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Juice saccharine, and of a very pleasant aromatic richness.

A dessert apple from November till February or March.

This very excellent apple is of many years' standing in this country, although far from being common in the nurseries, another apple having unjustly usurped its name.

157. ROYAL REINETTE. Hort. Trans. Vol. iv.

P. 529.

Fruit rather small, a little more conical than the Golden Reinette. Eye large and open, in an even and small basin. Stalk very short, with the flesh growing pretty closely round it. Skin delicate yellow, sprinkled with a few dark spots; on the sunny side stained and striped with delicate but brilliant red, and covered with numerous grey spots; the whole surface highly polished and shining. Flesh pale yellow. Juice of excellent flavour.

A dessert apple from November till April and May.

This very beautiful apple is cultivated in the western parts of Sussex; fruit from the Earl of Egremont's, at Petworth, was exhibited at the Horticultural Society in 1820.

158. STONE PIPPIN. G. Lindl. in Hort. Trans. Vol. iv. p. 69.

White Stone Pippin. Hort. Soc. Cat. No. 1071.
White Pippin, of Norfolk.

Fruit middle-sized, of an oblong figure, tapering to the crown, where it is narrow, somewhat angular on its sides. Eye small, hollow, surrounded by slight obtuse, bold plaits. Stalk slender, not protruded beyond the base. Skin very smooth, pale green, becoming yellow when kept a few weeks. Flesh very firm and dense. Juice not plentiful, sharp, slightly acid, becoming sweet when mature, with a little perfume.

A dessert and culinary apple from November till July or August.

This is a valuable Norfolk apple, known in the Norwich market by the name of White Pippin. The fruit, when peeled, sliced, and boiled in sugar, becomes transparent, affording for many months a most delicious sweetmeat for tarts. The tree grows to a large size, is very hardy, and in all seasons an abundant bearer. It is highly deserving of an extended cultivation.

158*. TARVEY CODLIN. Hort. Trans. Vol. vii.

p. 338,

The skin is a dull olive green, with an imperfect mixture of yellow; on the exposed side it is yellowish red, much spotted with broken rows of large blood-red dots. The flesh is white and juicy, with the taste of an English Codlin.

A very good apple, in its season, in Ross-shire, in November and December.

This was raised from a seed of the Manx Codlin, by Sir George Steuart Mackenzie, in his garden at Coul, near Dingwall, an account of which is given by him, in a paper in the Horticultural Transactions, dated March 12, 1827.

159. WHITE SPANISH REINETTE. Pom. Mag. t. 110.

Reinette Blanche d'Espagne. Mayer's Pomona. According to the Pom. Mag.

De Ratteau,

of foreign Gardens.
Concombre Ancien,
Fall Pippin,

of the English and AmeCobbett's Fall Pippin, ricans, according to the Large Fall Pippin,

Pom. Mag. Fruit very large, roundish oblong, about three inches and three quarters deep, and three inches and a half in diameter, irregular in its outline, with broad irregular


ribs on its sides, which terminate in an uneven crown, where it is nearly as broad as at the base. Eye large, open, very deeply placed in a broad-angled, oblique, irregular basin. Stalk half an inch long, not deeply inserted, in a rather small evenly-formed cavity. Skin smooth, yellowish green on the shaded side, tinged with orange where exposed to the sun. Flesh yellowish white, crisp, and tender, with a rich sugary juice.

A dessert apple, and for culinary purposes also, from November till February or March.

This extremely valuable apple is at present but little known in England, although, from specimens exhibited at the Horticultural Society in 1829, by John Darby, Esq., it appears that very ancient trees of it exist in Sussex. In America it is called Fall Pippin, under which name it has been for some time sold by Mr. Cobbett.

160. WHITMORE'S PIPPIN. Hort. Soc. Cat. No. 1158.

Fruit middle-sized, of a very regular, somewhat conical figure, with eight or ten obtuse angles on the sides, which terminate more distinctly in the crown, where it is almost drawn to a point. Eye very narrow, flat. Stalk three quarters of an inch long, slender, deeply inserted, and not protruded beyond the base.

