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When it bursts into dimples and laughs in the sun."*

never meddled with. The Lord knows what shall | And where it most sparkled no glance could discover,
become of me: I wish I were transported safe to your In lip, cheek, or eyes, for she brighten'd all over;
Lordship, for I cannot live in securitie here. Neither Like any fair lake that the breeze is upon,
have I got sixpence to mentain myself and people,
haveing 8 horses and six servaunts, which I brought
from London. I was entertained by the gentlemen of
Lancr. for 3 months onlie; now the last of March my
tyme is expired, and then I wil stay no longer, but if 1
can gett away with my lyfe, I intend to come and see
your Lordship wheresoever you be. The Lord be
with you, and ayd you in all your Christian desseins;
as for me, I think myself much your servant, and at
all occasions shall be reddie, and express it as he who
"My Lord,

shall ever remaine,

"Your Ldships. "Most humble and faithfull servant, "JOHN SETON.

"Manchester, the 35th

of March, 1642 (1642-3.)

"If I had bin with the troops when they went from Lancr. I had assaulted Preston again, or died in the place, but our men retired to Ribchester."



think of a lady who expresses satisfaction at almost all I do or say, and yet will laugh at my person, and speak of me to others with a smile of ridicule, as "a pretty little man?"

Now, dear Mr. Editor, tell me what I shall do!

With such a being, Mr. Editor, could I help falling most deeply in love? But it appears most-Shall I write a few verses? This I once atstrange to me, that, in my intercourse with Sophia, tempted, and with my usual timidity showed her she acts as if she were unconscious of the mischief them, as the production of a friend. She did so she is hourly doing in my poor heart; and I have quiz and criticise the poor effusion, that I tore it been tempted to believe, that the poet of other and up in a rage, and have not dared to compose a more classical days was mistaken, when he said, stanza since. But if you think it would have any "In vain the lover tries to veil effect, I will again woo the muse. Should you give me any hope, I will leave off smoking and snuffing; Messrs. shall manufacture my boots; Messrs. inexpressibles; the inimitable Mr. * dress my hair; my hats shall be from the fashionable stock of Mr. * *; my collars shall be double starched; a new ribbon shall decorate my watch, a smart embossed ring, my little finger; and I would not hesitate to add a diamond to the neck establishment of, dear Mr. Editor, Your most obt. servant, JESSAMY.

The flame that in his bosom lies;
His cheek's confusion tells the tale,
We read it in his languid eyes;
And though no words the heart betray,

His silence speaks e'en more than they."+
Sophia does not, or will not understand me; and
though I have been told by many that she pays to
me more attention than she does to others, yet I
fear they are mistaken in the cause of those seeming
attentions. For example:-I dance quadrilles with
much grace, and certainly with precision; and she
once said, "she would rather dance with me than
with any one she knew!"-Yet, what can I think of
this, but that she prefers dancing with one, who nei-
ther makes mistakes, nor figures away like some
bright youths I have seen, whose eyes are more fixed
on their own shoe strings, than on their partner or
their opposite neighbour?

MR. EDITOR,—I write to you under very singular circumstances I believe, and I presume on the liberty many others have taken, of imploring your assist ance. On affairs of the heart you have been frequently addressed; but I do not remember seeing any case in your amusing paper, which bears an exact affinity to my own. After this preamble, I need scarcely say I am in love; nor do I think I am guilty of much vanity when I add, I deserve a return; which, whether I am happy enough to possess or not, I must beg of you, or some of your correspondents, more intelligent than myself, to inform me.-ference in many of our evening strolls in the coun"Strange!" you may say, "that a man is not him-try; but pray, is it for the sake of the poets or myself capable of judging whether or not his affection self, that I enjoy her society? meets with a proper return." But so it is; and if you knew me, you would not wonder at what I tell you. I am very modest, diffident, and fearful of


my coats and shall

SIR,-In your Kaleidoscope of the 1st instant, I noticed, with great astonishment, two letters, written by a person residing in this place; but more particu larly the one under the title of "Caution to Females," and I consider myself (as a friend to that sex) called I have read much; and, when with her, I am con- upon to say, that there has not been one single instance tinually repeating passages from Shakspeare, Moore, to bear him out in his statement, as the young ladies here are very circumspect in their behaviour and acByron, &c. and she certainly has given me the prequaintance; and as for their respectability, prudence, and moral and religious principles, Ormskirk will bear a comparison with any town in the kingdom. Yours, &c. Ormskirk, 11th May, 1821.

