarrassing to us, as it forces
us, in self-defence, to exhibit specimens of these re-
jected offerings, which, should they excite the laughter
of the public, and the writer become known, is the
certain means of entailing upon us the mortal enmity
of the enraged author, who would have remained
unknown had not his vanity betrayed him, by a pro-
pensity too common to the class; a propensity some-
what akin to that of the hen, who, when she has laid
an egg, goes about cackling, to inform all the neigh-
bours of the wonderful feat she has performed.
What we would, therefore, recommend to our poetical
friends in general, is, that they should not make a
disclosure of their compositions previously to deposit.
ing them in our letter-box; and thus, should we
differ with them as to their literary merits, some un.
easiness on the part of the writer, and much trouble
to ourselves will be spared.

week displaced something, perhaps more generally amusing, to make room for the very elaborate and to the scientific reader) interesting meteorological tablet and accompanying remarks of Mr. Hanson, which occupy a whole page of this day's Kaleidoscope. any of our readers think that the subject has intruded too much on our columns, we beg they will recollect that such statements will not often obstruct other mat ter, as the present table embraces the meteorological results of no less than fourteen years. As for the im portance of similar registers, we can only remind out readers, that the editors of the best and ablest scien tific journals of the day, very eagerly avail themselves of the patient labours of the very gentleman to whom we are indebted for this identical meteorological table. PREDICTIONS.-The mysterious event (as we presume

it is) which forms the subject of the communication of JULIUS, is conveyed in so mysterious a character, that we have not yet been able to decypher the whole of it. We will take another spell, however, before we conclude that it is beyond human skill to unrave the mystery.

The letters of COCCIENSIS, AN ANTIQUARY, and
Tor, in our next.

The correspondent from whom we have received some lines addressed to "Any Pretty Girl" is requested to say whether they are original, and if not, from what work they have been copied.

Letters or parcels not received, unless free of charge.

Printed, published, and sold by E. SMITH and Co 54, Lord-street, Liverpool.

Literary and Scientific Mirror.

This familiar Miscellany, from which religious and political matters are excluded, contains a variety of original and selected Articles; comprehending Literature, Criticism, Men and Manners, Amusement, Elegant Extracts, Poetry, Anecdotes, Biography, Meteorology, the Drama, Arts and Sciences, Wit and Satire, Natural History, Monthly Diary, Fashions, &c. &c.; forming a handsome Annual Volume, with an Index and Title-page.-Regular supplies are forwarded to the following


Hanley-T. Allbut;
Huddersfield-T. Smart;
Hull-J. Perkins;
Lancaster-G. Bentham;
Leeds-B. Dewhirst;
Macclesfield-P. Hall;

Blackburn-T. Rogerson;
B.-J. Kell, or J. Brandwood;
Bradford-J. Stanfield;
Bury-J. Kay;


Chester-R. Taylor;
Chorley-T. Parker;
Congleton-J. Parsons;
Dublin-W. Baker; J. P. Power
and Mrs. Broadhurst;
Halifax-R. Simpson;

The Traveler.




The following is a copy of a letter written by a young gentleman of this town, who some time ago traveled over the Jura mountains,


Manchester-Miss Richardsons;
J. Fletcher; and T. Sowler;
Newcastle-U.-L.-C. Chester;
Northwich-J. Kent;
Ormskirk W. Garside;
Prescot-A. Ducker;

TUESDAY, MAY 29, 1821.

The ride from hence is grand in the extreme. of the vast plain beneath. The whole Nothing can be conceived more romantic, atmosphere instantly assumed a crimson than the bold and lofty cliffs of the Jura, hue; and the clouds, like ethereal bodies abruptly rising, in stupendous peaks, as far of vivid fire, were rolling in continual as the eye can reach. This immense chain agitation, opposing and receding from each of mountains, which separates the two other in fearful and rapid confusion: it countries of France and Switzerland, com- had all the effect of an universal conflagramences west of Geneva, extending north- tion. The clouds having by this time ward to the French department of the gathered round us, we sought shelter amidst Upper Rhine, whence, dividing into two some broken rocks which overhung our main arms, the one continues its course heads in huge and shapeless masses.— nearly due north, until it assumes the name Hence, we observed, on the opposite side of of Vosges. The most elevated points are, the glen, amidst thick woods and rugged I believe, the Dole and the Montendre; the rocks, a few white huts and an ancient conestimated heights of which are upwards of vent; it appeared a low range of building, 5000 feet above the level of the sea. and contributed greatly to the romantic "It might be about six o'clock when we scene. By this time our vehicle had overcommenced our tedious ascent. We en- taken us, and the evening being far advantered the mountains through a narrow glen, ced, we took possession of our seats. The by a steep road ingeniously cut out of the moon was just breaking forth from behind a rocks, in a zig-zag direction, and twisting so distant mountain, as we were proceeding frequently to and fro, that the surrounding through a narrow strait of rude and objects were subject to continual variation. craggy rocks, which gave a gloominess to Our situation was, at this moment, most our situation not easily imagined. Soon solemn and romantic; not a whisper was to afterwards we had intimation of having reached the summit, by our vehicle moving


