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he will judge the world in righteous- Do ye not know that the saints shall ness by that Man whom he hath or judge the world? And if the world dained, &c.' Acts xvii, 30, 31. shall be judged by you, are ye un

Fear God and give glory to Him; worthy to judge the smallest matfor the hour of His JUDGEMENT is ters?” 1 Cor. vi, 1, 2. come, &c.” Rev. xiv, 7. The Father judgeth no man,

Pride and Censoriousness. but hath committed all judgement to To this end Christ both died, the Son ; that all men should honour and rose, and revived, that he might the Son, even as they honour the be Lord both of the dead and living. Father." John v, 22, 23.

Why then dost thou judge thy brother? or why dost thou set at nought thy brother? for we shall

all stand before the judgement seat These truths are urged on profes- of Christ, &c.”* Rom. xiv, 9, 10. sors also, as exhortations against sundry evils, into which they are prone to fall : e.g. against

I have already noticed, when Selfish Ostentation,

commenting on 1 Thess. iv, 14, that " When thou makest a diriner or the return of the saints, &c. is the a supper, call not thy friends, nor doctrine, whereby the godly are thy brethren, neither thy kinsmen, comforted under bereavements : but nor thy rich neighbours ; lest they these truths are likewise specially also bid thee again, and a recom- urged on them, to incite them to pense be made thee : but when thou self-denial, diligence, devotedness, makest a feast, call the poor, the patience, boldness, watchfulness, maimed, the lame, the blind, and prayer, and general holiness. thou shalt be blessed ; (for they can- If the Spirit of him that raised not recompense thee;) for thou shalt

up Jesus from the dead dwell in you, be recompensed at the resurrection of he that raised up Christ from the the just." Luke xiv, 12,-14. dead shall also quicken your mortal

bodies by his Spirit that dwelleth in Sensuality and Worldliness,

you.” Rom. viii, 11. “ Take heed to yourselves, lest at I reckon that the sufferings of any time your hearts be overcharged this present life are not worthy to with surfeiting and drunkenness, and be compared with the glory which cares of this life, and so that day shall be revealed in us. For the [of Judgement and Advent] come earnest expectation of the creature upon you unawares.” Luke xxi, 34. waiteth for the manifestation of the

sons of God.Rom. viii, 18, 19. Litigation,

We groan within ourselves, “Dare any of you, having a matter waiting for the adoption—the reagainst another, go to law before demption of our body.Rom. viii, 23. the unjust, and not before the saints ? Why stand we in jeopardy every

* Believing the 9th verse to be more immediately connected with the following than previous verses, I have taken the liberty of marking that connection by substituting for oɛ then (or therefore) instead of but ;-a meaning which most Lexicons assign to the word. Tap, which begins the first verse, I do not believe to be deductive ; but merely denoting (as it often does in St. Paul's Epistles,) a continuation of the discourse.

XV, 32.

with you.

hour ? &c.—what advantageth it be re therefore sober, and watch me, if the dead rise not :)" 1 Cor.

unto prayer." 1 Pet. iv, 7.

Seeing then that all these things Therefore my beloved brethren,

beloved brethren, shall be dissolved, what manner of be ye stedfast, inmoveable, always persons ought ye to be in all holy abounding in the work of the Lord, conversation and godliness, looking for as much as ye know that your for and hastening the coming labor is not in vain in the Lord.” (otevôovtas tnv zapovolav) of the 1 Cor. xv, 58.*

day of God.2 Pet. iii, 11, 12. We believe and therefore speak; Wherefore, beloved, seeing that knowing that he which raised up ye look for such things, [new heavens the Lord Jesus shall raise up us and a new earth] be diligent, that

ye also by Jesus, and shall present us may be found of him in peace, 2 Cor. iv, 4.7

without spot and blameless.2 Pet. . I have suffered the loss of all iii, 14. things, and do count them but dung, He that overcometh and keepeth that I may win Christ, and be found my works unto the end, to him will I in Him; &c.—that I may know give power over the nations, and he HIM, and the power of his resurrec- shall rule them, &c.” Rev. ii, 26, 27. tion, and the fellowship of his suf- To him that overcometh will I ferings, being made conformable to grant to sit with me in my throne, his death, if by any means I might &c.” Rev. iii, 21. attain unto the resurrection of the Blessed and holy is he that dead.1 Phil. iii, 8-11.

hath part in the first resurrection.If we suffer, we shall also reign Rev. xx, 6. with HIM.” 2 Tim. ii, 12.

