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ding the word aright. He was a word, which enabled bim to conmost acute grammarian-under-vince gainfayers, and fhow himftood

very well the - [Greek and self a workman that needed not Hebrew languages, which God to be ashamed. But where, alas ! first wrote the bible in-had a should he have opportunities for good insight into all the liberal arts; the exercising of it? The Laudibut, above all, had a most emi. an, Grotian, and Arminian fa&tion inent skill in theology. His firit (then) in the church of England, appearance in the world was in the in the prosecution of their grand difficult, but very necessary em- plot for reducing England to a ployment of school-mafter, which moderate sort of Popery, had pitchhe discharged with fidelity ; [I ed on this, as one of their methsuppose under Mr. Hooker, in a ods for it, viz. to disenable, as fort of an academy at Little Bad- fast as they could, all the learned, dow, near Chelmsford in Eflex : godly, painful ministers of the See account of Mr. Hooker.] nation ; and invent certain ShibHe had not passed many changes boleths, for deteting and destroyin the world, before he knew the ing such men were cordial meaning of a saving turn to God friends to the reformation. in Christ, by a true repentance. It was now a time, when there He had the privilege and happi- were every day, multiplied and ness of an early conversion from the imposed those unwarrantable cerways, which original fin disposes emonies in the worship of God, all men unto. One of the prin- by which the conscience of our cipal instruments, which the God confiderate Eliot counted the seof heaven used in tinging and fil cond commandment notoriously ling the mind of this chosen vef. violated. fel with good principles was that It was now also a time, when venerable Thomas Hooker, whose fume hundreds of those good peos name in the churches of the Lord ple, who had the name of Puritans Jesus, is as ointment poured forth. put upon them in scoff and con. It was an acquaintance with him, tempt, transported themselves, that contributed, more than a lit. with their families, and property tle, to the accomplishing of our into the deserts of America, that Elisha to that work to which the there they might peaceably cred ConMost High had designed him. gregational Churches, and therein His liberal education having now attend, and maintain all the pure inthe addition of religion to direct fitutions of Clriff ; having the and improve it, gave such a bias encouragement of royal charters, to his young foul, as quickly dif- that they should never have any covered itself in very lignal instan- interruption in the enjoyment of

[And his being a tutor of those pleasant, and precious things. youth) rather prepared him for Here a prospect, which the further service, which his [soon] determined the devout mind was now set upon. Where- soul of our young Eliot to remove fore having dedicated himself to into New England, while it was God betimes, he could not recon- yet a land not sown. He soon cile himself to any less way of enlifted himself among those val. ferving his Creator and Redeemer, iant soldiers of Christ, who cheerthan the ministry of the gospel. fully encountered, first the perils [And] he was one mighty in the l of the Atlantic Ocean, and then

was

the Fatigues of a New English was desirous of being as exten fiveWilderness, that they might have ly useful, as lay in his power. an undiiturbed communion with He saw the Natives immersed in him, in his appointments here. great ignorance of the true God, He came hither in Nov. 1631 [at and of that religion, which he 27 years of Age] among those had taught from heaven. He blessed old planters, who laid the found that they had embraced foundation of a remarkable coun gross errors of a pernicious tentry, devoted to the exercise of dency. He observed impiety, the protestant religion, in its pur- and immorality practised among eft, and highest reformation." them in general with but little

This was the man, whom the shame or restraint. He saw them great head of the Church saw fit immerfed in the vileft fuperftitions to improve as an instrument of -addicted to the most shocking erecting his kingdom in many of rites, which they viewed under those places where the prince of the character of religious rites; the power of the air had had his worshipping the devil, the prince seat for ages, and reigned without of the power of the air, fomecontrol.

times under the name of Cbrpian, On his arrival in New England, but more generally under that of he foon joined himself to the Abamocko, or Hobamecko. Him church at Boston. Mr. Wilson, they considered as a great evil the pastor of that church was fpirit, the author of natural evil. gone back to England, that he To him they offered facrifices upmnight perfect the settlement of on particular occasions to avert his affairs ; and in his absence Mr. his displeasure, and to incline him Eliot fupplied his place. Upon to remove any special calamities the return of Mr. Wilson, that which had befallen them. They church intended to have introdu- appeared grossly ignorant of the ced Mr. Eliot as his colleague ; true worship of God. They had but their design was prevented many vices. They were false, from being carried into effect. malicious, and revengeful. The Mr. Eliot had made an engage. least injury produced in them a vioment to a select number of Chris- lent hatred; and if the injury was tian friends in England, that if very great, nothing could allay they should come into these parts, their hatred, but the death of the before he should have the pastoral object of their paffion. They care of any other church, he were extremely cruel to their ene. would serve them in the gospel. mies ; cutting, and mangling their It happened that these friends bodies; and then broiling them transported themselves hither the alive upon hot embers, and inflieyear after, and chose, for their ing the most exquisite torments habitation, the town, which they they could invent. The nea called Roxbury. A church be. were idle to a proverb, never eming now gathered at this place, ploying themselves about any othhe was, in Nov. 1632, ordained er business, than what was of abteacher of the church in Roxbu-folute neceflity to their support, ry, and officiated in it about 58 and such as the women were not years.