The other evening we met a poor woman, indeed

a miserable object; distress, penury, and misfortune
were her attendants. Naturally of a humane dis-



being laughed at; yet this hardly proceeds from a position, I listened to her tale with compassion, and other day, I was not a little surprised to find the en

gave her a slight pecuniary relief. Sophia pressed
the arm she hung on, and glanced in my face such a
look of satisfaction, that to meet it again I would
almost have exchanged situations with the unfortu-
nate we had just seen. But was this heavenly glance
a proof of her attachment, or merely expressive of
approbation at conduct, which really, after all, de-
served no reward, it being but my duty?

mean opinion of myself, for some ladies tell me I
am very vain; but I really think I want a little of
that modest assurance which some are more fortu-
nately blessed with; and when others in my situation
would be in ecstasies of delight at favours bestowed,
I am doubtful whether I can presume to call them
proofs of sincere regard, or merely matters of friend-
ship. Sophia, the object of my attachment, is a
Thus you see what I have doubts about; and I
sweet blue-eyed, laughing, and playful damsel. Her
figure is small, yet truly elegant; and, when in a would apply to the lady herself to dispel those
ball-room, reminds you of some tiny and beautiful doubts, were it not that sometimes she laughs at my
trinket, which pleases more from its innocent and dress (which certainly does not border on Dandyism ;)
chaste effect than the obtrusive and striking appear-she is continually praising the figures of others who
ance of grand and more majestic objects. The are entirely the reverse of myself in form and sta-
loves and graces seem ever sparkling around her,
and Moore must have had just such another crea-
ture in his imagination when he wrote the following
lines, the beauty of which will be a sufficient excuse
for my transcribing them:

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SIR,-In attending to the functions of my office the closed piece of lead completely enveloped in the marrow of the quill I was cutting; and, to the best of my recollection, without any apparent aperture by which it could have entered, I have puzzled my brain to find out the cause, but to no purpose; therefore, if you think the phenomenon curious, an elucidation, through the medium of your philosophical gazette, will oblige, Yours truly,


The piece of quill is to be seen at our office.-Edit. Kal.



SIR, Some time ago I found a small copper ture; she once told me, that no man she ever saw coin of the reign of Queen Anne, which had appacould persuade her to change her condition. There rently been silvered over; it had the figure of Briare times when I approach her, that her look is tannia on the reverse, with the year of our Lord, 1714. With the face are the words, "Anna Regina." grave and distant; she more than once has taken Now, Sir, I have frequently heard it said, that there refreshment from the hand of some officious puppy, never was more than a certain small number (say though I was at her side the same moment; and, three or four) of farthings coined in the reign of above all, she one day heard with indifference a plan Anne (I suppose the one in my possession to be a formed, by which I should be absent from my native farthing, and, consequently, now considered great rarities.) If such be the case I may value myself country four or five years. To suin up my griev-on having a coin of very great scarcity, as well as ances in one sentence, I would ask, What must I of value. If any of your readers, connoisseurs in coins, can give me any information on this subject, they will much oblige, Yours respectfully, Manchester. A CONSTANT READER,

* Lalla Rookh-the light of the Haram.

+ Moore's Anacreon, note to Ode 27.




TO THE EDITOR.-On Saturday evening last, about thirty ruffians (they do not deserve the name of men) met at the pit on the east side of the Botanic Garden, with a number of dogs; after hunting a poor duck, SIR,-If you think the following extraordinary they turned to dog-fighting, until the poor animals game at Quadrille sufficiently interesting, its in- could not stand: they then brought them to the sertion in the Kaleidoscope will gratify many of water to refresh them; and, when a little refreshed, your card-playing readers. A asked leave to play ed, they were set upon each other, until they could no the game, having Basto five, and called a king in longer sprawl. On Sunday morning, duck-hunting the hands of B his left hand neighbour. When C and dog-fighting again commenced, and continued for and D beasted them off the board, and continuing an hour; and on last evening, a greater number than to play, without declaring for it, they won the vole, the poor dogs until they could neither stand nor see. ever again made their appearance, and actually fought and claimed the rewards accordingly. A and BI hope you will give this a place in the Mercury, refused to pay any other thau the rewards for sim where I trust it will meet the eye of our worthy chief ply winning the game, as the vole had not been magistrate, who, I am sure, will at once put a stop to declared. Query, what is the law in this and simi- so much cruelty. I need not tell you how much these lar cases? brutal scenes annoy the quiet inhabitants of Smithamlane and Edge-vale. HUMANITAS.

