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of Christ's priesthood. Hebrews.
Of faith, fc. him that was able to save him age, even those who, by reasoni from death, and was heard, in of use, have their senses exerthat he feared;
cised to discern both good and 8 Though he were a Son, evil. yet learned he obedience by the things which he suffered:
CHAP. VI. 9 And being made perfect, 1 He exhorteth not to fall back he became the author of eter from the faith, 11 but to be nal salvation unto all them that steadfast, 12 diligent and paobey him ;
fient to wait upon God, 13 10 Called of God an high
because God is most sure in priest, after the order of Mel his promise. chisedec :
THEREFORE,leaving the 11 Of whom d we have ma principles of the doctrine of ny things to say, and hard to Christ, let us go on unto perbe uttered; seeing ye are dull fection; not laying again the of hearing.
foundation of repentance from 12 For when for the time e dead works, and of faith toye ought to be teachers, ye have ward God; need that one teach you again
2. Of the doctrine of bapwhich be the first principles of tisms, and of laying on of the oracles of God; and are hands, and of resurrection of become such'as have need of the dead, and of eternal judgmilk and not of strong meat.f ment.
13 For every one that vseth 3 And this will we do, if milk is unskilful in the word God permit. of righteousness ;g for he is a 4 For it is impossible for babe.h
those who were once enlight14 But strong meat belong. ened, and have tasted of the eth to them that are of full heavenly gift, and were made
partakers of the Holy Ghost, d Of wbom, &c. Concerning Mel 5 And have tasted the good chisedec I have many things to say word of God, and the for the illustration of Christ's priest of the world to come,
powers bood, which is difficult to be explained, because in spiritual matters ye are of
6 If they shall fall
away, slow apprebension.
to renew them again unto ree For when for the time, for consid- pentance ; seeing they cruciering the time ye have professed the fy to themselves the son of Gospel, &c.
God afresh, and put him to an f Milk is here used metaphorical
shame. ly for simple instruction or doctrines;
hy For strong meat, for higher parts of know.
the earth, which ledge.
drinketh in the rain that comWord of righteousness, the Gospel. eth oft upon it, and bringeth For be is a babe in Christianity. forth herbs meet for them by
He exhorteth them to be Chap. vii. diligent and patient. whom it is dressed, receiveth tiently endured, he obtained blessing from God :
the promise. 8 But that which beareth 16 For men verily swear by thorns and briers is rejected, the greater; and an oath for and is nigh unto cursing; confirmation is to them an end whose end is to be burned. of all strife. 9 But, beloved, we are per
17 Wherein God, willing suaded better things of you, more abundantly to shew unand things that accompany to the heirs of promise the imsalvation, though
mutability of his counsel, conspeak.
firmed it by an oath ; 10 For God is not unright 18 That by two immutable eous, to forget your work
and things, in which it was imposlabour of love, which ye have sible for God to lie, we might shewed toward his name, in have a strong consolation, who that ye have ministered to the have fled for refuge, to lay saints, and do minister. hold upon the hope set before
11 And we desire that every one of you do shew the same 19 Which hope we have as diligence, to the full assurance an anchor of
soul, both of hope unto the end.
sure and steadfast, and which 12 That ye be not slothful, entereth into that within the but followers of them, who through faith and patience in 20 Whither the forerunner herit the promises.
is for us entered, even Jesus, 13 For when God made made an high priest forever, promise to Abraham, because after the order of Melchisedec. he could swear by no greater, he sware by himself,
CHAP. VII.* 14 Saying, Surely, blessing 1 Christ Jesus is a priest after I will bless thee, and multiply the order of Melchisedec, 11 ing I will multiply thee.
and so far more excellent than 15 And so, after he had pa the priests of Aaron's order.
* In order to understand this chapter, it should be observed, that Paul here searches into the deep meaning of the oath of God, recorded Ps. cx. 4, and by examining the particulars concerning Melchisedec, Gen. xiv. 18– 20, he shews that Melchisedec was a far more excellent priest, than Aaron and his sons, and consequently Jesus Christ, of whom Melchisedec was only a type, exerciseth a priesthood, more acceptable to God, and more effectual for procuring the pardon of sin, than the priesthood, which Aaron and his sons exercised under the law.
In order to shew the exalted character of Christ as high priest, the apostle first shews how much Melchisedec was superior to the Levitical priests. This superiority consisted in his being a universal priest of the Most High
and Christ. FOR this Melchisedec, 6 But he, whose descent is king of Salem, priest of the not counted from them, receive most high God, who met A. ed tithes of Abraham, and braham returning from the blessed him that had the proslaughter of the kings, and mises. blessed him ;a
7 And, without all contra2 To whom also Abraham diction, the less is blessed of gave a tenth part of all; first the better. being, by interpretation, King 8 And here men that die of righteousness, aud after that receive tithes; but there he also King of Salem, which is, receiveth them, of whom it is King of peace;
witnessed that he liveth. 3 Without father, without 9 And, as I may so say, Lemother, without descent, hav- vi also, who receiveth tithes, ing neither beginning of days payed tithes in Abraham. nor end of life; but made like 10 For he was yet in the urto the Son of God, abideth a loins of his father, when Mel. priest continually.
chisedec met him. 4 Now, consider how great 11 If, therefore, perfection this man was, unto.whom even were by the Levitical priestthe patriarch Abraham gave hood, (for under it the people the tenth of the spoils. received the law,) what for
5. And verily they that are ther need was there that anof the sons of Levi, who re- other priest should rise after ceive the office of the priest- the order of Melchisedec, and hood, have a commandment to not be called after the order of take tithes of the people ac- Aaron ? cording to the law, that is, of 12 For the priesthood being their brethren, though they changed, there is made of necome out of the loins of Abra- cessity a change also of the
law. a See Gen, xiv.
