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ley be!

indignation excited, even in London, by the conduct | And, though on Bosworth, Stoke, and Flodded Mount,

Then to the church on yonder brew of the Prince. Four ministers perished in the battle, No longer we their valiant deeds recount ;.

Let's hie, and join thy vows wi' moine; Heycocke, Tilsbury, Harper, and Fogge. Old Isis murmurs in his tuneful flood,

And may eawr hearts be ever true, (33.) Lord Derby had been charged with participat- of one, that late along his margin woo'd,

And ever round each other twoine. ing in the enormities committed by Prince Rupert at And with no vulgar skill inspiring laye,

O Tummus, &c. Bolton; and that town was, io consequence, appointed Drawn from far distant lands, and other days.


ALCANDER. as the place of his decapitation. The Earl's speech on The lands he whilome sang, ebe days he lov'd, the scaffold commences with a denial of having be- That boy advent’rous seeks, where time hath prov'd haved with cruelty on the occasion alluded to: and, How swift of man's exulting works the doom, indeed, the surrendering this Captain Bootle to the And prostra:e lies great Cæsar's trophicd conib,

TO THE EDITOR. just "indignation of his followers, appears the only and fallen his palace, and the boasted fane action distinctly brought home to him. Bootle had Rear'd to his God, is sought-and sought in vain been faithless to his mistress (the Countess of Derby, Where the dull peasant suws what others reap;

SIR,—The following lines upon which I lately whom he had served at Lathom) when in her greatest and strangers (ince Rome's vassals) pause to weep

stumbled, but I do not exactly recollect where, are s need, and had broken an oath of loyalty voluntarily Her sunken name, and willing Helot state,

applicable to those fair damsels who make coquetry taken; and where is the man who, in the rage of battle, of freedoni, as of valour, desolate :

their chief study and employment, that I should wish would seek to spare such a miscreant as this?

From scenes like these, back to thy native shire, (34.) By the lady Mary, is probably meant the Lady With brow more thoughtful, eye of temper'd fire,

to claim a portion of your interesting publication for Henrietta Maria, or Henrieita Mary, as she is styled Wand'rer return! and, may thine onward life,

their insertion. I have in my eye one or two females of on the monument in York Minster. (Gents. York, p. With all the glories of thy sires be rife!

this description who are in the habit of perusing the 106 ) This lady married, 27th Feb. 1654, William, The loyalty for which they fearless bled, Earl of Scrafford, son to the great Earl of that name. “ The Stanley hand, Vere's heart, and Cecil's bead," anxious to direct this just delineation of a coquette ;

Kaleidoscope, and to whose serious consideration / 20 (Whittaker's Life of Radcliffe, p. : 35, p. 295; Lady Oh! may Saturnian times return with thee, Russell's Letters, p. 153, 205, 209 ) She died early in And what time-honour'd Lathom was, may Kuows. | and, in doing so, I am actuated much more by the hope life; and without offspring. Lady Catherine married

of benefiting some of my fair townswomen, than the the Marquis of Dorchester. (Orford's R. and N. Authors, vol. 2, p. 35; Wood's Fasti, vol. 2, p. 22;

desire of bolding them up to ridicule and contempt Collins's Peerage, vol. 2, p. 79.) Collins and Sea

Yours, &c.

E. combe agree in saying that Edward and William, sons of Lord Derby, died infants. A reference to p. 374,

I do confess thou'rt smooth and fair, vol. 1, of King James the 2d's Memoirs, will show they are mistaken with regard to the former of these.

And I might have gone near to love thee, (35.) I am unable to entertain the reader with pedi

Had I not found the slightest prayer grees of Lady Derby's Captain's, "et nati natorum,

That lips could speak, had power to move the ; et qui nacentur ab illis.” Of Henry Ogle, the fullest

But I can let thee now alone, account may be found in Gregson's Lancashire. I suspect Capt. Chissenball, who tell at Marston the very


As worthy to be loved by none. year of this siege, neither paid £800 composition mo

I do confess thou'rt sweet, yet find ney, as Lloyd affirms, nor wroce the book against popery attributed to bim. Sir Edward Chipenball sate


Thee such an unthrift of thy sweets, as member for Wigan 1688, and for Preston 1690 ;

Thy favours are but like the wind, and it is not impossible he did both these things. Capt.

That kisseth every thing it meets : Edward Rawsthorne commanded in the second siege What is that faculty in man called Thought,

And since thou canst love more than one, (Seacombe, p. 103) when Capt. Molyneux Radcliffe (nf That sun within the system of his frame, the Ordsall family) performed prodigies of valour;

Thou’rt worthy to be loved by none. and, after heading iwelve sallies, perished gloriously, Which, when extinguished, he becomes as nought,

The morning rosé, that untouch'd stands, whilst storming a fort.

A world of darkness, only man in name, (36.). The sacre, or saker, a piece of ordnance, so

Arm'd with its briars, how sweetly smells !

Lighting his actions to their destined aim, called from the rare female falcon of that name, found Round which his feelings roll, directing all

But pluck'd and strained through ruder hands, in the levaot (Gentlemen's Recreation, p. 50:) the root

Its scent no longer with it dwells; of both appellations is the Latin adjective its least

In harmony, tho' changing still the same ?