capable of. As foon as they had Mr. Eliot was faithful to the a taste of ardent spirits, they dispeople of his own charge ; and covered a strong appetite for them,

any two

and their thirst foon became infa- great number of the words ; and tiable.

as it has not the least affinity with Such Spectacles moved the com- any of the European languages, passion of Mr. Eliot. He came as far as can be discovered by any to a resolution to make ftrenuous among us acquainted with them, exertions, as far as he was able, and the Indian ; neither has it or his situation would allow, to any affinity to the learned laninstruct them in Christianity, and guages. Gov. Hutchinson obreduce them, if possible, to some serves, “ That many people pleasdegree of religious and civil order. ed themselves with a conjecture, . He was fully sensible of the that the Indians in America are great importance of learning the the descendants of the ten tribes language of the natives, in order of Israel : But that there was as to carry on, with hopeful prof- little affinity between the Indian pect of success, the great and ar- and the Hebrew language, as beduous work he had in contempla- tween the languages of tion ; that a complete acquaint- nations upon the earth.” The ance with it must afford him supe. like may be said concerning the rior advantages in his intended other learned languages. But miffionary services. He well knew Mr. Eliot's zeal, and resolution the benefit of the gift of langua- surmounted all difficulties ; fo ges to the Apostles, and other primitive Christians, not only as a with quoting them ; for infance, Nummiraculous attestation to the truth matchekodtantamcoonganunnorafo ; this figof Christianity, and of the divine nifies no more, in English, than our mission of those who taught it ; Lufts. Noowamantammogonkanunorra f but also as an important mean

-our Loves, in English. Kummoclodfor the speedy propagation of the word is said to signify no more than,

onattoottummosetiteaongannunnonafThis gospel among the different nations our Question. And tho' perhaps, not of the carth. What he could many words in their language were have no expectation of receiving equal, in extent to these ; yet if any have in a miraculous way, he deter. opportunity and inclination to exammined to apply himself to gain by guage of the Indians in New-England,

ine Roger Williams's key into the lanhis own vigorous endeavors.

published, not long since, by the MalAccordingly, about the year lachusetts historical society, they will 1644, or perhaps a little before, find many of the words of an immode about two years prior to his enter

rate length. The language of those ing upon his public missionary la. western Indians formerly called the five,

and frequently the fix nations, was so bors, he took great pains to learn different from that of the natives of the Indian language. In order Massachusetts, and New Plymouth, to facilitate the business, he hired that they could not understand cach a sprightly and ingenious native, other. At the same tine, many words who also spake English well, to of the former are represented as being affift him. “ The Indian language history of the five nations observes,

immoderately long : Mr. Colden in his muft be supposed to have been “ That they have but few radical words; very difficult to learn by reason of but that they compound their words the exceslive length* of a very without end-Tha: the words expref

sing things lately come to their knowle

edge are all compounds; and that some* Dr. C. Mather gives a specimen of times one word among them includes che extreme length of some Indian an entire definition of the thing." words: Some readers may be gratified | Hift. v. i. p. 16.

that by converfing with the In- aged him ; and when he had dian he hired, and compiling entered upon his Missionary la. fome discourses by his affikance, bors, thofe in the neighborhood he quickly became matter of this kindly fupplied his place, and perdifficult language : And after formed, in part, his work for him fome time, by the help of the same at Roxbury, while he was abroad, Indian, and by his own indefati. laboring among the heatben, or gable pains and industry, he be those that had embraced Chrif. came so complete a matter of it, tianity, but needed further inas to be capable of reducing it to structions from him : And it was a method, which afterwards he an happy circumitance, that fo published to the world under the many churches in that neighbortitle of the Indian grammar. hood had each a paftor and teachHaving finished his grammar, at er, so that more could be done in the close he writes thus ; “ Pray: supplying Mr. Eliot's place than ers and pains, thro' faith in Chrift otherwise. Jesus, will do any thing. *

