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lost in the mass of mankind. But prophecy secures their restoration. And that adorable being who de. claréth the end from the beginning, saying, my coun. sel shall stand, and I will do all my pleasure ; will, be. yond 'all doubt, by means wholly unknown to us at present, exccute his promise. These tribes will be sought 'out. Their descent from Abraham will be clearly e inced. Their subjection, jointly with the Jews, to the Messiah, will be cordial. Their restora. tion will be on the open and public stage of the world, and be as glorious, as their present state is calamitous and wretched.
This restoration of the unbelieving part of Israel, is to be attended with an immense increase of the Church among the Gentiles. Zion is to enlarge the place of her tent, and stretch forth the curtains of her habita: tion. She is to break forth on the right hand, and on the left. The forces of the Gentiles are to be brought to her.
Every knee shall bow, and every tongue shall swear to her glorious king. The heathen shall be giv, en to him for his inheritance, and the uttermost parts of the earth for his possession. Says Paul, “Now
if the fall of them be the riches of the world, and the į diminishing of them the riches of the Gentiles," How
much more their fulness ?" Then the tabernacle of Göd shall be with men. They shall be his people, and he will be their God. And God shall wipe away all tears from their eyes, and there shall be no more death, neither sorrow, nor crying, neither shall there be any more pain ; for the former things will have passed away.
Now let us suppose this restoration to be a reality, Let the scene come before us according to preceding evidence. "Let the present infidel occupants of the Country of Palestine, be considered, as totally extirpated; and the descendants of Abraham, as universally sanctified, peacefully resettled in this their proper inheritance; the covenant, in all the parts of it, as it has been explained, will appear to be fully confirmed and executed. The character of the whole Church will be,
what the covenant contemplated, holy. Nothing mere. ly political or civil will go to form this character. Hypocritical professions and mere external services, which the heart contradicts, will have no place.
The relations, laws, intercourse, and worship of the Church, will be wholly removed from, and have no foundation in, civil principle. Covenant means will be in full operation, and produee their effect. Infant membership will necessarily prevail; and infant bap, tism be necessarily and universally carried into prac. tice. The union of the natural and the adopted chil. dren, be carried to its highest perfection; and nothing remiin, to hurt or offend, in all God's holy mountain. The parent shall not weep over his child, as excluded from the covenant, and unallied to the Savior. House. holds shall not be in a state of moral disagreement, But the parent shall joyfully lead the little ones of his. house up to God, as his, saying, in daily prayer, “Here am I, and the children which God hath graciously given me.” In all this the collected seed of Abraham, and the saved of the Gentiles, as forming the one great family, will be in a state of perfect covenant equality.
THE preceding illustrations suggest several conclusions, which will here be noticed.
1. There is undeniable evidence in what has been exhibited, that the Old Testament is equally important with the New : and that concurrently, not separately, they constitute a revelation of the divine will to man. kind.
The scripture, comprising both Testaments, is to be viewed, as a dispensation of God's one, eternal cove, nant, instituted for the redemption of sinners. In this light it lays before us one entire, harmonious scheme, which originates in the purpose of God, embraces the salvation of the whole church, progresses through ages, extends into eternity, and results in a good,worthy of unlimited benevolence. This scheme is superadded to the instructions of natural reason. It is utterly beyond the contrivance of human ingenuity. The execution of it is altogether above human capacity. It has a character altogether the reverse of human attachments and pursuits. It is not calculated to subserve one purpose of selfishness, either personal or political. It is holy in its doctrines, its institutions, its means, and its effects.' : All its parts are in perfect agreement with each other. Though dispensed grad. ually, and by a considerable number of persons, from Adam to the time when inspiration ceased, and in divers manners, by types, symbols, and characters, it is throughout,connected and harmonious. The Old Testament and the New, exhibit this one scheme. They perfectly coincide with, and support each other. They not only coincide with each other, but with the whole
series of facts. The world is precisely in that moral state of apostacy and depravity, which this scheme supposes and expressly teaches. The church in fact rises, is perpetuated in that line, and by those means, and as a subject of those spiritual blessings, which the covenant holds out to view. It is distinguished from the world, is engaged in an unceasing warfare with it, is enlarged, caused to triumph, and proceeds on to its destined perfection, exactly as the scripture describes. The promise agrees with the purpose revealed, and is unfailingly executed. Jews and Gentiles are precise. ly in the situation which the scripture predicts. The blessing is extending farther and farther among the nations of the earth ; and things are evidently in train, for the introduction of that splendid era, when the mountain of the Lord's house shall be established above the tops of the mountains, and exalted above the hills, and all nations shall flow'unto it. It would there. fore seem, that he who has just apprehensions of the scheme presented in the scripture, as one and entire ; and is attentive to facts, as coincident with it, can no more question whether it be a revelation from God, than he can doubt whether the material world be the product of his power.
2. It is a conclusion in which the preceding illustrations result, that the faith of all the primitive saints under the Old Testament dispensation, through every period till Christ came, terminated upon the same thing, that the faith of christian believers terminates up.
The Savior had not indeed appeared. His per. sonal glory, offices, and work, were indistinctly apprehended. The nature of his salvation was less clearly understood. The eternal joys of heaven, and the insupportable miseries of hell, were not impressively described. Still the promise of an eternal inheritance, which is the essence of God's 'new, and everlasting covenant, is the thing on which faith has ever relied. This promise is unalterable. It is the same to one,
that it is to another. It is of the same gracious character. It secures the same spiritual and intermin.
able blessings. It secures the same obedience in every one who is a subject of it, and is a fruit of the same sanctifying agency of the Holy Spirit. The primitive saints looked forward to him who is eminently the seed, as
Saints in the Gospel day look back to him, As having come.
It is the opinion of some, that life and immortality are so brought to light by the Gospel, and that the Gospel is so confined to that dispensation which fol. lowed Christ's appearing in the flesh, that ete: nal retributions were scarcely in the view of those eminent worthies who preceded Christ. An eminent writer has published four elaborate volumes, in defence of christianity, the scheme of which is built
the principle, that a future and eternal existence is not a doctrine of the Old Testament. But if the covenant is one, and everlasting ; if the promises of it have one uniform meaning; if they respect the same good, in kind, in degree, and in duration, as has been largely proved ; then the faith of good men had precisely the same object under the former, that it has under the lat. ter dispensation.
3. From the theory of the covenant which has been pre. sented, we are naturally led to consider the church as wholly aneffect of divine contrivance, and of divine pow. er. God is exclusively the builder of it. The covenant upon
which it is founded was settled in eternity. The terms, the means, the subjects, and issue, were unalterably fixed by him. No one assisted him originally by counsel; nor does any one cooperate with him in aid to the execution of his design. In effectuating this darling object he is alone. The world lieth in wick edness, and are opposed to the salvation proffered. When Jesus comes to execute the promises of the covenant he comes to those who are lost. When he receives gifts for men, he receives them for the rebel. lious. Those who are saved are made subjects of a special, irresistible influence, which enlightens, renews, and sanctifies them ; which keeps them from the evil that is in the world, causes them to triumph over all op