But scent and beauty both are gone, usual sease. The sacre carried a ball of 5% pound It is a ray divine, a portion small weight, the diameter of the bore 3 9 16ths inches, che

And leaves fall from it one by one. From God, making gross matter intellectual. length of the gun 8 or 9 feet. Sling pieces were small

Such fate, ere long, will thee betide, cannon used to shoot stones. (Grose's Military AntiAnd this is man, part earthly, part divine ;

When thou hast fondled been awhile ! quities, vol. 1, p. 402.) Murtherer, was a larger species Spirit inhabiting mortality, of sling piece, and used in later years solely on ship

Like sear flowers to be thrown aside; board. (Todd's Johnson)

Till the frail structure does its charge resign, “ Wad, a chamber, or

And I shall sigh, while some will stnile, charge, made of brass or iron, put in at the breech,"

Falls to decay, and sets the prisoner free.

To see thy love to every one was disused soon after the rebellion, 1540-60.

The sun his light imparts continually, (37.) (May be cancelled.)

Hath brought thee to be loved by none. Still is his glory undiminished ; (33.) Demi-cannon “carried a ball of 32 pound weight.” The Culverin or Colubrine (Camden's re.

So God's eternal essence, given to me mains, p. 238) “ was 54 inches diameter of the bore, And millions, is as great as when he bade

The Philanthropist. and from 9 to 12 feet long, carrying a ball of 18 pound: The dust to live, and like unto himself a being made. it is a good battering gun; but it is too heavy for a

Liverpool, June 23, 1821.

Z. BURNING OF WIDOWS IN INDIA. field-piece.” The Perier (Pedrero, or Pacteràra) is engraved in Grose's Military Antiquities, vol. 1. On the subject of the noisy, and ałniost harmless, ma.

The interesting document we are about to prechines, dragged after the armies of our ancestors,

SONG. Grey's Note to Hudibras, part 1, canto 2, v. 355

sent to our readers affords one instance, amongst may be consulted with advantage.

TUNE. O Nannie! wilt thou gang wi' me ?” very many others, of the ntility and convenience of

our minor publication, the Kaleidoscope ; as the “ Invasion,” in the errata, should be " inversion."

O Tummus, wilt o go wi' me,

important debate on the Indian superstitious bukas “ Thrust a farm," p. 147, should be “thrust a form."

Nor sigh to leave thy Owdam kin?

sacrifices would have been lost to our readers, at least

Have Meary's smoils no charm for thee, And now, gentle reader, thou hast reached the ter.

in its present enlarged form, had we not possessed

Or must thy heart another win ? mination of Notes, appended, with singular propriety,

the advantage of the literary supplementary work, rõ “ the brief Journal of the Siege of Lathom House

0, I han wark't at Rochdaw teawn Thy patience, and my abuse of it, have, alike, been For mony a day and lonely neet,

through the medium of which we are enabled to extreme; yet, in parting, allow me (after the fashion And mony a lad hath kneelt hiin deawn; enter so much more at large upon the subject

, than of mine ancient friend Izaak Walton) to relieve the Ay, kneelt him deawn at Meary's feet.

it is possible to do in a newspaper, wherein the dulness my writing, and not my subject, has cast over chine oppressed eyes. Here be verses; take them,

But theaw, 0 Tummus, wus the lad

public naturally look for a diversity of miscellaneo.s and read

That gradely in these eyes appear’d;

iuformation, Fair Lathom is no more! Her goodly towers,

Thy form, when Meary's heart wur sad, Fashion'd for rugged war, or gaudy state,

Dispell'd her grief, her bosom cheer'd.

The debate, from which we now proceed to detail Her massy walls, her green and secret bowers,

And neaw, my boy, wilt flit wi' me?

the most material and interesting points

, is, fortuDowosbaken by che Roundhead's ceaseless hace !

The Rochdaw bells are aw agate ;

nately for the plan of our work, entirely dirested at Yet the bold spirit lives ; and yet the race

The morning shoins wi' summer's glee, Of Stanley fill their unforgotten place :

And aw seems merry at eawr fate.

party politics; as both sides of the House laudably

concur in their reprobation of these immolations, them to be little else than murders) took felt for the benefits which were conferred on which have generally been represented to be voluutary place contrary to the Hindoo law itself. By them, led them to believe that those by on the part of the victims; but which appear in too that law, females under sixteen years of age whom they were now governed must, in many iostauces to bear more resemblance to mur- were not allowed to ascend the funeral pile ; some former period, have moved in a more ders, origioating in the most sordid motives. It is yet, it would appear from the papers for exalted state of existence, as they could not to be fervently hoped, that, whether the immolation which he was about to move, that girls of otherwise account for the virtue, wisdom, of the widows of India partakes more of a suicidal twelve, thirteen, and fourteen years of age and talents which they displayed.- The or murderous character, every measure within the had been sacrificed ; and, in one instance, Honourable Gentleman then moved " for power of the British Legislature will be successfully a child of eight years old became a victim copies or extracts of all communications exerted, if oot to eradicate the lamentable supersti- to the barbarous custom. By the Hindoo received from India relative to the burning tion, or the infamous dictation, in which the cruel law, those widows were also exempted, of females on the funeral piles of their de practice originates, at least to interdict the repetition who, in the event of their death, should ceased husbands." of such disgusting exhibitions throughout British leave children behind them under three Mr. BATHURST observed, that the House lodia.-Edit. Kal.

