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“ THE Lord has of late made appears in his glory.-We need and is now making surprising man the prayers of Zion, and rest afifestations of his love and power sured of them if she is not upon among us, in fubduing the hearts her lees." of finners to the sceptre of Jesus. The attention of people is greatly called up to the things of religion. It is such a time as I never saw

POETRY. before. We have conferences al

COMMUNICATED AS ORIGINAL. most every evening, in one part of the parish or another. Our meet

On the uncertainty of Life. ings are folemn—There are no outcries--but it seems like the

WHEN the glad fun illámes the

east, " still, fmall voice.” Numbers of

And pours the morning ray, thofe who, to appearance, were The blushing rose perfumes the air, the farthest from religion, are And beautifies the day. now rejoicing in God.

Some 2. But e'er he gains the midway line, times the work seems as if it The flower is crop'd and dies; would carry all before it. Oppo- | Its fragrance lost

, its beauty gone, sition has been made in various

Beneath the foot it lies. ways, but, as yet, to appearance, 3. Thus thoughtless man speeds on his has been totally in vain. In Pitts way,

Unmindful of his doom; ford, the town north of this, a

But one short hour arrests his course, similar work began about six And hurls him to the tomb. months ago-since which time about 100 have made public pro

4. With anguilh'd hearts, from earthiy

joys feffion of religion, in that place. Sinners reluctant go;

The first visible appearance of And urg’d by juftice deep they plunge this work among us, was about

In endless, hopeless woe. the middle of November. In s. But rest in hope, ye pious few! January, upwards of 20 joined

And trust a faithful God; with the church, and more than a

Your finful natures shall be cleans 'd,

Wash'd in a Saviour's blood. dozen stand as candidates for admission. Thus, after 18 years of 6. You'll leave these empty, fading deadness and darkness, we have

scenes, really a tiine of refreshing; for There ever dwell at God's right hand,

And fly to worlds above ; when the Lord builds up Zion he Absorb'd in joy and love.

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Connecticut Evangelical Magazine.


Vol. III.]

JUNE, 1803.

[No. 12.


Attempts to propagate the gospel a- an hour to the whole company

the Indians in New-Eng- concerning the nature of God, land, C.

and the necessity of faith in Jesus [Continued from p. 370.]

Christ for the procuring his favor. He informed them likewise of what Jesus Christ had done, and

suffered for the salvation of finCHAPTER II.

ners, and what dreadful judgEAR the close of the pre- ments they must expect, if they


was given of the first conference now offered to them. The whole of Mr. Eliot, and his companions company appeared very serious ; with an affembly of Indians in the and after fermon, liberty being vicinity of Roxbury ; and of the given them to ask any questions encouragement he met with to for their information ; an old man pursue the work he had begun. presently itood up, and with tears This first visit was on 28th of in his eyes, asked, “ Whether it O&tober, 1646.

was not too late for such an old Upon the 11th of November man, as he, who was near death, following, they gave the Indians to repent, and seek after God ?" another meeting by appointment, Another asked, “how the English and found a larger company met

came to differ fo much from the together than before. Mr. Eli- Indians in their knowledge of ot began first with the children, God, and Jesus Christ, since they and taught them these three ques- had all, at first, but one Father ?" tions and answers : Q. 1. Who Another enquired, “ How it came made you, and all the world ? A. to pass, that sea water was falt, God.-Q. 2. Who do you expect and river water fresh ?” Another, fhould save you from fin, and hell ? 6 That if the water was higher A. Jesus Christ

. Q. 3. How than the earth, how it comes to many commandments has God pass, that it does not overflow all given you to keep ? A. Teo. the earth ?" Mr. Eliot and his

He afterwards proached about friends spent several hours in anVOL. III. No. 12.

