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yellow on the shaded side, with a tinge of brownish red when exposed to the sun. Flesh yellowish white, very juicy and melting, with a peculiarly rich agreeable flavour; round the core it is gritty, and more so, if grafted upon the Quince.
Ripe the middle and end of August.
The Jargonelle ripened at Twickenham, in 1727, on the 10th of July, O. S., or July 21st, N. S. Langley. A month sooner than at the present day.
This is much better grafted upon the Pear than the Quince. It is, like all other summer Pears if left upon the tree till fully ripe, of short duration in a sound state, not keeping above a few days; but if gathered while the fruit is firm, and kept in a cool room, it may be continued in eating for several days longer. It is readily distinguished from all other Pears of its season, by the large size of its fruit, by its long dangling branches, and by its very thickly pubescent leaves, particularly in the early part of the summer.
The Jargonelle was certainly brought from France, of which there is abundant evidence. The Jargonelle of the French is, however, not ours, but an inferior kind, green on one side, and red on the other. They call ours the Grosse Cuisse Madame, distinguishing it from the common Cuisse Madame. How this became possessed of so singular an appellation it is difficult to say. MAYER tells a long story of its origin, which is not much to the purpose; and MANGER relates an anecdote about Prince Eugene and one of his officers, who did not know that Dameschenkel was a Pear worth looking at. In Scotland the Jargonelle is cultivated on walls as far north as Pears will grow.
21. LAMMAS. Hort. Soc. Cat. No. 373. Fruit rather small, of a pyramidal shape. Stalk half an inch long, straight. Skin pale yellow, tinged and slightly streaked with red on the sunny side. Flesh melting. Juice plentiful, of a very good flavour.
Ripe the beginning and middle of August.
This is a very excellent Pear for the market gardener, as it is not only a very good bearer, but the first strong Pear that comes to market, and the tree is hardy, and an erect handsome grower. It is in great plenty in the
Lunn and Wisbeach markets.
22. LITTLE MUSCAT. Miller, No. 5.
Fruit very small, somewhat turbinate, little more than an inch long, and scarcely an inch in diameter. Eye small, with a reflexed calyx prominently placed on the summit. Stalk half an inch long, straight, inserted without any cavity. Skin yellow, coloured with dull red on the side next the sun. Flesh white, with a
sugary musky perfume.
Ripe the middle and end of July; the first Pear which ripens.
It succeeds on both the Pear and the Quince. 23. LONDON SUGAR. Nursery Catalogues.
Fruit below the middle size, turbinate, and rather narrowed at the crown, about two inches long, and one inch and three quarters in diameter. Eye small, with a connivent calyx, rather prominently placed, and surrounded by irregular, puckered, apparently blistered plaits. Stalk an inch long, slender, inserted in a small oblique cavity. Skin pale green, approaching to pale lemon colour when fully ripe, with a slight brownish tinge when fully exposed to the sun. Flesh tender and melting. Juice saccharine, of a rich musky flavour.
Ripe the end of July and beginning of August.
The branches of this tree are long, slender, and for the most part drooping, in the manner of the Jargonelle. It is an excellent early fruit, and a hardy bearer, and may be found in great plenty, in the Norwich markets, under this name. It is very much like the Madeleine,
figured in the Pomological Magazine; but its branches are pendulous, in the Madeleine they are ascending.
24. LONG STALKED BLANQUET. Pom. Mag. t. 41. Blanquet à longue queue. Duhamel, No. 15. t. 6. f. B. Fruit small, growing in clusters, inversely egg-shaped, about two inches long, and one inch and a half in diameter. Eye crumpled, prominently seated on the summit. Stalk one inch and a half long, slender, inserted without cavity. Skin deep clear green. Flesh tender, crisp, juicy, sweet, and excellent.
Ripe near the end of July.
This grows strong on the Pear, middling on the Quince. A good early Pear, and a great bearer; very sweet, crisp, and juicy, and not rotting so soon as most of the Pears of the same season.
