Page images
[ocr errors]

Fruit clustered like the May Duke, and much of the same colour ; but larger, with a shorter stalk, and inserted in a deeper hollow, ripening at least a fortnight later. The Arch Duke is a much more vigorous grower than the May Duke, with longer diverging branches, and larger leaves. It is equally hardy as an open standard, and may be planted to advantage among Morellos on a north wall.

3. BELLE DE Choisy. Jard. Fruit. Vol. ii. p. 21. t.7. Pom. Mag. t. 42.

Cerise de la Palembre, 1 of the French Gardens, acCerise Doucette, cording to the Pom. Mag.

Fruit growing by pairs, middle-sized, roundish, depressed at the apex. Stalk, from the forks an inch, neck half an inch long. Skin transparent, red, mottled with amber colour, especially on the shaded side. Flesh amber-coloured, tender, and sweet. Stone middle-sized, round.

Ripe in July, rather before the May Duke.

This cherry is of French origin, and is said to have been raised at Choisy, near Paris, about the year 1760. The general habit of the tree is that of the the May Duke; but the branches are rather more spreading than the common one, and the leaves more evenly serrated.

It bears well on an open standard, and is very deserving of cultivation.

4. CARNATION. Langley, t. 16. f. 3.

Fruit large, round, almost the colour of the Kentish, but more marbled with red. Flesh firm, with a very good-flavoured juice.

Ripe in August.

The branches, as well as the trees, have a good deal of the character of the Kentish; but they are stronger, the leaves larger, deeply and doubly serrated.

The Carnation Cherry, is a shy bearer generally, on an open standard ; but when trained as an espalier, in a

p. 168.

warm garden, where it has plenty of sun, it bears extremely well, and the fruit is much finer.

5. EARLY MAY. Miller, No. 2.
Small Early May. Langley, t. 17. f. 2.

Cerisier Noir, à fruit rond précoce. Duh. 1. t. 3.

Fruit small, round, a little flattened at both extremities. Stalk one inch and a quarter long, slender, deeply inserted. Skin of a pale red colour. Flesh soft, juicy, but not high flavoured.

Ripe in June before any of the Dukes.

This cherry ripened at Twickenham, in 1727, on the 25th of April, O.S., or the 6th of May, N. S., according to Langley

The wood of this sort is very slender and wiry, with small shining leaves. Its only merit is that of ripening before any other. It requires a south or south-east wall, being too tender for an open standard.

6. Holman's DUKE. Langley, t. 17. f. 1.

Fruit round, flattened at both ends, of a very deep red; and when highly ripened in the sun, it is almost black. Flesh very melting, juicy, and of a most excellent flavour.

Ripe the middle and end of August.

The Holman’s Duke is a very distinct variety of the Duke, and cannot well be confounded with any other. Its shoots are short, erect, straight, short-jointed, and more slender than any of the other varieties; and when the May Duke is fully ripe, the fruit of this is quite green, and ripening at least a month later in all situations. It is one of our most hardy sorts, and when planted against a north wall is highly valuable; not only as affording a most certain crop, but as prolonging the season of the Duke to a late period, and as a connecting link between all the rest and the Morello.

7. JEFFREY's ROYAL. G. Lindl. Plan of an Orchard, 1796.

Royale. Duhamel, 20, t. 15.
Cherry Duke. Ib.

Fruit round, nearly as large as a May Duke, a little hollowed at the base, in clusters, some of which have four cherries on a common peduncle. Stalk an inch from the fork, and a quarter of an inch above it. Skin of a fine deep red, which becomes almost black when fully ripe. Flesh pale red, firm, succulent. Juice plentiful, rich, and high flavoured.

Ripe the middle and end of July.

This cherry was introduced into notice about fifty years ago by a Mr. Jeffrey, a nurseryman at Brompton Park. The tree is the most compact grower of all the sorts in our collections, its branches seldom shooting more than six or nine inches in a year: the buds are so close together, and the spurs so numerous and crowded, that the fruit forms most dense bunches. scarcely be propagated otherwise than by budding.

