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which nothing is more unjust. · It is not necessary for us to know all the reasons for the ordinances God institutes, or the modifications to which he subjects them. But in this case, the reason of this circumstantial difference seems plain enough. The seed, to whom the promises were made, who was to be a male, and the holiness of whose descent was signified by circumcision, is come. The design of this appropria tion, is therefore answered. Its discontinuance was necessary to coincide with the Gospel dispensation.
The evidence that baptism is in the place of circumcision, will be considerably strengthened, from the proofs which will be produced, of infant membership, and infánt baptism. För by these will appear the entire coincidence between the one and the other. To iliis subject therefore, we will rext proceed.
Respecting the membership of infants in the Jewish, and Chrisa
tian Church, the application of the seals to them ; and the manner in which they are to be treated, by the officers, and adult members of the Church.
Dr. GILL, and several other Baptist writers, have freely conceded the fact, of the membership of infants in the Jewish Church. But they have not been candid enough to carry up this membership to its founda. tion in the Abrahamic covenant, notwithstanding they can find no posterior law, ordaining such a revolution in the society of Israel. To get rid of this difficulty, which seems altogether insuperable, they set up their own authority against that of the Deity; and, in opposition to demonstrative evidence, convert the garden of God into an aceldema of dry bones.
It is presumed that the analysis which has been give en of the Abrahamic covenant has proved, that in fant membership was established in that covenant ; that it was in fact, the most distinguishing feature of it. This covenant, it has been shewn, constituted a religious and an indissolvable society, which was to be transmitted, allowing for adult proselytism, seminally, from generation to generation to the end of the world.
It is accordingly a fact, that from Abraham to the Exodus, infants were comprehended in the coveriant alliance, and went to compose the society of Israel. It is a fact, not to be contested, that this continued to be the case till the Sinai covenant. And it is a fact con. ceded, which therefore we have no need to spend time to prove, that it continued ever afterwards, to the coming of the Messiah. He himself became a member
of this society by birth. No law of the Sinai cove. nant, ordaining the membership of infants at all, and especially as a new thing, can be produced. Infants then must haye held their membership, not by the Si. nai covenant; but by the Abrahamic covenant only. The abolition of the Sinai covenant did not, of course, affect this establishment.
The only question therefore, now before us, on this subject is, Has the institution of infant membership been revoked under the christian dispensation ? None, it is evident, could revoke it but God. For he only, who rightfully, and authoritatively establishes a law, is competent to repeal it. And if the revocation have taken place, it must have been as public, and express, as the law.
Now, that there has been no such revocation, and that infant membership is continued, in its full force, under the christian dispensation, may appear from the following considerations,
1. Infant membership cannot be annulled ; because to annul it, would be to diminish materially the bles. sing, which the covenant secured. The covenant en-, tailed, not the curse, but the blessing..“ In blessing I will bless
: thee, and in multiplying I will multiply thee -and thou shalt be a blessing the blessing is in the house of the righteous and all that see them, shall acknowledge them, that they are the seed which the Lord hath blessed.". The blessing attached itself to the society perpetually. It was entailed upon the a. dopted, as fully as upon the natural seed.
" I will bless him that blesseth thee.". Galatians iïi. 8. “And the scripture, foreseeing that God would justify the heathen through faith, preached before the Gospel unto Abraham, saying, In thee shall all nations be blessed." Here was an irrevocable grant of the entire blessing of the covenant to the believing Gentiles. It is therefore added, in the next verse. “ So then, they which are of faith are blessed with faithful Abraham." And at the 4th verse, “ That the blessing of Abra. ham, right come on the Gentiles through Jesus
Christ.” Here is the very blessing with which God blessed Abraham, full, and entire, determined by the apostle to have come on the Gentiles. Hence it is said in the two last verses, " There is neither Jew nor Greek; there is neither bond nor free; there is nei. ther male nor female, for yė are all one in Christ. And if ye be Christ's, then are ye Abraham's seed, and heirs according to the promise.” The complete inheritance belongs to them, as proper heirs, 'by virtue of the absolute promise of the covenant. This blessing could neither be withdrawn, nor diminished; for it was given by will. It might be enlarged, at least in its ef fects. And we have abundant evidence, that at the advent of Christ, and in the Gospel day, it was enlarged. It was not narrowed into a more diminutive stream, but swelled into a broader river.". . And I will extend peace to her like a river, and the glory of the Gentiles like a flowing stream.” Infant membera ship was an important part of the blessing. Its revocation cannot therefore have taken place. :! 2. Infant membership is not only secured in the covenant, as a part of the blessing ; but it is so inseparably connected with the covenant, as to be essential to its existence. If this be withdrawn, the covenant itself is done away. The seed is the great object of covenant promise. "I will be a God to thee, and to thy seed." Abraham was but one. The seed were to be innumerable, and were to come on, in succes. sion, by birth. Infant membership must necessarily coexist with the duration, and execution of the cove: nant. If it were to be annulled, the enquiry would present itself in a moment, Why? Is the covenant at an end ? Has God reversed his engagement, that he will be a God to Abraham and his seed? Has God cast away people whom he foreknew? Has he changhis counsels, and forfeited his oath ?
3. If infant membership were revoked under the christian dispensation, it must have brought about a great revolution in the Church ; and this revolution must have been a matter of public notoriety. It must
have impressed the minds of the adult members of the Church, especially the Jewish believers, very sensi: bly. 'It must have been a source of commotion, of objection, at least of solicitous enquiry ; and it seems impossible that very much should not be found in the scriptures respecting it. Such a change could hardly have failed to be a subject of prophecy; and of history, after it had taken place. Infant membership had ex. isted about two thousand years; and all the habits of opinion and practice, in Israel, had become conformed to it. Changes of far less moment, and affect the feelings of individuals, and the Calculated to
economy of the Church, far less sensibly, were subjects of prophe éy, and of particular, record. If a small Pædobaptist Church in these days, becomes Antipodobaptist, or éven a majority of them, it is noised all over the country, and becomes a matter of public agitation'; of ex, ultation on the one hand, and of regret on the other. But not a lisp of any such thing do we find in the scripture history;
4. If such a revocation has been given out, it is not lost. It is certainly somewhere in the scripture, and can be produced. But the opposers of infant membership have not been able, they have not even attempted to pro duce such a revocation; though urgently and publicly cal, led upon to do it. And now they are once more chal. lenged to produce such a revocation. A récourse to. the miserable pretence, that the Sinai covenant was a political compact, and the Jewish Church a worldly commonwealth, will not be accepted in the room of it: :: 5. There are several prophecies and promises, in the Old Testament, which looked forward to the Gospel day, and which could not possibly be fulfilled, but upon the principle of the continuity of the membership of infants. Such, for example, is the promise, of making a new covenant with the house of Israel, on which we have so particularly commented in the course of this work. That clause only, will be here quoted, which respects the present point. " And they shall teach no more, every mạn his neighbor, and eyery man