25. MADELeine. Pom. Mag. t. 51. Magdalene. Jard. Fruit. Vol. iii. t. 26.
Citron des Carmes. Of the French, according to the Pom. Mag.
Fruit below the middle size, turbinate, with a thickening on one side of the stalk, about two inches and three quarters long, and two inches and one quarter in diameter. Eye slightly hollowed. Stalk an inch long, slender, rather obliquely inserted. Skin yellowish green, with a little light bloom upon it, and a slight tinge of red when fully exposed to the sun. Flesh white, melting, buttery, sweet, and high flavoured.
Ripe the latter part of July.
This is said to have received its name from its ripening about the time of the Fête de Sainte Magdalène (22d July). I have not quoted the figure of the Madeline, or Citron des Carmes, of Duhamel, because it does not appear to be what the French now consider the Madeleine.
26. MANSUETTE. Duhamel, No. 92. t. 58. f. 1. Solitaire. Ib.
Jard. Fruit. t. 43.
Fruit pretty large, of a somewhat turbinate figure, compressed below the middle, and a little incurved towards the stalk; about three inches and three quarters long, and two inches and three quarters in diameter. Eye rather small, with an erect calyx, placed in a deep, plaited, angular basin. Stalk an inch long, bent, very obliquely inserted in an irregular cavity. Skin green, spotted with brown; but as it ripens it becomes yellow and tinged with red. Flesh white, half melting, and full of a well flavoured juice.
Ripe the beginning and middle of September. This is better grafted on the Quince than on the Pear. 27. MUSK SUMMER BONCHRÉTIEN. 'Nursery Cat. Bonchrétien d'E'té Musquée. Duhamel, No. 91. t. 48. Fruit above the middle size, somewhat pyramidal, compressed between the middle and the stalk, about three inches long, and two inches and a half in diameter. Eye rather large and open, with a crisp calyx, placed in a wide, irregular, angular basin. Stalk one inch and a half long, enlarged next the branch, and somewhat obliquely inserted with but little cavity. Skin greenish yellow, with a little grey russet; but on the sunny side of a brownish red, full of rough russetty specks. Flesh white and crisp, with an abundant, sugary, high-flavoured musky juice.
Ripe the beginning and middle of September.
It is sold by many nurserymen for the Summer Bonchrétien, a different Pear. The wood and manner of growth of the Musk Bonchrétien is a good deal like the Jargonelle; but the leaves of this are smooth at all times, in the Jargonelle they are covered with a thick pubescent down, especially in the spring and early part of the summer months.
28. ORANGE TULIPÉE. Duhamel, No. 79. t. 41.
Poire aux Mouches. Duhamel, No. 79. t. 41. Fruit pretty large, of an oval, turbinate figure, about three inches long, and two inches and a half in diameter. Eye small, with a recurved calyx, seated in a pretty deep, plaited basin. Stalk short, inserted in a narrow angular cavity. Skin green on the shaded side, but of a brownish red, with grey specks, where exposed to the sun. Flesh melting, with an agreeable juice.
Ripe the beginning and middle of September.
This succeeds equally on both the Pear and the Quince.
29. PRINCE'S PEAR.
Chair à Dame.
Miller, No. 29.
Fruit above the middle size, somewhat round, but turbinate, and bent at the neck, about two inches and a quarter long, and two inches in diameter. Eye small, open, with an acute calyx, in a shallow slightly angular basin. Stalk half an inch long, strong, very obliquely inserted. Skin greyish russet, turning yellow with grey specks as it becomes ripe, and of a marbled red on the sunny side. Flesh rather crisp, with an abundant sweet highly-flavoured juice.
Ripe the middle and end of August.
This succeeds on both the Pear and the Quince.
Fruit middle-sized, turbinate, about three inches long, and two inches and a half broad. Eye rather deeply sunk in an obtuse-angled basin. Stalk an inch long, rather slender, and somewhat obliquely inserted. Skin pale yellow, slightly covered with thin russet, on the sunny side of an orange or bright red. Flesh tender. Juice plentiful and saccharine.