"We arrived at Dole to a late breakfast, here we exchanged our carriage for a pecies of vehicle, not by any means satisactory; the harness, if such I may be alwed to call it, would have disgraced the 10st miserable pedler England could prouce; and so unwieldy and inconvenient as its construction, that we had little or > comfort in traveling. Dole is situated a most agreeable valley in Franche ompté. It is mentioned, in ancient record, having once been the habitation of the omans, of whom there are several traces: me scattered remains of the great Roman ad from the south of France to the Rhine, e still visible, in passing through the be heard, nor a leaf seen to move. We

Preston-P. Whittle;
Rochdale-J. Hartley;
Runcorn-Mrs. Harrison;
Sheffield-T. Orton;
Shrewsbury-C. Hulbert;
Stoke-R. Č. Tomkinson;

St. Helen's-Edw. Glover; Stockport-J. Dawson; Wakefield-R. Hurst; Warrington-J. Harrison; Wigan-W. and Lyon; Ditto-J. Brown.

PRICE 32d.

wn. The environs are extremely fine, soon alighted from our vehicle; and, having on with a sudden velocity; a transition d possess additional interest as the tra- attained a considerable eminence, beheld, most cheerfully hailed by all our passengers. ler advances towards the Jura Mountains; from the ridge of a tremendous precipice, The surrounding landscape now became hose amazing heights give to the surround-the setting sun, just verging towards the wild and dreary, intermixed with thick landscape a most romantic finish. The horizon, in all the brightness of his glory, woods and barren hills; but, from the exley beneath is so beautifully fertile, and producing an inconceivably sublime effect; treme fatigue of a long journey, I was much e banks of the river which flows through a more vast and extensive prospect I never more disposed to indulge myself in the corso rich and luxuriant, that the inhabitants beheld: the whole empire of France seemed ner of the diligence, than to peep through ve named it Le val d'amour. prostrate at our feet. At this critical mo- the windows. In these higher regions are "We entered the interesting village of ment, as if some extraordinary phenomena various extensive forests of lofty firs and oligny about sun-set, being the last post-in nature had been designed for our con-pines, which are pleasing to the eye, and wn before reaching the mountains: here templation, a storm of wind and rain, ac- extremely picturesque. I understand they tasted some most delicious light-coloured companied by thunder and lightning, passed are infested by a number of wild animals; me, the best I have met with on the con- on our left, just over the surface of the particularly wolves, boars and bears, which ent; the French call it vin d'arbor; and, opposite mountain; and, pursuing its course occasionally commit great depredations my opinion, it is equal to any Champaign. westward, for a while intercepted our view among the inhabitants.