While I have my pen in hand, I cannot refrain from stating a most singular position and mode of playing at Whist. A and C were partners against B and D, the score was nine all, and A had six tricks and the lead; spades being trumps, the cards lay as follows:-A had a knave, and a small trump, and two diamonds; B, his left hand adversary, had queen, and ten of trumps, and two hearts; C had two small trumps, and two diamonds; and D, the ace, and a small trump, with a heart and a club. A led a diamond, which being passed by B, D won it with the ace, and returned the small one; thus winging the game, which would infallibly be lost by trumping with the small one, or indeed by any other mode of play.

Before I conclude, I beg leave to mention an' occurrence which does not very frequently happen in whist-playing. A few months since, I won a rubber, in two hands. The first hand giving me four honours and seven cards; and the second, six cards and four honours.

Yours truly,


Tuesday noon, May 15, 1821.


SIR,-The anomalies of our language are notorious; and the mutations of its pronunciation and orthograPhy almost innumerable. One instance of rather a singular nature is recorded in the notes to Gifford's edition of Ben Jonson. He says, "Jonson makes slaughter rhyme to laughter; it seems, however, to have been considered as improper, and to have excited some degree of disapprobation. In the Faune, which appeared shortly after this comedy (the For) Marston speaks of two critics, one of which "had lost his flesh with fishing at the measure of Plantus' verses; and the other had vowed to get the consumption of the lungs, or to leave to pesterity the true pronunciation spells the words loffe in Midsummer's Night's Dream, and orthography of laughing," Act 4.-Shakspeare to accommodate it to cough."

The four letters, ough have five distinct sounds, and I think I once made out six. If any of your readers can discover the sixth, I hope to see the word containP.S. I see you have finished your series of cri-ing it, stated through the Kaleidoscope. The five tical situations at Chess: I beg leave to suggest the sounds are exhibited in the following words: though, o; commencement of a series of situations in Draughts, rough, uf; cough, off; through, oo; plough, ow. with which I can furnish you out of a book by Sturgess, which bas been some time out of print. As an additional inducement, I think I can confidently assert, that there are a dozen draught-players to one chess-player.



SIR, Observing, some time since, in the Kaleidoscope, a request for a communication of the best mode of preserving eggs, and none having since appeared, I am induced to state as follows:

In March, 1819, in a brig I was on board of, at Havanna, we had a large quantity of eggs put up for seastore. The mode we followed was to immerse them, one by one, in sallad oil, and then stow them away among salt. They were put up about ten days before we sailed from Havanna: our passage from thence to Barcelona occupied seventy-six days: and, the morning we entered the latter harbour, we had the last of our eggs for breakfast, as fresh and delicate as the hour they were put up.

To the best of my recollection we found only two bad eggs during the whole voyage; and I have no doubt that they were faulty when purchased.

I have since tried the same mode on shorter voyages, with an equally satisfactory result.

Yours, &c.

Little Bolton, 5th May, 1821.


A. Q. W.

To Correspondents.

DISAPPOINTED AUTHORS, or Favours declined.After having acknowledged any proffered communication, which does not afterwards obtain a place in our columns, we wish it to be understood, generally speaking, that the favour is declined, for some reason or other, which it would be extremely tiresome and unedifying to detail minutely. According to our notions of delicacy, this tacit or negative mode of conveying the hint is better calculated than any other to avert mortification and heart-burning. Some of our correspondents, particularly of the poetical tribe, seem, however, to be of a different opinion; and, by their incessant importunities, seem bent upon compelling us to explain the grounds of our rejection of their offerings, and publicly to justify the award we have given in our capacity of editorial arbitrators. Such an alternative is always embarrassing to us, as it forces us, in self-defence, to exhibit specimens of these rejected offerings, which, should they excite the laughter of the public, and the writer become known, is the certain means of entailing upon us the mortal enmity of the enraged author, who would have remained unknown had not his vanity betrayed him, by a propensity too common to the class; a propensity somewhat akin to that of the hen, who, when she has laid an egg, goes about cackling, to inform all the neighbours of the wonderful feat she has performed.What we would, therefore, recommend to our poetical friends in general, is, that they should not make a disclosure of their compositions previously to deposit. ing them in our letter-box; and thus, should we differ with them as to their literary merits, some un. easiness on the part of the writer, and much trouble to ourselves will be spared.

