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Sept. 23.
Nov. 9.

23 Dec. 14.



Do. Do.

S 8

Do. Do.

Do. of Ridgefield,

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463 61 From Ladies' Society in Norwich,

9 So Wilton Contribution in 1801, rec'd May 1802,

3 Intereft from Dec. 28, 1801, to Dec. 31, 1802,

522 17 2272 291

May 6.

Dec. 31.

No. 3

Disbursements by order of the Trustees.

you. 7.

14. 19.



25. April 22. May 13.


August 27.

To Missionaries, viz.
To Rev. David Higgins, Missionary, New-York kate, 74 15
Rev Joseph Badger, Do. New Connecticut, 160


Rev. Jed. Bufanell, Do. N. York ftate, Balance,
Rev. Job Swift, Do. Vermont, Two payments, 48
Rev. Jer. Hallock, Do.


Rev. Solo. Morgan, Do. Do.

Rev. Jed. Bushnell, Do. Do. Two payments, 285
Do. New-York and Vermont,

Me. Hezekiah May, Do. New-York,

Rev. David Bacon, Do. to the Indians, Two

Rev. Alex. Gillet, Do. Vermont, Two paymeats, 95
Rev. J.W.Woodward, Do. Black River, Sundry

Do. New-York and Penn.
Rev. Sam. Leonard, Do. Vermont, Advance, 25
Rev. Seth Williston, Do. Now-York, Two payments. 92 50
Rev. John Willard, jr. Do. Vermont,

Rev. Wm. F. Miller, Do. Do. Two payments, 99
Rev. E. J. Chapman, Do. New Connecticut, Two


17. 27.


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118 49

Other Expenses, viz. May 14. To Oliver D. Cooke, for Books for New Settlements, 25. Elisha Colt, for allifting the Treasurer,

4 50 Auguft. For books for New Settlements,

TOO Sept. 1. Rev, Abel Flint, for Postage and Stationary,

IO 4 Mess’rs Hudson and Goodwin, Printing and Stationary, 264

3218 725

No. 4.

Treasurer's Account Current.


{The . Current} Cr.

with Andrew King foury, as their Treasurer.


To amount of Cash dise

By Balance in fayor of bursed by order of the

2218 723

the Society, Dec. 29, 6633 22 Committee, as per statement No. 3.

By amount of Contri. To 3 counterfeit dollars,

butions in May 1802,

2986 16 two received in the

as per ftatement No. I. May contributions, and


By amount of Donaone in a donation.

tions, Interest, &c. as 2272 293

2221 724 per statement No. 2. Balance, carried to Credit of new Account, 9669 95

11,891 674 11,891 673 | By Balance brought to of the above Balance there belongs to the 4377 371 permanent fund, For current Expenses,

5292 st)
9669 95

A. KINGSBURY, Treasurer.

JOHN PORTER, Auditor. Hartford, January 1, 1803.

New Acccount, aut to} 9669 95

A particular lift of the Contributions received in the new settlements,

contained in the general fatement, No. 2. To Rev. David Higgins, in the State of To Rev. Fob Swift, in Vermont, A. D. New-York, A. D. 1801.

1801. Delhi, 1 67 Hinesburg,

4 gr Union, Otsego Creek, 4 30 Milton, Springfield, Exeter,

I 25 Onondaga,

5 8 To Rev. Solomon Morgan, in Vermont, Cayuga,

2 45

A. D. 1802. Aurelius,

3 16 New-Haven,


2 20

I 75

7 it

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19 66

TO Rev. Jedidiab Bushnell, in Vermont,

A. D. 1801. New Haven,

20 66 Georgia,

IS 25 Westford,

2 56 Milton,

I 39 Richmond,

4 35 Waterbury, Salisbury,

3 S Eflex,

6 28 Fairfield, Swanton,

3 SI Bennington,


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79 27

3 62

4 64


I 50

I 50

4 38



Lieut. Smith, Norway, Leyden,

Deacon Sweatser, Do.