years of age, unless some security was given would understand this question much better that the intants would be taken care of. It by a perusal of the papers which had been

was also specifically set down, that the sa. moved for, than from any partial statement Mr. Fowell Buxton, in moving for crifice should be perfectly voluntary; that that might now be made. Viewing the copies and extracts of all communications no drugs should be administered for the pur- question as he did, it was not easy to per

respecting the burning of fe- pose of causing intoxication; but these ceive how Parliament could interfere in any males, disclaimed all intention of casting provisions of the Hindoo law were not com- way whatever. The honourable member reproach upon anybody; for he was aware plied with. No later than yesterday, he had |(Mr. Buxton) admitted that no fault could that a feeling of delicacy upon the super- a conversation on this subject with a most be found either with the Government abroad stition of the natives, alone restrained the respectable gentleman, the Reverend Mr. or at home, in regard to their administration British authorities from interfering to pre. Thompson, one of the East India Company's of the internal affairs of India. If this were vent these dreadful spectacles. Still the chaplains, who stated, that as he was sailing the case, they ought to pause before they question was not, in fact, one of religious on a river in the neighbourhood of Calcutta, attempted any active interference with the toleration; but, whether murder and suicide he observed a crowd on the bank, and found religious prejudices of the natives. If the ought tacitly to be permitted under the that the people had assembled for the pur- legislature took up this question, the necesBritish jurisdiction. It might be sufficient pose of witnessing the burning of a widow, sary consequence must be the intervention for his purpose to state the extent to which who was then performing her last ablution of public officers, to prevent breaches of the this shocking practice had been carried in When that part of the ceremony was con- Hindoo law by the natives themselves an one presidency alone; he meant that of cluded, she was led to the pile, but she intervention, be it observed, connected with Fort William. Within the last four years, fainted repeatedly. The people began to points the most delicate that could be conin that presidency, 2,336 females had been grow impatient; and she was at last placed ceived. These persons would have to inseen to ascend and perish upon the funeral on the pile in an insensible state, and lashed quire whether a woman was ready to make piles of their deceased husbands. That was to the dead body of her husband. The un- a voluntary sacrifiee of her existence. And the number that had openly perished under fortunate creature, however, recovered her if they found that she acted voluntarily, and the eyes of the magistracy, exclusive of the senses, and struggled to escape. A Brah- therefore did not fall within any of the exnumber which had been consumed in secret, min immediately placed a torch in the hand ceptions of the Hindoo law, then the naor by the connivance of a mercenary police. of one of her children, who set fire to the tural and unfortunate consequence would By the Mohammedan law the practice was pile, and the whole was consumed in a few be, that the ceremony thus practised would discountenanced, and, therefore, in many minutes. He had also been informed of an be described as taking place after the inplaces discontinued; but it was to be re. instance where the family of the individual spection, and under the sanction, of a British gretted that it still prevailed to a great had not money to procure wood enough to officer. It was an extraordinary circumextent in countries under the British juris- form a proper pile. In that case, the child stance, that since the promulgation of cerdiction. Not only had the disciples of Ma- of the parties about to be consumed began tain regulations on this subject, the number hometabolished this practice, but the French, by applying fire to the face of his deceased of persons who had sacriticed themselves Dutch, and Danes had accomplished the father, and then proceeded to place the flame had been doubled. In 1815 the number was same object in their East India settle- beneath the body of his living mother. The 378; in 1816, 442; in 1817, 707 ; in 1818, ments. Many of the native princes, amongst fire soon took effect, but it was a consider 1,339. In Calcutta alone, the number was, whom were the Rajah of Travancore, and able time before the sufferings of the unhappy in 1815, 153 ; in 1816, 289; in 1817, 442; the Peishwa, the latter of whom was a woman were terminated. Though he did in 1818, 544. Undoubtedly the increase Hindoo and a Brahmin, had also put an end not think it would be proper to put an end was in some measure attributed to an epide to this revolting custom. He hoped, that, to this practice by force, yet he was of mic diorder which raged in the country, the when the proper time arrived, the British opinion that the natives of India ought to ravages of which had deprived many women Government would exert their utmost efforts be restrained within the laws of their own of their husbands. The Indian Government to extinguish so great an evil, and show that religion. Beyond these they should not be doubted very much the policy of the interthey would not be, behindhand with their suffered to depart. All these evils arose ference which had already taken place. If predecessors in the great work of justice from one cause—the ignorance of the na- that were the fact, might it not be supposed, and humanity. He did not wish anything tives; and the only cure for them was their that the sort of sanction which the practise to be done on this subject which would be instruction. Every person, therefore, must would receive, if the Government here inlikely to excite the apprehension of the perceive how imperative it was on the Go-terfered, would tend to strengthen it, and natives of India, or to shock their religious vernment of the country, to extend, as far to render it more common, by drawing the feelings or prejudices; but he certainly was as possible, the benefits of education to the attention of the people more frequently anxious that steps should be taken to prove natives of India. He was happy to observe to it than in former times? He greatly the detestation with which this government what had been done by the Governor-gene- doubted, therefore, whether any interference viewed so abominable a practice. Many of ral with reference to this object. The would be proper. The Honourable Mem. these murders (for, although they were natives began to admit the superiority of ber had spoken of the conduct of other called voluntary sacrifices, he considered | European intellect; and the gratitude they powers, and he had particularly instanced


the Mahometans, whom he denominated with the religious prejudices of the natives was absolutely necessary to inquire of every perosa our predecessors,” in the Indian Empire. of India.

