Page images


Large White Chili.
Large Blush Pine. White Bath.
Large Flesh-coloured White Carolina.

White Chili.
Large Pale Chili. White Pine.
Large White.

Fruit large, irregularly ovate, sometimes roundish, having a tendency to form a neck, of a brownish colour towards the sun, the other side white. Seeds deeply embedded, with ridged intervals. Flesh soft, white, woolly, with a large core ; flavour indifferent.

25. SURINAM. Hort. Trans. Vol. vi. p. 193.
Devonshire Scarlet. Red Pine.
Oldaker's New Pine. Red Pine Apple.
Red Chili.

Sutton's Large. Fruit very large, irregularly ovate or round, without a neck, of a light shining red next the sun, pale on the opposite side. Seeds yellow and prominent.. Flesh firm, pale red, with a large core ; flavour indifferent. The fruit is entirely concealed by the leaves.

26. VARIEGATED PINE. Hort. Trans. Vol. vi.

p. 192.

A Strawberry having leaves much variegated with white, is often seen in the gardens of the curious.

As a fruit it has no merit, the plants being weak and very shy bearers.

Class IV. - Chili Strawberries.

The character of this class is to have the leaves very villous, hoary, with small leaflets, of thick texture, with very obtuse serratures; the fruit very large and pale ; the seeds prominent; the flesh insipid in the type — the True Chili. Hort. Trans. Vol. vi. p. 148. 27. TRUE Chili. Hort. Trans. Vol. vi.


206. Fraisier du Chili. Duhamel, No. 9. t. 3.

Greenwell's French. Patagonian.
Greenwell's New Giant.

Fruit particularly large, irregularly shaped, but usually ovate or bluntly conical; when ripe, of an uniform dull varnished brownish red. Seeds dark brown and projecting. Flesh slightly tinged with red near the outside, the rest whitish, very firm, hollow in the centre, with a small core.

The fruit ripens late, and the foliage mostly perishes in the winter ; but the succeeding varieties, which have been bred from it, keep their leaves.

28. WILMOT's SUPERB. Hort. Trans. Vol. vi.

p. 208,

The first fruits are very large, irregularly rounded, ovate, or flattened, sometimes growing of a cockscomb shape; the other berries are invariably round; all are hairy, pale scarlet, appearing as if polished. Seeds projecting, brown. Flesh very firm, pale scarlet next the outside, within whitish, with a small hollow in the centre, and a core; flavour very good, buttery, and rich, mixed with acid.

29. YELLOW Chili. Hort. Trans. Vol. vi. p. 209.

Fruit very large, irregularly ovate, frequently compressed, and sometimes cockscombed brown; on the exposed side, and yellow on the other. Seeds brown, slightly embedded, with flat intervals. Flesh very firm, buttery, yellowish, with a core ; flavour very rich, with some acidity.

Class V. -Green Strawberries. The French cultivate several kinds which appear to be varieties of this Strawberry; the one at present much known with us is called the Green Pine, which, generally speaking, is kept in gardens more as an object of curiosity than of use, for it rarely produces perfect fruit, though in some particular situations it bears well.

In general character the plants are akin to the Wood Strawberry; its habit is dwarf; the leaves light green, and strongly plaited. Hort. Trans. Vol. vi. p. 149.

30. GREEN STRAWBERRY. Hort. Soc. Cat. No.85. Fraisier Vert. Duhamel, No. 17. t. 9. Caucasian.

Green Wood. Green Alpine.

Pine Apple. Green Pine.

Powdered Pine. Fruit small, globular ; of a whitish green when fully ripe, and tinged with a reddish brown on the sunny side. Flesh firm, of a rich and high musky flavour. This is generally represented as a very bad bearer. It appears to me, that defect arises principally from the multitude of its young runners ; they are extremely slender, short-jointed, covering the ground so completely, that in a few months the mother plants can scarcely be found. To remedy this, the runners should be cut off before they have taken root, keeping the plants free from this incumbrance. By adopting this method, I have little doubt of this sort being rendered productive.