ADVANCED PRICE OF BACK-NUMBERS.-X. X. whom we addressed a short note in the Mercury, referring him at the same time to the next Kaleid cope for a more detailed explanation, is informed, that the advanced price, which we have so long been in the habit of charging for back numbers of our publica.ion, was adopted by us as a defensive measure, and has been publicly and repeatedly announced. Our plan is to charge an additional halfpenny for each number one week after the date of its regular publication; and if the stock is so nearly exhausted as to render a reprint called for (as has been the case with eight numbers of our present volume) we charge, for such reprint number, sixpence, as indicated on the very face of the publication. Nothing can be more fair of reasonable: we have as much right to speculate in Kaleidoscopes as a merchant or broker has in cotton or coffee, and to adapt our price to the demand and the stock on hand. If we did not act on this plan with regard to the Kaleidoscope, we should be very ill requited for time and labour."

JESSAMY will perceive that we have taken a liberty with his letter, which propriety as well as pr dence dictated. We allude to our omission of the names of the sundry tradesmen who are to have the high honour of Dandyfying or Adonising our friend JESSAMY, who will not quarrel with our apology on the score of propriety and prudence, when he recollects that it is not, in the first place, proper delicate thus to administer the puff direct to any tradesman; nor, in the next place, would it be pru dent, as we should, and properly too, subject ourselves to the advertisement duty for such puffs.


are desirous to direct the attention of our readers to the series of notes on the subject which are now passing through the Kaleidoscope. The subject may appear so unpromising of amusement, as to deter or disincline some persons from bestowing upon it st tention, to which it is, notwithstanding, entitled, par ticularly throughout the county of Lancashire. The frequent mention of Manchester, Bolton, Warring ton, and other towns, as well as of the names of the ancestors of some of the principal gentlemen of the county, conspire to give the narrative a very high local interest. We need scarcely add, that certain obnoxious phrases interspersed throughout the notes, relating to the Catholics, are as objectionable to us as they can be to any class of our readers; nor should any consideration, except the necessity of following the text literally, have prevailed upon us to retain them.

METEOROLOGICAL RESEARCHES.-We have this week displaced something, perhaps more generally amusing, to make room for the very elaborate and to the scientific reader) interesting meteorological tables and accompanying remarks of Mr. Hanson, which Occupy a whole page of this day's Kaleidoscope. any of our readers think that the subject has intruded too much on our columns, we beg they will recollect that such statements will not often obstruct other mat ter, as the present table embraces the meteorological results of no less than fourteen years. As for the portance of similar registers, we can only remind our readers, that the editors of the best and ablest scien tific journals of the day, very eagerly avail themselves of the patient labours of the very gentleman to whom we are indebted for this identical meteorological table. PREDICTIONS.-The mysterious event (as we presume it is) which forms the subject of the communication of JULIUS, is conveyed in so mysterious a character, that we have not yet been able to decypher the whole of it. We will take another spell, however, before we conclude that it is beyond human skill to unravel the mystery.

The letters of COCCIENSIS, AN ANTIQUARY, and

Tor, in our next.

The correspondent from whom we have received some lines addressed to "Any Pretty Girl" is requested to say whether they are original, and if not, from what work they have been copied.

Letters or parcels not received, unless free of charge.

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Literary and Scientific Mirror.


This familiar Miscellany, from which religious and political matters are excluded, contains a variety of original and selected Articles; comprehending Literature, Criticism, Men and Manners, Amusement, Elegant Extracts, Poetry, Anecdotes, Biography, Meteorology, the Drama, Arts and Sciences, Wit and Satire, Natural History, Monthly Diary, Fashions, &c. &c.; forming a handsome Annual Volume,

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The Traveler.



The following is a copy of a letter written by a young gentleman of this town, who some time ago traveled over the Jura mountains,


Hanley-T. Allbut;
Huddersfield-T. Smart;
Hull-J. Perkins;
Lancaster-G. Bentham;
Leeds-B. Dewhirst;
Macclesfield-P. Hall;

with an Index and Title-page.—Regular supplies are forwarded to the following

Manchester-Miss Richardsons;
J. Fletcher; and T. Sowler;
Newcastle-U.-L.-C. Chester;
Northwich-J. Kent;
Ormskirk W. Garside;
Prescot-A. Ducker;

TUESDAY, MAY 29, 1821.