Skin a clear yellowish green, sprinkled with numerous small dark green specks; on the sunny side tinged with faint red. Flesh whitish green, breaking. Juice brisk, with a slight aromatic flavour.

A winter dessert and culinary apple from November till January or February.

161. WINTER PEARMAIN. Ray, 1688.
Old Pearmain. Pom. Hereford. t. 29.
Parmain d'Hiver. Knoop. Pom. p. 64. t. 11.
Pépin Parmain d'Angleterre. Ib. p. 131.

Fruit middle-sized, regularly shaped, tapering a little from the base to the crown, which is a little narrowed.

Eye small, and closed by the short segments of the calyx. Stalk short, slender, protruding a little beyond the base. Skin a grass green, with a little colour of a livid red on the sunny side, interspersed with a few dark specks, particularly on the produce of old trees, especially those which are encumbered with a profusion of wood. Flesh pale green, firm, crisp. Juice not plentiful, but saccharine, and of a slight aromatic flavour.

A dessert apple from November till March.

162. WINTER RED CALVILLE. Nursery Catalogues.

Calville Rouge. Duhamel. 4. t. 3.

Calville Rouge d'Hiver. Bon Jard. 1827, p. 323. Hort. Soc. Cat. 132.

Fruit large, of an oblong figure, broader at the base than at the crown, about three inches in diameter, and three inches and a half deep. Eye large, rather deeply sunk. Stalk three quarters of an inch long, rather deeply inserted. Skin pale red on the shaded side, but where exposed to the sun, of a much deeper colour. Flesh tender, with an agreeable juice.

A culinary apple from November till February.

SECT. VII.- Russets and Nonpareils.

163. ACKLAM's Russet. Forsyth, Ed. 3. No. 1. Hort. Soc. Cat. No. 977.

Fruit below the middle size, perfectly round in its outline, and rather flat; about two inches and a quarter in diameter, and two inches deep. Eye small, with a converging calyx, sunk in a very regular, circular, open basin, free from plaits. Stalk half an inch long, even with the base. Skin pale yellowish green, covered with a very thin, smooth, grey russet, in which are interspersed numerous yellowish grey specks. Flesh greenish white,

very firm, and crisp. Juice sugary, and of a

, high poignant flavour.

A very neat dessert apple from November till February

This is a Yorkshire apple of great merit; the trees are but small growers, but they are very hardy, and great bearers.

164. AROMATIC RUSSET. Nursery Catalogues. But not of Hort. Soc. Cat. 1061.

Fruit middle-sized, a little conical, but flattened at both the base and the crown Eye small, a little depressed. Stalk very short, deeply inserted. Skin green, covered with a thin grey russet, and a little tinged with dull red on the sunny side. Flesh greenish white, firm, crisp, but tender, Juice saccharine and perfumed.

A dessert apple from November till February.

The wood of this tree is straight, rather slender ; and when the young branches are vigorous, they are furnished with spurs, somewhat in the manner of the Nonesuch. It is a very hardy sort, and an excellent bearer.

165. ASHMEAD's KERNEL. Hort. Soc. Cat. No. 20. Dr. Ashmead's Kernel, of the Gloucestershire Gardens.

Fruit rather small, not much unlike the old Nonpareil, except in being a little longer, and having a few obtuse angles running from the base to the crown, which is somewhat narrow. Eye small, a little depressed. Stalk three quarters of an inch long, slender, and inserted half its length in a conical cavity. Skin of a pale brownish grey russet upon a green ground, and of a brownish orange colour on the sunny side. Flesh firm and crisp. Juice plentiful, of an excellent and rich aromatic flavour.

A very neat dessert apple from November till May.

The habit and general appearance of the tree is very much like that of a Nonpareil, and there can be no doubt of its having originated from a seed of that fruit. It is

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