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by Henry VIII. a great number of parishes were divested of the great tithes which were appropriated for the support of the rector, and only the small tithes were left which were intended for the sustenance of his deputy or vicar, and such incumbencies are consequently now called vicarages, and their incumbents vicars.
DEACON.-The term deacon was first used to designate those individuals who were appointed by the apostles to relieve them of the charge of the more secular matters of the primitive church-of whom St. Stephen was one-in order that they might give themselves the more assiduously to prayer and the preaching of the word. In our church the term implies one just admitted into holy orders, who is enabled to fulfil all the duties of the priesthood except the consecration of the elements of the holy Eucharist, and reading the declaration of absolution in the liturgy.
CURATE, or carer, is one who officiates in the room of the incumbent or beneficiary, and acts as his assistant.
RUBRICS.-Rules and directions, how, when, and where all things in Divine Service are to be performed : which were formerly written or printed in red ink, (as now generally in an Italic letter) and thus called Rubrica, from the Latin Rubrica, signifying a red colouring.
SABAOTH.—A Hebrew plural word signifying hosts or immense numbers.
SABBATH.-A time or day of rest from the ordinary business of life, for the exclusive service of GOD, especially in public assemblies. The Jews observe the seventh day, in commemoration of the Creation, and their release from Egyptian bondage. The Christians observe the first day of the week, in remembance of the resurrection of CHRIST from the dead, and theuniversal redemption of mankind.
SACRAMENT.--A term derived from two Latin words signifying something particularly sacred to the mind, and may be designated a sign of a holy or sacred thing: among Christians it is understood to imply a visible sign of an invisible grace. The Church, after Scriptural authority. acknowledges two —that of Baptism which is the sign of admission into the visible Church of CHRIST ; and that of
the Holy Communion of bread and wine, by which
“ celebrate the Lord's death till he come.” SAINT.—One sanctified by the inspiration and indwelling of the Holy Spirit. A really sincere and truly obedient follower of our LORD JESUS CHRIST.
SALVATION.-Preservation from eternal death, and the final enjoyment of God in a future state for all who choose to avail themselves of it by the perfect obedience and the sufficient atonement of Jesus Christ through the love and the mercy
SACRILEGE.—The crime of profaning or unlawfully taking away the things appropriated to ecclesiastical
SIMONY.—Buying or selling the right of officiating spiritually in church livings and preferments, so called from the wizard Simon Magus who offered money to the Apostles that he might obtain the power to the Holy Spirit for all those on whom he might lay his hands, as they did by Divine authority.
GENESIS, EXODUS, LEVITICUS, NUMBERS, DEUTERONOMY, JOSHUA, JUDGES, Ruth, THE FIRST AND SECOND Book OF SAMUEL, TAE FIRST AND SECOND BOOK OF Kings, THE FIRST AND SECOND BOOK OF CHRONICLES, THE FIRST AND SECOND BOOK OF ESDRAS, THE BOOK OF ESTHER, THE BOOK OF JOB, The Psalms, The PROVERBS, ECCLESIASTES, SONG OF Solomon, THE Four GREATER, AND TWELVE LESSBR PROPHETS.
The other Books are read for example of Life &c., but the Church does not apply them to establish
any doctrine. They are, THE THIRD
AND FOURTH Book Of Esdras, The Book OF TOBIAS, THE BOOK OF JUDITH, The Rest OF THE BOOK OF ESTHER, THE BOOK OF WISDOM, JESUS THE SON OF SIRACH, BARUCH THE PROPHET, THE SONG OF THE THREE CHILDREN, THE STORY OF SUSANNA, BELL AND THE DRAGON. THE PRAYER OF MANASSES, THE FIRST AND SEOND BOOK OF MACCABEES.
All the Books of the New Testament are counted Canonical, and so received ; they are as follows—THE GOSPEL OF ST. MATTHEW, GOSPEL OF ST. MARK, GOSPEL OF ST. LUKE, GOSPEL OF St. John, ACTS OF THE APOSTLES, EPISTLE TO The Romans, I. AND II. CORINTHIANS, GALATIANS, EPHESIANS, PAILIPPIANS, COLLOSSIANS, I. AND II. THESSALONIANS, I. AND II. TIMOTHY, TITUS, PHILEMON, HEBREWS, I. AND II. PETER, JAMES, I., II., AND III. OF St. John, JUDE, REVELATIONS.