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Adan, } fallen.
Justice, Mercie, debating what should become of At last, after discourse of enmity on either
Chorus prepare resistance at his first approach. Wisdome, Man, if he fall.
he departs ; whereat the Chorus sing of the bat
tell and victorie in Heaven against him and his Act II.
accomplices : as before, after the first act, was Heavenly Love.
sung a hymn of the creation3. Evening-Starre.
Heer again may appear Lucifer, relating and Chorus sing the marriage song, and describe Pa- insulting in what he had don to the destruction radice.
of Man. Man next, and Eve, having by this time bin seduc't by the serpent, appears con
fusedly cover'd with leaves. Conscience, in a Act III.
shape, accuses him. Justice cites him to the Lucifer contriving Adam's ruine.
place, whither Jehovah called for him. In the Chorus feares for Adam, and relates Lucifer's re
mean while, the Chorus entertains the sta ge, and .. bellion and fall.
is informed, by some angel, [of] the manner of his fall4.
Heer the Chorus bewails Adam's fall. Adam Act IV.
then and Eve returne, and accuse one another ;
but especially Adam layes the blame to his wife ; Eve,
is stubborn in his offence. Justice appears; reaConscience cites them to God's examination. sons with him, convinces him. The Chorus adChorus bewailes, and tells the good, Adam hath monishes Adam, and bids him beware Lucifer's lost.
example of impenitences.
The angel is sent to banish them out of ParaAct V.
dise; but, before, causes to pass before his eyes, Adam and Eve driven out of Paradice : præsented in shapes, a mask of all the evills of this life and by an angel with
world. He is humbl’d, releats, dispaires. At Labour,
last appeares Mercy, comforts bim, promises the Grief,
Messiah ; then calls in Faith, Hope, and ChaHatred,
rity ; instructs him. He repents; gives God the Envie,
glory, submitts to his penalty. The Chorus Warre,
Mutes, to whom he gives thire briefly concludes..
Compare this with the former draught7.
The subject proposed. Invocation of the Holy
Spirit.—The poem opens with John baptizing 3 End of the second act.
4 End of the third act. The next sketch, as Dr. Johnson has remarked,
s End of the fourth act. seems to have attained more maturity; and is en- 6 End of the fifth act. titled
? The reader may compare the allegorical characters, and their
offices, in this and the preAdam unparadiz'd.
ceding draught, with those in the Italian drama
by Andreini: The angel Gabriel, either descending or en- Phillips, the nephew of Milton, has told us, tring; showing, since the globe was created, his that Paradise Lost was first designed for a trafrequency as much on Earth as in Heaven ; de- gedy, and that in the fourth book of the poem scribes Paradise. Next, the Chorus, showing the “there are ten verses, which, several years before reason of his comming to keep his watch after the poem was begun, were shown to me, and Jacifer's rebellion, by command from God: and some others, as designed for the very beginning withall expressing his desire to see and know of the said tragedy.” Life, &c. 1694, p. xxxv. more concerning this excellent and new creature, These verses are the opening of Satan's celebratMan. The angel Gabriel, as by his name signi- ed address to the Sun. “O thou, that with surfying a prince of power, tracing Paradise with a passing glory crown'd, &c.”
TODD. more free office, passes by the station of the (") No edition of Paradise Regained had ever Chorus ; and, desired by them, relates what he appeared with Arguments to the Books, before knew of Man ; as the creation of Eve, with thire that which was published in 1795 by Mr. Dun. love and marriage.