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The ride from hence is grand in the extreme. of the vast plain beneath.
Nothing can be conceived more romantic, atmosphere instantly assumed a crimson
than the bold and lofty cliffs of the Jura, hue; and the clouds, like ethereal bodies
abruptly rising, in stupendous peaks, as far of vivid fire, were rolling in continual
as the eye can reach. This immense chain agitation, opposing and receding from each
of mountains, which separates the two other in fearful and rapid confusion: it
countries of France and Switzerland, com- had all the effect of an universal conflagra-
mences west of Geneva, extending north- tion. The clouds having by this time
ward to the French department of the gathered round us, we sought shelter amidst
Upper Rhine, whence, dividing into two some broken rocks which overhung our
main arms, the one continues its course heads in huge and shapeless masses.—
nearly due north, until it assumes the name
of Vosges.
The most elevated points are,
I believe, the Dole and the Montendre; the
estimated heights of which are upwards of
5000 feet above the level of the sea.

"It might be about six o'clock when we commenced our tedious ascent. We entered the mountains through a narrow glen,

"We arrived at Dole to a late breakfast, here we exchanged our carriage for a =pecies of vehicle, not by any means satisFactory; the harness, if such I may be alwed to call it, would have disgraced the 10st miserable pedler England could prouce; and so unwieldy and inconvenient as its construction, that we had little or › comfort in traveling. Dole is situated a most agreeable valley in Franche ompté. It is mentioned, in ancient record, by a steep road ingeniously cut out of the ›mpté. It is mentioned, in ancient record, having once been the habitation of the ›mans, of whom there are several traces: ne scattered remains of the great Roman d from the south of France to the Rhine, still visible, in passing through the


Hence, we observed, on the opposite side of the glen, amidst thick woods and rugged rocks, a few white huts and an ancient convent; it appeared a low range of building, and contributed greatly to the romantic scene. By this time our vehicle had overtaken us, and the evening being far advanced, we took possession of our seats. The moon was just breaking forth from behind a rocks, in a zig-zag direction, and twisting so distant mountain, as we were proceeding frequently to and fro, that the surrounding through a narrow strait of rude and objects were subject to continual variation. craggy rocks, which gave a gloominess to Our situation was, at this moment, most our situation not easily imagined. Soon solemn and romantic; not a whisper was to afterwards we had intimation of having be heard, nor a leaf seen to move. We reached the summit, by our vehicle moving The environs are extremely fine, soon alighted from our vehicle; and, having on with a sudden velocity; a transition I possess additional interest as the tra- attained a considerable eminence, beheld, most cheerfully hailed by all our passengers. er advances towards the Jura Mountains; from the ridge of a tremendous precipice, The surrounding landscape now became ɔse amazing heights give to the surround-the setting sun, just verging towards the wild and dreary, intermixed with thick landscape a most romantic finish. The horizon, in all the brightness of his glory, woods and barren hills; but, from the exey beneath is so beautifully fertile, and producing an inconceivably sublime effect; treme fatigue of a long journey, I was much banks of the river which flows through a more vast and extensive prospect I never more disposed to indulge myself in the corso rich and luxuriant, that the inhabitants beheld: the whole empire of France seemed ner of the diligence, than to peep through e named it Le val d'amour. prostrate at our feet. At this critical mo- the windows. In these higher regions are We entered the interesting village of ment, as if some extraordinary phenomena various extensive forests of lofty firs and igny about sun-set, being the last post- in nature had been designed for our con-pines, which are pleasing to the eye, and 'n before reaching the mountains: here templation, a storm of wind and rain, ac- extremely picturesque. I understand they tasted some most delicious light-coloured companied by thunder and lightning, passed are infested by a number of wild animals; e, the best I have met with on the con- on our left, just over the surface of the particularly wolves, boars and bears, which ent; the French call it vin d'arbor; and, opposite mountain; and, pursuing its course occasionally commit great depredations ny opinion, it is equal to any Champaign. westward, for a while intercepted our view among the inhabitants.



Yours, &c.