"It was a most delightful morning, when, | earthly globe. The sun was fast approaching curious and ingenious approach. Here we stretching from our uneasy slumbers, we towards the west, in all the bright effulgence entered a fertile and rich valley, adorned found ourselves in a fertile valley, approach- of his glory, amidst a sky, unencumbered by with elegant seats, pleasure-grounds, and ing an extensive forest. The plantations of a single speck, or an atmosphere disturbed rich vines. On our right, we passed the noble trees, and the beautiful scenery we here by even the semblance of a breath, when, quondam habitation of the renowned Volencountered, were romantic in the extreme, after a toilsome and anxious journey, we taire, about two leagues from Geneva.equaling many of our most esteemed parks gained the extreme point. Turning sud- The grounds surrounding this chateau arg in England. The road now became the denly to the left, the magic view instanta-most bewitching, being tastefully planted most fascinating that can be conceived.neously burst upon us; it operated on our with lofty vines, in the form of ornamental We alternately ascended and descended, in astonished senses like an electric shock: it festoons. At eight o'clock, we reached the irregular tracts, through ravines, glens, was indeed an awful and sublime sight. In gates of this city, and were heartily glad to vales, and forests; sometimes attaining high an abyss of almost inconceivable depth, and find a comfortable inn for our wearied elevations, whence we beheld the still more amidst prospects equally unbounded in ex- limbs." lofty pinnacles of the Jura, entrenched by tent, we beheld that beautiful expanse of tremendous abysses, and surrounded by water, the Lake of Geneva, with the city dark clouds; at others, abruptly opening rising from its banks, embosomed in an into verdant and richly-cultivated meadows, amphitheatre of magnificence and splenenriched with huts, villages and smiling farms, dour, far beyond the power of my humble the former principally constructed of forest and imperfect pen to describe. The stutrees; and which, from their white and clean pendous pyramids of the endless and distant appearance, conveyed a neat, cheerful, and Alps, towering, in proud majesty,' one pretty effect. There is an air of primitive above another, displaying the several seasons simplicity and good nature about the pea- of the changing year; the terrific and colossal santry, which I very much admired; they appearance of Mont Blanc, partly encircled a healthy, and industrious race of by clouds, and partly crowned with everlast-Inverness to London, at finding, by reflection on the beings; their complexions are good, par- ing snows; added to an appalling precipice ticularly those of the children, whose of some thousand feet immediately before

Yours, &c.


SIR, I was greatly diverted, on a journey fran


name of every ancient place as I went along, that they

were all of a Gælic origin.


us, were, indeed, objects so affecting and powerfully impressive, that the lapse of some minutes is requisite, before the eye can contemplate the whole with cool and dispassionate reflection. My fellow passengers, after gazing for a few minutes in silent contemplation, gave voluntary vent "It was not without the greatest pos- to their feelings, by expressions of the most sible sensation of alarm we descended the ungovernable rapture and delight. We mountains towards St. Moritz, a small town, now made the best of our way down the steep most romantically situated in a deep valley. tract towards the diligence, which had taken The road on which we moved was indeed so the regular route, through a circuitous part terrific, that the least fright given to the of the mountains. It was not without great horses must have consigned us to the bottom fear and trembling' that I reached the foot of an awful and tremendous gulf, the sight of the Jura, the road being so steep and alarm-tongue: say, for instance, of which made me quite dizzy. We here ing, that my nerves were in continual agitawitnessed a grand and magnificent spectacle: tion. In many instances it was not more than from the higher mountains an impetuous five or six yards wide, unprotected on either rushing torrent descended in a roaring cata-side by even a single stone; thus the least slip ract, and, bursting across the road with must inevitably have precipitated us to a inconceivable fury and rapidity, emptied depth of at least two or three thousand feet. itself into the valley beneath, where it pur-Our descent was extremely curious and sued its turbulent course over roads and surprising; at one time we were winding stones, towards the village. We were not along in a cork-screw direction; at anodetained long at St. Moritz, before we re-ther, zig-zag, all the while commanding commenced a long and tedious ascent to- a quick transition of enchanting and magwards the peak of the Dole, being the nificent scenery. In about an hour we highest point of the Jura; than whence, reached Gex, where we changed horses: it perhaps, a more imposing and sublime pros-is a small neat town, romantically situated at pect cannot be viewed from any part of this the skirts of the mountains, having a most

round and rosy cheeks give them a most interesting appearance. We breakfasted in the early part of the morning, on fruit, honey, and wine; a truly novel breakfast, compared with tea, eggs, and toast; we all, however, enjoyed the repast, and made a hearty meal.



To the Editor.


1.-Inverness; the Frith of the Cascade.
2.-Riven, of Badenock; the King's Standing-plat.
3.-Blair, in Athol; the Place of Battle.
4.-Dunkeld; the Nunnery, or Girl's Inclosure.
5.-Perth; the Part, or Portion.

6.-Stirling; the Strife of Heroes.
7.-Glasgow; the dark Grove, or Valley.
8.-Kilmarnock; the Woman's sequestered Place.
9.-Sanchquair; an ancient City.
10.-Dumfries; the sheltered Cloister.
11.-Carlisle; the City of Law.
12.-Penrith; the King's Mount.
13.-Kendale; the Head of the Dale.
14.-Lancaster; full of Contention.
15.-Chester; real Strife.

16.-Shrewsbury; the Stream of Bows, or Banil 17.-London; the brown Marsh.