about to be immolated, whether it was a voluulery The Mahometans governed with a rod Mr. WILBBRFORce said, the situation of individual was allowed to be burnt in Benarei


act done in comformity with the Hindoo law. No of iron-they were a despotic power ; of the people of India always filled his mind unless the regulations of the Government were com and might certainly use means to carry any with the most painful anxiety. There were plied with. He was pretty sure that the instance resort to. The Honourable Member also country, over whose happiness they ought what might have taken place under the Mahratta point, which a free government never would 80,000,000 of their fellow subjects in that alloded to by the Honourable Member for Bramber spoke of the conduct of particular European to watch with the tenderest care. It was, Government he could not tell. He doubted very governments which had abolished this prac, however, but justice to say, that no people much the correctness of the observation made by tice in the East India settlements. He did on the face of the earth were better the Right Honourable Gentleman (Mr. Bathursi not, however, state the case as it really was, governed. He wished to see all super- the consideration of Parliament. It was most ex

when he said that this was not a proper subject for because those who were prevented from stitious practices banished from among traordinary, that a member of his Majesty's Goretta pursuing the practice in particular places, them ; but he trusted that nothing like vio- ment, who had voted for a bill to prevent cruelty proceeded to some district in the neighbour- lence would be used in affecting that impor- being exercised towards “asses and mules," shovid hood, to which the jurisdiction of the Go- tant object. He understood that it was think it improper to prevent the infliction of cruely vernment did not extend, and there the sa. crifice was effected. Thus it was at Se-cutta for the purpose of educating mission with their husbands were, in almost all cases, sarri. proposed to erect a large building in Cal- | {for cruelty it was in all cases) on the females •

India. His opinion was, that the individuals bersed rampore. The Danes would not suffer any aries who were to be employed in endea- ticed to the interest of those who were consected widow to be burned there, but the Brahmins vouring to convert the people of India. with them. If it were rendered necessary to take out went to a place in the neighbourhood, where This

plan (as we understood the Honoura- a license, at an expense of 2 or 3,000 rupees tu dite the ceremony was performed. These, there ble Gentleman) had his entire approbation. privilege

to burn (A laugh, the evil would be very fore, were no authorities at all. It was a The individual with whom it had originated peared ludicrous, yet the benefit which soch of mere evasion of terms to say, because no was of opinion that if we did not attempt tem would produce could easily be explained. 11 scenes of this kind were acted within the im. rudely to shock the prejudices of the natives, large sum were demanded for a license, the relating mediate jurisdiction of those powers, that there was no people more ready to listen to of widows, who now urged them to buro, would not therefore they had put down the practice. the voice of instruction. With respect to supply a rupee towards the expense, and the widos It was for the House to consider whether it the

regulations to which the Right of building a college at Calcutta for the education would not be better to trust to the gradual Honourable Gentleman had referred, they of missionaries, he was convinced that it would proamelioration of the Hindoos, by the

exten- could not fairly be considered as the cause duce more mischief thao a positive law for inflicting had happily been laid, and on which a moral nourable Friend (Mr. Buxton) wished to ultimately be done away, but it would require a sion of education, the foundation of which of increasing the practice which his Ho- punishment on all who aided and abetted at the sea superstructure might be reared, rather than

That circumstance was mainly very considerable time. If the British Goverument to sanction any legislative measure for the attributable to the epidemic disorder which bad equal power over all the Hindoo states, it might purpose of putting down this practice. The raged in the country. By the books of the soon be removed: but wbile some Hindoo Guvern question had been discussed by the public Hindoos, those sacrifices ought to be volun- ments existed over which they had to power, and press of India, with a warmth and freedom

by which the practice was tolerated, it could bot be tary; but this, he believed, was very rarely the

eradicated. which he believed were quite new in that

He recollected being told of an indi- Mr. CANNING said, that, whatever shades of dif. part of the world. It was evident from those vidual, who, having heard that a widow was ference might exist with respect to some parts of productions, that the minds of individuals, about to immolate herself, proceeded to the the present subject, there were two points on thick there, were not prepared for a cool and

ami-place. He was informed that it was a vo- every Gentleman appeared to agree. The first obri cable discussion of the subject. The persons luntary act. But seeing, the woman tied, tifying to every feeling of humanity if this abve most interested were divided in opinion with he asked the presiding Brahmin, “Why have vable practice were eradicated; the second, that it was respect to the Hindoo law on the subject; you bound this voluntary sufferer ?" extremely desirable that the attempt made to attai and authorities had been quoted on each Oh," answered the latter, with great this object should not be any thing like a corrente side of the question. While they were

dis- simplicity, if she was not tied, she would interference on the part of the British Goveren cussing the matter between themselves in run away." He was desirous to do everytween these two extremes ; and in going over that this way, would it, he asked, be prudent for thing to promote the moral improvement of grouud, he begged Gentlemen to bear in the the legislature to interfere ?. In conse- the natives of India ; and he could positively that, of all the exercises of buman autboriti se. quence of these disputes, circulars were dis- affirm, that there never was, perhaps, a set of human discretion, the most difficult and di eributed by the government, stating what the of people in any part of the world more licate, was that of an interference in integrering law was.