ster; from which they are adopted in this edi. After this, Lucifer appears after his overthrow, tion. Peck indeed endeavoured to supply the bomoans himself, seeks revenge upon Man. The deficiency, in his Memoirs of Milton, 1740,
at the river Jordan. Jesus coming there is | I, who ere while the happy garden sung baptized; and is attested, by the descent of By one man's disobedience lost, now sing the Holy Ghost, and by a voice from Heaven, Recover'd Paradise to all mankind, to be the Son of God. Satan, who is present, By one man's firm obedience fully tried upon this immediately flies up into the regions Through all temptation, and the tempter foil'd of the air: where, summoning his infernal In all his wiles, defeated and repuls'd, council, he acquaints them with his appre- And Eden rais'd in the waste wilderness. hensions that Jesus is that seed of the Woman, Thou Spirit, who ledst this glorious eremite destined to destroy all their power, and points Into the desert, his vic orious field, (thence out to them the immediate necessity of bring- Against the spiritual foe, and brought'st him ing the matter to proof, and of attempting, By proof the undoubted Son of God, inspire, by snares and fraud, to counteract and de- As thou art wont, my prompted song, else mute, feat the person, from whom they have so much And bear through height or depth of Nature's to dread. This office he offers himself to un
(dreds dertake; and, his offer being accepted, sets With prosperous wing full summ’d, to tell of out on his enterprise.- In the mean time God, Above heroic, though in secret dune, in the assembly of holy angels, declares that And unrecorded left through many an age; he has given up his Son to be tempied by Sa-Worthy to have not remain d so long unsung. tan; but foretels that the tempter shall be Now had the great proclaimer, with a voice completely defeated by him:-upon which More awful than the sound of truinpet, cried the angels sing a hymn of triumph. Jesus is Repentance, and Heaven's kingdom nigh at hand led up by the Spirit into the wilderness, while To all baptiz'd: to his great baptism flock'd he is meditating on the commencement of his with awe the regions round, and with them great office of Saviour of mankind. Pursuing his meditations he narrates, in a soliloquy, Prom Nazareth the son of Joseph deem'd what divine and philanthrophic impulses he To the flood Jordan; came, as then obscure, had felt from his early youth, and how his Unmark'd, unknown; but him the Baptist soon mother Mary, on perceiving these dispositions Descried, divinely warn'd, and witness bore in him, had acquainted him with the circum- as to his worthier, and would have resign'd stances of his birth, and informed him that To him his heavenly office; nor was long he was no less a person than the Son of God; His witness unconfirm'd: on him baptiz'd to which he adds what his own inquiries and Heaven open'd, and in likeness of a dove reflections had supplied in confirmation of this The Spirit descended, while the Father's voice great truth, and particularly dwells on the From Heaven pronouoc'd him his beloved Son recent attestation of it at the river Jordan. That heard the adversary, who, roving still Our Lord passes forty days, fasting, in the About the world, at that assembly fam'd wilderness, where the wild beasts become Would not be last, and, with the roice divine mild and harmless in his presence. Salan Nigh thunder-struck, the exalted man, to whom now appears under the form of an old peasant; Such high attest was given, a wbile survey'd and enters into discourse with our Lord, won- With wonder ; then, with envy fraught and rage: dering what could have brought him alone Flies to his place, nor rests, bat in mid air into so dangerous a place, and at the same To council summons all his mighty peers, time professing to recognize him for the per- Within thick clouds and dark ten-fold involvid, son lately acknowledged by John, at the river A gloomy consistory; and them amidst, Jordan, to be the Sun of God. Jesus briefly with looks aghast and sad, he thus bespake. replies. Satan rejoins with a description of “O ancient powers of air, and this wide world, the difficulty of supporting life in the wilder- (Por much more willingly I mention air, ness; and entreats Jesus, if he be really the This our old conquest, than remember Hell, Son of God, to manifest his divine power, by Our hated habitation,) well ye know changing some of the stones into bread. Je- How many ages, as the years of men, sus reproves him, and at the same time tells This universe we have possessid, and ruld, him that he knows who he is. Satan instantly In manner at our will, the affairs of Earth, avows himself, and offers an artful apology Since Adam and his facile consort Eve for himself and his conduct. Our blessed Lost Paradise, deceiv'd by me; though since Lord severely reprimands him, and refutes With dread attending when that fatal wound every part of his justification. Satan, with Shall be inflicted by the seed of Eve much semblance of humility, still endea- Upon my head. Long the decrees of Hearen vours to justify hi.nself; and, professing his Delay, for longest time to him is sirort; admiration of Jesus and his regard for virtue, And now, too soon for us, the circling hours requests to be permitted at a future lime to This dreaded time have compass’d, whereid we hear more of his conversation ; but is answer- Must bide the stroke of that long-threaten'd ed, that this must be as he shall find per- (At least if so we can, and by the head (wound, mission from above. Satan then disappears, Broken be not intended all our power and the book closes with a short description of To be infringd, our freedom and our being, night coming on in the desert.