1.-Inverness; the Frith of the Cascade.
2.-Riven, of Badenock; the King's Standing-pleet.
3.-Blair, in Athol; the Place of Battle.
4.-Dunkeld; the Nunnery, or Girl's Inclosure.
5.-Perth; the Part, or Portion.

"It was a most delightful morning, when, | earthly globe. The sun was fast approaching curious and ingenious approach. Here we stretching from our uneasy slumbers, we towards the west, in all the bright effulgence entered a fertile and rich valley, adorned found ourselves in a fertile valley, approach- of his glory, amidst a sky, unencumbered by with elegant seats, pleasure-grounds, and ing an extensive forest. The plantations of a single speck, or an atmosphere disturbed rich vines. On our right, we passed the noble trees, and the beautiful scenery we here by even the semblance of a breath, when, quondam habitation of the renowned Volencountered, were romantic in the extreme, after a toilsome and anxious journey, we taire, about two leagues from Geneva.equaling many of our most esteemed parks gained the extreme point. Turning sud- The grounds surrounding this chateau are in England. The road now became the denly to the left, the magic view instanta- most bewitching, being tastefully planted most fascinating that can be conceived.-neously burst upon us; it operated on our with lofty vines, in the form of ornamental We alternately ascended and descended, in astonished senses like an electric shock: it festoons. At eight o'clock, we reached the irregular tracts, through ravines, glens, was indeed an awful and sublime sight. In gates of this city, and were heartily glad to vales, and forests; sometimes attaining high an abyss of almost inconceivable depth, and find a comfortable inn for our elevations, whence we beheld the still more amidst prospects equally unbounded in exlofty pinnacles of the Jura, entrenched by tent, we beheld that beautiful expanse of tremendous abysses, and surrounded by water, the Lake of Geneva, with the city dark clouds; at others, abruptly opening rising from its banks, embosomed in an into verdant and richly-cultivated meadows, amphitheatre of magnificence and splenenriched with huts, villages and smiling farms, dour, far beyond the power of my humble the former principally constructed of forest and imperfect pen to describe. The stutrees; and which, from their white and clean pendous pyramids of the endless and distant appearance, conveyed a neat, cheerful, and Alps, towering, in proud majesty,' one pretty effect. There is an air of primitive above another, displaying the several seasons simplicity and good nature about the pea- of the changing year; the terrific and colossal santry, which I very much admired; they appearance of Mont Blanc, partly encircled SIR, I was greatly diverted, on a journey fr a healthy, and industrious race of by clouds, and partly crowned with everlast-Inverness to London, at finding, by reflection on the name of every ancient place as I went along, that they beings; their complexions are good, par- ing snows; added to an appalling precipice were all of a Galic origin. ticularly those of the children, whose of some thousand feet immediately before round and rosy cheeks give them a most us, were, indeed, objects so affecting and interesting appearance. We breakfasted powerfully impressive, that the lapse of in the early part of the morning, on fruit, some minutes is requisite, before the eye honey, and wine; a truly novel breakfast, can contemplate the whole with cool and compared with tea, eggs, and toast; we all, dispassionate reflection. My fellow passenhowever, enjoyed the repast, and made a gers, after gazing for a few minutes in hearty meal. silent contemplation, gave voluntary vent "It was not without the greatest pos- to their feelings, by expressions of the most sible sensation of alarm we descended the ungovernable rapture and delight. We mountains towards St. Moritz, a small town, now made the best of our way down the steep most romantically situated in a deep valley. tract towards the diligence, which had taken The road on which we moved was indeed so the regular route, through a circuitous part terrific, that the least fright given to the of the mountains. It was not without great horses must have consigned us to the bottom fear and trembling' that I reached the foot of an awful and tremendous gulf, the sight of the Jura, the road being so steep and alarm-tongue: say, for instance, of which made me quite dizzy. We here ing, that my nerves were in continual agitawitnessed a grand and magnificent spectacle: tion. In many instances it was not more than from the higher mountains an impetuous five or six yards wide, unprotected on either rushing torrent descended in a roaring cata- side by even a single stone; thus the least slip ract, and, bursting across the road with must inevitably have precipitated us to a inconceivable fury and rapidity, emptied depth of at least two or three thousand feet. itself into the valley beneath, where it pur- Our descent was extremely curious and sued its turbulent course over roads and surprising; at one time we were winding stones, towards the village. We were not along in a cork-screw direction; at anodetained long at St. Moritz, before we re-ther, zig-zag, all the while commanding commenced a long and tedious ascent to- a quick transition of enchanting and magwards the peak of the Dole, being the highest point of the Jura; than whence, perhaps, a more imposing and sublime prospect cannot be viewed from any part of this

nificent scenery. In about an hour we
reached Gex, where we changed horses: it
is a small neat town, romantically situated at
the skirts of the mountains, having a most

6.-Stirling; the Strife of Heroes.