" Others were tortured, not accepting deliverance, that they might ACCOUNTED obtain a better resurrection ; and others had trials of mockings and COME TO PASS, AND TO STAND BEscourgings, yea moreover of bonds, FORE THE SON OF MAN.” Luke &c." Heb. xi, 35, 36, and context. xxi, 36. The end of all things is at hand;



















* This follows a long dissertation, in which the Apostle first insists upon the resurrection and then opens the mystery thereof.

+ The context is, that being made bold in this faith to speak, the Apostle was exposed to trouble on every side, to perplexity and persecution, which he nevertheless bore in hope of the resurrection.



To the Editor of the Investigator, prophetical records.

Joel states,

that God would " Dear Sir,

pour out of his

Spirit upon all flesh." Peter says, I am anxious to submit to your Now there were dwelling at attentive christian Readers a few Jerusalem, Jews, devout men out thoughts on a paper in Number VI, of every nation under heaven ; a headed “The gift of the Holy phrase, I think, equivalent to Joel's, Ghost. The Writer of that paper all flesh.” But if this should be is not so clear as I could wish him disputed by Quæsitor, I will admit, to be ; or perhaps I am not so for the sake of inquiry, the most ready at apprehending as I ought extensive use of the term “all flesh,' to be. However, if I can get at as including the Gentiles of all nahis leading idea with any thing like tions. Still there is a great diffiaccuracy, (and I will not designedly culty in the way. For the text mis-state him,) I understand him to speaks of the pouring of the Spirit mean, that the perpetuityof the all flesh;' which promise is miraculous gifts in the Church, all evidently in the third person : but through the christian dispensation, the gift of prophesying, &c. forewas to keep pace with believing, and told by Joel and explained by Peter, is so established by Joel, as quoted is clearly in the second person, or and explained by Peter. To this the persons spoken to, in reference single position, (without at all re- to thcir descendants--your sonsferring to the present unhappy dis- your daughtersyour young menpute on the said “gift of tongues” your old men shall prophesy, see in Scotland and London ;—unhappy, visions, dream dreams, &c.; plainly I mean, as to the naughty spirit in making a distinction between the which it is carried on, I shall con- pouring out of the Spirit, (a scripfine my present thoughts.

tural term for producing contrition Against the position, that the mi- of heart by divine energy,)a and the raculous “ gifts of the Holy Ghost" gifts” above-named. Should it were intended to be, and certainly further be contended, that Peter's have been, perpetual in the Church, subsequent words are decisive, (“for I have to present the following the promise is to you, and your among others, as insuperable ne- children, and to all that are afar gatives.

off, even as many as the LORD our I. EXPRESSED

God shall call,”b) I reply, that the By this I mean, that the words “ afar ofare by no means language of Joel and Peter must explicit enough to make it definibe attentively regarded, and most tively certain, that the Jews, who rigidly adhered to.

It is of es

are driven to the four winds of sential moment to remember, that heaven” are not the persons to all the prophecies were written to whom the allusion is made. For the Jewish people, and that this it well known, that Peter was at fact must ever dwell in our memo- this very time a minister to the ries whilst we are searching the circumcision :”c and it is not in




a Zech. xii, 10.

h Acts ii, 39.

c Gal. ii, 7.


harmony with the Spirit's teaching the consequence of the pouring out to suppose, that Peter, who, after of the Spirit.

For what signs this event, required a vision from and wonders were done at that the Lord to incline his heart to time were done BY THE APOSTLES ; i the Gentiles,d would have so para- nor is there the least hint of any phrased Joel as to include the Gen- other persons working miracles in tiles, immediately after he had re- consequence of the effusion of the ceived the “gift of the Holy Ghost Spirit on that day. It was on the himself; and then, so soon after, assembled disciples the pouring out act so contrary to that principle of the Spirit came, that the house towards the Gentiles, as to make of Israel might be “pricked to the a vision from heaven necessary to heart ;' and not on all the concorrect his mistake. The words gregated multitude, who, because “afar off,” most certainly will ap- of their mocking,” are called ply as well to the alienation of mind “ this untoward generation.”j The and the distance of place with regard devout Jews were witnesses only of to the scattered unbelieving Jews at the gift of the Holy Ghost" on the close of the present dispensation, the apostles : not partakers of the as to the Gentiles to whom St. Paul miraculous endowment; but only of applies the term, alluding to their the heart softening dew of the Spiunregenerate condition.e Some bet- rit to cause them to receive Christ ter proof than has yet been produced, Jesus the Lord. In a word, it was for the "

perpetuity of miraculous the fulfilment of the divine comgifts” beyond the apostolic age, mand," beginning at Jerusalem;" is required, before the expression —it was a sermon to the Jews « afar off” can be admitted as un- and their proselytes alone ;k and a disputed evidence; it being of too “minister of the circumcision,(a general an application to admit of very tenacious one too,) was the exclusively particular appropriation preacher, he being at that very to the Gentiles.