Were I to go over all the ancient places in the se kingdoms which still retain their first names, I eral trace them also to the same source. Again, as to the origin of surnames, I can trace that also to the Gais.

1.-Mackintosh; the Son of the first.
2.-M'Donald; the Son of brown Eyca
3.-M'Dugal; the Son of black Eyes.
4.-M'Onnechy, or Duncan; the Son of brown lies
5.-M Gregor; the Son of the Greek Men.
6.-M'Cuithburt; the Son of the Arch-druid.
7.-M'Kay; the Son of the Prophet.
8.-M Taggart; the Son of the Priest.
9.-M Leod; the Son of the Wounder.
10.-M'Lean; the Son of Lion.
11.-M Kinzie; the Son of the friendly One.
12.-M'Intyre; the Son of the Carpenter.
12.-Campbell; Crooked-mouth.
14.-Camron; Crooked-nose.
15.-Stewart; the high Stay, or Support.
16.-Fingal; the Gul, worthy One.
17.-Ossian; the Top.

Many more might be added, but these are

for the present purpose, which is to show the expre

nature of the Gælic language, and the great song once had in our triple state.

Now, Sir, should you think the above w

of a place in your valuable paper, it will more than
Your most humble servant,

Liverpool, September 18, 1820.

It will be perceived by the date of the foregoing letter, that it has been a considerable time in our possession; and it is due to the writer to apprize him of the reason, which is briefly this:-It struck us, on a first perusal, that we had met with the same derivations which Tor seems to claim as originally suggested by himself. Under this impression we applied to a gentleman well read on such subjects, who has favoured us with a letter, which we now give, together with that of Τοι.



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14.-Lancaster; the real origin of this is most probably caer, a camp, it having been a Roman station; but, if we wish a Gælic origin, it is from Lan, full; ca, wasting; stree, strife: the full wasting strife.

2.-Penrith; the king's mount. Pen, head, or
g, metaphorically; rat or rath, fort or mount.
3.-Kendal; from ken or caen, head: head of the


15.-Chester; a principal Roman station, from early times, by way of eminence; caer, or the camp; or, if you would rather, from Che, hot; and stree, strife. Hot strife.

SIR,-With the assistance of two fair Celts, I have examined your Celtic puzzle; and the result of our lucubrations you will find below. It is necessary to premise, that true Celtic antiquaries will derive every word, even those most evidently borrowed from the Greek and Latin, from their own most ancient and honoured tongue. It is not fair to derive names, in South Britain at least, from the Scottish Gaelic, which never appears to have possessed any peculiar written character; and, therefore, is less likely to be so pure a dialect of the Celtic as the Welsh. This, however, a genuine Highlander is bound nost strenuously to deny. A little practice, with Owen's valuable Welsh dictionary in the hand, will enable a person of any ingenuity to trace most British names of places to that dialect of the Celtic. The difficulty of epresenting the Gælic language by our alphabet, and he very little which has been written in that dialect, have favoured the corruptions of time and ignorance; that many names, probably truly Celtic, are now raced with difficulty. In some instances, names apear to have been compounded of Celtic and Anglo-The early members of that family were distinguished as aron or Danish words. This will account for the the hereditary Stercards of Scotland. One of them, oubts which harass the best Galic scholars. I know called The Steward of Scotland, transmitted royalty to his descendants through an intermarriage with a daugh> work which gives more etymologies of British names ter of the hero of Bannockburn. A Celtic scholar, an Chalmers's Caledonia, or Lloyd's Archælogia. proud of tracing all words to his own tongue, might 1.-Inverness my friends do not profess to know; but contend for the derivation of Stewart from Stew, a supbelieve that Inver, like the Welsh Aber, is an em- port; and ard, high: a high support. uchure, or lower part (a port) of a river; and the -wn stands on the embouchure of the ness. What ness ay be in Gælic I cannot learn; but ness, in Norwean, means low promontory, which suits the locality of

14.-Camron; from Cam, crooked; and ron, nose. 15.-Stewart; most certainly given to the family, afterwards royal, from the office of dapifer, or steward.

16.-Fingal; is from Fin, or Fuin, people; and Gael, or Gal; therefore, would signify either the true Gael or Celt, or the white people.

17.-Ossian; uncertain in the opinion of my friends: perhaps from O, grandchild; and sian, some proper

e town.

name not known to them.