8. KENTISH. Miller, No. 1. Flemish. Langley, t. 18. f. 1.

Fruit middle-sized, round, flattened at both ends. Stalk one inch and a half long, slender, and sunk in a rather deep hollow. Skin of a dingy red, slightly marbled with dull brown, and having occasionally a few both opaque and transparent spots. Flesh rather firm, but succulent, with a somewhat astringent but saccharine juice.

Ripe about the middle of August.

This is one of the most common and most hardy cherries cultivated in this country, the May Duke excepted. It is very probably one of those which were brought from Flanders by Richard Haines, about three hundred years ago.



“ It was the plain industry of one Richard Haines, a fruiterer to King

It can

Henry VIII., that the fields and environs of about thirty towns, in Kent only, were planted with fruit trees from Flanders, to the unusual benefit and general improvement of that county to this day.'

The trees grow like those of the Morello, with slender branches and shining leaves. The stone is so strongly attached to the stalk, as to be withdrawn by it from the pulp with facility, leaving the fruit apparently whole: a property, I believe, not possessed by any other cherry. In this state it is laid on hair sieves and exposed to the sun, where it dries and becomes a delicious sweetmeat, similar in appearance to that of a large sultana raisin, and will keep thus for twelve months.

9. LATE DUKE. Pom. Mag. t. 45.

Cerise Angloise tardive. Hort. Soc. Cat. No.22. according to the Pom. Mag.

Fruit large, above the size of a May Duke, bluntly heart-shaped, somewhat compressed, with a shallow depression on one side. Skin a rich shining red. Flesh tender, amber-coloured, juicy, and rich, of the same quality as a May Duke. Stone rather large, roundish, ovate, compressed.

Ripe on a standard in August.

This cherry has a great affinity to the Arch Duke, if not absolutely the same. It appears, however, to be scarce in our gardens, and to be better known among the French than with us, although its name indicates its being of English origin. The branches are of vigorous growth, but more spreading than those of the May Duke, and the leaves are larger.

10. May DUKE. Langley, t. 17. fig. 3. Miller, No. 3. Hooker, Pom. Lond. t. 28.

Fruit roundish, flattened at both ends, of a deep red colour, and growing in clusters : when fully ripe, the flesh is soft, juicy, and tender, with a very pleasant acid, and a rich agreeable flavour.


Ripe the middle of July.

This cherry ripened at Twickenham in 1727, on May 20. O. S., or on May 31, N. S., according to Langley.

The common May Duke, as an open standard, is more extensively planted in every county in England than any other cherry, a sufficient indication of its utility and value to the orchardist. Although it has been cultivated a considerable time in this country, I do not find it mentioned previously to Ray, in 1688.

11. MONTMORENCY. Hort, Soc. Cat. No. 148.
Montmorency, à gros fruit. Duhamel, 10. t. 8.
Gros Gobet. 16.
Gobet à courte queue. Ib.
Cerise à courte queue, of the French.
Cerise à courte queue de Provence. Ib.

Fruit large, round, very much flattened at both the base and the apex, generally growing in pairs. Stalk stout and stiff, an inch long, deeply inserted in a wide cavity. Skin smooth, shining, of a beautiful soft but lively red colour. Flesh firm, yellowish white. Juice plentiful, with a rich and very agreeable slight acid.

Ripe the middle and end of July.

The Montmorency cherry is but little cultivated at present in this country, although very common throughout Normandy and other parts of France.

12. MORELLO. Langley, t. 16. f. 2.
Milan. Ib.
Cerise du Nord. Nois. Arb. fruit. p. 19.

Fruit large, round, of a dark red colour, turning almost black when fully ripe. Flesh deep red or purple, tender, juicy, and blended with an agreeable acid.

Ripe in August and September.

This ripened at Twickenham in 1727, on the 21st of June, according to Langley.

« PreviousContinue »