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Treading the crude consistence, half on foot,
Half flying; behoves him now both oar and sail.
As when a gryfon through the wilderness
With winged course o'er hill or moory dale
Pursues the Arimaspian, who by stealth
Had from his wakeful custody purloin'd
The guarded gold : so eagerly the fiend [rare,
O'er bog or steep, through strait, rough, dense, or
With head, hands, wings, or feet, pursues his way,
And swims, or sinks, or wades, or creeps, or flies.
At length a universal hubbub wild
Of stunning sounds and voices all confus'd,
Borne through the hollow dark, assaults his ear
With loudest vehemence: thither he plies,
Undaunted to meet there whatever power
Or spirit of the nethermost abyss
Might in that noise reside, of whom to ask
012 oar] Beaumont's Psyche, c. xvi. st. 224.

Spreading their wings like oars.'
Marino's Sl. of the Inn. p. 49.

• With wings like feather'd oars.' And Dante, Il. Purg. c. ii.

. Si che remo non vuol, ne altro velo.' C. xii. 4. 945 Arimaspian] Æschyli Prometheus, ver. 810. See Pomp. Mela ; lib. ii. c. 1, Solini Polyh. xv, 22. Prisciani Pervig. ver. 700. Plauti Aulularia, act iv. sc. 8. i. p. 142. Plin. N. Hist. lib. iv. c. 26. See Bulwer's Artif. Changeling,

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p. 102.

949 With head] See Sidon. Apollinar. c. ii. 171. Antholog. Lat. ed. Burm, vol. 1, p. 403. Ep. cciii. for this manner of speech :

• Pastor, Arator, Eques, pavi, colui, superavi,
Capras, rus, hostes, fronde, ligone, manu,'



way the nearest coast of darkness lies, Bordering on light; when straight behold the

throne Of Chaos, and his dark pavilion spread 0 0 Wide on the wasteful Deep: with him enthron'd Sat sable-vested Night, eldest of things, The consort of his reign; and by them stood Orcus and Ades, and the dreaded name Of Demogorgon; Rumor next, and Chance, 945 And Tumult, and Confusion, all imbroil'd, And Discord with a thousand various mouths. T' whom Satan turning boldly, thus.-Ye Powers, And Spirits of this nethermost abyss, Chaos and antient Night, I come no spy, With purpose to explore to disturb The secrets of your realm ; but by constraint

l Wand'ring this darksome desart, as my way Lies through your spacious empire up to light, Alone, and without guide, half lost, I seek What readiest path leads where your gloomy bounds Confine with heav'n; or if some other place, From your dominion


th'ethereal King Possesses lately, thither to arrive I travel this profound, direct my course ; Directed, no mean recompence it brings To your behoof, if I that region lost, All usurpation thence expellid, reduce To her original darkness and your sway, Which is my present journey, and once more gas Erect the standard there of antient Night;




Yours be th' advantage all, mine the revenge.

Thus Satan; and him thus the Anarch old, With fault'ring speech and visage incompos’d, Answer'd. I know thee, stranger, who thou art, 990 That mighty leading angel, whn of late (thrown. Made head against heav'n's King, though overI saw and heard ; for such a numerous host Fled not in silence through the frighted deep, With ruin upon ruin, rout on rout, Confusion worse confounded ; and heav'n gates Pour'd out by millions her victorious bands Pursuing. I upon my frontiers here Keep residence; if all I can will serve, That little which is left so to defend, Encroach'd on still thro' your intestine broils 1000 Weak’ning the scepter of old Night : first hell, Your dungeon, stretching far and wide beneath ; Now lately heaven and earth, another world, Hung o'er my realm, link'd in a golden chain 1005 To that side heav'n from whence your legions fell: If that



have not far; So much the nearer danger: go and speed; Havock, and spoil, and ruin are my gain.

He ceas'd; and Satan stay'd not to reply, 1010 But glad that now his sea should find a shore, With fresh alacrity and force renew'd Springs upward, like a pyramid of fire,

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walk, you


a pyramid of fire] Drayton in his David and Giiiah, 1630.

• He look't like to a piramid on fire.' Todd.


Into the wild expanse, and through the shock
Of fighting elements, on all sides round
Environ'd, wins his way; harder beset
And more endanger'd, than when Argo pass'd
Through Bosporus betwixt the justling rocks :
Or when Ulysses on the larboard shun'd
Charybdis, and by th' other whirlpool steer'd. 1020
So he with difficulty and labour hard
Mov'd on, with difficulty and labour he;
But he once past, soon after when man fell,
Strange alteration ! Sin and Death amain
Following his track, such was the will of Heav'n,
Pav'd after him a broad and beaten way
Over the dark abyss, whose boiling gulf
Tamely endur'd a bridge of wond'rous length,
From hell continu'd, reaching th' utmost orb
Of this frail world; by which the spirits perverse
With easy intercourse pass to and fro
To tempt or punish mortals, except whom
God and good Angels guard by special grace.
But now at last the sacred influence
Of light appears, and from the walls of heav'n 1039
Shoots far into the bosom of dim Night
A glimmering dawn : here Nature first begins
Her farthest verge, and Chaos to retire
As from her outmost works, a broken foe,
With tumult less and with less hostile din,
That Satan with less toil and now with ease
Wafts on the calmer wave by dubious light,
And like a weather-beaten vessel holds



Gladly the port, though shrouds and tackle torn;
Or in the emptier waste, resembling air,
Weighs his spread wings, at leisure to behold
Far off th' empyreal heav'n, extended wide
In circuit, undetermin'd square or round,
With opal tow'rs and battlements adorn'd
Of living saphire, once his native seat;
And fast by hanging in a golden chain
This pendant world, in bigness as a star
Of smallest magnitude close by the moon.
Thither full fraught with mischievous revenge,
Accurs’d, and in a cursed hour, he hies.

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1052 This pendant world] Verbatim from Shakespeare's Meas. for Meas. act iii. scene i. 1054 mischievous] • Thither full fraught, with hope of wished success.'

Bentl. MS.

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