6 Contradiction, doubt. God, appointed to officiate for all true worshippers, who applied to him; whereas the Levitical priesthood was confined to the particular nation of the Israelites. Melchisedec was king, as well as priest, and of so excellent a character, that he was called Melchisedes, which signifies, king of righteousness, He did not, as the Jewish priests, derive his office
from his ancestors ; in his priesthood he was witbout father and without mother ; that is, he was constituted priest by God inimself. Nor did he, like the sons of Aaron, begin to exercise his office at a particular age, nor cease to be a priest when old; but in his priesthood he was witbout beginning of days or end of life, that is, he officiated during his wbole life. If therefore Melchisedec, who was only a type of our Saviour, was so much greater then the Levitical priests, how much more exalted was Jesus Christ, who was the Son of God, the maker of the worlds, universal King and Priest, and heir and Lord of all !
unchangeable. 13 For he of whom these 23 And they truly were mathings are spoken pertaineth ny priests, because they were to another tribe, of which no not suffered to continue by reaman gave attendance at the son of death : altar.
24 But this man, because he 14 For it is evident that our continueth ever, hath an unLord sprang out of Juda; of changeable priesthood. which tribe Moses spake no 25 Wherefore he is able althing concerning priesthood. so to save them to the utter
15 And it is yet far more most that come unto God by evident, for that after the si- him, seeing he ever liveth to militude of Melchisedec there make intercession for them. ariseth another priest,
26 For such an high priest 16 Who is made, not after became us, who is holy, harmthe law of a carnal command. Jess, undefiled, separate from ment, but after the power of sinners, and made higher than an endless life.
the heavens ; 17 For he testifieth, Thou 27 Who needeth not daily, art a priest for ever, after the as those high priests; to offer order of Melchisedec. up sacrifice, first for his own
18 For there is verily a dis- sins, and then for the people's; annullingc of the command- for this he did once, when he ment going before, for the offered
himself. weakness and unprofitableness
28 For the law maketh men thereof.
high priests which have infir19 For the law made no- mity; but the word of the oath, thing perfect, but the bringing which was since the law, makin of a better hope did ; by the eth the Son, who is consecratwhich we draw nigh unto God. ed forevermore.
20 And inasmuch as not without an oath he was made
CHAP. VIII. priest;
By Christ's eternal priesthood 21 (For those priests were the Levitical priesthood is made without an oath; but
abolished. this with an oath by him that NOW of the things which said unto him, The Lord sware, we have spoken this is 'the and will not repent, Thou art sum; We have such an high a priest for ever, after the or- priest, who is set on the right der of Melchisedec :)
hand of the throne of the Maj22 By so much was Jesus esty in the heavens ; made a surety of a better tes 2 A minister of the sanctutament.d
ary, and of the true tabernac Disannulling, repealing.
cle, which the Lord pitched, d A surety, A mediator of a better and pot man.
Of the priesthood. Hebrews.
The rites and 3 For every high priest is 10 For this is the covenant ordained to offer gifts and sa- that I will make with the erifices; wherefore it is of house of Israel, After those necessity, that this man have days, saith the Lord, I will put somewhat also to offer. my laws into their mind, and
4 For if he were on earth write them in their hearts; he should not be a priest, see and I will be to them a God, ing that there are priests, that and they shall be to me a peoofter gifts according to the ple : law :
11 And they shall not teach 5 Who serve unto the ex- every man his neighbour, and ample and shadow of heaven- every man his brother, saying, ly things, as Moses was admo- Know the Lord; for all shali nished of God, when he was know me, from the least to about to make the tabernacle; the greatest. for, See, saith he, that thou 12 For I will be merciful make all things according to to their unrighteousness, and the pattern shewed to thee in their sins and their iniquities the mount.
will I remember no more. 6 But now bath he obtain 13 In that he saith, A new ed a more excellent ministry,a covenant, he hath made the by how much also he is the first old, Now, that which mediator of a better covenant, decayeth and waxeth old is which was established upon ready to vanish away. better promises. hy For if that first covenant
CHAP. IX. had been faultless, then should 1 The rites and bloody sacrino place have been sought for fices of the law, 11 far infethe second.
rior to the blood and sacrifice 8 For, finding fault with of Christ. them he saith, Behold the days THEN verily the first corcome, saith the Lord, when I enant had also ordinances of will make a new covenant with divine service, and a worldly the house of Israel, and with sanctuary: the house of Judah :
2 For there was a taberna9 Not according to the cov- cle made; the first, wherein enant that I made with their was the candlestick, and the fathers, in the day when I took table, and the shew-bread ; them by the hand to lead them which is called The Sanctuaout of the land of Egypt; be- ry. cause they continued not in my 3 And after the second vail covenant, and I regarded then the tabernacle,
which is called, not, saith the Lord.
The Holiest of all; a But now bath he, Jesus Christ. 4 Which had the golden