25 No. 7. Adams,

J. Mitchell, Steuben,

25 No. II. Lowville,

Ebenezer Wecks, Do. Moose Creek, 50 Deacon Mitchel, Do.

so No. 2. Watertown,


Mr. Sprague, Brownville, 25 No 3. Rutland,

3 471
A friend to miffions,

35 No. 4. Champion, Turin, 92

41 29 Salisbury,

I 7 Steuben,

To Rev. William F. Miller, in Ver. Mr. J. Rogers, Lowville,

mont, A. D. 1802. Mrs. Davenport, Do.


8 56 Mr. Bosworth, Do.


520 Mr. Waters, Do.


20 75 Mr. Rogers, Leyden,


3 10 Mr. Storms, Do.


6 4 Mr. Morgan, Do. 16 Eflex,

5 96 Esq'r. Fisher, Do.


6 88 Doctor Snow, Do.

48 Fairfield, Mr.Kingsbury, Do.

75 jonathan Shephard, of ChatP, Southwell, Do. 25 tegee, Stateof New-York,

75 A. Barnes, Turin, J. Barnes, Do.

Amounting in the whole to 224 Dollars 86 Cents, the sum mentioned in preceding statement No. 2.

The other Millionaries have not yet made particular returris.

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60 23


No. I. The following answer to the quef

HE enquiries here propo'tions in page 290 of your Maa

fed, are in themselves in. gazine, is transmitted for public

tereiting and important-are such cation.

as often arise in reflecting minds, QUESTION.

and are nearly connected with HOW are the invitations and some of the important and effencalls to finners, with which the tial doctrines of the gospel-docfcriptures abound, and the folemn trines, which concern the glory of declarations, that God hath 10 God, and eternal happiness of pleasure in the death of finners, but mankind. The subject therefore that they would turn and live, re is worthy of a very serious and concilable with their being left of careful attention. God to go on in fin and perish? Or It is conceded in the statement in other words ; if God be as defir of the question, that all hearts are ous of the return and salvation of in the hands of God, and that finners, as those strong expressions, he is able to convert all.finners to particularly in Ezekiel, 33. 11. himself, if he pleases. It will intimate ; what reasons are there therefore be unnecessary to adduce affignable, why he, in whose hand any arguments in proof of this all hearts are, and for whom truth. But the question seems nothing is too hard, with whom to intimate, that the want of a nothing is impoffible, doth not sufficient or infinitely full atoneconvert them to himself, provided mene is the reafon, why all finthe atonement be infinitely full? ners are not renewed and saved.

In answering the question there, and to render him more mild, fore, it is proposed to thew compaflionate, and benevolent, that the atonement is infinitely Such ideas are not only very er. full-that God's leaving a num roneous, but also very degrading ber of mankind to go on in fin to the divine character. God and perish, is not inconsistent with the Father, as the scriptures dethe gospel calls and invitations to clare, is love or benevolence. He all, or with his folemn declara- is as merciful and benevolent as tion, that he hath no pleasure in the Son ; yea, they are perfectly the death of the wicked, but that one in temper and affections. It they turn and live ; and then to is therefore declared, that they assign some reasons why God are one, aad that the Son is “ the does not convert and save all the brightness of the Father's glory human race.