K k k

fwering these, and fome other plied foon, not only with his questions, and in the evening re- grammar, but with catechisms, turned home ; the Indians telling and other small treatises in their them, that “ they did much own tongue. Translating the bithank God for their coming, and ble was a work of great labor ; for what they had heard ; they but great as it was, he was wil. were wonderful things to them."* ling to endure it for the spiritual

Upon the 26th of the same benefit of his Indians-detesting month, they met the Indians a the doctrine of the Romish church, third time ; but the company was that “ ignorance is the mother of not so numerous as before, be- devotion”; and fully senfible, how cause the Powows had diffuaded necessary it was, that the natives them from coming to hear the should have the holy writings in English ministers, and threatened their hands, that they might make others with death ; but those, better progress in acquiring Chrif. that were present appeared to be tian knowledge, and so be unvery serious, and seemed to be der better advantages of becoming touched with Mr. Eliot's sermon. rooted and grounded in the faith. Two or three days after this Mr. Neale observes, that Mr. meeting, Wampas, a wife, and Eliot tranflated into the Indian fage Indian, with two of his com- language, primers, catechisms, the panions, came to the English, and practice of piety, Mr. Baxter's desired to be admitted into some call to the unconverted, several of of their families: He brought his Mr. Shepherd's composures, and fon, and two or three other In- at length* the bible itself, which dian children with him, begging they might be educated in the • There appears to be a difference Christian

faith, which the English between Dr. Mather, and Mr. Neale, granted. At the next meeting and publishing the above books. The all that were present, offered their latter seems to represent, that a nume children to be catechised and in- ber of small books were translated, and structed by the English.

published, before the bible was com. Mr. Eliot's care for the spiritu- pleated and printed. Dr. Mather's al good of the Indians appeared made the leader of all the rest, a little

“ The bible being juftly in the clearest point of light by Indian library quickly followed : For bethe pains he took, as speedily as sides primers and grammers, &c. we his other labors would permit, to quickly had the Pradice of Piery in tra late the bible, and other books the Indian tongue" &c. upon religious, and moral subjects It seems rather improbable, that into their language. I do not when schools were set up, as they were learn, from any writings in my million began, he should negle& for

at an early period after Mr. Eliot's hands, at what time he began to eighteen years, or more, to publish for translate the sacred scriptures, or the use of schools, as well as private any other books upon divine sub- families, any small books of divinity in jects : But as schools were insti- the Indian language, as he was so good tuted at an early period, after the a matter of it, and so heartily engaged commencement of his mission ; it

to promote their instruction and editifeems probable that they were sup- that Dr. Mather, through inadvertence,

cation. It is rather to be supposed,

made a mistaken representation-an - Neale's hist. of N. England, vol error, from which it may be presumed, 1. p. 244.

few, or none, who write much, are,


was printed the first time, at Cam- , that is, as some interpret it, Reo bridge, near Boston, in the year joicing. This was a noted saying 1664 : and, a little after Mr. El- of Mr. Eliot, and frequently quojot's death, a second time, with ted, “ The Indians must be civilthe corrections of Mr. John Cot-|ized as well as if not in order to ton, minister of Plymouth. their being christianized.” He

endeavors therefore to draw them Mr. Eliot was very sensible of from their savage, barbarous, and the importance of schools, to pro- wandering way of life, to civility mote the great end he had in view.

and regular government. He quickly procured this benefit for the natives. Many of them brought together as many as were made laudable proficiency in read- willing to be civilized, who agreed ing and writing ; and some of on several laws, which prohibited them applied themselves to the

with what they judged suitable study of the learned languages penalties, an idle

, fauntering lifewere admitted into Harvard Col- indecency of appearance in respect lege ; and one of them was gra. wives, and unchastity ; and re

to habit-cruelty of men to their duated. By the advantage of schools, and the affistance they ob- quired the contrary good qualities

and habits. tained from the miffionaries, sun

The general court being willing dry of them were, after a season, qualified to be profitable instruc- made the following order con

to encourage the Indians further, fors of their countrymen.

cerning them, dated May 26th, Mr. Eliot deemed it necessary, 1647, as soon as might be, to take the Upon information that the Indians off from their wild way of Indians dwelling among us are, living, and bring them into a sort by the ministry of the word, of civil society. The general brought to some civility, and are court therefore, by his application, desirous to have a court of ordigave those who were early in- nary judicature set up among Itructed by him, fome land to them ; it is therefore ordered by build a town upon, which they authority of this court, that one thankfully accepted, and called it or more of their magiftrates, shall by the name of Noonatomen, or once, every quarter, keep a court as Mr. Hutchinson writes it, Noo- at such place, where the Indians nanetum, or as others, Nonantum,* ordinarily assemble to hear the

word of God, to hear and deterat all times, wholly exempt.