In this fair empire won of Earth and air,)
For this il news I bring, the woman's seed p. 70, &c.
But the arguments, which he has Destin’d to this, is late of woman born. there given, are too diffuse; and want that con- His birth to our just fear gave no sinall cause : ciseness and energy which distinguish Mr, Dun- But his growth now to youth's tull dover ster's. TODD,
All virtue, grace, and wisdom to achieve Then told'st her, doubting how these thing Things highest, greatest, multiplies my fear.
could be Before him a great prophet, to proclaim To her a virgin, that on her should come His coming, is sent harbinger, who all
The Holy Ghost, and the power of the Highests Invites, and in the consecrated stream
O'ershadow her. This man, born and now upPretends to wash off sin, and fit them, so To show him worthy of his birth divine [grown, Purified, to receive bim pure, or rather
And high prediction, henceforth I expose To do him honour as their king: all come, To Satan; let him tempt, and now assay Apd he himself among them was baptiz'd; His utmost subtlety, because he boasts Not thence to be more pure, but to receive And vaunts of bis great cunning to the throng The testimony of Heaven, that who he is Of his a postacy: he might hare learnt Thenceforth the nations may not doubt; I saw Less overweening, since he fail'd in Job, The prophet do him reverence ; on him, rising Whose constant perseverance overcame Out of the water, Heaven above the clouds Whate'er his cruel malice could invent. Unfuld her crystal doors : thence on his head He now shall know I can produce a man, A perfect dove descend, (whate'er it meant,) Of. female seed, far abler to resist And out of Heaven the sovran voice I heard, All his solicitations, and at length • This is my Son belov’d, in him am pleas'd.' All his vast force, and drive him back to Hell; His mother then is mortal, but bis Sire
Winning, by conquest, what the first man lost, He who obtains the monarchy of Heaven: By fallacy surpris'd. But first I mean And what will he not do to advance his Son? To exercise him in the wilderness ; His tirst-begot we know, and sore have felt, There he shall first lay down the rudiments When his fierce thunder drove us to the deep: Of his great warfare, ere i send him forth Who this is we must learn, for Man be seems To conquer Sin and Death, the two grand foes, In all his lineaments, though in his face
By humiliation and strong sufferance: The glimpses of his father's glory shine.
His weakness shall o'ercome Satanic strength, Yo see our danger on the utmost edge
And all the world, and mass of sinful flesh, Of hazard, which admits no long debate, That all the angels and ethereal powers, But must with something sudden be oppos'd, They now, and men hereafter, may discern, (Not force, but well-couch'd fraud, well-woven From what consummate virtue I have chose Ere in the head of nations he appear, (snares,) This perfect man, by merit call?d my Son, Their king, their leader, and supreme on Earth. To earn salvation for the sons of men.” 1, when no other durst, sole undertook
So spake the Eternal Father, and all Heaven The dismal expedition to find out
Admiring stood a space, then into hymns And ruin Adam; and the exploit performid Burst furth, and in celestial measures mor'd, Successfully: a calmer voyage now [once, Circling the throne and singing, while the hand Will #aft me; and the way, found prosperous Sung with the roice, and this the argument. Induces best to hope of like success.