The effect of this must evidently anxious to receive instruction, or more harshness of power. The problem which the East he, to make the natives say to those who grateful to those by whom it was imparted. India Company had to solve was, tbus, one of ournal would dissuade them from the practice, That circumstance alone ought to induce difficulty and delicacy; and though he was ** You have been telling us, that you felt Government to make every exertion in fa- that this subject was brought under the considera great doubt with respect to the law, but your of those efforts which were directed to tion of the House for discussion, he could not see here we have the actual authority of Go- the amelioration of the people of India; cessary effect of discussion here must be greatly to vernment. They have quoted the precise and from which, as his Right Honourable facilitate or to abridge the task imposed on the lo authority under which we have always acted. Friend had observed, the most beneficial dino Goveroment. He rather thougbt that the It we avoid certain exceptions, we have the consequences might naturally be expected. effect of any hostile discussion (none such, unde sanction of Government for contending that the practice is legal, and an offi cer of the his Honourable Friend extended ? Because, if it did would not tedd much to stimulate that Governales,

Mr. Hume wished to know how far the motion of interference or dictation on the part of Parliament, Government will even stand by, and see the not comprise the regulations of 1792, 1793, and which, in fact, wanted no such stimulus to entertaine execution performed." These regulations 1794, it would be defective. He bad lived at Be in this work. 'It would, perhaps, rather alarm the had produced the most serious mischief-a nares, where the Brahmins had their college, and natives of India; and, in consequence, occasiones circumstance not at all contemplated, when which indeed might be considered the cradle of all relaxation on the part of Goveroment with reapert they were issued. He did not object to the tions had produced a good effect. The Honourable to pursue, for the purpose of removing apprehenswear production of the papers, but he hoped the Member for Bramber had spoken of a woman having from the miods of the people of Jodia. He did bel Honourable Member would not call on the been forcibly tied to a log. Now, hie belief was, mean to say, that ultimately the effect of diecasian legislature to sanction any active interference that under the regulations of Governor Donkin, it might not be good; because the bands of Govere




nent would certainly be strengthened by the opi- | of the children of the Rajpoots, for instance, which | The novelty of the art proved considerably atnious collectively aud individually expressed. But was made a capital offeuce. There was, among tractive; but the want of talent, necessary to reader that would not be the immediate effect. lu a former another tribe, a singular aud horrible custom,—that it respectable, soon withdrew from it public estima. session, when the Hooourable Gentleman stated his of a man who fancied himself injured by some person tion, and the art was debased as being merely a carintentions to make a motion of this kind, be (Mr. in power, collecting wood, inaking a pile of it, and ricaiure of Nature. But in 1802, Madame Tus. Cauping) earnestly but civilly dissuaded him from placing at the top iwo living animals-a cow and an saud arrived in this country; and the public began bis purpose, because the information was defective old woman, whom he saw consumed with fire; being to estimate modelled figures. Her collection « as in one material point, namely, that though it was himselt impressed with the belief that all the tortures patronized by some of ihe first personages in the impossible then to say that the Governor-Gene. which they suffered would be experienced by his Metropolis. The difficulty of conveyance precluded ral was inattentive to this object, or that he had enemy. Another case was that of the Bralmius, the the possibility of copying historical subjects, and et prirsued it in the most proper manner, yet they sacredness of whose persons throughout all India confined lier to the correct representations of single har no means of forming a correct judgment of was proverbial, and who had, io consequence, long figures, which could not produce so striking an the effects which bad been produced. He would ask committed crimes with perfect impunity. In both effect as a proper combination of figures, naturally his Honourable Friend (Me. Buxton) whether, if he these ivstances, however, the British Government grouped; but within the last twelve months she has was legislating as the conqueror of a Catholic coun. bad thought proper to interpose; and did so effec- discovered a method which enables her to improve try, he would thiuk his infuence well exercised tually. But this was not all : pot only had they her collection 10 the extent of her wisbes; and as noder these circumstances. Let him suppose one, interfered with respect to the native priests, but on a specimen of her success, she has prepared for ibe out of the many cases which would occur, of young one occasion they bad taken liberties with their inspection of the public an historical representation females offering themselves to take the veil before favourite God. (Hear, and a laugh.). The great of the Coronation of Buonaparte, copied from a their minds could either be well made up, or accu- Jaggernaut was not exempted from their visitation ; fine picture, by Duvid. The effect produced by it is sately informed with respect to the nature of the for ibere being some delay in the payment of the greater thau the most sanguine lover of the aris could engagement they were about to coutract; would his revenue of a certain province, this goveroment laid anticipate; the anecdote which marked Bonaparte's Hoovurable Friend thiok that his jo fuence would their bands upon him, by way of security, and kept Coronation is too well known to require particular be well exercised by sending some one to inquire bim in pawn till the whole amount was paid up. detail: suffice it to say, that he crowned himself for the victim at the cloister or the monastery, in (Laughter.) The motion was then agreed to. and bis Empress Josephine: it is this moment which order to examine her, and to tear her, upon her

the painter bas chosen. The Pope is represented in manifesting tbe slightest hesitation in answer to

the act of giving his benediction; and the Cardinal also such inquiries, from the sacrifice that she was on

