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4 But if any widow have children or nephews, let them learn first to shew piety at home, and to requite their parents; for that is good and acceptable before God.

5 Now, she that is a widow indeed, and desolate, trusteth in God, and continueth in supplications and prayers night and day.

6 But she that liveth in pleasure is dead while she liveth. 7 And these things give in charge, that they may be blameless.

8 But if any provide not for his own, and specially for those of his own house, he hath denied the faith, and is worse than an infidel.

9 Let not a widow be taken into the number b under threescore years old, having been the wife of one man,

⚫ 10 Well reported of for good works; if she have brought up children, if she have lodged strangers, if she have washed the saints' feet, if she have relieved the afflicted, if she have diligently followed every good work.

11 But the younger widows refuse; for when they have begun to wax wanton against Christ, they will marry ;

struct the younger of their own sex in the principles of the Christian faith, and who, for that service, were maintained out of the funds of the church.

b Into the number of the instructors of the young under 60 years old, &c.

in reproving.

12 Having damnation, because they have cast off their first faith.

13 And withal they learn to be idle, wandering about from house to house; and not only idle but tattlers also, and busybodies, speaking things which they ought not.

14 I will, therefore, that the younger women marry, bear children, guide the house, give none occasion to the adversary to speak reproachfully.

15 For some are already turned aside after Satan.

16 If any man or woman that believeth have widows, let them relieve them, and let not the church be charged; that it may relieve them that are widows indeed.

17 Let the elders c that rule well be accounted worthy of double honour, especially they who labour in the word and doctrine.

18 For the scripture saith, Thou shalt not muzzle the ox that treadeth out the corn; and, The labourer is worthy of his reward.

19 Against an elder receive not an accusation, but before two or three witnesses.

20 Them that sin rebuke before all, that others also may fear.

and the Lord Jesus Christ, 21 I charge thee before God, and the elect angels, that thou

c The term elders was, in the first age of the church, given to all, whe exercised any sacred office.

Servants' duties.

Chap. vi.

observe these things, without preferring one before another, doing nothing by partiality.

22 Lay hands suddenly on no man,d neither be partaker of other men's sins; keep thyself pure.

23 Drink no longer water, but use a little wine for thy stomach's sake, and thine often infirmities.

24 Some men's sins are open beforehand, going before to judgment; and some men they follow after.

25 Likewise also the good works of some are manifest beforehand and they that are otherwise cannot be hid.

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Avoid false teachers. the benefit. These things teach and exhort.

3 If any man teach otherwise, and consent not to wholesome words, even the words of our Lord Jesus Christ, and to the doctrine which is according to godliness,

4 He is proud, knowing nothing, but doting about questions, and strifes of words, whereof cometh envy, strife, railings, evil surmisings,

5 Perverse disputings of men of corrupt minds, and destitute of the truth, supposing that gain is godliness; from such withdraw thyself.

6 But godliness with contentment is great gain.

7 For we brought nothing into this world, and it is certain we can carry nothing out.

8 And having food and raiment, let us be therewith content.

9 But they that will be rich, fall into temptation, and a snare, and into many foolish and hurtful lusts, which drown men in destruction & perdition.

10 For the love of money is the root of all evil; which, while some coveted after, they have erred from the faith, and pierced themselves through with many sorrows.

11 But thou, O man of God, flee these things; and follow after righteousness, godliness, faith, love, patience, meek

ness.

12 Fight the good fight of faith, lay hold on eternal life,

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whereunto thou art also called, and hast professed a good profession before many wit

nesses.

13 I give thee charge in the sight of God, who quickeneth all things, before Christ Jesus, who before Pontius Pilate witnessed a good confession,

14 That thou keep this commandment without spot, unrebukable, until the appearing of our Lord Jesus Christ: 15 Which in his times he shall shew, who is the blessed and only Potentate, the King of kings, and Lord of lords;

16 Who only hath immortality, dwelling in the light which no man can approach unto; whom no man hath seen, nor can see; to whom be honour and power everlasting. A

men.

17 Charge them that are rich in this world, that they be not high-minded, nor trust in uncertain riches, but in the living God, who giveth us richly all things to enjoy;

of godliness.

18 That they do good, that they be rich in good works, ready to distribute, willing to communicate;

19 Laying up in store for themselves a good foundation against the time to come, that they may lay hold on eternal life.

20 O Timothy, keep that which is committed to thy trust, avoiding profane and vain babblings,a and oppositions of science falsely so called :b

21 Which some professing, have erred concerning the faith. Grace be with thee. Amen.

¶ The first to Timothy was written from Laodicea, which is the chiefest city of Phrygia Pacatiana.

a Profane and vain babblings, the noisy, empty talking of the false

teachers.