CLASS VI. Hautbois Strawberries.

The character of this class is to have tall, pale green, rugose leaves, of thin texture; the scapes tall and strong; the fruit middle-sized, pale, greenish white, tinged with dull purple ; the seeds slightly embedded ; the flavour musky. Hort. Trans. Vol. vi. p. 149.

31. BLACK HAUTBOIS. Hort. Trans. Vol. vi.

p. 213.

New Hautbois. Ib.

Fruit conical, more lengthened than in the prolific Hautbois ; of a very dark, dingy purple colour, when ripe. Seeds scarcely embedded; flavour high, and flesh buttery. This kind is a great bearer, and rather

earlier than the others, occasionally producing a few berries in the autumn. It is a very valuable variety.

32. COMMON HAUTBOIS. Hort. Trans. Vol. vi.

p. 213.

Capron Demelle. Duhamel, No. 14. t. 8.
Diccious Hautbois. Old Hautbois.
Musky Hautbois. Original Hautbois.

Fruit rather small or middle-sized, spherical, of a pale greenish white, tinged with dull purple, Seeds slightly embedded ; flavour musky. The flowers called the males produce occasionally a small imperfect fruit, with projecting seeds.

In the Cultivation of Hautbois Strawberries, it will be recommended that the plants called males should be wholly rooted up as useless.

33. GLOBE HAUTBOIS. Hort. Trans. Vol. vi. p. 212.

Fruit nearly spherical, small, becoming dark purple when ripe. Seeds prominent. Flesh greenish, firm, with a separable core; flavour good, with the aroma peculiar to the class.

34. LARGE Flat HAUTBois. Hort. Trans. Vol. vi.

p. 215.

Bath Hautbois.

Salter's Hautbois. Formosa Hautbois. Weymouth Hautbois. Lowder's Hautbois. White Hautbois.

Fruit large, roundish, depressed, light red, and pale on the under side. Flesh greenish, without core, juicy, but though delicate, not so high-flavoured as the other. Seeds embedded in the skin.

35. PROLIFIC OR CONICAL HAUTBOIS. Hort. Trans. Vol. vi. p. 213. Double Bearing

Regent's. Dwarf.

Sacombe. Hermaphrodite. Sir Joseph Banks's. Hudson's Bay.

Spring Grove.

Fruit large, conical, shorter and more obtuse than the Black Hautbois ; the colour is dark, but not so deep as in that. Seeds slightly embedded. Flesh solid, greenish, and high-flavoured. A very abundant bearer; and it usually produces a partial second crop, blossoming in August and September, and the fruit ripening in October : the autumnal berries are much larger than the summer ones, and nevertheless high-flavoured. This is by far the best of the Hautbois Strawberries ; the flowers the largest of the class yet known, with numerous stamens.

Class VII. Scarlet Strawberries. The type of this class is the Fragaria Virginiana of botanists. The character is to have the leaves nearly smooth, dark green, of thin texture, and with sharppointed serratures; their fruit, mostly of small size and bright colour, with the seeds more or less deeply embedded, with ridged intervals; the flavour acid, with slight perfume. Hort. Trans. Vol. vi. p. 147.

36. AMERICAN SCARLET. Hort. Trans. Vol. vi.

p. 160.

Black American. 16.

Fruit large, conical, and pointed, with a neck, of a deep rich shining blood red, rough. Seeds numerous, brownish, not deeply embedded, with sharp intervals. Flesh dark scarlet, firm, with a core; flavour rich and agreeable.

Cluster Scarlet.

Globe Scarlet.
Duke of Kent's Scarlet.* Nova Scotia Scarlet.

* In the Hort. Trans. this is called the Duke of Kent's Strawberry, and the Austrian Scarlet one of its synonyms: this I have not adopted, for this simple reason, -- it was introduced into this country from Germany in 1798, the Duke of Kent's

« PreviousContinue »