and the express image of his perI. It is proposed to shew, that fon.” The Father then was just the atonement of Christ is infinite as compaffionate and benevolent, ly full or sufficient for all man and as much disposed to shew kind. It may tend to elucidate mercy to finners, as the Son ; the subject to make some previous provided it could be done confiita observations upon the nature and ently with the divine glory, law design of the atonement. An and government, and the highest atonement is some expiation or good of the moral world. Aud satisfaction for a crime or offence, if finners could not be pardoned made by the offender, or by some and saved consistently with these, other person on his account. The the Son would no more with it to atonement of Jesus Christ respects be done, than the Father ; as the fins of mankind, and was ef. they are perfectly one in their hofected by his obedience, sufferings ly desires and wishes. To fuppose and death. Thus the scriptures then, that the atonement was dedeclare, that he “ bare our fins in figned to appease a vindiciive, imhis own body on the tree—was placable temper in the Father, is wounded for our transgressions indulging very unworthy and eru was bruised for our iniquities, and roneous sentiments of the charac. with his stripes we are healed. ter of Jehovah. We have redemption through his Neither was the atonement des blood.” As many in the Christian signed to abate the requirements world have entertained erroneous of the divine law, so that it does, ideas of the atoneinent, it may be not now require perfect obcdience useful to observe, that it was not or holiness, but will accept and. designed to render God the Fa: justify persons on account of their ther more merciful, and benevo- | fincere tho imperfect obedience, lent, than he otherwise would Some seem to suppose, that the have been. Some appear to have moral law, which requires perfect considered God the Father, as ve holiness, and curses for every sin, ry implacable and vindictive; and is very rigid and severe—that it God the Son, as very merciful was hard and almost unjust for and compassionate; and therefore depraved creatures to be placed, , they seem to have supposed, that under such a law--that the Sa. the sufferings and death of the viour, therefore, pitying their hard Son were defigued to appease a cafe, took their part against this yindictive temper in the Father, rigid law, and bore its penalties .

to abate or soften down its rigor- magnify the law, and make it ous requirements, so that they are honorable. not now under obligations to be It may be further observed, recompletely holy; but are in some specting the atonement, that it is degree excusable for their failures not supposed, that the Lord Jeand imperfections in point of obesus endured the same quantity of dience. Such ideas of the atone pain and misery, as would have ment and of the divine law are ex- been endured by all mankind, or ceedingly erroneous & dangerous, all the elect thro eternity ; had and an evidence of great ignorance they been loft. As it was the of the essential truths of religion. human nature only of the Saviour,

The divine law is the eternal, im- which was capable of suffering ; mutable rule of right, or standard it is inconceivable that he could of moral perfection. As far as endure as much pain in a few any rational beings fall short of hours, as innumerable millions of that love to God and their fellow- men would thro eternity. Nor creatures, or of that perfect holi- was it necessary, that he should ; ness or benevolence, which is re- fince the infinite dignity of his diquired in the moral law; so far vine nature, united in the fame they must in their temper, be person with his human, gave an wrong and criminal-yea, it is infinite value or efficacy to his impossible, that any rational crea- sufferings. ture should be finless or excusable The design of the atonement in any neglect of, or deviation was to support the authority of from what the divine moral law God's holy law, the dignity and requires. This law, as the apostle stability of his moral government, declares, is holy, juft and good; and to manifest his juft abhorand is so viewed by all, as far as rence and displeasure againft fin. possessed of real piety. Like the --The divine law denounces aapostle, they delight in the law of gainst every finner eternal death, God after the inward man, and as the just wages of fin, as a juft earnestly desire to be perfectly con- expression of his displeasure a. formed to its requirements. gainst it, and as a moft powerful It is then manifest, that the restraint against all wickedness

. atonement of Christ was not de- But had finners been pardoned figned to abate or disannul, in any without an atonement, or any degree, the divine law, that per- thing done to support the law of fečt and unchangeable standard of God; it would have tended greatright. The Saviour therefore ly to weaken and destroy its ausaid, “ Think not that I am come thority, and to bring the divine to destroy the law. For verily I government into contempt. The say unto you, till heaven and appearance of it would have been, earth pafs away, one jot or one that the Most High was not much tittle Thall in no wise pass from displeased with sin, did not view the law, till all shall be fulfilled.” it as very criminal, and was not He was so far from lowering in earnest in his threatenings adown or abolishing the law of gainst it. Thus it would have God, or taking the part of finners greatly encouraged fin and rebelagainst it as being too rigorous, lion, and been exceedingly injuri. that one important design of his ous to the happiness of the moral atonement was to support and I world. The atonement therefore

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