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PREFATORY REMARKS

TO THE SECOND EPISTLE OF PAUL TO TIMOTHY.

PAUL, Soon after writing his first Epistle to Timothy, left Macedonia and went to Nicopolis in Epirus, and thence, after a short visit, he repaired to Crete to correct the disorders, which prevailed there in the churches. While in this place he heard of the eruel persecutions, which the Christians at Rome were suffering from the emperor Nero. This determined him to hasten thither to support his suffering brethren. On his rrival at Rome, taking an active part in the affairs of the Christians, he soon became obaoxious to the heathen priests

Paul's love for Timothy, Chap. i. and Timothy's faith.

and idolatrous multitude, and was apprehended and closely imprisoned as a malefactor. At length he was brought to trial; but the Lord standing with him, and strengthening him, he answered the charges brought against him, with such firmness. and resolution, that his judges forbore to condemn him, and remanded him to prison for a second hearing. In this situation Paul wrote this second Epistle to Timothy A. D. 66, to inform him what had happened to him while at Rome, and what he had to expect would be the result of his present confinement. Having no hope of being acquitted, and greatly desirous of seeing Timothy before his death, he requested him to come to him before winter; but uncertain whether he should be spared ■ so long, he gave him a variety of advices, charges, and encouragements with the solemnity and affection of a dying parent.

N. B. Paul, as he himself foresaw, soon after writing this Epistle, according to the united testimony of the ancients, was put to death at Rome by the emperor Nero in the year 66 or 67.

THE SECOND EPISTLE OF PAUL, THE APOSTLE, TO TIMOTHY.

CHAP. I. 1 Paul's love to Timothy, and Timothy's faith. 8 Paul giveth divers exhortations. 15 Of Phygellus and Her

mogenes.

tears, that I may be filled with joy;

5 When I call to remembrance the unfeigned faith that is in thee, which dwelt first in thy grandmother Lois, and

PAUL, an apostle of Je- thy mother Eunice; and I am

sus Christ by the will of God according to the promise of life which is in Christ Jesus,

2 To Timothy, my dearly beloved son; Grace, mercy, and peace from God the Father, & Christ Jesus our Lord. 3 I thank God, whom I serve from my forefathers with pure conscience, that without ceasing I have remembrance of thee in my prayers night and day;

4 Greatly desiring to see thee, being mindful of thy

persuaded that in thee also.

6 Wherefore I put thee in remembrance, that thou stir up the gift of God which is in thee, by the putting on of my hands:

7 For God hath not given us the spirit of fear, but of power, and of love, and of a sound mind.

8 Be not thou, therefore, ashamed of the testimony of our Lord, nor of me his prisoner; but be thou partaker of the afflictions of the Gospel, according to the power of God;

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9 Who hath saved us, and called us with an holy calling, not according to our works, but according to his own purpose and grace, which was given us in Christ Jesus before the world began;

10 But is now made manifest by the appearing of our Saviour Jesus Christ, who hath abolished death, and hath brought life and immortality to light through the Gospel:

11 Whereunto I am appointed a preacher, and an apostle, and a teacher of the Gentiles.

12 For the which cause I also suffer these things; nevertheless I am not ashamed; for I know whom I have believed, and am persuaded, that he is able to keep that which I have committed unto him against that day.

13 Hold fast the form of sound words, which thou hast heard of me, in faith and love which is in Christ Jesus.

14 That good thing,a which was committed unto thee, keep by the Holy Ghost, which dwelleth in us.

15 This thou knowest, that all they which are in Asia be turned away from me; of whom are Phygellus and Hermogenes.

16 The Lord give mercy unto the house of Onesipho

a That good thing is supposed to be the Gospel,

to constancy.

rus; for he oft refreshed me, & was not ashamed of my chain;

17 But when he was in Rome he sought me out very diligently, and found me. 18 The Lord grant unto him, that he may find mercy of the Lord in that day ;b and in how many things he ministered unto me at Ephesus thou knowest very well.

CHAP. II.

1 Timothy exhorted to constancy and perseverance, 15 and to shew himself approved. THOU, therefore, my son,. be strong in the grace that is in Christ Jesus.

2 And the things that thou hast heard of me among many witnesses, the same commit thou to faithful men, who shall be able to teach others also.

3 Thou, therefore, endure hardness, as a good soldier of Jesus Christ.

4 No man that warreth entangleth himself with the affairs of this life, that he may please him, who hath chosen him to be a soldier.

5 And if a man also strive for masteries, yet is he not crowned except he strive lawfully.

6 The Husbandman that laboureth must be first partaker of the fruits.

7 Consider what I say; and the Lord give thee understanding in all things.

b In that day, in the day of judg

ment.

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