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how they might take him by craft, and put him to death. But they faid, Not on the feaft-day, left there be an uproar of the people. And being in Bethany, in the house of Simon the leper, as he fat at meat, there came a woman having an alabafter-box of ointment of spikenard, very precious, and the brake the box, and poured it on his head. And there were fome that had indignation within themselves, and faid, Why was this waste of the ointment made? for it might have been fold for more than three hundred pence, and have been given to the poor: and they murmured against her. And Jefus faid, Let her alone, why trouble you her? *fhe hath wrought a good work on me. For ye have the poor with you always, and whenfoever ye will, ye may do them good: but me ye have not always. She hath done what she could: fhe is come aforehand to anoint my body to the burying. Verily I fay unto you, Wherefover this gofpel fhall be preached throughout the whole world, this alfo that he hath done fhall be fpoken of for a memorial of her. And Judas Ifcariot one of the twelve, went unto the chief priests to betray him unto them. And when they heard it, they were glad, and promised to give him money. And he fought how he might conveniently betray him. And the first day of unleavened bread, when they killed the paffover, his difciples faid unto him, Where wilt thou that we go and prepare, that thou mayeft eat the paffover? And he fendeth forth two of his difciples, and faith unto them, Go ye into the city, and there shall meet you a man bearing a pitcher of water: follow him. And wherefoever he fhall go in, fay ye to the good-man of the house, The mafter faith, Where is the gueft-chamber, where I

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* She bath wrought a good Work, &c. This fhews that works of charity are not fo to be attended to, as to forget the offices of piety and religion. For tho' Almfgiving is an important Chriftian Duty; yet he who neglects the religious worship, and fervice of Almighty God, will foon he in great danger of omitting thofe duties which he owes to his neighbour, through want of a proper principle.

↑ And be jought how he might conveniently, &c. Ju

das's intention of delivering up his Mafter, seems to have arifen from an infatiable avarice, and a wilful oppofition to the courfe of Providence, hoping perhaps that by putting Jefus into the hands of the Grandees, he would be laid under a neceffity to prove himself to be the Meffiah: thinking that if they fhould yield to Chrift's arguments, the whole nation would immediately fubmit, and the Difciples raifed forthwith to the height of their expectations,

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fhall eat the paffover with my disciples? And he will fhew you a large upper room furnished and prepared, there make ready for us. And his disciples went forth, and came into the city, and found as he had faid unto them: and they made ready the paffover. And in the evening he cometh with the twelve. And as they fat, and did eat, Jefus faid, Verily I fay unto you, one of you, which eateth with me Thall betray me. And they began to be forrowful, and to say unto him, one by one, Is it I? And another faid is it I? And he answered and faid unto them, It is one of the twelve that dippeth with me in the dish. The Son of man indeed goeth, as it is written of him: but wo to that man by whom the Son of man is betrayed: good were it for that man if he had never been born. And as they did eat, Jesus took bread, and blessed, and brake it, and gave to them, and said, Take, eat: this is my body. And he took the cup, and when he had given thanks, he gave it to them: and they all drank of it. And he faid unto them, This is my blood of the new teftament, which is shed for many. Verily I fay unto you, I will drink no more of the fruit of the vine, † until that day that I drink it new in the kingdom of God. And when they had fung an hymn, they went out into the mount of Olives. And Jefus faith unto them, All ye shall be offended because of me this night: for it is written, I will fmite the fhepherd, and the fheep fhall be fcattered. But after that I am rifen, I will go before you into Galilee. But Peter faid unto him, Although all shall be offended, yet will not And Jefus faith unto him, Verily I fay unto thee, that this day, even in this night, before the cock crow twice, thou fhalt deny me thrice. But he fpake the more vehemently, If I should die with thee, I will not deny thee in any wife. Likewife alfo faid they all.


• He will fhew you a large upper Room furnished, That is fpread with a carpet, and having couches placed to lie upon at fupper: for the Eafterns did not fit at table as we do, but lay on couches called Triclinia, because they commonly contained three perfons. Thefe orders from our Saviour concerning the Pallover, plainly fhew that he foreknew all things that fhould befall him that his

fufferings were predetermined of God,-and that he fubmitted voluntarily to them.

Until that day that I drink it new in the Kingdom of God, i. e. till after my resurrection.

↑ If I fhould die with thee, I will not deny thee in any wife. As St Mark's Gofpel is commonly reported to have been wrote under the direction of St. Peter: The

And they came to a place which was named Gethsemane and he faith to his difciples, Sit ye here, while I fhall pray. And he taketh with him Peter, and James, and John, and began to be fore amazed, and to be very heavy, and faith unto them, My foul is ex-' ceeding forrowful unto death; tarry ye here, and watch. And he went forward a little, and fell on the ground, and prayed, that if it were possible, the hour might pass from him. And he said, Abba, Father; all things are poffible unto thee; take away this. cup from me: nevertheless, not what I will, but what thou wilt. And he cometh and findeth them fleeping, and faith unto Peter, § Simon, fleepeft thou? couldest not thouwatch one hour? Watch ye and pray, left ye enter into temptation: The (pirit truly is ready, but the flesh is weak. And again he went away, and prayed, and fpake the fame words. And when he returned, he found them asleep again (for their eyes were heavy) neither wift they what to answer him. And he cometh the third time, and faith unto them, Sleep on now, and take your reft: it is enough, the hour is come; behold, the Son of man is betrayed into the hands of finners. Rife up, let us go; lo, he that betrayeth me is at hand. And immediately, while he yet fpake, cometh Judas, one of the twelve, and with him a great multitude with fwords and ftaves from the chief priests, and the scribes, and the elders. And he that betrayed him, had given them a token, faying, Whomfoever I fhall kifs, that fame is he; take him, and lead him away fafely. And as soon as