He was further awakened by « In the year 1646, the gene those expreffions in the royal char. ral court of Massachusetts paffedter, which have been already the first act, or order to encour- mentioned. age the carrying the gospel to the And the remarkable zeal of the Indians; and it was recommended Romish Missionaries, compassing to the elders to consider how it fea, and land, that they might might best be done.”+ I have make profelytes, made his devout never met with any account of mind think of it with disdain, their convention (as doubtless they that we should be lefs zealous and formed one) nor of the anfwer diligent in evangelizing the Inthey gave to the question propo- dians, among whom we dwell. sed by the assembly. Doubtless He was further encouraged by many valuable sentiments were the notice, which was taken of communicated by so judicious an this good work in England, foon afscmbly as that composed of the after it was begur-by the confirst ministers who came over, tributions raised, and the society many of whom were gentlemen of formed to afford pecuniary aid; diftinguished abilities, and of as a more particular account of which good an education as could be ob- will be given in its place. tained, at that day, in the univer Nor was he a little animated to fities in England.

pursue his laborious services, by There was a concurrence of the divine promise made to the many things to encourage Mr. Mesfiah—" I shall give thee the Eliot in the benevolent delign he heathen for thine inheritance, and had formed to golpelize the In- the uttermost parts of the earth dians ; and to profecute the work for thy poffeffion."'* with vigor when he had underta Having prepared himself for ken it. All the good men in the going forth as a public inftructor country were glad of his enga- of the Indians, he made his first ging in such an undertaking : essay on the 28th of Od. 1646, The ministers especially encour accompanied by three others, har

ing given previous notice to the • Dr. C. Mather-Mr. Ncale. + Hutchinson's Hift. v. i. f: 161. * Magnalia, B. iii,

neighboring Indians of his desire | Indians, and desired them to pro: to inftruct them in the Christian pose such questions as they tho't faith. Wauban, a wife and grave proper refpecting the sermon, or man, and in other respects, a any other point not contained in person of distinction, with five or it, and it became the general, if fix of the Natives, met them at not constant practice, after a fersome distance from their wigwams, mon, for as many of the Indians and bidding them welcome, con as desired it, to stand up, and producted them into a large apart. posc questions to the preacher. ment, where a great number of Some of their questions would be the Indians were collected to hear philosophical, some upon

abftrufe this new doctrine, which the Eng- points in divinity, &c. fo that no lith proposed to teach them. Af small acquaintance with theology, ter a folemn prayer, Mr. Eliot philosophy, and other sciences, delivered a discourse to them in was requisite to give just and fathe Indian tongue, which contin- tisfactory answers.* ued somewhat more than an hour, At this first conference, the comprehending many of the most following questions were put by important articles of natural and this poor people. One stood up, revealed religion. In this dif- and asked, “ How he might come course he rehearsed and explained to know Jesus Chrift?” Another the ten commandments ; inform- enquired, " Whether Englishmen ing them, at the same time, of were ever so ignorant of Jesus the dreadful curse of God, that Christ as themselves ?” A third would fall upon all those that (probably in the simplicity of his break them. He then informed heart) " Whether Jesus Chrift them of the coming of Jesus Chrift into the world, to recover mankind from fin, and the pun- lowing questions from the journal of

* Gov. Hutchinson quotes the fola ishment of it. He told them Col. Guffe, one of the judges of King who Jesus Christ was ; where he Charles the First. This gentleman atwas gone; and how he would tended an Indian Lecture in 1660, after come one day again to judge the the natives had been under instruction world in Aaming fire. He in following questions put by them, viz. formed them likewife of the bles.

1. In your text are these words. fed ftate of allthose, who believe in “ Save yourselves from this untoward Chrift, and obey his gospel. He generation." In other fcriptures it (pake also of the creation and fall ands, We can do nothing of ourseives;

how can this be reconciled ? of man-of the infinite greatness

2. You say, “ The word is the sword of God, the maker of all things of the spirit, by which their hearts of the joys of heaven, and the were pricked." How shall I use the torments of hell ; persuading to sword of the spirit to prick my heart? repentance and holy practice. He 3. What was the fin of Judas, or applied all to the condition of the how did he fin in betraying Christ, ses Indians present. Having finishing in the what God had appointed ?

4. The answer those , ed his discourse, he asked them, Repent, and be baptized, &c.; but Whether they understood? And ye do not suffer us io be baptized ; with a geir ral voice they said, therefore, I fear none of the Indians that they understood all.-Mr.

fins are forgiven ; and my heart is

weary with that fear; for it is said in Eliot and his companions entered Matthew, Whose fins ye bind on earth into a free conversation with the

are bourd in heaven." Vol. III. No. 10.

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