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a Gloucestershire apple, and was raised by a Dr. Ashmead, of Ashmeads, in that county. It is a very valuable and hardy variety, highly deserving of cultivation.

166. Bowyer's Russet. Hort. Soc. Cat. No.979. Pom. Mag. t. 121.

Fruit below the middle size, broadest at the base ; the outline tolerably round, about two inches and a quarter in diameter, and oneinch and three quarters deep. Eye close, in a small depression, surrounded by obscure wrinkled plaits. Stalk half an inch long; inserted in a middle-sized evenly-formed cavity. Skin covered all over with a fine golden russet. Flesh greenish white, with a tinge of yellow, and having a sharp, rich, aromatic juice.

A very handsome and valuable dessert apple in the month of September, and will keep a few weeks after this time.

Cuttings of it were sent to the Horticultural Society in 1824, by Mr. Boult, of Hawthorn Hill, Maidenhead. It is perfectly hardy, bearing abundantly upon standards

167. BRADDICK'S NONPAREIL. Hort. Trans. Vol.iii. p. 268. t. 10. f. 3.

Fruit of a flattened globular figure, three inches in its widest, and two inches and a half in its shortest diameter, not much lessened near the eye, and nearly flat at the stalk. Eye rather small, inserted in a somewhat deep and nearly rounded basin, almost without plait or wrinkle. Stalk short, not deeply inserted. Skin smooth, greenish near the stalk, becoming tinged with yellowish brown, and a considerable portion of brownish red on the sunny side, and generally a patch of fine russet round the eye. Stalk short, not deeply inserted. Flesh yellowish, sweeter and more melting than the old Nonpareil, with a richly sugared and slightly aromatic juice.

A dessert apple from October till Christmas.

This very valuable apple was raised by John Braddick, Esq., in his garden at Thames Ditton, in Surrey.

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168. EARLY NONPAREIL. G. Lindl. Plan of an Orchard, 1796. Summer Nonpareil,

Gardeners' Names in Norfolk. Stagg's Nonpareil, Hicks's Fancy. Hort. Soc. Cat. No. 450.

Fruit middle-sized, a little more long than broad, and somewhat narrowed at the crown. Eye small, in a very shallow basin. Stalk three quarters of an inch long, slender. Skin yellowish, covered with a very thin russet, interspersed with a few grey specks. Flesh yellowish white, very crisp, and tender. Juice plentiful, of a rich and highly aromatic flavour.

A dessert apple in October and November.

This very excellent apple was raised from a seed of the old Nonpareil, by a nurseryman of the name of Stagg, at Caister, near Great Yarmouth, in Norfolk, about fifty years ago.

The tree has much the appearance of the Nonpareil, except its wood being shorter, and of a more upright growth. Its last name originated somewhat whimsically, in a nursery near town, in consequence of a gentleman of the name of Hicks having selected this, from a large collection of which he had tasted, in preference to any other. It is a hardy bearer, and highly deserving of cultivation.

169. FENOUILLET GRIS. Duhamel, 10. t. 5.
Anis. 16.
Caraway Russet. Hort. Soc. Cat. No. 982.
Spice Apple.
Brown Apple of Burnt Island. Id. No. 1061.
Rook’s-nest Apple.

Fruit rather small, roundish ovate, of a very regular outline, without any angles on its sides, about two inches and a quarter in diameter at its base,and two inches deep. Eye small, with narrow diverging segments, deeply sunk in a narrow, funnel-shaped basin. Stalk short, deeply sunk in a funnel-shaped cavity, quite within the


base. Skin yellowish grey, covered with a thin russet, and very slightly tinged with brown on the sunny side. . Flesh yellowish white, crisp, tender, with a saccharine and highly flavoured aromatic juice.

A dessert apple from November till February.

This is a very neat French apple, and has been some years in the London nurseries, where it is often sold under the name of Aromatic Russet. The tree is a rather small grower, with slender, smooth, wiry branches, which seldom produce any spurs upon those of the present year : it is hardy, and a good bearer.