Mr. mine all causes, civil and criminal, Neale appears to have been under good advantages to make a just statement of well converse together :f But being fa&s in respect to Indian affairs, as he divided into distinct clans, or tribes, was a gentleman of good ability, and and not having the use of letters, nor had before him, when he wrote, fun- much commerce with each other, they dry composures upon Indian affairs ; formed, as might be expected, different not only those of Mr. Eliot, but those dialeds, in different tribes : E.G. Nupof Medrs. Shepherd, Whitfield, May, paw, Duppaw, Ruppaw, fignifies the hew, and others, who were original Sun--Attik, Ahceoque, a Deer-Winwriters.

nit, Wirrit, goodPum, Pusame, oil or * The language of the Indians, from fat, in several dialects. Piscataqua to Connecticut, was so near

+ Hutchinson's bisl. Mol. v. 1.p. 479. ly the same, that they could tolerably

# Mat. Maybew's narrative, in Mage nal. B. vi. p. 5o.

not being capital, concerning the spades, mattocks and crows of Indians only; and that the Indi- iron for this purpose. He excited an sachems shall have liberty to them to industry by giving money take orders, in the nature of sum. to those, who wrought the hard. mons, or attachments to bring a eft; by which means their town ny of their people to the faid was soon enclosed ; and the wigcourt ; and to keep a court of wams of the meanest were equal themselves every month, if they to those of the fachems in other see occasion, to determine small places; they divided them into causes of a civil nature, and such several apartments ; whereas besmaller criminal causes, as the said fore, they had but one room, and magistrates shall refer to them ; that in common to the whole family. and the faid fachems shall appoint The women began to learn to officers to serve warrants, and to spin, and to find something to sell execute the orders and judgments at market all the year round. of either of the said courts; which They employed part of their time officers shall, from time to time, in collecting, and carrying to be allowed by the said magistrates market, those indigenous, or natin the quarter courts, or by the ural fruits of the earth, which governor : And that all fines, to grow without culture. be imposed upon an Indian, in a The game which they caught in ny of the faid courts, shall go, hunting and fishing were articles and be bestowed towards the of commerce ; as were also some building of some meeting house, few manufactures of their own, for education of their poorer in the preparing of which they children in learning, or other pub- discovered much ingenuity and aclic use, by the advice of the said curacy. magistrates, and of Mr. Eliot, or Some of the men learned such of such other elder, as shall ordi- trades, as were moft necessary for narily instruct them in the true them, so as that they completely religion. And it is the desire of built an house for public worlhip this court, that these magistrates, fifty feet in length, and twentyand Mr. Eliot, or such other eld- ! five in breadth, which Mr. Wil. ers as shall attend the keeping of fon, in one of his letters, says, the said courts, will carefully en. “ appeared like the workmanship deavor to make the Indians un- of an English housewright."* derstand our most useful laws, and Several of them wrought with the principles of reason, justice the English in hay.time and harand equity, wherсon they are veft; but not being inured to grounded ; and it is desired, that steady work of any kind, they some care may be taken of the were neitheir so industrious, ror Indians on the Lord's day.capable of hard labor, as thosc,

The ground, on which their who had been bred to it.t Mr. town was to be built, being marked out, Mr. Eliot advised them * Hutchinfon's Hift. V.I. p. 163. to fence it in with ditches,* and

f Great caution is to be used in ata stone wall, promising that they wlar, fated pursuit of the arts of civil

tempting to reduce the Indians to a reg. Ihould be supplied with shovels, life. A sudder transition from a favage

state, to that which we terni, a state of Shepherd's clear sun-fhine of the civilization, could it be effected, might gospel upon the Indians, quoted by be apt to prey upon the spirits, ind

produce very unhappy consequences, in

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