instant under the infallible guidFurthermore, the predictions of ance of the Holy Spirit. Joel as repeated by Peter, contain

The biblical student will be aware, several distinct facts; viz. The pour- that it is not uncommon for the holy ing out of the Spirit-phophesy- writers to quote and apply a proings—wonders in heaven above- phecy when only part of it was signs in the earth beneath—blood fulfilled. Our Lord's conduct is a fire—vapour of smoke, &c.f But

case in point. In the 4th of Luke Peter speaks only of one of these we are informed, that Jesus, in the facts, as to its then fulfilment

synagogue of Nazareth, when read* THIS IS THAT which was spoken ing Isaiah lxi, 1, 2, closed the book by Joel; I will pour out of my where, in the Prophet, two sentences Spirit, saith God, in the last days, occur very distinct from one another; &c.”g Peter repeats all the pro

one that the Lord himself was then phecy, but he does not say that fulfilling, “ to preach the acceptable all the prophecy was then fulfilled : year of the Lord ;” and another not and we know it was not, from the fulfilled to this time,

" and the day silence of the word as to any effect of vengeance of our God.” Christ produced beyond a penitentiai heart, did not preach or come to preach

d See Acts 1.

e Eples, ii, 13. f Compare Joel, ii, 30, 31, with Acts ii, 19, 20. S vr, 16, 17, 117. 37. in. 4. ru. 13 and 10. k Acts ii, 5—10, 22 and 36.






that. A superficial reader is very tures,—to wit, whether the speaker, likely to pass over this minutia ; the persons addressed, or those of especially as the sentence before whom something is affirmed, be and the sentence after the phrase intended, --it would prevent much

the day of vengeance of our Godconfusion and labor. It is the mixwas actually being fulfilled by the ing up what ought to be kept most Lord Jesus at the very time. This carefully distinct, which sadly beday is this Scripture fulfilled in your wilders, not only the simple English

He cnly quoted what he reader, but the otherwise judicious said was that day fulfilled : Peter christian scholar ; and this apquotes all of Joel, but does not say pears to me to evince the value

ALL these things are this day ful- of Paul's ministerial advice to filled."

Timothy, “Study to shew thyself This distinction is, to me, very approved unto God, a workman important. For had Peter said that needeth not to be ashamed, all these thingsare come to pass, rightly dividing the word of truth. ”n instead of this is,” the case would II. INVOLVED have been widely different. There

By this I mean, that we was the beginning of a blessing are clearly taught, Salvation is which will be perpetuated among of the Jews ;'o and so also are all all flesh,—the pouring out of the holy miraculous endowments. The Spirit for the work of conversion apostles are a specimen of this fact. and edification ; but the miraculous The silence then of Scripture ought effects or gifts are not stated to be to be with us as sacred as its speech.

And even thirty years after the It was certainly in all cases of day of Pentecost, Paul appears to miraculous gifts, that an apostle confine the gift to the apostles and was personally concerned ; and the elders whom they had ordained; generally, yea almost invariably,

“ God hath sealed us, through the laying on of hands and given us the earnest of the Spirit that they were given. Simon and anointed us." He is speaking Magus saw this, and would fain of himself and Timothy as the ' have purchased the gift with money. as distinguished from the Corinth. I do not deny that some Gentiles ians to whom he is writing, and of received the gift; but I must conwhom he uses the second person

tend for a marked attention to the But surely he would not medium, time, and circumstances of have done this if miraculous gifts such reception. This will explain had been the “ boon" of the whole the case of Cornelius; and even Church all those thirty years. The

The in the affair of Ananias with Paul, words in Joel and Peter, " after- although Ananias was not a perwards” and “ in the last days," do manent apostle, he was for the time not therefore affect the point at all; being, so to speak, as an apostle : seeing it cannot be clearly shewn for it was in a vision that the Lord that the “ all flesh” are placed in appeared to him, (no one of the precisely the same circumstances of eleven being present at Damascus miraculous endowment with

your at that period,) and sent him to lay sons, &c.” spoken to.

hands on Saul, that he might receive Were this distinction carefully his sight and be filled with the Holy remarked in reading all the Scrip- Ghost.P If this point be especially


for he says

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I Lu iv, 21, 22.

m 2 Cor.i, 21, 22.

n 2 Tim. ii, 15. John iv, 22. P Acts ix, 10.-17.

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