“Victory and triumph to the Son of God, He ended, and his words impression left Now entering bis great duel, not of arms, Of much amazement to the infernal crew, But to vanquish by wisdom hellish wiles ! Distracted, and surpris'd with deep dismay The Father knows the Son; therefore secure At these sad tidings; but no time was then Ventures his filial virtue, though untried, For long indulgence to their fears or grief: Against whate'er may tempt, whate'er seduce, Unanimous they all commit the care
Allure, or terrify, or undermine. And management of this main enterprise
Be frustrate, all ye stratagems of Hell, To him, their great dictator, whose attempt And, devilish machinations, come to naught !" At first against mankind so well had thriv'd So they in Heaven their odes and vigils tun'd: lo Adam's overthrow, and led their march Mean while the Son of God, who yet some days From Hell's deep-vaulted den to dwell in light, Lodg'd in Bethabara, where John baptiz'd, Regents, and potentates, and kings, yea gods, Musing, and much revolving in his breast, Of many a pleasant realm and province wide, How best the mighty work he might begin So to the coast of Jordan he directs
Of saviour to mankind, and which way first His easy steps, girded with snaky wiles,
Publish his God-like office now mature, Where he might likeliest find this new.declar'd, One day forth walk'd alone, the Spirit leading This Man of men, attested Son of God,
And his deep thoughts, the better to converse Temptation and all guile on him to try;
With solitude, till, far from track of men, So to subvert whom he suspected rais'd
Thought following thought, and step by step led To end his reigo on Earth, so long enjoy'd : He enter'd now the bordering desert wild, [on, But, contrary, unweeting he fulfill'd
And, with dark shades and rocks environ'd The propos'd council, pre-ordain’d and fix'd, His holy meditations thus pursued. [round, Of the Most High; who, in full frequence “0, what a multitude of thoughts at once bright
Awaken'd in me swarm, while I consider Of angels, thus to Gabriel smiling spake. What from within I feel myself, and here
“ Gabriel, this day by proof thou shalt behold, What from without comes often to my ears, Thou and all angels conversant on Earth Ill sorting with my present state compar'd! With man or men's affairs, how I begin
When I was yet a child, no childish play To verify that solenn message, late
To me was pleasing; all my mind was set On which I sent thee to the virgin pure
Serious to learn and know, and thence to do In Galilee, that she should bear a son,
What might be public good; myself I thought Great in renown, and call’d the Son of God; Born to that end, bora to promote all truth,
All righteous things : therefore, above my years, Which I believ'd was from above; but he
Refus'd on me his baptism to confer, The teachers of our law, and to propose [own; As much his greater, and was hardly won : What might improve my knowledge or their But, as I rose out of the laving stream, And was admir'd by all : yet this not all
Heaven opened her eternal doors, from whence To which my spirit aspir'd; victorious deeds The Spirit descended on me like a dove; Flam'd in my heart, heroic acts; one while And last, the sum of all, my father's voice, To rescue Israel from the Roman yoke,
Audibly heard from Heaven, pronounc'd me his, Then to subdue and quell, o'er all the Earth, ‘Me his beloved son, in whom alone Brute violence and proud tyrannic power, He was well pleas'd;' by which I knew the time Till truth were freed, and equity restor'd : Now full, that I no more should live obscure, Yet held it more humane, more heavenly, first But openly begin, as best becomes, By winning words to conquer willing hearts, The authority which I derir'd from Heaven. And make persuasion do the work of fear; And now by some strong motion I am led At least to try, and teach the erring soul, Into this wilderness, to what intent Not wilfully misdoing, but unaware
