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148. NORFOLK PARADISE. Hort. Soc. Cat. No.684. Forsyth, Ed. 3. No. 125.

Fruit middle-sized, oblong, irregularly formed. Eye very large, deeply sunk, in an uneven, oblique hollow. Stalk rather short, not deeply inserted.

Skin greenish yellow; on the sunny side of a brownish red, streaked with a darker colour. Flesh white, very firm. Juice abundant, and of a very excellent flavour.

A dessert apple from October till March.

Its name seems to indicate a Norfolk origin ; but I never could find it in any part of the county.

149. NORTHERN GREENING. Hort. Soc. Cat. No. 693. Forsyth, Ed. 3. No. 127.

Fruit above the middle size, of an oblong figure, scarcely angular on its sides, about three inches deep, and two inches and three quarters in diameter. Eye rather small, with a closed calyx, seated in a somewhat narrow, shallow, irregularly plaited basin. Stalk short and thick, inserted without any cavity, but connected by a projecting lip on one side, similar to that of the Lemon Pippin. Skin pale dull green, sprinkled with specks of darker green imbedded in the skin ; on the

sunny

side it is tinged with pale brown, interspersed with slight streaks of a darker colour. Flesh greenish, white, firm. Juice sub-acid, without any apparent saccharine property.

A very excellent culinary apple from November till April.

150. Ord's APPLE. Hort. Trans. Vol. ii. p. 285. t. 19.

Simpson's Pippin. Ib.
Simpson's Seedling. Hort. Soc. Cat. No. 1043.

Fruit middle-sized, of on oblong ovate shape, with the base and crown depressed, from two inches and a half to three inches deep, and two inches and a quarter in diameter at the base. Eye small, with a short con

nivent calyx, in a very shallow basin, surrounded by some irregular plaits, the natural number of which is five. Stalk three quarters of an inch long. Skin thick, always green while on the tree, tinged with coppercoloured red, with several darker spots on the sunny side. Flesh firm. Juice rich and perfumed.

A dessert apple from December till March.

Raised some years ago by Mrs. Anne Simpson, sisterin-law of John Ord, Esq., from the seed of an apple grown in his garden at Purser's Cross, near Fulham, the produce of a tree he had raised from a Newtown Pippin, which he had imported from America about the year 1777.

151. ORTLEY APPLE. Hort. Trans. Vol. vi. p. 415.

Fruit very much resembling the yellow Newtown Pippin, but a little more oval. Eye large and well formed, not deeply sunk, and surrounded by many small folds or plaits. Stalk slender, inserted in a deep, and even-formed cavity. Skin bright clear yellow where shaded, and of a bright scarlet, sprinkled with a few russetty spots, on the sunny side. Flesh inclining to yellow, crisp, and breaking. Juice plentiful, with the same fine flavour which distinguishes the Newtown Pippin.

A dessert apple from November till April.

This most excellent variety is a native of New Jersey, in North America. Specimens of it were se from thence to the Horticultural Society, and exhibited at the meetings of the 1st and 15th of March, 1825.

152. OXNEAD PEARMAIN. G. Lindl. Plan of an Orchard, 1796.

Earl of Yarmouth's Pearmain. Ib.

Fruit small, conically tapering from the base to the crown. Eye very small, surrounded by three or four somewhat obscure plaits. Stalk three quarters of an inch long, very slender. Skin entirely grass-green, always

covered with a thin russet ; sometimes when highly ripened it is tinged with a very pale brown on the

sunny side. Flesh very firm, crisp, of a pale green colour. Juice not plentiful, but it is very rich and highly flavoured.

A very neat dessert apple from November till April.

This excellent little sort is supposed to have originated at Oxnead, near Norwich, the seat of the Earl of Yarmouth. It has been known for many years

in Norfolk, no doubt prior to the extinction of that peerage in 1733, and I have never seen it out of the county. The tree is a very small grower; its branches are small and wiry, and of a grass-green colour : it is very hardy, and an excellent bearer.