170. GOLDEN RUSSET. Forsyth, Ed. 3. No. 57. Hort. Soc. Cat. No. 983.

Fruit below the middle size, pretty regular in its outline, without angles, generally about two inches deep, and two inches and a quarter in diameter. Eye rather small, close, moderately depressed, surrounded by irregular plaits, part of which are more prominent than the rest. Stalk very short, deeply inserted in an uneven narrow cavity, not protruding so far as the base. Skin thick, of a pale copper-coloured yellowish russet, very thick and rough on the shaded side, with a few patches, occasionally, of bright red on the sunny side, and verrucose at the base. Flesh pale yellow, very firm and crisp. Juice not plentiful, but saccharine, of an aromatic and slightly musky flavour.

A dessert apple from December till April.

The Golden Russet has been known in our gardens ever since the time of Ray, who makes it synonymous with the Aromatic Russet. The trees are very hardy, bearing well in bleak situations ; they grow to a good size, and are rather remarkable, in having a profusion of slender pendulous branches.

171. HORSHAM RUSSET. G. Lindl. in Hort. Trans. Vol. iv.


69. Fruit about the size of a Nonpareil, but not so

regular in its outline, generally about two inches and a quarter in diameter, and two inches deep. Eye small, closed, in a small depression without angles. Stalk short, rather thick, rather deeply inserted in a wide uneven cavity. Skin pale green, covered with a thin, yellowish grey russet round its upper part, with a pale salmon-coloured tinge on the sunny side.

Flesh greenish white, firm, crisp. Juice plentiful, of a high aromatic Nonpareil flavour.

A dessert apple from November till March.

Raised from the seed of a Nonpareil about thirty years ago, by Mrs. Goose, of Horsham Saint Faith's, near Norwich. It is a very hardy tree, and a good bearer.

172. Hunt's DUKE OF GLOUCESTER. Hort. Trans. Vol. iv. p. 525.

Hunt's Nonpareil. Hort. Soc. Cat. No. 659.

Fruit middle-sized, resembling a Nonpareil in form, but is a little more oval. Skin a clear green on the shaded side, but little of that colour is visible, nearly the whole being covered with thin russet, becoming coarser and thicker round the eye; on the sunny side it is tinged with a reddish brown. Flesh white, mixed with green, like the old Nonpareil, crisp, juicy, and high flavoured.

A dessert apple from November till March or April.

Raised by Dr. Fry, of Gloucester, from a seed of the Nonpareil, and was first exhibited at the Horticultural Society in 1820.

173. KNOBBY RUSSET. Hort. Trans. Vol. iv.

p. 219.

Fruit middle-sized, of an oval form. Eye considerably depressed. Stalk short, deeply inserted. Skin yellow, with a mixture of green, but nearly covered with russetty warts. Flesh yellowish, crisp, not juicy, but sweet and high flavoured.

A dessert apple from November till May.

Fruit from Midhurst, in Sussex, gathered from the tree in January, 1820, was exhibited at the Horticultural Society in March and May following. It is a valuable fruit, and extremely hardy.

174. Martin NONPAREIL. Hort. Trans. Vol. iii. p. 456. Pom. Mag. t. 79.

Fruit larger than that of the old Nonpareil, and more irregular in figure; it is generally roundish, sometimes approaching a conical form. Eye rather wide, surrounded by broad angular plaits. Stalk short, thick, not deeply inserted. Skin lemon colour, sprinkled and shaded with yellowish brown russet. Flesh yellow, firm. Juice saccharine and rich.

A dessert apple from December till May.

This very valuable apple was raised by the Rev. George Williams, of Martin Hussingtree, near Worcester. It had been received by him from a nursery, as a crab-stock, about the year 1795. It is a great bearer as a standard tree, and highly valuable to those who cultivate fruit for the market, as it is in perfection at a period of the year when good apples fetch a high price.

175. Old NonPAREIL. Langley, Pom. t. 79. f. 4. Pom. Mag. t. 86.

Non-Pareille. Duhamel, 35. t. 12. f. 2.
Nom-Pareil. Knoop. Pom. t. 9.
Reinette Nompareille. Ib. p. 51.

Grüne Reinette, of the Germans, according to the Pom. Mag.

Fruit approaching to middle-sized, flat, broadest at the base. Eye very small, prominent, or very slightly depressed. Stalk an inch long, slender, three quarters of which protrudes beyond the base. Skin, when fully ripened, greenish yellow, slightly coated with light russet; occasionally, where fully exposed to the sun, of a reddish brown. Flesh very firm, crisp. Juice not

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