I leam not yet; perhaps I need not know, Misled; the stubborn only to subdue. (ceiving, For what concerns my knowledge God reveals."* These growing thoughts my mother soon per- So spake our Morning-star, then in his rise, By words at times cast forth, inly rejoic'd, And, looking round, on every side bebeld. And said to me apart, High are thy thoughts, A pathless desert, dusk with horrid shades; O son, but nourish them, and let them soar The way he came not having mark'd, return To what height sacred virtue and true worth Was difficult, by human steps untrod; Can raise them, though above example high; And he still on was led, but with such thoughts By matchless deeds express thy matchless sire, Accompanied of things past and to come For know, thou art no son of mortal man; Lodg'd in his breast, as well might recommend Though men esteem thee low of parentage, Such solitude before choicest society. Thy father is the Eternal King who rules Full forty days he pass'd, whether on hill All Heaven and Earth, angels and sons of men; Sometimes, anon on shady vale, each night A messenger from God foretold thy birth Under the covert of some ancient oak, Conceiv'd in me a virgin ; he foretold, [throne, Or cedar, to defend him from the dew, Thou should'st be great, and sit on David's Or harbour'd in one cave, is not reveald; And of thy kingdom there should be no end. Nor tasted human food, nor hunger felt At thy nativity, a glorious quire
Till those days ended ; hunger'd then at last Of angels, in the fields of Bethlehem, sung Among wild beasts: they at his sight grew mild, To shepherds, watching at their folds by night, Nor sleeping him nor waking harm’d; his walk And told them the Messiah now was born, The fiery serpent fled and noxious worm, Where they might see him, and to thee they The lion and fierce tiger glar'd aloof. came,
But now an aged man in rural weeds, Directed to the manger where thou lay'st, Following, as seem'd, the quest of some stray ewe, For in the inn was left no better room:
Or wither'd sticks to gather, which might serve A star, not seen before, in Heaven appearing, Against a winter's day, when winds blow keen, Guided the wise men thither from the east, To warm him wet return'd from field at ere, To honour thee with incense, myrrh, and gold; He saw approach, who first with curious eye By whose bright course led on they found the Perus'd him, then with words thus utter'd spake. place,
“ Sir, what ill chance hath brought thee to Affirming it thy star, new-graven in Heaven,
this place By which they knew the king of Israel born. So far from path or road of men, who pass Just Şimeon and prophetic Anna, warn’d In troop or caravan? for single none By vision, found thee in the temple, and spake, Durst ever, who return'd, and dropt not here Before the altar and the vested priest,
His carcase, pin'd with hunger and with drought. Like things of thee to all that present stood.'- I ask the rather, and the more admire, This having heard, straight I again revolv'd For that to me thou seem'st the Man, whom late The law and prophets, searching what was writ Our new baptizing prophet at the ford Concerning the Messiah, to our scribes (spake Of Jordan honour'd so, and calPd thee Son Known partly, and soon found, of whom they Of God : I saw and heard, for we sometimes I am; this chiefly, that my way must lie Who dwell this wild, constrain'd by want, come Through many a hard assay, even to the death,
forth Ere I the promis'd kingdom can attain,
To town or village nigh, (nighest is far,) Or work redemption for mankind, whose sins Where aught we hear, and curious are to hear, Full weight must be transferr'd upon my head. What happens new; fame also finds us out." Yet, neither thus dishearten'd or dismay'd, To whom the Son of God. “Who brought The time prefix'd I waited; when behold
me hither, The Baptist, (of whose birth I oft had heard, Will bring me hence; no other guide I seek." Not knew by sight,) now come, who was to “ By miracle he may,” replied the swain; Before Messiah, and his way prepare ! [come “What other way I see not; for we here I, as all others, to his baptism came,
Live on tough roots and stubs, to thirst inurd
More than the camel, and to drink go far, Man fall’n shall be restor'd, I never more."
To whom our Saviour sternly thus replied.
