Page images

and I flatter myself, the early impressions they will receive from your excellent Annotations and Reflections, will enter deeply into their hearts, and make them ever hold the Sacred Volume in awe and re


Mrs. ELIZABETH ROWE.—This lady, so distinguished by her piety and the excellence of her writings, was the daughter of a dissenting minister named Singer, and was born at Ilchester, 1674. She was married to Mr. Rowe, a young gentleman of considerable literary attainments, who died a few years after their marriage; upon which event she retired to Frome, where she resided for the remainder of her life, with the exception of occasional visits to the Countess of Hertford, and other friends of rank and talent who valued her society. Her principal works are, " Friendship in Death,” “ Letters, Moral and Entertaining, in Prose and Verse,” “ The History of Joseph, a Poem,” and “ Devout Exercises of the Heart,” Died, 1737.

Miss HANNAH BOWDLER.–Authoress of “ Poems and Essays,” in 2 vols. and ~ Serinons on the Doctrines and Duties of Christianity," alluding to

the latter work, Miss Bowdler says, in her preface, “If this volume contains any doctrine which is not to be proved from Scripture, and was not believed by the primitive church, I shall be the first to condemn it when pointed out to me, for Christianity, like its Great Author, is the same yesterday to day, and for ever.” And there are few families who have not read this volume of Sermons. b. 1754, -d. 1830.

[graphic][graphic][graphic][ocr errors][merged small]


ARCHBISHOP.-An archbishop has the superintendence of a province which often comprises several dioceses, In England there are two, and in Ireland four archbishops. In England the archbishop of York is styled the Primate of England, and the archbishop of Canterbury is termed the Primate of all England, to show his superiority; he being the earthly head, under the sovereign, of the ecclesiastical affairs of the country.

BISHOP.-A bishop is a chief officer in the church, who has the ecclesiastical superintendence of a portion of the country called a diocese, and to whom all the clergy of that district are subject. In legal matters he has also the power of granting the legitimate proofs of wills or testaments, and, in consequence of having succeeded to the extensive powers of the priesthood of Rome in these matters, he is styled the ORDINARY, or orderer of the property of persons deceased.


DEAN.—The second dignitary of a diocese, the head of a collegiate church. A Dean and Chapter are the Bishop's council to assist him in the affairs of his ecclessiastical jurisdiction.

RURAL DEAN.-An ecclesiastic appointed by the bishop and archdeacon to supervise a certain number of ministers in the vicinity of his own parish.

PREBENDARY.—A prebend implies an endowment of land given, as pension-inoney to a cathedral or conventual church, for the maintenance of a priest engaged in some other duty than that connected with the church to which his prebend is attached. In some instances the prebend is given to an individual holding some official appointment in the cathedral itself. In either case, its object is to increase the income of an individual not otherwise sufficiently rewarded, and the holder of the emolument is styled a prebendary.


ARCHDEACON.-A term derived from two Greek words signifying chief server. An archdeacon is the immediate deputy of the bishop of a diocese, and his business is, in the course of every two or three years, to visit every ecclesiastical body within certain district of the diocese to which he is attachedthence called his archdeaconry—with a view to regulate the affairs of the church, in order to its right government; and having for a portion of his object to lay the more weighty affairs before the bishop.

PRIEST.-Is one who is in full orders, and commissioned by divine authority to minister in all sacred things, within his appointed departinent, for the comfort and edification of the flock of CHRIST.

RECTOR.-The rector of a parish, is a clergyman who has the charge and care of a parish, and enjoys the spritualities or right of ministering to the parishioners in spiritual things, as well as the temporalities or tythes of the parish.

VICAR is, properly speaking, the deputy of a rector, every parish having been formerly endowed with a full means of support for its ecclesiastical director. But by the shameful robbery of the church

« PreviousContinue »