153. PETIT JEAN. Hort. Trans. Vol. iv. p. 525. Hort. Soc. Cat. No. 781.

Fruit small, oval, slightly flattened at both ends. Eye very small, placed in a confined basin. short, deeply inserted. Skin, where shaded, of a pale yellow, but the whole nearly covered with brilliant red, which, in less exposed parts, is broken into stripes, through which the ground colour is seen. white, extremely tender, with an agreeable juice.

A dessert apple from November till April.

This is a very handsome little apple, native of Jersey, which keeps well to the end of the season, and is extensively cultivated in that island. Specimens of the fruit were sent to the Horticultural Society in 1820.

154. PINNER SEEDLING. Hort. Trans. Vol. iv.

Stalk very

Flesh very

p. 530.

Carrel's Seedling. Hort. Soc. Cat. No. 791.

Fruit middle sized, slightly angular on the sides. Eye close, very little depressed. Stalk short, in a confined but deep cavity. Skin bright yellow, nearly

covered with clear yellow russet. Flesh inclining to yellow, crisp, and tender. Juice brisk and saccharine.

An excellent dessert apple from November till the end of May.

Raised by James Carrel, Nurseryman, at Pinner, Middlesex, in 1810. It produced its first fruit in 1818, and was first exhibited at the Horticultural Society in 1820.

155. RIBSTON PIPPIN. Hort. Soc. Cat. No. 946. Pom. Mag. t. 141. Formosa Pippin. Hort. Trans. Vol. iii.

P.

322. Traver's Apple. Ib. Vol. iii. p. 324., according to the Pom. Mag.

Glory of York. Hort. Soc. Cat. No. 946.

Fruit middle-sized, somewhat irregularly formed, with a few broad, obtuse, indistinct angles on its sides, and generally more broad than long; about two inches and three quarters in diameter, and two inches and a quarter deep. Eye rather small, with a closed calyx, placed in an irregularly angular basin. Stalk half an inch long, slender, inserted in a rather narrow, funnel-shaped cavity, seldom protruding beyond the base. yellow, russetty in the crown and round the stalk, and mottled thinly with dull red on the sunny side. Flesh pale yellow, firm, crisp. Juice saccharine, with a pungent, rich, and delicious aromatic flavour.

A dessert apple from October till April, but it is generally in its greatest perfection when it has been gathered a month or six weeks.

The Ribston Pippin may be truly said to be one of the best, and certainly is one of the most popular dessert apples of the present day, as well known as the Golden Pippin and the Nonpareil ; and a greater number of trees of it are sold by nurserymen throughout England, than of both those sorts put together. It was raised, according to traditionary accounts, from some

Skin pale

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pips which were brought from Rouen, about the year 1688, and sown in the garden at Ribston Hall, near Knaresborough, in the county of York. A tree from these was planted out in the park, which grew to a very large size, and formed the subject of the present article.

I visited it in 1789, and found it in a very healthy state : it was, however, in a violent gale, in 1810, thrown down ; and, five years afterwards, still continued to bear fruit, although lying on the ground.

It has been doubted by some, whether the tree at Ribston Hall was an original from the seed. The fact of its not being a grafted tree, has been satisfactorily ascertained by Sir Henry Goodricke, the present proprietor, by causing suckers from its root to be planted out, which have set the matter at rest, that it was not a grafted tree. One of these suckers has produced fruit in the Horticultural Garden at Chiswick.

156. ROYAL PEARMAIN.. Rea's. Flora, 1665. No. 16.

Herefordshire Pearmain. Hort. Soc. Cat. No.757.
Parmain Royal. Knoop. Pom. p. 71. t. 12.
Parmain Royal de longue dureé. Ib. p. 131.
Parmain double. Ib.
Engelsche Konings of King's Pepping. Ib.

Fruit above the middle size, oblong, and somewhat conical, about two inches and a half deep, and two inches and three quarters in diameter, slightly angular on its sides. Eye rather small, open, with a reflexed calyx, seated in a narrow, shallow, russetty basin, scarcely marked by plaits. Stalk half an inch long, slender, rather deeply inserted, protruding just beyond the base. Skin dull, pale yellowish green, interspersed with grey russetty specks, especially on the sunny side, where it is tinged with a soft brown, and marked with a few narrow broken stripes. Flesh pale greenish yellow, tender, crisp.

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