7.-Glasgow; the dark Grove, or Valley.

8.-Kilmarnock; the Woman's sequestered Place.

9.-Sanchquair; an ancient City.

10.-Dumfries; the sheltered Cloister.
11.-Carlisle; the City of Law.
12.-Penrith; the King's Mount.
13.-Kendale; the Head of the Dale.
14.-Lancaster; full of Contention.
15.-Chester; real Strife.

16.-Shrewsbury; the Stream of Bows, or Baniz
17.-London; the brown Marsh.

Were I to go over all the ancient places in the T kingdoms which still retain their first names, I erch? trace them also to the same source. Again, as to the origin of surnames, I can trace that also to the Garis

1.-Mackintosh; the Son of the first,
2.-M'Donald; the Son of brown Eych
3.-M'Dugal; the Son of black Eyes.
4.-M'Onnechy, or Duncan; the Son of brown Liem.
5.-M Gregor; the Son of the Greek Men
6.-M'Cuithburt; the Son of the Arch-droid.
7-M Kay; the Son of the Prophet.
8.-M Taggart; the Son of the Priest.
9.-M'Leod; the Son of the Wounder.
10.-M'Lean; the Son of Lion.
11.-M Kinzie; the Son of the friendly One.
12.-M'Intyre; the Son of the Carpenter.
12.-Campbell; Crooked-mouth.
14.-Camron; Crooked-nose.

15. Stewart; the high Stay, or Support.
16.-Fingal; the Gul, worthy One.
17.-Ossian; the Top.

Many more might be added, but these are sufer for the present purpose, which is to show the expres

nature of the Gælic language, and the great sp once had in our triple state.

Now, Sir, should you think the above #

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It will be perceived by the date of the foregoing letter, that it has been a considerable time in our possession; and it is due to the writer to apprize him of the reason, which is briefly this:-It struck us, on a first perusal, that we had met with the same derivations which To seems to claim as originally suggested by himself. Under this impression we applied to a gentleman well read on such subjects, who has favoured us with a letter, which we now give, together with that of TOI.


14.-Lancaster; the real origin of this is most probably caer, a camp, it having been a Roman station; but, if we wish a Gælic origin, it is from Lan, full; ca, wasting; stree, strife: the full wasting strife.

15.-Chester; a principal Roman station, from early
times, by way of eminence; caer, or the camp; or, if
you would rather, from Che, hot; and stree, strife.
Hot strife.

16.-Shrewsbury; probably not of Celtic origin.
17.-London; from Lon, a plain or flat; and don,
brown: the brown plain.


1.-M'Intosh; from Mac, son; In, John; Tosh, the first, or chief: the son of John the Chief.

2.-M Donald; from Don, brown; and ald, hair: the son of brown hair.

3.-M Dugal; from Du or Dhu, black; and Gael, Celt, Son of the Gael. Or it may be from gal, white: son of the dark hair and fair complexion; corresponding to what is called Sanguineo-melancholic tempera


4.-M'Onnachy; perhaps may mean son of the brown head; but it is not the same with Duncan, which, if derived from Dun, fortified hill; and caen, head, means top of the Castle-hill: if a corruption of Dum,

5.-M'Gregor; certainly son of the Greek.

6. M'Cuthbert; from Cuth, chiefest, or immortal;
and burt, bard: son of the immortal bard.

7.-M Kay (pronounced Kaai) is said to be derived
from the ancient tribe of Catti, or clan Chattan, whose
prophet: either son of the Catti, or son of the prophet.
cognizance is a cat. It may, perhaps, be from phay, a
8.-M Taggart; from Taggard, or rather Saggard,
a priest: son of the priest.
9.-M'Leod; from Leod, wounded man: son of the
rounded man.

10.-M'Lean; from Lean, strong, or brawney (ap-
plied also to a lion.) Son of the strong man is its most
probable Gaelic meaning.


