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sation with his Disciples.
JOHN vi. 22. to the end, and vii. 1. John vi. 22.
The day following, when the people which stood on the Capernaum.
but that his disciples were gone away alone :
unto the place where they did eat bread, after that the
Lord had given thanks :)
there, neither his disciples, they also took shipping, and
came to Capernaum, seeking for Jesus.
sea, they said unto him, Rabbi, when camest thou
Jesus answered them and said, Verily, verily, I say
but because ye did eat of the loaves, and were filled.
meat which endureth unto everlasting life, which the Son
Then said they unto him, What shall we do, that we
Jesus answered and said unto them, This is the work
then, that we may see, and believe thee? what dost thou
written, He gave them bread from heaven to eat.
Then Jesus said unto them, Verily, verily, I say unto
my Father giveth you the true bread from heaven.
heaven, and giveth life unto the world.
And Jesus said unto them, I am the bread of life"3: he 13 We have here another instance in which Christ applied to himself an epithet given by tbe Jews to their expected Messiah. Midrash Coheleth, fol. 73. 3. R. Berecbia nomine R. Isaac dixit: quem admodum Goël primus, sic quoque erit postremus. Goël primus iran nx 1717, descendere fecit Manna. q. d. Exod. xvi. 4. Et pluere faciam vobis panem de cælo. Sic quoque Goël postremus descendere facit Manna d. Ps. Ixxii. 16. crit multitudo frumenti super terram.-See Schootgen. in loc.
John vi, 35. that cometh to me shall never hunger; and he that be- Capernaum.
lieveth on me shall never thirst.
him that cometh to me I will in no wise cast out.
will, but the will of him that sent me.
of all which he hath given me I should lose nothing, but
should raise it up again at the last day. 40.
And this is the will of him that sent me, that every one which seeth the Son, and believeth on him, may have
everlasting life : and I will raise him up at the last day.
The Jews then murmured at him, because he said, I am
whose father and mother we know ? how is it then that he
saith, I came down from heaven?
not among yourselves.
me draw him; and I will raise him up at the last day.
taught of God. Every man therefore that hath heard,
It is probable that our Saviour alluded to this tradition, as well as to the ideas of Philo and the Rabbis, discussed at great length by Whitby, on John vi. 31. 37, &c. The comparison of food which nourishes the body, and wisdom which nourishes the soul, is common in many parts of Scripture. Thus Isaiah-Yo that are thirsty, come buy wine and milk without money, and without price. Wherefore do ye spend your money for that which is not bread, &c. &c.
Lightfoot quotes also Cbajigab, fol. 14. I. and Gloss. in Succah, fol. 52. to prove that bread was frequently used among the Jewish doctors for doctrine-ons obuoxo feed him with bread; that is, make him take pains in the warfare of the law, as it is written.
It may be observed here that an acquaintance with the Jewish traditions would materially assist the theological student to form a more accurate notion of many subjects of controversy between the Church of Rome and the Protestants. This discourse of our Lord in John vi. has been much insisted upon by the Romanists, as defending and supporting the doctrine of transubstantiation. This notion originated in the sixth century, and is founded on the literal interpretation of passages which were commonly used by the Jews, to whom the Scriptures were addressed, and by the inspired writers who primarily wrote for their use, in a metaphorical sense. I do not observe that Fulke has noticed this point in his remarks on John vi. in his work on the Rhemish translation of the New Testament, See that work, p. 275-280. folio edit. 1633. London.
John vi. 46. Not that any man hath seen the Father, save he which Capernaum.
is of God, he hath seen the Father.
a man may eat thereof, and not die.
if any man eat of this bread, he shall live for ever : and
for the life of the world.
How can this man give us his flesh to eat?
you, Except ye eat the flesh of the Son of man, and
drink his blood, ye have no life in you.
eternal life ; and I will raise him up at the last day,
eth in me, and I in him.
Father : so he that eateth me, even he shall live by me.
as your fathers did eat manna, and are dead: he that eat
eth of this bread shall live for ever,
this, said, This is an hard saying ; who can hear it?
When Jesus knew in himself that his disciples mur-
where he was before?
nothing: the words that I speak unto you, they are spirit,
and they are life.
knew from the beginning who they were that believed
not, and who should betray him.
come unto me, except it were given unto him of my Father.
walked no more with him.
we go? thou hast the words of eternal life.
John vi. 69. And we believe and are sure that thou art that Christ, Capernaum,
the Son of the living God.
and one of you is a devil ?
was that should betray him, being one of the twelve.
would not walk in Jewry, because the Jews sought to kill
Subject of the Jewish Traditions.
MATT. xv. 1-20. MARK vii. 1-23.
of the Scribes, which came from Jerusalem.
defiled, that is to say, with unwashen, hands, they found
their hands oft, eat not, holding the tradition of the
And when they come from the market, except they wash, they eat not. And
many other things there be, which they have received to hold, as the washing of cups, and
pots, brasen vessels, and of tables.
5. Then the Pharisees and Scribes asked him, Matt. xv. l. saying,
2. Why do thy disciples transgress the tradition of the
elders ? for they wash not their hands when they eat bread. 3. But he answered and said unto them, Why do ye
also transgress the commandment of God by your tradition "?
Et sapientes וחכמים עשו חיזוק מדבריהם יותר משל תורה: .1
The words of the Scribes are" .חביבים דברי סופרים מדברי תורה:
14 To prove that the Evangelist has here spoken with the
Lightfoot also has given many others to the same purpose.
The error of the Pharisees was the same as tbat of the Ro-
Mat, xv. 4. For God commanded, saying, Honour thy father and Capernaum.
thy mother: and, Mark vi. 10. Whoso curseth father or mother, let him die the death.
But ye say, If a man shall say to his father or his mother, It is Corban, that is to say a gift, by whatsoever
thou mightest be profited by me; he shall be free. Mat. xv. 6. And honour not his father or his mother, Markvii. 12. And ye suffer him no more to do ought for his father or
his mother ;
effect by your tradition.
me with their lips; but their heart is far from me.
doctrines the commandments of men.
The Church that teaches these doctrines is as justly worthy