Into the Heaven of Heavens: thou com'st indeed ** Think'st thou such force in bread? Is it not As a poor miserable captive thrall written,
Comes to the place where be before had sat (For I discern thee other than thou seem'st) Among the prime in splendour, now depos'd, * Man lives not by bread only, but each word Ejected, emptied, gaz'd, unpitied, shunn'd, Proceeding from the mouth of God, who fed A spectacle of ruin, or of scorn, Our fathers here with manna?' in the mount To all the host of Heaven : the happy place Moses was forty days, nor eat, nor drank; Imparts to thee no happiness, no joy, And forty days Elijah, without food,
Rather inflames thy torment: representing Wander'd this barren waste; the same I now: Lost bliss, to thee no more communicable, Why dost thou then suggest to me distrust, So never more in Hell than when in Heaven, Knowing wbo I am, as I know who thou art ??" But thou art serviceable to Heaven's King. Whom thus answer'd the arch-fiend, now Wilt thou impute to obedience what thy fear undişguis'd,
Extorts, or pleasure to do ill excites ? « Tis true I am that Spirit unfortunate, What but thy malice mov'd thee to misdeem Who, leagu'd with millions more in rash revolt, Of righteous Job, then cruelly to afflict him Kept not my happy station, but was driven, With all infictions? but his patience won. With them from bliss to the bottomless deep, The other service was thy chosen task, Yet to that hideous place not so confin'd To be a liar in four hundred mouths; By rigour unconniving, but that oft,
For lying is thy sustenance, thy food. Leaving my dolorous prison, I enjoy
Yet thou pretend'st to truth; all oracles Large liberty toround this globe of earth, By thee are given, and what confess'd more true Or rauge in the air; nor from the Heaven of Among the nations that hath been thy craft, Heavens
By mixing somewhat true to rent more lies. Hath he excluded my resort sometimes. But what have been thy answers, what but I came among the sons of God, when he
dark, Gare up into my hands Uzzean Job
Ambiguous, and with double sense deluding, To prove him, and illustrate his high worth; Which they who ask'd have seldom understood, And, when to all his angels he propos'd
And not well understood as good not known?
To fly or follow what concern'd him most,
Por God hath justly given the nations up
Idolatrous : but, when his purpose is To be belov'd of God, I have not lost
Among them to declare his providence
(truth, To love, at least contemplate and admire, To thee not known, whence hast thou then thy What I see excellent in good, or fair,
But from him, or his angels president Or virtuous; I should so have lost all sense : In every province, who, themselves disdaining What can then be less in me than desire
To approach thy temples, give thee in command To see thee and approach thee, whom I know What, to the smallest tittle. thou shalt say Declar'd the Son of God, to hear attent
To thy adorers? Thou, with trembling fear, Thy wisdom, and behold thy God-like deeds? Or like a fawning parasite, obey'st : Men generally think me much a foe
Then to thyself ascrib'st the truth foretold. To all mankind : why should I ? they to me Bat this thy glory shall be soon retrench'd; Never did wrong or violence; by them
No more shalt thou by oracling abuse I lost not what I lost, rather by them [dwell, The Gentiles; henceforth oracles are ceas'd, I gair'd what I have gain'd, and with them and thou no more with pomp and sacrifice Copartner in these regions of the world,
Shalt be inquir'd at Delphos, or elsewhere; If not disposer; lend them oft my aid,
At least in vain, for they shall find thee mute. Oft my advice by presages and signs,
God hath now sent his living oracle And answers, oracles, portents à ad dreams, Into the world to teach his final will, Whereby they may direct their future life. And sends his Spirit of Truth henceforth to dwell Envy they say excites me, thus to gain
In pious hearts, an inward oracle Companions of my misery and woe.
To all truth requisite for men to know.” At first it niay be; but, long since with woe So spake our Saviour, but the subtle fiend, Nearer acquainted, now I feel, by proof, Though inly stung with anger and disdain, That fellowship in pain divides not smart, Dissembled, and this answer smooth return'd. Nor lightens aught each man's peculiar load. “Sharply thou hast insisted on retuke, Small consolation then, were man adjoin'd : And urg'd me with hard doings, which not will This wounds nie most, (what can it less ?) that But misery hath wrested from me. Where Man,
Easily canst thou find one miserable,