11.-M Kenzie; son of Kenneth, or of the friendly

SIR,-With the assistance of two fair Celts, I have ex-vale, it is head of the vale. amined your Celtic puzzle; and the result of our lucubrations you will find below. It is necessary to premise, that true Celtic antiquaries will derive every word, even those most evidently borrowed from the Greek and Latin, from their own most ancient and honoured tongue. It is not fair to derive names, in South Britain at least, from the Scottish Gaelic, which never appears to have possessed any peculiar written character; and, therefore, is less likely to be so pure a dialect of the Celtic as the Welsh. This, however, a genuine Highlander is bound most strenuously to deny. A little practice, with Owen's valuable Welsh dictionary in the hand, will enable a person of any ingenuity to trace most British names of places to that dialect of the Celtic. The difficulty of epresenting the Gælic language by our alphabet, and he very little which has been written in that dialect, lave favoured the corruptions of time and ignorance; o that many names, probably truly Celtic, are now raced with difficulty. In some instances, names apear to have been compounded of Celtic and Angloaron or Danish words. This will account for the oubts which harass the best Gælic scholars. I know o work which gives more etymologies of British names an Chalmers's Caledonia, or Lloyd's Archælogia. 1.-Inverness my friends do not profess to know; but believe that Inver, like the Welsh Aber, is an emuchure, or lower part (a port) of a river; and the wn stands on the embouchure of the ness. What ness

ay be in Gælic I cannot learn; but ness, in Norwean, means low promontory, which suits the locality of

e town.

12.-M'Intyre; certainly son of the carpenter.
13.-Campell; said to be from an Italian family;
the lords of Campo bello: but a Celtic etymologist,
especially if one of the children of the Mist would con-
tend for its derivation from Cam, crooked; and bel,

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14.-Camron; from Cam, crooked; and ron, nose.
terwards royal, from the office of dapifer, or steward. South-west
15.-Stewart; most certainly given to the family, af-
The early members of that family were distinguished as
the hereditary Stewards of Scotland. One of them,
called The Steward of Scotland, transmitted royalty to
his descendants through an intermarriage with a daugh-
ter of the hero of Bannockburn. A Celtic scholar,
proud of tracing all words to his own tongue, might
contend for the derivation of Stewart from Stew, a sup-
port; and ard, high: a high support.

16.-Fingal; is from Fin, or Fuin, people; and Gael,
or Gal; therefore, would signify either the true Gael or
Celt, or the white people.

perhaps from O, grandchild; and sian, some proper
17.-Ossian; uncertain in the opinion of my friends:

name not known to them.

These remarks are much at your service; and I hope

2-Probably right; Riven being King, or of a King.
3.-Blair; is a place of battle (dele the in Athol.)
4.-Is quite wrong in your list. Dun invariably sig-will elucidate your questions.
fies a fortified hill; and keld, or kil, is a burial-place,
grave: therefore, it signifies the grave on the Castle-

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Yours truly,



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Number of wet days..................19

foggy days ............... 0

snowy ..................... 0 haily ..................... 7

REMARKS. This has been decidedly, a warm, cloudy, wet month: the wind during two-thirds of the period common attendant upon thunder, has been frequent. occurred on the 14th, 18th, 25th, and 26th: hail, a has blown from the south-west. Lightning and thunder However, we have had no severe night frosts: vegetation in consequence has made rapid advances, as ap pears from an abundant show of grass, fruit, and other productions of the earth.

Manchester, 14th of May, 1821.


"The flock, consisting of 175, imported into France near Paris. The kids from this flock are abundantly in 1819, and placed at the north-east of Toulon, has been removed to a more congenial climate at St. Omers,

covered with magnificent down, of which the Cashmere shawls are made; and they are superior in strength and appearance to the indigenous kids of the same age; which leaves no doubt of success from the naturalization."-Tilloch's Magazine.

A German of the name of Kastner has written two 2 8 works that may justly be called a short cut to the learned languages. One of these is the art of learning 0 Greek in two months!! the other, that of learning to 4 read and to understand Hebrew in four weeks!!! Per4 haps, as a climax to this acquisition of knowledge, he 6 may communicate to the world the art of comprehending

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For painting three phantoms and devils,...... O
And for four chickens for the hero,............... 0 0 4 Euclid in a fortnight.

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