Fine Arts.

offers up his prayers for the prosperity of the new Emthe point of performing? The feelings of the Hin

peror; and a figure of a Mameluke seems to be acting dosos were not less acute upon such subjects 15an

[From a Correspondent.]

ibe part of Champion. The whole produces an enwould be those of the destined nun in the imaginary

tirely novel effect, and bids us still hope to see case which he had just been citing. Tudia was to THE FINE ARTS, AS

THE this collectiou further improved and enlarged. We be regarded as a country retaining, by the habits of FIGURES BY MADAME TUSSAUD, NOW EXHI. were led to the above reflections by a desire 10 education as well as by our own policy, all its BITING

place this truly pleasing art in its proper light; and ancient institutions. The Honourable Gentleman,

as we profess to be siucere admirers of whatever who made this motion, and of wbose speech he (Mr. The study of the Fine Arts has always been en- tends to the improvement of the Arts and Sciences, Canning) was sorry to have missed any part - so couraged by nations that pride themselves upon we trust the above will not be unioteresting to the much had be been gratified with that portion of it their advancement ia civilization, and the decline public. which he had heard—bad stated (not invidiously to of empires now fallen, and debased by misrule, was be sure, but in a way that might be open to such a marked by the decline of the Arts and Sciences. construction) that other conquerors in India, whom The Greeks were the first who arrived at eminence,

Correspondence. we had superseded, had found no difficulty in ex- and this they owed to the encouragemeut given to tinguishing similar superstitious rites and sacrifices. artists by distributing national rewards for works of

TO THE EDITOR. Bui the Honourable Gentlemen must bave forgot-geoius. Statuary and Architecture occupied their feu, that by a singular and unprecedented indul.chief altention, and they have left behind them SIR,- Professing myself to be a plain Englishgeure of colonial policy we had left the religious speciinens which have never been equalled. The man and a Manchesterian, you must give me leave system of india as we found it. That system was not Romans, their successors in the cultivation of the to enter my protest against the illiberal remark of forcibly invaded by us, but merely placed under a arts, wisely encouraged them, as a means of lead your indefatigable correspondent Pyrus. more efficient protection than it had previously en- ing to that national refinement at which they soon I allude to a passage in his last letter, or (as he joyed. That protection, secured by us alone, the after arrived. It was then, that paioting, so much modestly styles i hem) essays, io which he observes, rulers of an empire which contained upwards of an admired in the present age, was brought to an ex- that we breathe Bæotian air; or, in plainer terins, hundred millions of io habitants, without there being cellence which rendered it the admiration of all that ours is the land of dulness. Now, Mr. Editor, one amongst us who might fairly call one foot of Europe, and it was followed by the cultivation of is it to be tolerated, that, because a pedant chuses to the territory his own, was, perhaps, one of the most the minor liberal arts. Modelling in wax was not cram his writings with scraps of Latin (which not signal and splendid effects of human wisdom and introduced until the 10th century: it took its rise in the one half of readers in general understand;) is it human fortune which could be named. The Hon. the monasteries of Italy, where the monks used to to be borne, I repeat, that, upou his being respectGentleman had said, that it was to gradual means, place the figures of their patron saints on the altars fully solicited to give a translation, he should turn such as those which he had mentioned, that we must dedicated to them. They duly appreciated the effect round and task then yriter with dulness; and not Jook for the improvement of these people, and that to be produced by the resemblance of real life; and him only, but the very air he breathes ; and for the diffusiou of knowledge was the sole legitimate the custom is continued to the present day, particu. what? Why, truly, for not being so learned as him. and effective mode of subduing ignorance. He larly in Sicily, where, and in other countries, figures self. I have observed, it has been very much the (Mr. Canning) concurred in this opinion; but be modelled in wax are carried in processions: hence practice of late, for such writers as Pyrus, to interthought also that this was the sole legitimate means arose the idea of forming collections of figures for lard their compositions with French, Greek, and of subduing superstition. The Honourable Gen- exhibition. In Italy the art has been confined Latin. This answers a twofold purpose; first it tleman had seemed to hold out the conduct of the chiefly to scriptural subjects: but it was reserved tickles the author's vanity, as it shows his learning; Mohammedan conquerors as an example to be fol. for Monsieur Courcis, uncle to Madame Tussaud, and, secondly, it is a great help to those whose ideas lowed by us; but the Honourable Gentleman well first to bring it to variety and perfection. He copied are not over exuberant, as it materially serves to knew tbat the great distinction between the two bistorical subjects so faithfully, that they bore a lengthen out the paper. I wish not to make an religious, professed by the two races of Conquerors, comparison with the great originals. His reward invidious comparison between our towns, but I canwas, that the one was the religion of arms, and the was commensurate to bis abilities : Louis the Six- oot allow Manchester to be the region of dulness. other of persuasion; that the one had fought its way teenth appointed him artist to bis family, with an Liverpool, no doubt, is, of the two, the more litewith the sword, and that the other prevailed in spite of appropriate salary. His collection at Paris be- rary; it is the residence of a Roscoe ; but I think power; ard that this latter and purer faith must be came the resort of every stranger who visited you must allow that the papers produced by our left to win its silent way among those nations before that capital, and his fame spread throughout Eu. Pbilosopbical Society are of the first order. It was the total extirpation of their friglitful sacrifices rope. His cabinet portraits were eagerly sought Dot my intention to trouble you with so much writing would be looked for.