account of this denial of Jefus here, is a remarkable "thy Master's forrows? Thou who fo lately boastedst of proof of his humility and fincerity. For, had he been "thy courage and conftancy in my fervice." Had otherwife difpofed, it would have been very natural for Peter awoke, during this reproach, it furely must have him rather to have concealed a circumftance fo morti- pierced him to the heart.-But who must not be touched fying to human pride but, inttead of being filent on with the kind and compaffionate excufe which our this head, he relates this event with fome aggravating Lord makes amidst all his afflictions, for the frailty and particulars not mentioned by the other Evangelifts. weakness of his Difciples! The Spirit truly is ready but Such, for inftance, is his being fo very pofitive in his refo-, the Flesh is weak. As if he had faid, "I know very well lution of not denying his Mafter; of which we have no "that your profeffions were fincere for my fervice: reafon to doubt ofthe fincerity: yet they are a lament-but, alas! it is too plain, (fuch is human weakness) able proof of the want of felf-knowledge. "that unless good refolutions be improved and con"firmed by watchfulness and prayer, they will foon fall "to the ground."

Simon, fleepest thou ? could't not thou watch one hour? Asif he faid, "O Peter, Is thy attention to my welfare fo foon wearied out? Doft thou fleep regardless of

he was come, he goeth ftraightway to him, and faith, Mafter, mafter; and kiffed him. And they laid their hands on him, and took him. *And one of them that stood by, drew a fword, and smote a fervant of the high priest, and cut off his ear. And Jefus answered and faid unto them, Are ye come out as against a thief, with fwords and with ftaves to take me? I was daily with you in the temple, teaching, and ye took me not: but the Scriptures muft be fulfilled. And they all forfook him, and fled. And there + followed him a certain young man, having a linen cloth cast about his naked body; and the young men laid hold on him. And he left the linen cloth, and fled from them naked. And they led Jefus away to the high priest, and with him were affembled all the chief priests, and the elders, and the fcribes; and Peter followed him afar off, even into the palace of the high priest: and he fat with the fervants, and warmed himfelf at the fire. And the chief priests, and all the council fought for witness against Jefus to put him to death, and found none. For many bare falfe witnefs against him, but their witnefs agreed not together. And there arose certain, and bare false witness against him, saying, We heard him fay, I will deftroy this temple that is made with hands, and within three days I will build another made without hands. But neither fo did their witness agree together. And the high priest stood in the midst, and asked Jefus, faying, Answerest thou nothing? what is it which thefe witness against thee? But he held his peace, and answered nothing. Again the high priest asked him, and faid unto him, ‡ Art thou the Chrift, the fon of the bleffed? S

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Coth in which he had been lying, and having a refpect for Jefus, followed him, forgetting his drefs.

Art thou the Chrift the Son of the Blaffed? The craft of the Question lay in this, that if Jefus answered, in the affirmative, they would condemn him as a Blafphemer, but if in the negative, they propofed to punish him as an Imp ftor, who, by accepting the title of the Methah, had deceived the people.

And Jefus faid, I am; and ye fhall fee the fon of man fitting on the right hand of power, and coming in the clouds of heaven. Then the high priest rent his clothes, and faith, What need we any further witneffes? ye have heard the blafphemy: what think ye? And they all condemned him to be guilty of death. And fome began to fpit on him, and to cover his face, and to buffet him, and to fay unto him, Prophefy; and the fervants did ftrike him with the palms of their hands. And as Peter was beneath in the palace, there cometh one of the maids of the high priest; and when she saw Peter warming himself, fhe looked upon him, and faid, And thou also waft with Jefus of Nazareth. But he denied, saying, I know not, neither understand I what thou sayeft. And he went out into the porch, and the cock crew. And a maid faw him again, and began to fay to them that stood by, This is one of them. And he denied it again. And a little after, they that ftood by, faid again to Peter, Surely thou art one of them; for thou art a Galilean, and thy speech agreeth thereto. But he began to curfe and to fwear, faying, I know not this man of whom ye fpeak. And the second time the cock crew. And Peter called to mind the word that Jefus faid unto him, Before the cock crow twice, thou shalt deny me thrice. And when he thought thereon, he wept. Tuefday before Eafter.

For the Epiftle. Ifai. 50. 5.

HE Lord God hath opened mine ear, and I was not rebellious, neither turned away back. I gave my back to the


They all condemned him to be guilty of Death. It fhould have been tranflated, They all agreed that he was guilty of a capital crime, viz. Blafphemy.

And fome began to spit on him, &c. &c. Thus was the Judge of the World placed at the bar of his own guilty creatures, falfely accufed by the Witneffes, unjustly condemned by his Judges, and barbarously infulted by all. Yet, because it was agreeable to the end of his coming, he patiently fubmitted. Though with a frown he could have made his Judges, his accufers, and those who had him in cuftody, to drop down dead in a moment, or fhrink into nothing.

And when he thought thereon, &c. Behold in Peter an eminent example of the vanity of felf-confidence, and of the weaknefs of human nature, unfupported by God's help! God grant that all who Sin, like Peter, may like him alfo immediately confider their ways and turn their feet unto God's teftimonies, and henceforward glorify their Redeemer even unto Death.

This portion of Scripture contains fo exact a defcription of the barbarous indignities our Saviour fuffered, and of his meek depoitment under them as feems more like a history, than a prophecy which was fulfilled feveral hundred years after,

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