16.-Shrewsbury; probably not of Celtic origin.
17.-London; from Lon, a plain or flat; and don,
brown: the brown plain.


1.-M'Intosh; from Mac, son; In, John; Tosh, the
first, or chief: the son of John the Chief.
2.-M⚫Donald; from Don, brown; and ald, hair:
the son of brown hair.

3.-M Dugal; from Du or Dhu, black; and Gael,
Celt, Son of the Gael. Or it may be from gal, white:
son of the dark hair and fair complexion; correspond-
ing to what is called Sanguineo-melancholic tempera-


4.-M'Onnachy; perhaps may mean son of the brown head; but it is not the same with Duncan, which, if derived from Dun, fortified hill; and caen, head, means top of the Castle-hill: if a corruption of Dum, vale, it is head of the vale.

2.-Probably right; Riven being King, or of a King.
-Blair; is a place of battle (dele the in Athol.)
4-Is quite wrong in your list. Dun invariably sig-will
ies a fortified hill; and keld, or kil, is a burial-place,
grave: therefore, it signifies the grave on the Castle-

5.-M'Gregor; certainly son of the Greek.

6. M'Cuthbert; from Cuth, chiefest, or immortal;
and burt, bard: son of the immortal bard.

7.-M Kay (pronounced Kaai) is said to be derived
from the ancient tribe of Catti, or clan Chattan, whose
cognizance is a cat. It may, perhaps, be from phay, a
prophet: either son of the Catti, or son of the prophet.
8.-M Taggart; from Taggard, or rather Saggard,
a priest: son of the priest.
9.-M'Leod; from Leod, wounded man: son of the
wounded man.

10.-M'Lean; from Lean, strong, or brawney (applied also to a lion.) Son of the strong man is its most probable Gelic meaning.

11.-M⭑Kenzie; son of Kenneth, or of the friendly


12.-M'Intyre; certainly son of the carpenter.
13.-Campell; said to be from an Italian family;
the lords of Campo bello: but a Celtic etymologist,
especially if one of the children of the Mist would con-
tend for its derivation from Cam, crooked; and bel,

These remarks are much at your service; and I hope
elucidate your questions.

Yours truly,


At a play, acted in 1511, on the feast of St. Margaret, the following disbursements were made as the charges of the exhibition:


£ s. d.
To musicians, for which, however, they were
bound to perform three nights,.................. 0 5 6
For players, in bread and ale,
For decorations, dresses, and play-books,...... 1
To John Hobbard, priest, and author of the
For the place in which the representation was

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Monthly mean...
Mean of the 3d decade, commencing on the 9th, 52.2
4th ditto, ending on the 28th,
Highest, which took place on the 26th,
Lowest, which took place on the 6th,
Difference of the extreme, .......
Greatest variation in 24 hours, which occurred on
the 26th,

......... 56.7


Lowest, which took place on the 23d ....................................... 29.0
Difference of the extreme.........
Greatest variation in twenty-four hours, which
occurred on the 5th..


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RAIN, &c. 3.320 Inches. Number of wet days

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•50 4.10


foggy days ............... 0 snowy ..................... 0 haily 7

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REMARKS. This has been decidedly, a warm, cloudy, wet month: the wind during two-thirds of the period has blown from the south-west. Lightning and thunder occurred on the 14th, 18th, 25th, and 26th: hail, a common attendant upon thunder, has been frequent. However, we have had no severe night frosts: vegetation in consequence has made rapid advances, as appears from an abundant show of grass, fruit, and other productions of the earth.

Manchester, 14th of May, 1821.


A German of the name of Kastner has written two 0 2 8 works that may justly be called a short cut to the learned languages. One of these is the art of learning 0 Greek in two months!! the other, that of learning to For furniture, 4 read and to understand Hebrew in four weeks!!! PerFor fish and bread,....... 0 0 4 haps, as a climax to this acquisition of knowledge, he For painting three phantoms and devils,...... 0 0 6 may communicate to the world the art of comprehending And for four chickens for the hero,........................................... 0 4 Euclid in a fortnight.

0 1 ................................................................. 0


"The flock, consisting of 175, imported into France been removed to a more congenial climate at St. Omers, in 1819, and placed at the north-east of Toulon, has near Paris. The kids from this flock are abundantly covered with magnificent down, of which the Cashmere shawls are made; and they are superior in strength and appearance to the indigenous kids of the same age; which leaves no doubt of success from the naturalization."-Tilloch's Magazine.

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