by the admirers of talent, and are now highly og so trifling a subject; bot, as honour pricked Mr. Fowell Buxton, in explanation, begged to prized as specimens of his skill, and are not me on, I hope you will excuse it. Herewith, I have observe, that if the East India Company bad unfor- equalled by any artist since his time. How dif. sent you one or two more of my poetical attempts, tunately been advised to retract their regulations, ferent was the situatiou of this pleasing art in known only to myself. If you think thein worthy he should feel it his duty to bring that subject at an England ! Some Italian, allured by the flou- of insertion, well and good; if not, it will be the early opportunity before Parliament. The British rishing state of this country, began to model an some to your constant reader, Government in India had interfered in other cases exhibition which has for many years been well

ALCANDER, of almost equal enormity. There was the murder | known under the name of the Loudon Wax Works, Manchester, 27th June, 1821,


is rather a scarce work; if you notice this in your , THE LEARNED LANGUAGES.-- Our correspondent, next Kuleidoscope I shall have au early opportunity

ALCANDER of Manchester, is somewhat too warm SIR,-The letter of A. Q. W. who exposes the ano- of sending both down free of expense to a friend in

with PYRUS, and other writers who occasionally inmalies, and shows the capriciousness of our language, Liverpool, who, I understand, is acquainted with terlard their compositions with quotations from fo

reign or dead languages. It very often happens that \ is deserving of attention. I am ignorant of the sixth you, and would deliver them safe, and probably

the idiom of one language is much better adapted sound of the letters ough, unless it be the word lough. call at your office for the poem when you have done

for the expression of a particular idea, than our nawith it.

Yours, I remember reading, somewhere, an epigram, where

tive language; and in such instances we can see no A CONSTANT READER.

pedantry in the adoption of the more suitable phrase. the letters ough were often repeated in a very small

Flouery Field, Hyde, near Manchester,

We agree, however, with ALCANDER and A SCB. compass. The lines were on the occasion of Bishop

15th of June, 1821.

SCRIBER from Manchester, that such foreign auxili Goodenough preaching before the House of Lords, in

aries should be as sparingly used as possible, and 1806 or 1807. They ran as follows: O* We feel obliged to our correspondent for his polite

seldom employed, when our native force is competere. offer of the work in question, which we shall peruse and

to accomplish the purpose. But we must protest " 'Twas right enough, that Goodenough take proper care of. In consulting a biographical notice

against our correspondents quarrelling on the subject; Before the House should preach; of Cotton, we find, however, in reference to the work

and it is with regret that we foresee a gathering For, sure enough, quite bad enough in question, the following comment: "A poem, pub

storm, which we must endeavour to avert, by the Were those be had to teach. lished by Cotton, in 1681, entitled "The Wonders of

suppression of irritating, phrases, which in our the Peak,' shows that he was absolutely disqualified for

judgment are more harsh than the occasion jus. Yours, &c. describing the sublime or beautiful scenes of nature.'

tifies. One of the correspondents, we have just CANDIDUS. Edit. Kal.

noticed, has pressed into his service the high autho

rity of the Prince of Poets, rather happily in the * In Johnson's Dictionary, lough is said to be Irish

following lines: for lake ; and Walker pronounces it lok. If this be

“O, good my Lord, no Latin;

THE CORONATION JUBILEE. admitted as the sixth sound of ough, there is a seventh,

I am not such a truant since my coming, au, to be found in the word thoughí.-Edit. Kal.

As not to know the language I have lived in;

Pray speak in English : here are some will thank you, TO THE EDITOR.

If you speak truth."

In addition to the variety of amusements which are FEUILLE D'ANNONCES JUDICIARES, &c.The si-

gular advertisement for a rara avis, with a copy of SIR, -If you think the following suitable for said to be in the contemplation of our Mayor and

which we have been favoured by a friend, shall appear your Kaleidoscope, I should be glad to see it inserted Corporation to gratify the people, on the day of the

in our next, with a translation; without which we the first opportunity.

Coronation, I think it would afford, considerable must not presume to introduce it, lest we should relo a remote part of Newton, in Cheshire, not far amusement, if there should be a SWIMMING RACE

kindle the wrath of certain of our correspondents, who from Ashton-under-Lyne, there lies a gravestone in the Regent's Dock; a sort of St. Leger Stakes ;

are so truly English as to hold every other living or over the body of ope James Hill, who, it seems,

dead language in sovereign contempt. strangled bimself (according to tradition) in a wood admitting as many candidates as chose to enter the AMATEUR is informed that we shall, in all probability, not far distaut; and the public feeling being so lists, each of whom should be furnished with a light introduce into our second volume, the series of critical much excited by so uncommon a circumstance, at and decent dress for the occasion, as worn in many

situations in the game of Draughts, according to the that time, expressed a wish that his body might be of the swimming schools abroad. The number of

promise we made at an early period of our career. interred at three lave ends; aod a stone laid upon tbe place with an appropriate inscription, to cast expert swimmers in this town, since the establish-CHARMING OF SNAKES.- We some time ago received

an interesting article on this subject, transcribed from an odium on so shocking a deed. ment of the Floating Bath, has become very consi.

the Calcutta Journal, by some kind friend, to vbou, The literati in the neighbourhood were called derable; and the extent of the dock would put them we believe, we have unintentionally neglected to upon to compose something for the purpose, and a

make our acknowledgments until now. We shall remuneration held out for the best production. upon their mettle. A prize might also be provided

take an early opportunity of giving it a place in our The competitors were numeroas. The successful for the best diver, which would be productive of still columns. candidate for poetic fame was the late Thomas Moss, greater amusement. Yours, &c.

RAUF BOBBIN has some humour, but is rather two one of the seven sons of the late Jobo Moss, of Liverpool.

coarse. The disorder of the animal to wbich he al. Ashton-under-Lyoe, of ringing celebrity. The in

ludes would afford as little amusement to our readers scription is,

às to the poor creature itself. “ Here was deposited the body of the unfortunate James

If Censor is bent upon breaking a spear in our arena, Hill, late of Droylsden; 'who ended his life, May 6, 1774, in The newspapers have attributed the new work, called it must be with a champion who will not disgrace the the 42d year of his age.

“The Cavalier," to some of the Roscoe family. This list. The thing which he would tilt, is really too “Unhappy HIV with anxious cares oppress'd, report, we are assured from undoubted authority, is

mean to excite anger, or any other sentiment than Rashly presum'd to find in death his resta

utter contempt. There are things so filthy, that, to With this vague hope in lonesome wood did he wholly unfounded.

use a kitchen phrase, one would not take them up Strangle himself, as jury disgree;

even with a pair of tongs. For which a Christian burial he's denied, And is consigned to lie by this way side.

To Correspondents.

STEAM ENGINE NUISANCES.-The evidence taken “Reader, reflect then, what may be the consequence of

on this important subject before the Committee on the

House of Commons, sball be inserted in the next or a crime which excludes all possibility of repentance." Town EMBELLISHMENTS.The letter of PYRUS

the succeeding number of the Kaleidoscope, illustrated Oue' of the competitors (the late Isaiah Bardley) shall have a place in the first number of our second

by a wood-cut. 'feeling himself chagrined at his own production

volume this day se'nnight. The proposal to convert not being accepted, wrote the following parody on

the old stone quarry behind the Mount Gardens, into A Constant READER, who has favoured us with an that of Moss; which is said to have had such an

a beautiful cultivated promenade, was suggested in the extract on the Pores of the Skin, &c will oblige as effect on the mind of Moss that he never could for

Mercury, vol. 8, pages 414 and 416; and we under- by further communications at his leisure.

stand, from unquestionable authority, that estimates get it.—The parody is,

have subsequently been made of the probable expense ARREARS.--The necessity we were under to complete the Unbappy Moss! with itch of verse oppress'd, of clearing and laying out the ground, and planting it

“ Walks in Derbyshire," and the “Notes to the Rashly presum'd to rhyme himself to rest; with variegated shrubs. We have been told that it

Siege of Lathom House," within the first volume, has With this vague hope, in rueful style did he would require a considerable sum of money to carry

induced us to extend it to 53 numbers instead of 52, Write six bad lines, as judges do agree, the plan into execution ; but we trust that circum

and must plead our excuse for the transfer of many Which even a Pagan funeral were denied ;

Stance will -not operate upon a wealthy and public- communications to our next volume, to which it is And, to be laugh'd at, laid at this way side. spirited Corporate Body; particularly, when the capi

our intention to devote the most unremitting care to I have what I conceive to be a good specimen of tål employed would be so soon repaid, with good in

render it worthy of the very flattering patronage it has

terest, by a small toll, to be paid by all visitors. The attained, not only at home, but abroad. Amongst the pompous style of writing which I transcribed number of labourers which would be requisite to com the articles displaced to enable us to complete the from an American paper above forty years ago. plete so grand a metamon bosis, is another strong arrangements asuded to are J. N. S.Pro Boxo 'Also, the “Wooders of the Peak," a poem of the 17th

recommendation of the measure. We shall have

PUBLICO_G.P.-TREODOSIUS TIGHTLACE-A century, by Charles Cotton, Esq., author of " Virgil occasion to resume the subject next week, when we

READER A QUEER TAKE-IN-H.-AVERY OLD Travestie," translator of the Essays of Montaigne,

notice the communication of PYRUS, with whom we

Man. &c. which I thiok would not be upåcceptable to differ somewhat upon certain minor points.

Letters or parcels not received, unless tree of charge. many of the numerous readers of the Kaleidoscope, The word preventative, in the last Kaleidoscope, is, of and should have no'objection to favouring yon with course, a typographical error, and ought to have been Printed, published, and sold by E. SMITH and C. both, on condition that you return the poem, which preventive.

54, Lord-strect, Liverpool


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